Venice, Italy: History, sights, national dishes

Venice – the ancient city on the water

Venice is the most unique city in the world, located on 118 islands in the northern region of Italy. Few people know that half of this settlement is located on the mainland. However, its historical part with the many canals connecting the islands to each other has for years been attracting tourists from all over the world. What is so fascinating to travelers Venice? About all the most interesting things in this city and will be discussed further in the article.

View of the Venice lagoon

The romantic city on the water

Venice is the administrative center of the eponymous region and province. Its islands are connected by 150 canals, which in turn are connected by bridges. There are about 400 of them. The entire island part of the city is considered a monument of architecture and together with the lagoon islands is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The name of the present town is derived from the ancient province of Venetia which was named after the Venetian tribes who inhabited it.

Historical Info

The first settlements on the territory of Venice date back to the 5th century. The mainland areas were originally inhabited, but after the barbarian invasions, the people moved to the lagoon of Venice to try to save themselves. In the seventh century the islands of the lagoon were united and placed under the rule of a single ruler. Here the head of state was called the Doge.

Until the 16th century, Venice was an independent state and a major trading center of Europe. It was also the only city in medieval Europe that did not have vassalage (a hierarchical system of relations between the landowners of that time). However, after the war with the Turks and the emergence of large trading states in Europe, the city suffered economic decline.

At the end of the 18th century the city was conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte and passed to Austria. It became part of Italy in the mid-19th century as the administrative center of the province of the same name.

Location

The city is located in the northeastern part of Italy in its province of Venice. It is located both on the mainland and the island with access to the Adriatic Sea. Venice has a major seaport. The island part of the city is connected to the mainland by a road bridge.

Venice on the map

How to reach

By plane. The city has the largest international airport in Italy named after Marco Polo. It is located in the suburbs about 12 km from Venice. Also about 20 km from the city is the airport of Treviso – commercial airport which receives flights from Europe.

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By train. If you get to Venice from other Italian cities, you can use the train connections. The main railway station of the city – Santa Lucia, which serves trains from almost all over Europe. It is the terminal station and is located on the west side of the Grand Canal.

Ferry. On one of the islands there is a sea station, which regularly receives ferries and cruise ships.

Cruise liner in Venice

Travel around the city is by bus, water cab, gondola, and mini-metro. More information about public transport is described in the Transportation section.

Climatic features

The Venetian climate is considered quite hot in the summer. From this visit the city is advised to spring (March – May), when the weather is most comfortable for recreation. You can also come to the city in autumn, until early November, when the rainy season has not yet begun, and the scorching heat has receded.

Winter in Venice is mild with temperatures ranging from 0 to 8 degrees. During this time, the city gets a lot of rain and flooding occurs. Frosts and snowfalls are rare.

The coldest month is January. Its temperature ranges from -0.9 to 5 degrees Celsius. The hottest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of about 28 degrees above zero.

Climate of Venice

Attractions

Venice, a city without cars, buses or bicycles, is the most unique attraction in the world. Not for nothing it was included in the UNESCO list. The city is built on stilts made of strong non-rotting coniferous wood, larch. But to everyone’s regret, this magnificent city is sinking. Venice sinks into the sea annually by 5 mm. According to scientists’ calculations it may sink completely in the next 80 years.

View of the square from the water

Tourists in Venice can amaze any tourist with its Renaissance architecture. Start the tour of Venice beauty should be at its heart – Piazza San Marco. Located on the main square in the center of the city. Popular to visit here is the Doge’s Palace, one of the most important sights. This is a monument of Gothic Italian architecture of the XIV – XVI centuries. It served as a residence for the then rulers of Venice.

Doge Palace

Also on the square you can admire the cathedral of St. Mark of the IX century. Made in the Byzantine style and together with the palace and other buildings form an architectural ensemble. On the other side of the square there is the National Library of San Marco, the clock tower and the bell tower.

St Mark's Cathedral

From the Doge’s Palace you can walk to the famous Bridge of Sighs. It leads from the courthouse to the prison. By the way, the name of the bridge comes not from the thrilling joyful sighs of romantics, as you might think, but from the desperate sighs of prisoners walking across the bridge and contemplating the city for the last time.

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Bridge of Sighs

The city’s most famous landmark is the Rialto Bridge. It’s an ancient bridge, the very first in Venice. It is built over the Grand Canal in the Rialto. Originally it was built of wood and only at the end of the 16th century was it made of stone. Today it is the symbol of Venice. Also next to it is the famous market of the same name and the old church of San Giacometo.

