What to see in Lithuania? Country Sights

Lithuania

Lithuania is an interesting Baltic country in the northern part of Europe. It is recommended that you start your trip and explore the country’s capital, Vilnius. Numerous town halls, towers, palaces, houses, churches – all this is nice and interesting to admire. There are architectural monuments, built in different styles and in different periods, in almost every street.

In addition to Vilnius, Kaunas – the former capital city – is interesting. It is here you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of antiquity, admire ancient buildings, such as town halls and museums. What are the must-see places in the Republic of Lithuania?

Lithuania

Vilnius Old Town

In 1994, UNESCO put this oldest part of the capital on the list of World Heritage Sites. It is in the Old Town that you can see many buildings, as well as an interesting combination of several architectural styles.

The history of many of the buildings begins in the Middle Ages. The area of this part of the capital is about 4 km 2 .

It is recommended to walk around the Old City at a leisurely pace. Most attractions can be explored in one walk.

Lithuania-Vilnius Old Town

Trakai Castle in Lithuania

This is a beautiful Gothic brick structure in Trakai on Galvė Island. It can be reached from the mainland by a wooden bridge.

The history of the castle begins in 1409. For many years it was the property of the Lithuanian princes. Also the castle was subjected to destruction. But in 1970 the building was completely restored. And today there is a museum of Trakai.

Lithuania-Trakai castle in Lithuania

Curonian Spit

This is one of the main natural attractions, marked by UNESCO. It is a strip of land, washed by water from two sides. Its length is 98 km. On the spit mixed dense forests and open sandy areas. From one side of the spit opens salty Baltic Sea, from the other side the fresh water Curonian Lagoon. Travelers can visit this natural wonder on a tour.

Lithuania-the Curonian Spit

Klaipeda Old Town

You can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of antiquity in the historical part of Klaipeda on the banks of the Dange. Around the Theatre Square you can see many architectural monuments. A complex of buildings in the rare half-timbered style deserves special attention. Also here you can admire the symbol of the Old Town – the Meridian Sail Bridge.

Lithuania - Old town of Klaipeda

Kaunas Old Town

This is a great place to walk and explore the city. In the center is the Town Hall Square. The main building is the Town Hall, which has a wide observation deck with a beautiful view of the historic part of Kaunas. Its second unofficial name is “The White Swan”. Also notable are St. Paul and St. Peter’s Cathedrals and Vilniaus Street nearby.

Lithuania - Kaunas Old Town

Užupis Quarter in Vilnius

In the capital, not far from the Old Town, there is a cozy and interesting neighborhood called Užupis, next to which the Vilenka River flows. The artist’s workshops are notable here. The main symbol of Užupis is the monument to the angel trumpeting. The local artists have even founded a mini-republic where the real president rules, and there are laws.

Lithuania- Užupis Quarter in Vilnius

Gedimin’s Tower in Vilnius

The Gothic octagonal Gedimin’s Tower is an important architectural monument on Castle Hill. It consists of three floors. It is 48 m high. Its history dates back to the 15th century.

The observation deck offers a magnificent view of the historic area of the capital. Also notable here is the Lithuanian State Museum dedicated to the history of Vilnius.

Lithuania-Gediminas Tower in Vilnius

Kaunas Castle Lithuania

This is one of the oldest stone castles in the country, founded in the 13th century. Its main function was to defend against the Teutonic Crusaders. Today we can see about a third of the main structure and two surviving towers. In the future it is planned to restore and decorate the museum exposition. In the meantime in one of the towers works an information center for tourists.

Lithuania-Kaunas Castle Lithuania

Town Hall in Kaunas

This is an important medieval building, whose architecture is a mix of styles – classicism, baroque and others. And this mixture of styles is explained by the fact that the town hall was built for several centuries.

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Today in the basement of the building operates a museum of ceramics. And in the main buildings it is worth visiting the City Museum, which shows the history of the development of Kaunas in different times.

Lithuania-Ratuša in Kaunas

IX Fort in Kaunas

This is an important defense structure built in 1899. Earlier it was called “one of the forts of the fortress of Kovno”. When horrible events took place here – prisoners were shot en masse. Today it is an important open-air museum-monument. The preserved mighty walls and the batteries are all worth seeing. The museum dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust deserves special attention.

