Trento, Italy travel guide.

Trento

Trento is a city in Northern Italy in the region of Trentino – Alto Adige. The city is located in a picturesque valley at the head of the Adige River at the foot of the Alps between Verona and Bolzano. Not far from Trento there are beautiful lakes – Garda, Caldonazzo, Levico and Toblino.

Panorama of Trento

Trento Panorama

The old city of Trento is an interesting historical and cultural monument, an ancient castle, churches and palaces. In recent years the Old Town has been extensively renovated. Also Trento is a city that can offer not only monuments, palaces and castles with a rich history, but also a relaxing atmosphere, interesting cultural program, cuisine and excellent opportunities for outdoor activities.

History of Trento

The history of Trento begins around the 4th century BC. Many researchers believe that the city was founded by the Celts. In the 1st century B.C., Trento was conquered by the Romans and became part of the Roman Empire. Thanks to its favorable location, the city was of great strategic and commercial importance.

Old Town of Trento

Old Town of Trento

Firstly Trento developed as a military settlement: on one side the city was bounded by the river Adige, on the other three sides by walls and moats with square towers and powerful gates. The main entrance to the city was protected by two big round towers. The layout of the city was strict and orderly.

Trento in Winter

Trento in winter

In the 4th century, with the collapse of the Roman Empire, Trento fell under the power of the church. In the sixth century Trento was conquered by the Goths. Further the city and the region were conquered by the Langobards, later the Franks and the Bavarians, who made continuous raids on the territory of Trentino – Alto Adige.

At the end of the 10th century, Trento was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire. In the middle of the 11th century, Emperor Conrad II created the bishopric of Trent, to which he granted significant land holdings in South Tyrol and the status of a principality.

Nighttime Trento

Night Trento

Over time, the city’s importance declined and it came under the influence of the counts of Tyrol. In the 16th century, the bishopric fell under the protectorate of the Austrian Habsburgs, who effectively subjugated the bishopric. Nevertheless, Trento maintained formal independence until the Napoleonic Wars. The principality included quite extensive territories in South Tyrol, on both banks of the Adige River.

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During the Napoleonic wars (late 18th and early 19th centuries) the city was occupied by the armies of Bonaparte. After this period, the city was returned to the Austrian Empire. Trento became part of the Austrian district of Tyrol and lost its autonomy. In the 19th century Trento became part of Italy.

Streets of Trento

Streets of Trento

Since the mid-20th century, Trento and the region have experienced an economic and cultural boom thanks to its wide autonomy.

When is the best time to visit Trento?

It all depends on your preferences and what period of the year you prefer. Trento is beautiful in winter – snowy peaks of the Alps, winter sports, in spring when everything is in bloom, in summer it is fresh and cool and in the fall – beautiful nature and good weather. The smallest number of tourists here in April, October and November.

Cuisine and Catering

There are many food outlets in Trento with both local and Italian cuisine as well as fast food outlets.

Cheeses

Cheeses

Among the dishes and drinks, we recommend trying the local wines and cognacs, cheeses (Asiago, mozzarella, Caciotta, Robiola, Tosela,Vezzena, Spressa etc), sausages and cured meats, polenta, apple strudel.

Polenta

Polenta

Attractions in Trento

Cathedral Square (Piazza Duomo) is the main square of the historical center of Trento with interesting architecture and beautiful historic buildings.

Piazza Duomo in Trento

Piazza Duomo in Trento

The following landmarks are located here:

  • The Square Tower (Torre Civica), an ancient 12th century stone tower decorated with a clock and bell tower. The tower is 46.5 meters high.
  • Neptune Fountain – one of the most important monuments of the city in the 18th century, topped with a statue of Neptune.
  • Fountain of the Eagle – a small fountain in Piazza Duomo, topped with a stone sculpture of an eagle.
  • San Vigillo Cathedral – the main church of the city, which was built in the thirteenth century on the site of an ancient church dedicated to San Vigillo, the patron saint of Trento. Most of the bishops of Trento are buried in the cathedral.
  • Around the square there are various historical buildings and palazzos, historical monuments.
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The Church of Santa Maria Maggiore is an ancient church from the 16th century.