Rialto Bridge

In addition to the Doge’s Palace in the city there are many other palaces that are worth seeing. In addition, most of them can be seen directly from the canal during a gondola ride. One of the most beautiful and famous palaces is considered to be Ca d’Oro, or Palazzo Santa Sofia. You may hear another name for it, the Golden House, because of the original decoration of its façade with gold leaf.

Cã dì Palazzo

The whole of the island part of the city is considered a monument of architecture, so walking around Venice you can contemplate the beautiful cathedrals, palaces and other buildings, crossing from alley to alley.

Entertainment and excursions

For lovers of cultural leisure in the city there are many museums. Very popular excursions are trips to the famous Murano Glass Museum in Murano and the Museum of Lace on the island of Burano. Here all tourists often buy the famous Venetian glass and lace.

Murano Glassworks

Very fascinating and also romantic excursions are offered by gondolas on the Grand Canal. In addition to a relaxing sea voyage through the narrow streets there is the opportunity to view the architecture of the city from the water and, of course, to watch the gondolier at work.

Gondola Ride

Interesting fact! Did you know that there are only 433 gondoliers in Venice and that number never changes? This is done in order to avoid traffic jams on the canal. Gondoliers can only be of Venetian descent.

Those who decide to visit this romantic city in February should definitely visit one of the highlights of Italy – the annual Venice Carnival. It takes place 12 days before Lent, during our Shrovetide season. This is one of the most exciting events in the country and in the world.

Venice Carnival

At this time, the city is visited by millions of tourists. At the carnival it is customary for everyone to wear masks and unusual colorful costumes. It takes place on the main square in Venice.

Nightlife

Go out all night long in Venice is not possible. Clubs and bars here are often closed until midnight, some only work until 1 or 2 am. The following places are recommended for nighttime entertainment:

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For those who like to dance, the disco establishments Piccolo Mondo, Sound Garden will do.

Venice Beach

Despite the fact that none of the tourists go to Venice for a beach holiday, the beach area there. It is located on the outer island of Lido on the Adriatic Sea. The beaches are long and sandy. In good weather they are always full of locals.

Lido Beaches

Transport

By bus. Car. There are ACTV buses on the mainland. You can take them to Piazzale Roma. You can also rent a car on the land part of Venice, but it will not be a very convenient option for tourists. To travel to the island part of the car will still have to leave.

Bus in Venice

Water transport. The main transport of the city, of course, is water transport. Water cab is a popular and convenient means of transportation in Venice, but it is not cheap. Ride it will cost at least 15 euros and another 2 euros for every minute of the trip. Cabs are equipped with meters, which are calculated and the cost of travel.

Water Taxi

Gondolas are mostly used by tourists to ride on the canal. The price for this transport is not charged per person but per gondola, which can hold up to six people. The price of a half-hour ride is 80 to 100 euros. In the evening a little more expensive.

Vaporetto

Vaporetto is a water bus that runs along all the canals and to the nearest islands. Ticket price starts at 7 euros. Traghetto – ferry across the canal from one bank to another. To cross by this mode of transport will cost about 2 euros.

A good way to save money is to buy a Tourist Travel Card. This is a vaporetto and bus pass valid for 24 hours (€20), 48 hours (€30), 72 hours (€40) and a week (€60).

Minimetro. On the artificial island of Tronchetto is a minimetro. The line is no more than a kilometer long. On it you can get from Tronchetto to Marritima and Piazzale Roma. The cost of such a trip will cost 1 euro.

Where to stay

In Venice provides a wide range of accommodation for all tastes and wallets. Prices vary greatly – on average from 30 to 350 euros per day. It is worth bearing in mind that renting accommodation on the mainland will be cheaper than on the island. But then you still have to pay to get to the center. Therefore, for those wishing to have a good tour of historic Venice is better to stay on one of the islands.

Recommended by tourists hotels in Venice:

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Among the hostels recommend Haven Hostel San Toma in San Polo, Easy Hostel Venice in Dorsoduro, Generator Venice on the island of Giudecca.

Cuisine and restaurants in Venice

The main food in Venice is seafood. Here you can enjoy shrimp, mussels, octopus, cuttlefish and fish. Meat is not a popular product here. Venetian cuisine is similar to the Italian cuisine, but has some differences. Its basis is the seafood. “Chip” of the Venetians is pasta with cuttlefish ink. Of drinks in the city is Venetian spritz (spritz), a cocktail made from a mixture of wines.