Lithuania-IX Fort in Kaunas

The Acute Brahma in Vilnius

This oldest monument is unofficially called the “Holy Gate”. Its history goes back to 1522. It is a surviving fragment of the city wall. Here you can see a mixture of Gothic and Renaissance. Remarkable chapel of the Mother of God. And the icon of the Mother of God is considered really miraculous. People believe that she is able to give a child to willing parents.

Lithuania-Ostrea Brahma in Vilnius

Church of St. Anne and the Bernardine Church

These sights of the capital as a magnet attracts tourists. St. Anne’s Church was built in 1500. And now you can admire the beautiful Gothic building with an unusual facade decorated with lancet windows. And the history of the second monument begins in the 16th century. Bernardine Church is one of the largest buildings in the country.

Lithuania-St. Anne and Bernardino Churches

St. Stanislaus Cathedral in Vilnius

Near the famous Castle Hill is a Roman Catholic small basilica, built in the style of classicism. The building resembles an ancient Greek temple. The austere style is noticeable. Especially beautiful are the antique columns and facade sculptures. These components add to the structure impressiveness and attractiveness.

Saint Stanislaus Cathedral in Vilnius

Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Vilnius

The second unofficial name of the building is the “Baroque Pearl”. The history of the church goes back to 1676. And skillful Italian and Polish architects worked on it.

The most interesting thing is inside the structure. The 9 altars, sculptures, bas-reliefs, stucco works – everything looks beautiful and luxurious. And the number is impressive – there are over 2,000 decorations in total.

Vilnius-St. Peter and Paul Church in Lithuania

Palace of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes in Vilnius

This is one of the most important archaeological areas in the capital and a major display area for the national museum. The structure was destroyed in the 17th century, and the ruins were finally demolished in the 19th century. A few fragments remained of the ancient building, for which archaeologists have done a lot of work to find. Archaeological and restoration work continues today.

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania in Vilnius

National Museum of Lithuania in Vilnius

On the banks of the Vilija River is the main branch of the national museum. It contains more than a million objects devoted to the history and development of Lithuania. There are archaeological, ethnographic, iconographic and numismatic exhibits. Rare items from the Middle Ages deserve special attention.

Lithuania-National Museum of Lithuania in Vilnius

Museum of Devils in Kaunas

This is a unique museum, which presents 260 figures of devils. Works since 1966. The shocking collection was assembled by the artist Antanas Žmuidzinavicius. The exhibits are made of a variety of materials – plastic, metal. Cane, mugs, ashtrays – all these objects are made in the form of devils. Especially interesting are the devils that are shown in the movies.

Lithuania-Museum of Devils in Kaunas

Vytautas the Great Military Museum in Kaunas

In 2019, it has been 100 years since the museum opened. And over the century, the exhibition has collected more than 200 thousand items on the history of military affairs in Lithuania. Most of the items appeared after the 1st World War. In the museum there are different kinds of weapons, ammunition and paintings on military subjects. On the second floor you can see the wreckage of the airplane “Lutianika”.

Lithuania-Vytautas the Great War Museum in Kaunas

Ciurlionis Museum in Kaunas

This is a famous museum dedicated to the works of Čiurlionis, a famous artist. It works since 1921. In addition to paintings, the museum has some of the artist’s personal objects – literary works, diaries. Works of other artists have found a place in the museum. Overall, the museum has more than 300 thousand remarkable exhibits.

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Lithuania-Museum of Čiurlionis in Kaunas

Lithuanian Maritime Museum in Klaipeda

This is an incredibly interesting museum, located in an old fortress building on the Curonian Spit. Among the exhibits are ships, anchors, shells, corals. In addition to the exhibits you can admire the underwater world in 34 aquariums. There is also an opportunity to visit the dolphinarium. Also noteworthy are the historical exhibitions that take place in the casemates.

Lithuania-Lithuanian Maritime Museum in Klaipeda

Amber Museum in Palanga

A very impressive museum, located in the former palace complex of Counts Tyszkiewicz. Open since 1963. There are 4500 stones and items made of amber on display. The role of amber in human life and development is described in detail. Around the museum there is a large botanical garden, where it is nice to admire the plants and take a walk.

Lithuanian-Amber Museum in Palanga

Folk Life Museum in Rumsiskes Village

This is a large ethnographic museum, dedicated to the life of Lithuanian villages. There are 180 exhibits brought from different parts of the country. Among the exhibits are huts, farm buildings, mills. There are also farms. Many buildings are more than two centuries old. For pedestrians there is a trail that is 6 km long.

