Countries of Oceania
Oceania is a part of the world that consists of the world’s largest cluster of islands and atolls located in the Pacific Ocean. Quite often this part of the world is joined by Australia.
– Church of All Saints.
– Istiklal Mosque in Jakarta.
– St. Joseph’s Catholic College.
– Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral Basilica.
– Sacred Heart Cathedral.
Australia and Oceania consists of four regions:
Each region is home to independent and dependent states.
The Australian continent can be briefly described as follows:
The city of Canberra, the capital of Australia.
. The capital city of this country is Canberra. This country of Oceania covers 7,692,024 square kilometers. On the mainland there are about 21 million people. The uniqueness of this state is that the Commonwealth of Australia occupies the entire continent, not some part of it.
Ashmore and Cartier Islands. These two islands together occupy 5 square kilometers. At present, these islands are uninhabited.
The Melanesian region consists of these countries:
– It is a double chain of islands. This state is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. The capital of the state is the city of Port Vila. This island country occupies 14,763 square kilometers. There are more than 93 000 people living in Vanuatu.
Holidays in Vanuatu
The country is a member of the British Commonwealth. All Vanuatu economy is based on agriculture. More than 80% of all working people of this island republic are engaged in agriculture.
– Vanuatu is an island republic, consisting of more than 13 thousand small islands. Indonesia gained its popularity among tourists due to one of the largest islands, Bali, which soon became one of the most visited places on the planet. The capital of the Republic of Indonesia is Jakarta. The island nation is home to 245 million people.
Micronesia includes states such as:
. The capital is the city of Hagatna. The island of Guam is world famous as a resort. More than 20 hotels with a high level of service are built on the territory of the state. Most of the vacationers in Guam are Japanese.
Guam is the largest of the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific.
Mariana Islands – a paradise for tourists
Baker. One of the atolls of Polynesia which is closed for tourists. You can get into this island nation only by special permit from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of America. The atoll is completely unpopulated. The Hawaiian Islands are one of the most beautiful and mysterious places on the planet. The flora and fauna are amazing. It is a major tourist center, where millions of tourists rest every year. These islands attract high level of service, exotic plants, mild climate and very inexpensive in comparison with other islands of America.
Island nations of Oceania
Oceania is the world’s largest cluster of islands, so it is not surprising that there are many independent island nations in this Pacific region, many of which have not had an easy path to independence. Most of these countries have, first of all, excellent opportunities for eco-tourism and not bad beaches, each offers first-class diving, but in view of poor infrastructure and poor transport links, the industry is underdeveloped here. These countries are distinctive, they have a unique, unique flavor, and are best suited as a vacation destination for lovers of the exotic and fans of cultural tourism, because living here, the people have a lot of interesting features. However, this does not apply to such a major tourist destination as Fiji and such a developed country as New Zealand. But first things first.
Vanuatu – a country located on 83 islands of the New Hebrides archipelago in Melanesia. The state is one of the poorest in Oceania, and as often happens in such cases, to the rescue comes tourism, which in recent years has been the fastest growing industry in the country.
Thanks to the romantic atmosphere, pristine nature and small picturesque secluded beaches Vanuatu is quite a popular destination for wedding tourists, who are offered all kinds of options for the wedding ceremony and excellent conditions for the honeymoon. Besides water tourism, diving, fishing in the open sea, sailing are also popular. It is possible to visit some interesting natural sights, including volcanoes.
Kiribati is a state washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean, located once in Micronesia and Polynesia, and has 33 atolls. Tourism is very underdeveloped, however, it continues to grow, and if a few years ago the country had only five hotels, now there are about a dozen. In addition to traditional Oceania beach tourism, Kiribati also offers fishing, diving and eco-tourism, including hiking in the rainforest and bird watching. Alas, the local tourist industry is severely stunted by the lack of good air links, and most international tourists get here by water from Australia or other Oceania countries.
The Marshall Islands is a neighboring state of Kiribati, with five islands and 29 atolls in Micronesia. As in the case of many other small countries in Oceania, tourism is rather underdeveloped, and the annual tourist flow does not usually exceed ten thousand people. There are many reasons for this – in addition to the high duration (and cost) of the flight, the islands have no quality infrastructure, and eco-tourism, despite the good natural conditions, is inhibited by the lack of nature reserves in the country. The range of activities for tourists coming here is very limited – in addition to lying on the beach you can go yachting, fishing, scuba diving, watching birds and sea turtles, and study the culture of local people.