Church of Santa Maria Maggiore

Church of Santa Maria Maggiore

Palazzo delle Albere is a Renaissance style mansion, built in the mid-16th century. It is a fortified building, which is a square fortification with four corner towers.

Palazzo delle Albere

Palazzo delle Albere

The Castello del Buonconsiglio in Trento is one of the main attractions and symbols of the city, a magnificent castle from the 13th century. The castle was built for defensive purposes on a rocky hill. Its present appearance is the result of centuries of additions and alterations.

The oldest part of the castle is in Romanesque style with original elements of the old castle of the thirteenth century, which was rebuilt in 1440 and completed a large round tower.

In the early 16th century the castle was rebuilt in Renaissance style, later in Baroque style.

Castello del Buonconsiglio in Trento

Castle in Trento (Castello del Buonconsiglio)

Cesare Battisti Mausoleum on Doss Trento – located on a high hill (308 meters) on the right bank of the Adige. Here are the remains of an ancient early Christian church from the 4th century AD.

The mausoleum is 16 marble columns 14 meters high on a round pedestal.

Cesare Battisti Mausoleum on Doss Trento Hill

Mausoleum of Cesare Battisti on the hill of Doss Trento

Interesting towers of Trento :

Wang’s Tower is an early 13th century tower built by Bishop Federico Wang. Designed to protect the hill of Doss Trento.

Wang Tower

Wang’s Tower

The Green Tower is a mid-15th-century stone tower.

The Green Tower in Trento

Green Tower in Trento

Trento on the map of Italy

Interesting tours

Hidden corners of Venice

€200 for a guided tour

Hidden corners of Venice

Medieval, graceful, and fragile: walk through the most authentic quarters of the city and get to know its soul

Rome - a sightseeing tour of the main sites and the undiscovered ghetto

€120 per excursion

Rome – a sightseeing tour of the major sites and the undiscovered ghetto

Trace the city’s path from Antiquity to modern times and learn about the inhabitants of the past and present

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Weekend in Trento

Not surprisingly, it has preserved many monuments of this culture. The history of the city continued even after the decline of the empire: Trento has managed to absorb the customs of the most diverse peoples of both northern and southern Europe, creating its own authentic image. Nowadays, Europeans also associate it with Christmas in the Alps. Its Christmas market has become truly internationally renowned.

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What to see

Piazza Duomo, the Cathedral of San Vigilio and the Neptune Fountain

In the 16th century San Vigilio was the site of the Council of Trent of the Catholic Church, which initiated the Counter-Reformation against Protestantism.

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Cathedral of San Vigilio, Duomo of Trento_19766791

The cathedral is a three-nave Romanesque church with paintings and sculptures from the early Christian period to the 19th century. Especially valuable are frescoes from the fourth century and canvases from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. The top of the facade has a huge round window (roson) and the bottom is decorated with a majestic portal.

Cathedral of San Vigilio / www.shutterstock.com

duomo

The cathedral is in the center of the piazza, which also houses the 13th-century Palazzo Pretorio, the Town Hall Tower and the sixteenth-century Casuffi-Rella houses. Piazza Duomo, or cathedral square, is still the focal point of city life.

San Vigilio facade rose / www.shutterstock.com

Piazza Duomo _31813600

In the center of the piazza is the Neptune Fountain, designed by sculptor Francesco Antonio Gongo in 1769. In addition to the statue of Neptune, which crowns the fountain, it is also decorated with tritons, seahorses and other sculptural groups made by the sculptor Stefano Salteri. The fountain is a true symbol of Trento.

Piazza Duomo and the Neptune Fountain / www.shutterstock.com

Town Hall Tower and Palazzo Pretorio

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At the eastern end of Piazza Duomo rises the first residence of the bishops, called Palazzo Pretorio, as well as the Torre di Piazza, or Tower of the Town Hall, where the municipality was located. It was built in the eleventh century. During the Council of Trient and on the occasion of important people coming to town, it was decorated with illuminations and fireworks and cannons were fired from the top. Today Palazzo Pretorio houses the Diocesan Museum of the Tridentum (as Trento used to be called).

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View of Piazza Duomo and Palazzo Pretorio / www.shutterstock.com

Castello del Buonconsiglio

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Castello del Buonconsiglio, or Buonconsiglio Castle, is the largest castle complex in the entire Trentino-Alto Adige region. From the thirteenth to the eighteenth century it was the residence of the bishops who ruled in Trento. The castle, located just above the city, consists of many buildings of different eras, surrounded by a fortress wall.