Lithuania-Museum of Folk Life in the village of Rumsiskes

Vilnius TV Tower

This is a very important and tallest structure in the country (height 326 m). The big TV tower was built in 1981. There is a broadcasting center inside. And on the height of 165 m there is a rotating restaurant, which can be reached with a special elevator (the speed is 4 m/s). The TV tower looks very spectacular at any time of day.

Lithuania-Vilnius TV Tower

The Mountain of Crosses in Siauliai

This unusual place is one of the important shrines and a famous place of pilgrimage. On the hill, there are crosses (more than 50,000 pieces) that stand close to each other. One of them was placed by the Pope, which made the monument very popular. Sadly, there is no exact data on the date and purpose of the foundation of this unusual monument. But it is known for sure that it is not a cemetery.

Lithuania-Mountain of Crosses in Siauliai

Mountain of witches in Juodkrante

There is a mountain on the legendary Curonian Spit with a height of 42 meters. You can climb to the top by a winding path. And here you can see a collection of sculptures depicting various characters (forester, waterman). The sculptures are wooden.

Since ancient times, the mountain has been a sacred area for tribes. And important dates were celebrated here, rituals were held. And since 1979, a collection of unforgettable sculptures began to be collected here.

Lithuania-Mountain of Witches in Juodkrantė

Palanga beach and pier

Golden soft sand, soft clear sea, mighty pine trees along the beach line – it’s all to be enjoyed in Palanga. The beach is one of the 20 best beaches in the world. And the rest on it is really nice.

It’s also worth a walk on a famous pier (length 400 m). Here you can admire the smooth sea, sand dunes and unforgettable sunsets.

Top 30 attractions in Lithuania

A small country on the shores of the Baltic Sea at first sight captivates travelers who have been here.

Amazing nature reserves, pine forests, lakes and unique sand dunes are in harmony with the medieval castles and palaces.

In Lithuania you will not see crowds of tourists, except in Vilnius Old Town.

You can rest in peace and quiet, admiring the natural scenery and architectural sights.

Vilnius: Old Town and Surroundings

The first thing tourists want to do is to visit the capital city of Vilnius.

Vilnius Old Town is considered to be the largest in Europe. To see the main architectural sights you should spend a whole day in the city center. Also in Vilnius you can visit a couple of unique museums, ascend the Hill of Crosses and the Gediminas Tower.

In the outskirts of Vilnius there is a Botanical Garden and the Park of Europe with unusual art objects.

Park of Europe

Park of Europe is situated 19 kilometers from the capital of Lithuania. It is a popular place and attracts more than 50 thousand tourists a year. The park features hundreds of art objects, which were donated to the park by artists and sculptors from around the world.

The main decoration of the park is called the labyrinth of old televisions. Its author – Gintaras Kurosas is also the creator of the park. Also tourists note such art objects as “three pillars”, “a giant chair”, “an old Pinocchio”.

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Park of Europe is open from 10 to 19 hours. The cost for an adult – 8 euros, students – 6 euros, schoolchildren – 4 euros.

The Botanical Garden

The Vilnius University Botanical Garden is located on the outskirts of the city in the district of Kairėnai. The area of 190 hectares has a magnificent collection of lilacs, azaleas, rhododendrons and other plants and a Japanese garden.

It is a pleasure to stroll through the picturesque alleys of the garden and sit on one of the benches. The Botanical Garden often hosts themed events and fairs.

You can see the flight schedules in the search form below:

Trakai

Not far from the capital on a narrow peninsula lies the ancient town of Trakai, founded in the 14th century.

The modern part of town is situated on a peninsula two kilometers long. Here you can have a delicious lunch in a cafe or restaurant and taste dishes of Lithuanian and Karaite cuisine. Tourists come to this town with the main purpose – to visit the Trakai Castle.

Trakai Castle

Built in the 14th century, the castle protected the town from enemies and served as a residence for Lithuanian princes. The Trakai castle is the only castle built on the water, which has survived to this day. During the whole history no one managed to seize the castle.

After the residence of the princes moved to Vilnius, it lost its main political status. Today there is a museum on the territory of Trakai castle. In the warmer months it’s nice to take a boat or yacht ride around the castle.

You can find out the opening hours of the museum and the cost of tickets on the Trakai castle’s website.

You can choose a suitable hotel here:

Palanga

A small cozy resort city of Palanga is famous for its clean beaches and coniferous forests. The city is located in the western part of Lithuania in the region of Samogitia.

It was developed as a resort in the 20th century, and today Palanga is called the summer capital of Lithuania.