Nauru is a tiny equatorial nation located adjacent to the Marshall Islands in the South Pacific. This country is the world’s smallest independent island nation, with a land area of about 21 square kilometers. Due to the fact that to get here is not easy, and to do here in the absence of at least minimal infrastructure is almost nothing, tourism is not developed at all. Moreover, unlike its Micronesian neighbors, Nauru is of no interest for fans of eco-tourism, as the country has been mined for a long period of time with phosphates, which led to a significant deterioration of the ecological situation. Nevertheless, there are still two hotels on the island, and there are a number of attractions that can be visited on foot in a day or two.
New Zealand is a country that attracts hundreds of thousands and millions of tourists every year with its incomparably beautiful nature. Located in Polynesia, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, New Zealand has two large islands and over 700 small ones. Thanks to the actively supported by the government ecology, which allowed to keep the local nature in its almost untouched state, New Zealand attracts fans of eco-tourism. There is a lot to see – mountains and lakes, geysers and waterfalls, thick impassable forests and wide valleys, glaciers and caves, dozens of kilometers of beaches. Basically, there is no need to describe the local nature, because the beauty of New Zealand is often caught in the frame, and you can see them in many Hollywood movies, from “Lord of the Rings” by Peter Jackson to “Avatar” by James Cameron. Along with ecotourism in the country, thanks again to its natural features, actively developing sports and extreme tourism, which is represented here by almost all of its existing varieties.
Palau – a fairly small island nation, which is located in the Philippine Sea Pacific Ocean, occupying 328 beautiful emerald islands, of which only one is large (it has 367 square kilometers of the 458 square kilometers of the total area of the country). Alas, due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, the country is not very popular with tourists, although it offers good natural conditions, great beaches and a wealth of underwater life, which is the main local attraction, attracting far more tourists than all the beaches put together. And no wonder – the gentle turquoise coastal waters of Palau have about 700 species of anemones and corals, which is home to countless colorful tropical fish – more than a thousand and a half species, including several species of sharks (there are both dangerous and safe). In addition, there are five species of sea turtles. It is also noteworthy that in addition to seawater divers will certainly be interested in the local lake – Lake Jellyfish, which once communicated with the ocean, and then was cut off from it. Numerous jellyfish living in the lake’s brackish waters have evolved over the millennia, and scientists say that the lake separated from the ocean about 12 thousand years ago, and are markedly different from their marine counterparts.
Papua New Guinea is a large enough state for Oceania. Located in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean, it is a true kingdom of nature. In addition to the many animals and birds, among which there are many endemic species, the local jungle is home to many tribes, which rarely encounter civilization. However, tourists have nothing to fear them (at least, do not give the impression) – most of the “savages” are in relation to the “palefaces” are very good-natured, and even allow tourists to spend some time with them, having plunged into the local color. Of course, you should not try to contact the painted natives in the jungle, especially since the country is one of the least studied in the world, and in theory, you can stumble on anything. However, local guides in a more civilized part of the country can easily arrange a very interesting ethnographic tour of the nearest village, where you can see the daily life of the Papuans and feel like one of them. Unspoiled nature of the country, probably, will interest fans of eco-tourism and recreation, while fans of civilized recreation, dining and rich nightlife here, alas, nothing to do.
Samoa – a small country, located in the South Pacific, and has ten islands, of which two are large, and eight – small. Due to the fact that much of the local coastline is narrow and rocky, good beaches are not everywhere, but enough of them. Besides beach activities tourists are attracted to Samoa by the abundance of coral reefs and shallow lagoons, as if created for diving and snorkeling. The tourism sector is growing fast – now accounting for over 25 percent of the country’s GDP – and with it the quality of local infrastructure, which in turn attracts even more tourists. The country has many historical sites, several interesting museums, a large number of natural tourist attractions, such as, for example, numerous waterfalls and geysers Taga. Ecotourism opportunities are widely represented, and fishing is in great demand among foreign visitors.
The Solomon Islands is a country located in Melanesia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean with 992 islands. Like other countries in Oceania, the Solomon Islands are poorly explored, but in its most civilized regions you can find good modern hotels and more than decent restaurants. Of course, fans of comfort and lovers of entertainment such a holiday is unlikely to taste, and if we consider that before the trip to require a lot of vaccinations, because staying in the country, especially in some regions, may be fraught with the risk of infectious diseases, and they do not come here very much. At the same time Solomon Islands is a very bright and diverse country, with magnificent nature, original ancient culture, beautiful beaches. So if you don’t mind the potential danger, which, again, you’ll expose yourself to just wandering into the heart of the jungle, the lack of shopping centers, nightclubs and cinemas, you can safely go to the Solomon Islands. There are many natural attractions – the world’s largest salt lagoon, which measures approximately 100 by 150 kilometers, the beautiful Lake Tengano, which is the largest freshwater lake in Oceania, listed by UNESCO coral island Rennell and much more.
