Walking through the German cities: stories and interesting sights

Walking through the German cities: stories and interesting sights

Germany is a very popular European country for tourists from different countries. This popularity is based on a rich history of many cities in the country, which has a large number of palaces, museums and other architectural structures. Many of the cities are still preserving their national traditions, holidays in which the locals use distinctive costumes, for women and for men. Great atmosphere and beautiful architecture create a pleasant impression of the country, which many want to visit again. Beautiful and interesting cities in Germany are many, below are some of them.

Konstanz

The city of Konstanz is located on the shores of Lake Constance in southwest Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is a historic city on the border with Switzerland and the place where Jan Hus was burned. Archaeological excavations have shown that the place where the Rhine flows out of the lake was already inhabited by the Celts and later the Romans. Its name probably refers to Emperor Constantine II, the uncle of Constantine the Great.

In 585 Bishop Maximus chose the city as his residence and founded a three-aisled early Christian basilica, which later became the Gothic church of the Virgin Mary. In time this diocese became the largest diocese in Germany, and the power of the bishops increased. It was not completed until 1192, when Henry IV granted Constance the status of a free imperial city . From 1548 to 1806 Constance belonged to the Habsburgs, who lost it during the Napoleonic wars after the battle of Austerlitz. The so-called Peace of Prešpurg gave the territory to Baden.

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Konstanz

Today Constance, a bustling cosmopolitan city with 85,000 inhabitants, one in seven of whom is a university student. Constance, the largest city on the shores of Lake Constance, is a popular destination among Germans, Austrians and Swiss. A popular attraction is the lake cruise, which takes tourists to the island of Mainau, nicknamed the “Isle of Flowers”. On it there are flower gardens, and in addition they can see an exhibition of tropical butterflies and a small zoo.

In Constance there are several places connected with the Czech reformer Jan Hus. On the place where he was burnt, the place where executions were carried out, there is the so-called Huss’s Stone where the annual commemoration ceremony on the occasion of his death takes place on 6 July. It is visited mostly by pilgrims from the Czech Republic. On the large round boulder is the name of the giant with the date of his burning. On the other side of the stone you can read the name of Hieronymus of Prague, who ended up here a year later with the same death.

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In the historic center of the town visitors can see the so-called Hus Hus Hus, where the Czech preacher and reformer stayed at the beginning of his stay in Konstanz and where his stone bust has been standing since 1785. Today the house is run by the Czech Gus Museum Society and contains an exhibition telling the story of the life and work of Jan Hus, as well as information about the Cathedral in Konstanz, where Gus was burned.

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Konstanz

The council was held in 1414-1418 to resolve the then crisis of Christianity and especially the so-called papal schism, a situation in which Christian Europe had two heads of the church (one in the Vatican, one in Avignon). Gus came to Constantia to defend his ideas about the church and its reformation at the council. A year after the burning, Huss’s protégé and friend Hieronymus of Prague was burned in the same place . Among the important monuments of the city is also the building in which the Council of Constance partially met. The historic center of the city is dominated by the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral of Münster.

Lindau

Lindau, a city on the southwestern tip of Bavaria on the border with Austria, whose historic center is located on an island of the same name on Lake Constance. It was founded by the Romans, but the first mention in historical documents dates back to 882, when the local convent is mentioned. In the 12th century the island was surrounded by a thick wall that served (and still serves) as protection from the water. A century later it became a free imperial town.

In 1922 a suburb on the mainland was added to the original settlement, from which a bridge and railroad lead to the island. The historic part of the city, surrounded by water, has an area of 33 km2 and consists mainly of narrow streets with pointed houses. Most of the island is a pedestrian zone with stores, cafes and pubs, complemented by quiet squares and picturesque corners with many original fountains.

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Germany Cities Against Hunger: Histories and Interesting Sights - photo 4

Lindau

One of the oldest monuments here is the so-called Pagan Wall, i.e. the remains of a 9th-century wall. Visitors can’t miss the church of St. Stephen on Marktplatz, which dates back to the 14th-16th centuries. The restored Baroque building with Rococo modifications stands on original Romanesque foundations. Next door is the Church of Our Lady of the 18th century.

The Renaissance town hall with beautiful paintings on the outer walls is also of great interest. Art connoisseurs are sure to appreciate the extensive collections in the so-called Baroque house, built on the foundations of an old house damaged by a fire. This building is considered the most beautiful town house on Lake Constance.

It is also very pleasant to walk along the port where you can admire the twenty-meter square plan tower from the 13th century, called Mangturm. It was only accessible from the drawbridge. It was once part of the fortifications and served as the city gate and lighthouse. A new lighthouse stands on a nearby pier. It was founded in 1856, and wishing to climb to a height of 33 meters, to which lead 139 steps. They have a beautiful view of the lake and the Alps.

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Lindau

Leipzig

Leipzig is a city of 560,000 inhabitants in Saxony, the largest city in the state. The city made history with the Battle of Nations, which took place here in 1813. The historical evidence of Leipzig goes back to the 7th century when a small Serbian settlement stood there. Three centuries later the Slavs lived here, who named their village Lipa, from which the present name Leipzig was derived. A written reference from 1015 shows a German watch castle, around which a settlement of craftsmen and traders developed.

After the middle of the twelfth century Leipzig acquired city rights , and in 1497 Emperor Maximilian I granted it the right to market. They quickly developed and became well known, and in 1897 the first trade fair with a catalog was held. Today about thirty large trade and consumer fairs are held there annually. Probably the most famous of them, the book fair, which is the second largest in Germany after Frankfurt am Main.