It is nice to walk down the central street of Basanavičius in the evening. There are cozy cafes and souvenir shops and you can meet street musicians.

Basanavičius street ends with the promenade. On the waterfront there is a pier, which goes into the sea for 400 meters. There are locals here for dates and romantic walks.

Palanga is famous not only for its beaches, there are many architectural and historical monuments, parks and museums.

Amber Museum in the Tyszkiewicz Palace

Tyshkevich Palace was built in the 19th century in the Neo-Renaissance style. The building was badly damaged during the First World War and was rebuilt during the Soviet years.

There is an amber museum in the luxurious palace of Earl Tyshkevich. The museum exposition tells about the “gold of the Baltics” – amber. One of the exhibits called “sun stone” weighs 3.5 kilograms.

Landscape garden and Birute Hill

Birute Hill in the Botanical Park

In the beautifully landscaped botanical garden near the palace you can not only take a pleasant walk. In the summer festivals and concerts are held here.

In the botanical park there are 200 species of trees and 400 species of plants. The territory of the park is about 100 hectares. Here you can see the ponds with islands and even small dunes.

The highest point of Palanga, Birute Hill is located in the Botanical Park. The mountain is named after the wife of a Lithuanian prince, who gave him a son. Birutė is the patroness of lovers.

St. Mary’s Church

The St. Mary’s Church was built in the late 19th century in the Neo-Gothic style and is the tallest building in Palanga. Its height is 76 meters.

The inside of the church is luxuriously decorated: paintings on the ceiling, marble bas-reliefs, icons. Entrance to the Church of the Virgin Mary is charged: adults – 4 euros, children – 2 euros.

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Neringa and Nida

Four villages – Nida, Pärvolka, Juodkrantė and Preila – were united in the resort town of Neringa.

The famous Lithuanian resort is situated on a 97-kilometer-long peninsula. Neringa separates the Baltic Sea from the Curonian Lagoon. The beaches on the Curonian Spit are considered the cleanest and most beautiful on the Baltic coast.

In Nida is quiet, clean and comfortable: colorful houses with tiled and thatched roofs, each of which is a hotel or cafe, a lot of flowers and greenery. This village is chosen by families with small children and elderly people.

There are several miniature museums in Juodkranta:

  • Nature Museum.
  • Fisheries museum.
  • Museum of Miniatures, next to which there is a small dolphinarium.

You can buy health insurance for the trip below:

Curonian Spit

The Curonian Spit National Park has recently been inscribed on the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List as a unique landscape in Europe.

The Curonian Spit is considered Lithuania’s main natural attraction. Next to pine forests there are coastal dunes. The dunes of the Curonian Spit are considered the highest in Europe, some have unusual names – the Dune of Fairy Tales, the Dune of Witches.

Travelers come to the national park at any time of year for the sandy beaches, clean sea air and forest walks.

Mount of Crosses in Siauliai

Mention of the Mountain of Crosses appeared already in the XIV century, but no one knows for sure about the origin of this place.

The exact number of crosses placed on the hill is unknown. It is said that there are more than a hundred thousand of them. Many people try to get to this place and place their own cross. One of the crucifixes was placed on the mountain of crosses by Pope John Paul II himself in 1993.

The Hill of Crosses is located 12 kilometers from the city of Siauliai. Entrance is free.

Kaunas: photo and description of places of interest

Kaunas is considered the second largest city and the cultural capital of Lithuania. The city was destroyed several times by the conquerors and rebuilt anew. Kaunas is famous not only for its monuments and architectural buildings, but for being a student town.

Old Town

Tourists visiting Kaunas should first take a tour of the Old Town. You can start the tour at Town Hall Square, where the town hall is located.

An unusual Gothic building of red brick Perkunas House catches your eye at once. This 16th century building served as a control of Hanseatic merchants, and was later rebuilt and used as a school and theater.

Nowadays concerts and exhibitions are held there. The price for a visit is 1.5 euros for an adult and it is open from 10.00 to 16.00. Visit a rich Old Town sightseeing tour “Meet Kaunas!”

Kaunas Castle

Kaunas Castle, which stands at the confluence of the Neman and Neris Rivers, was built in the 14th century. Only one third of the structure has survived.

On the territory of Kaunas castle there is a historical museum. There are theatrical knight fights.

The cost of a visit: 2.5 Euros for an adult and 1.2 Euros for a child. Museum opening hours depend on the season, but it is always open from 10.00 to 16.00, except Sundays and Mondays.