Tonga is a small Pacific state located in Polynesia, with 172 islands, which are visited by about 50 thousand tourists every year. Despite the fact that it is difficult to call the country a developed country, it is at home cozy, and the locals are friendly and affable. First of all, the country attracts many fans of sports and recreation, from diving and fishing to surfing and sailing. Beach tourism is poorly developed because of the virtual absence of beaches. Sufficiently in demand among foreign visitors to Tonga camping, which involves and hiking, and barbecues, and sports games in the fresh air. However, it is worth noting that tourism is developing every year more and more actively, so who knows, maybe in a few years there will be luxurious hotels and casinos for fans of civilized recreation and numerous villas and bungalows for lovers of solitude with nature, which is very beautiful on the islands. At the moment, however, few tourists visiting Tonga go here purposefully. Typically, tourists go to Tonga as part of a yacht cruise off the coast of New Zealand.
Tuvalu is a very small Pacific country located in Polynesia, with a total land area of about 26 square kilometers. Communication with the outside world is very poor in the country – a plane arrives here only twice a week, and that, as a rule, not for tourists. Nevertheless, the atolls of Tuvalu – very narrow, elongated islands, which offer an amazing view of the ocean, wherever you look – have all the prerequisites for the development of ecological tourism. There are excellent beaches (on small uninhabited islands) and excellent opportunities for diving (in the nearby waters are many picturesque reefs, rich in all kinds of animals). It is worth bearing in mind that the country has no its own sources of fresh water, so if you are going to visit Tuvalu for a short time (and tourists usually do), you should keep this in mind, and either take drinking water with you or buy it in the local mini-market. It is also noteworthy that there is only one hotel in the country at the moment, and it has internet. Although there are problems with water here – even tourists have to feel the economy of life-giving moisture, which is given only twice a day. Moreover, the moisture is really life-giving – in the early morning the temperature rises to 30 degrees Celsius, escalating to the intolerable heat by lunch, and so most of the year.
The Federated States of Micronesia is a country in Micronesia with 607 islands, only 40 of which are of any significant size, and 65 of which are inhabited. Federated States of Micronesia offers tourists a very diverse vacation, especially since each of the islands (meaning inhabited) has something unique to offer, unlike what is found on the others. You can see many historical sites – for example, the ancient city of Nan Madol on Pohnpei, or the abundance of huge stone coins on the island of Yap, each of which has its own story, or Chukk, which is primarily interesting because of the lost military equipment – in the local jungle are still lying planes shot down during World War II. It is noteworthy that you can see the wreckage of military equipment not only on the island itself, but also in the waters of the nearby lagoon – Chukk is rightly considered one of the best places in the world for diving to sunken ships – almost the entire Japanese fleet is sunk not far from the state coast, but there are also airplanes. Of course, all this abundance of islands and islets is not without a large number of beaches – of course, not landscaped, stacked with sun beds and umbrellas, but really nice, with soft clean sand and a gentle entrance to the water.
Fiji is a country associated with the word “beach” in almost all Western countries. It is the most popular tourist destination in Oceania and has the most developed infrastructure in the region. Located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, the country has 332 beautiful islands, which have excellent beaches, lagoons with crystal clear water, stunning nature. At the same time not more than a third of the islands are inhabited, some occupied by secluded villas and hotels, many completely uninhabited, which gives tourists the opportunity to take a boat and privacy, immerse themselves in a heavenly nature and fence off civilization. Fiji is quite an expensive destination – there are a huge number of fashionable hotels, offering any form of accommodation. Tourists can be accommodated in rooms or suites, suites and penthouses, bungalows and villas, including on the water. Available as huge resorts with spas and golf courses, and small comfortable bungalows, aimed at lovers of secluded and relatively “wild leisure”. In addition to beach lovers, the country also attracts diving enthusiasts, surfers, sailing enthusiasts. Fishing, water-skiing, kayaking and excursions are very popular. The wonderful nature itself means wide possibilities of ecological tourism, which can represent both independent viewing of natural sights of numerous islands, and visiting protected areas of Fiji.