View of Buonconsiglio Castle / www.shutterstock.com

Castelvecchio is the oldest part of the castle. The Grand Palazzo was originally built outside the ancient fortress walls of Trento. The magnificent frescoes that decorate the interior are by painters Girolamo Romanino, Dosso and Battista Dossi and Marcello Fogolino. The Torre del Aquila, or Eagle Tower, has three floors. It was painted by Maestro Vencheslao with frescoes depicting the twelve months. This cycle of frescoes is considered a jewel of pan-European Gothic painting.

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In the castle… / Shutterstock.com

Cazuffi-Rell Houses.

The Casa Cazuffi-Rella houses are two adjacent houses built in the 16th century on the Piazza Duomo. Their facades are decorated with sixteenth-century paintings: the left house depicts scenes from ancient mythology, the right depicts themes of virtue, time, the triumph of love, and Apollo and Abundance. “The Staircase of Virtue” is the culmination of the cycle of frescoes. Thus, the houses can be considered a “moral book,” open with its pages to the square.

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Casuffi-Rell Houses / www.Shutterstock.com

MUSE – Museum of Science

The innovative science museum MUSE opened in Trento on July 27, 2013. In it you can learn about the interaction between science, technology and nature.

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Ferrari Wine Cellars

Ferrari is one of Italy’s largest wine producers, known far beyond its borders. To visit its wine cellars is a fascinating excursion into the history of sparkling wines.

Ferrari Vineyards © Molchen

Millions of bottles of Chardonnay and Pinot Nero are aged in a huge underground labyrinth before they become the famous golden-colored sparkling wine. Darkness and stillness are required for the “right” bubbles to emerge. Then the bottle’s own yeast will do all the work. Endless stacks of bottles generate a resounding echo, as if telling the age-old and ever-repeating story of grapes becoming champagne.

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Cuisine

Trento’s cuisine has had many influences, but by and large it is predominantly Tyrolean and Austrian. Its three symbolic products are spätzle, cheese and apples.

www.marisalaurito.com canederli-brodo

Dumplings in broth / www.marisalaurito.com

Many traditional dishes are based on dumplings (“kanederli” as they are called here), large dumplings. They are made from bread, milk, eggs, flour, sausage, lard and parsley, and served in broth and without. You can read more about them here: Tyrolean-style dumplings. Other popular dishes include polenta, patao (cornmeal soup with sauerkraut), osei skampadi (meat rolls held together by a wooden stick, fried in lard and sage), krauti (sauerkraut stewed with sausages and pork).

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Goulash with dumplings / www.scattidigusto.it

We should also mention such delicacies as “tortei”, “pinza”, “patugo” (pasta made of grated vegetables). Also corned beef with white beans, pink trout and other river fish, sausages “luganega” and “mortadella” as well as mushrooms and game.

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Sweets: dzelten (a Christmas treat), strudel, fugaza (sweet Easter focaccia), a pie filled with “fregaloti” – sugar, almonds, butter, flour and walnuts).

Fregaloti pie with wild berries / www.lacortedeifornai.it

The local cheeses are varied and very tasty: “tosela” (fresh cheese) and aged cheeses (“vezzena”, “grana trentino”, etc.).

How to get there

By plane

Trento has Gianni Caprole airport, but it serves only small planes. Nevertheless, it is easily accessible from the four international airports of Bolzano, Verona, Venice and Bergamo .

By train

Trento is on the train line that leads to Brennero. Trains to Innsbruck and Verona, including high-speed trains, pass through there. The station is located in Piazza Dante, very close to the city center. Timetables and prices can be found on the official websites of the Italian Railways, Austrian Railways, and German Railways.

By car

To get to Trento by car, take the Brennero-Modena freeway (A22), connecting in the south with the A1 Milan-Naples and A4 Milan-Venice freeways. All three exits are convenient: Trento Sud, Trento Centro and Trento Nord.

Contact

Office of the information and tourist agency of Trento (ATP Trento) Via R. Belenzani, 19 Tel. +39 0461-884169 [email protected]

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