Venetian pasta with cuttlefish ink

The most popular institution in Venice is Caffè Florian. It is the oldest in the city. Many famous people have dropped in here. Location of the cafe – Piazza San Marco.

Caffè Florian

Restaurants that are recommended to visit according to the reviews of tourists:

  • TUTTINPIEDI;
  • Cocaeta;
  • Osteria Al Squero;
  • All’Arco.

Near Piazza San Marco the cafes will be more expensive and with less quality service. To eat well and not too expensive, it is better to choose not the central areas of the city.

Shopping

The main shopping in Venice are souvenirs. Tourists bring from the romantic city of Murano glass, lace, masks and various souvenir trinkets.

In the central square sell a lot of cheap Chinese things that have nothing to do with Venice. When buying a mask, you should know that it could be a cheap Chinese fake. Venetian masks are sold in specialized stores. Their price starts at 25 euros.

Venetian Masks

Venice – the amazing city, which attracts tourists from all over the world for an intimate holiday and new experiences. While there is still an opportunity and Venice is not submerged, you should visit this wonderful place, take a gondola ride on the Grand Canal, choose the most beautiful mask to visit the carnival, and see the beautiful architecture of the Renaissance. Have an exciting vacation in Venice!

The main attractions of Venice

Today tourism is the predominant income of Venice. Every year more than 15 million tourists come here at least one day for the sights. Many buildings are the status of the monuments of architecture, so tourists have to look at and what are the main sights every traveler must see?

Canals and waterways

The main attraction of Venice is the city’s transport system, which is carried out by canals.

The Grand Canal in Venice

The main transport artery of the city is the Grand Canal, dividing Venice into two parts.

The length of the canal is 3800m, width 30-70m, depth – 5m. There are four bridges built over Canalazzo (so Venetians call the Grand Canal) and 45 smaller canals with the width of 4-5 m flow into it, which are used exclusively by gondolas. Gondola or riverboat rides are very popular because all the grand facades face the water surface of the Grand Canal.

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Veneto Canal in Venice

In the Cannaregio district, on the Grand Canal, is Ca’ d’Oro or Palazzo Santa Sofia, called the “Golden House”. The palace got its name from the façade, formerly decorated with precious materials. The palace was built in the 15th century in the Venetian Gothic style. Today it houses a collection of medieval sculpture and painting.

St. Mark’s Square and Cathedral

A visit to St. Mark’s Square (Piazza San Marco) deserves particular attention, with the Basilica di San Marco located there. On the square tourists are welcomed by numerous pigeons, which according to legend were brought from Egypt especially for the Doge’s wife.

St. Mark's Square in Venice

Here rises the Campanile (bell tower), the tallest structure in Venice, which offers a beautiful view.

  • We recommend a tour of Venice at dawn without tourists.

Doge’s Palace

In Piazza San Marco you can also see the Doge’s Palace (Palazzo Ducale), a gigantic palace complex from the times of the greatness of the Venetian Republic.

Inside the Doge's Palace in Venice

Bridge of Sighs

From the Palazzo Ducale you can get to the former prison across the Bridge of Sighs, which hangs over the Rio del Palazzo. The Baroque bridge has many different names, but this is the most famous. Over the bridge, prisoners were led out for execution. Therefore, the word “sighs” indicates the sadness and sorrow of the doomed people.

Bridge of Sighs in Venice

Rialto Bridge

One of the symbols of Venice is considered to be the Ponte di Rialto, which spans the Grand Canal. It is one of the most photographed places in Venice. Until the 16th century wooden bridges were built here, which invariably collapsed or burned. In its present form Rialto is a curved marble arc with a span of 48m. It was built in 1591 by Antonio da Ponte.

Rialto Bridge in Venice Italy 2013

Galleria dell’Accademia

On the southern bank of the Canalazzo stands the Gallerie dell’Accademia, an art museum housing the largest collection of Venetian paintings of the 14th and 18th centuries. Visitors can see the works of many famous painters.

Church of Santa Maria della Salute

At the mouth of the Grand Canal is one of the most striking sights, Santa Maria della Salute (Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute). It is a church crowned by Renaissance style towers. It was built in 1631 in honor of the Virgin Mary’s deliverance of Venice from the plague. The word “salute” means both health and salvation.

Evening in Venice

If you want to relax not only in body but also in soul, come to the Italian cities open to the world tourism: Venice, Florence, Verona and of course the Eternal City of Rome.

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