One of the most important dates in Leipzig’s history is the year 1409, when German craftsmen who left Prague after the edict of Kutna Hora founded a new university here. It is the second oldest continuously operating institute in Germany and among its students it boasts such names as Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Richard Wagner, Friedrich Nietzsche and Angela Merkel.

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Leipzig

However, many of the architectural reminders of the city’s famous history have not survived, as 60 percent of the local buildings were bombed during the last two years of World War II. St. Thomas Church, one of the oldest surviving. It was here that Martin Luther preached and presented his ninety-five theses in 1595.

Among the secular historic buildings stand out the Old Stock Exchange in the early Baroque style of the second half of the 17th century and the Renaissance town built in 1555 by Hieronymus Lotter. The same architect also designed the magnificent old Renaissance town hall, which now houses the city museum.

Important 20th-century buildings include Leipzig’s oldest shopping palace, the Spex Hof, built in 1929, and the Medler Passage shopping building, built before World War I. Just below is the famous 16th century Auerbach cellar, which was used by Johann Wolfgang Goethe in his Faust. The Commercial Bank and Café Riquet, decorated in Viennese style, stand out among the Art Nouveau buildings.

Germany’s sights – top 40

Modern Germany comes in many guises. For some, it is a country with a controversial history stretching back to the Roman Empire, for others, Germany is a model of tranquility and the rule of law in the heart of Europe. The main thing is that the complex for a tourist, the twists and turns of the historical process can be fully experienced by visiting the sights of Germany.

German Historical Sights

1. the Brandenburg Gate

Brandenburg Gates

Probably no other structure in Germany, which would symbolize all the most important periods in the history of the country. Founded during the times of the Prussian Kingdom, the Brandenburg Gate served both as a ceremonial entrance for German soldiers in the 18th century and as a dividing barrier between the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. Once in Berlin, take note of this landmark in Germany, it should be the starting point for getting to know the whole country.

2. Reichstag

Reichstag

In the heart of the German capital is located a building known to every Russian. It was on the roof of the Reichstag in 1945, the soldiers of the Red Army hoisted the flag of victory, which became an important and momentous symbol of the liberation of Berlin. The building was badly damaged during the war, but today it has been fully restored and is open to tourists from all over the world, moreover, because of the influx of visitors, the Reichstag is the most visited parliament in the world.

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3. Neuschwanstein Castle

Neuschwanstein Castle

This building is known not only as one of the most beautiful palaces in Europe, but also as the structure that inspired Walt Disney to create the “Sleeping Beauty Castle” in Disneyland Paris. If you haven’t yet figured out what to see in Germany, Neuschwanstein is the perfect place for a multifaceted vacation: here you can admire the wonderful nature while strolling up the high hill on which the castle stands, or take a guided tour through the rich chambers of one of the most beautiful palaces in the world.

4. Bamberg Cathedral

Bamberg Cathedral

There are few places in the world where you can see an architectural structure with a thousand years of history, while perfectly preserving its original appearance. However, Bamberg Cathedral is something worth seeing in Germany if you are looking for true historical beauty and grace. This building allows you to experience the medieval culture of the German people, because it houses the tombs of legendary kings and sculptures of famous masters.

5. Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall

Speaking about the sights of Germany, we can not fail to mention the symbol of German modernity – the wall that for years divided the people into two worlds: Eastern and Western. Its fall in 1989 is considered one of the key events for the whole of modern Europe and its understanding of freedom. Today there is a memorial complex at the site of the Berlin Wall and the Chapel of Reconciliation stands beside the memorial in honor of the events of the past.

6. Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral

In its Gothic style and perched on a hilly hill, the Cologne Cathedral will delight even the pickiest of critics. The building’s elegant facades and interior decorations are a delight with their architectural lines, and the organ music, often heard within the walls of the cathedral, completes the picture. The long process of building the monastery is also unique: it took over 600 years to build the monastery, so it is still a sight to behold for tourists.

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More tourist places in the capital of Germany you can see in the sights of Berlin.

7. Stolzenfels Castle

Stolzenfels

In the woods near the Middle Rhine valley is a palace with a unique history: it changed hands of German kings in the power of the French and Swedish conquerors, was destroyed and more than 150 years lay in ruins, then rebuilt again in the classical style, but with saving the Gothic interior rooms. For those who want to see the pearl of German sightseeing, enjoy the clean air of the surrounding forests and take in the mesmerizing atmosphere on the banks of the Rhine, the doors of Stolzenfels Castle are open.

8. The “Procession of the Kings” wall

The lands of Saxony were famous for the names of the rulers who liked to spend their leisure time here. Not surprisingly, the monumental panel “Procession of Kings”, collected from 25,000 porcelain plates, was created in Dresden. The wall of the royal court, on which portraits and faces of the highest nobility of Saxony are painstakingly laid out, has been preserved in its original form, unaffected by wars and battles. The subject of the panel depicts the life and reign of the Wettin dynasty, which ruled the lands of Germany for more than half a century.

9. Bamberg Town Hall

Bamberg Town Hall

The beautiful building, located on the river Regnitz, dates back to the 14th century. Legend has it that the bishop of Bamberg forbade the building of a town hall on his land because he feared the wrath of heaven because of the fire that burned down the previous structure. The townspeople decided to cleverly sidestep his decision and erected the building on an artificial island, which they built themselves. The structure is notable for its large collection of porcelain and faience stored in the museum towers of the attraction, so that the avid traveler always has something to look at in Germany.

10. Nymphenburg

Nymphenburg

A huge palace complex built in baroque style with rococo elements. Inside the building you can visit the “Gallery of Beauties” with portraits of beautiful girls during the reign of Ludwig the Great, and the “Chinese Room” in Eastern style. To the north of the complex is a botanical garden, whose plants and trees have decorated the Nymphenburg for hundreds of years.

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