Laisves Alley

Laisves Alley (translated as Freedom Alley) is the main pedestrian street in Kaunas. On the alley you will find a lot of stores and cafes. It is always crowded here. In the hot weather it is nice to take a walk in the shade of linden trees.

Museum of Devils

Museum of devils has more than 3000 figures. The museum houses the collection of artist Žmuidzinavicius and contains figures of devils in clay, wood, metal and plastic. Opening hours are from 11 to 17, except Mondays. Admission for adults is 2 euros.

Rumsiskes

Rumsiskes Ethnographic Museum is located near Kaunas. Open-air museum introduces tourists to the life of ordinary Lithuanians. Furniture, tools and kitchen utensils have been preserved in the old huts.

You can get inside only in summer. At other times of the year you can walk around the park. For adults the cost of the ticket is 4 euros.

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Pažaislý Monastery

For lovers of classical music concerts I recommend to go to the Pažaislis Monastery near Kaunas. The monastery was built in the 17th century in the Italian baroque style.

Inside the Pažaislisi monastery is decorated with marble decoration, stucco on the ceiling and unique frescoes. In the summer, there are concerts of classical music on the complex of the monastery. You can visit the monastery from 10 to 17, the cost for an adult is 2.8 euros.

Below you can watch a video walk around the city:

Druskininkai

In the south of the country on the banks of the River Neman is a popular balneological resort town Druskininkai. This city has everything you need for a great vacation – clean beaches, mineral springs and pine forests.

There are many historical and architectural monuments in the city. The most notable are the Church of Our Lady of Scaple and the Orthodox Church of the Icon of the Mother of God, which are peacefully adjacent to each other. Active skiers come to Druskininkai for skiing, snowboarding and skating all year round.

Waterpark

The longest slide in the water park has a length of 213 meters. And also there is a SPA-complex, a large swimming pool and even a nudist beach on the roof. The cost of admission: 11 euros for adults, 9 euros for schoolchildren and 6 euros for preschoolers.

Grutas

In the Druskininkai suburb there is an original open-air museum Grutas. It presents the sculptures of the Soviet era, which were brought to the park from all over Lithuania. On an area of 20 hectares there are sculptures of Lenin, Stalin, workers and Lithuanian Communists. Part of the exhibits is devoted to the theme of occupation.

In the park there is a small zoo and a cozy cafe. Admission is free.

To see the train timetable click here:

Chesnulis Sculptures

In 3 kilometers from Druskininkai there is a park of wooden sculptures. All sculptures both small and big were made by one person – Antanas Cesnulis. The park is open from 10.00 to 17.00, the cost of visiting for adults is -2.3 euros.

Dzūkija National Park

The Dzūkija National Park was established in 1991 with the aim of preserving the natural landscape. The park is located on an area of 600 square meters along the river Neman and is near Druskininkai.

In addition to rare flora and fauna in the park are architectural objects made of black ceramics. You can go to the park by bike or by kayak. Entrance is free.

Kretinga

Orvidas Manor

13 km from Palanga and 25 km from Klaipeda is a small but nice town Kretinga.

Kretinga is famous for its unusual attractions. One of them is the Orvidas Estate – an open-air museum. There are massive compositions of wood and stone, which were created in the family estate by sculptor Orvidas.

Also in Kretinga, I advise you to visit:

  1. Oginski Manor.
  2. The Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  3. Franciscan monastery.
  4. The Park of Baltic Mythology.
  5. Tyshkevich Palace with Winter garden.

Klaipeda

The third largest port city, Klaipeda will appeal to lovers of boat trips. Here every year the famous sailing regatta Baltic Sails takes place.

At the Lithuanian Maritime Museum

In the streets of the Old Town you can see cozy houses with tiled roofs, statues and churches. At the Lithuanian Sea Museum and Aquarium of Klaipeda you can see dolphins and harbor seals performing in addition to the interesting museum exposition.

Children will love the Dinosaur Park in Radailiai, which features realistic models of moving dinosaurs.

Tourist Map

The map of attractions in Lithuania shows the places, photos and descriptions of which are indicated in the article. Take the map with you on a trip through this small and unique Baltic country. It will come in handy to determine the distance to the main places, for example, how much you need to drive from Druskininkai city to Rumsiskes museum. The map can be downloaded here.

Your itinerary for your trip to Lithuania depends on how much time you’ll spend here:

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