10 beautiful cities to visit in Germany
What is the “Great half-timbered road”? Where were the famous Nosferatu horror films made? What city is located on the 15th meridian, which defines Central European time? In our article today – interesting facts about not the most popular, but worthy of your attention cities in Germany.
It’s no secret that for many travelers Germany is Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and two or three other big cities, where you can taste a knuckle, traditionally drink beer and see one of the ancient castles, which this country is so rich in. We are sure that there are people reading Deutsch Online who would like to visit places in Germany that are rarely mentioned in the guidebooks and who, after hiking through the megacities, would like to relax in peace and quiet.
We present you ten noteworthy German towns, the names of which you may not have heard yet.
This ancient town in Saxony-Anhalt, known since the tenth century, miraculously survived the bombing of World War II. Located in the Harz, Germany’s northernmost mountain range, Quedlinburg beckons with a castle on Mount Schlosberg, towering above the medieval houses and Renaissance buildings. The old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the center of Quedlinburg is full of structures more than six centuries old.
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This treasure is hidden in the Eifel mountains (known as the Ardennes in Belgium) not far from Bonn and Cologne. The town of Monschau seems to be frozen in time: you can come here to see the half-timbered houses, ancient narrow streets and the castle, built in the twelfth century. By the way, in summer it hosts a festival of classical music. In addition, in the winter in the town comes tens of thousands of fans of winter holidays: in Montschau is the traditional Christmas market. Well, among other things, the city is considered a resort, and resting in such a picturesque place is a pleasure.
3. Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Rothenburg am Tauber)
It would seem, judging by such a proud name, this town should stand on the river Tauber. But no, Rothenburg is situated on a mountain plateau overlooking the river. Today, this lovely North Bavarian town boasts authentic views and a rich history: in the Middle Ages, Rothenburg am Tauber was one of the most prosperous towns in the historic Franconian region. And nowadays it is a frozen illustration of medieval life, an almost fairytale town with a web of narrow streets and a unique atmosphere.
4. Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau, or simply Freiburg is a medium-sized city in Baden-Wartemburg. It is considered the sunniest and warmest city in Germany. Its main attraction is the brooks that run through the streets of the old town. In German they are called Bächle . It is believed that they appeared in the thirteenth century: so the inhabitants of the city were rescued from the fires. According to another point of view, pets used to drink from the brooks. In general, the Bächle humidifies the air. A local legend has it that if a girl accidentally stepped in the stream, she would marry a Freiburger.
The city can rightly be proud of its status: it is believed that it is the oldest in Germany, because it was founded by Roman Emperor Octavian Augustus. Modern Trier is a unique combination of the authentic German ambience and atypical for Germany atmosphere of the Roman settlement. Here are the must-see Black Gate (Porta Nigra) – hello from those times, the Cathedral of St. Peter in Trier, which for over thirty years is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the controversial pink palace of the Electors, one wing of which is built in the Renaissance style, while the other is clearly Rococo. By the way, Trier is the hometown of Karl Marx .
Nowhere else in Germany, perhaps, has such an extensive collection of half-timbered houses as in Celle, a town in Lower Saxony, nestled south of the Lüneburg heathland. The distinctive old town of Celle is an important point on the “Great half-timbered trail”, a tourist route that covers more than a hundred towns in the various federal states. Must-see landmarks include the Ducal Palace, the church of St. Mary, whose bell tower sounds fanfares twice a day to welcome the new day and bid farewell to the old, and the eighteenth-century synagogue, which miraculously survived the orchestrated Jewish pogrom of 1938, thanks to its position in a narrow street.
The former Hanseatic city and port in northern Germany. Wismar boasts a fine collection of brick Gothic buildings, an architectural style characteristic of medieval Northern Europe. At the heart of the city is the old Market Square, on which the oldest public building in Wismar, the Alter Schwede (Old Swede), proudly stands out. It is a tribute to the Swedish rule of the city. There is also an old stone well – the Wasserkunst pavilion – that supplied the city with water. By the way, it was in Wismar where the famous silent horror film “Nosferatu. Symphony of Terror” as well as its remake of “Nosferatu – Ghost of the Night” by Werner Herzog.
Germany’s easternmost city is called Görlitz, on the border with Poland, which runs along the Neisse River, a tributary of the Oder. On the other bank is Zgorzelec, the second part of the city, separated after World War II. Apart from numerous architectural monuments (the result of a turbulent historical past, in which a Roman trace was also discovered), Görlitz is famous for the fact that the 15th meridian, which marks Central European time, passes through it. Here, of course, one must visit the Old Town, one of the best in Europe. It is not without reason that Görlitz was the location for such famous films as Quentin Tarantino’s Inglourious Basterds, Wes Anderson’s The Grand Budapest Hotel, and Wes Anderson’s Vaudeville. Wes Anderson and “The Book Thief. Incidentally, the city is considered the birthplace of the German version of the decorative dragee nonparello, which is called Liebesperlen here .
Fulda is a Hessian town called the “cradle of Catholicism” because of the location of the famous Fulda Abbey with the relics of St. Boniface, the “Apostle to all Germans”. The Cathedral of St. Salvador, located on its territory, is built in the image and likeness of St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. Another striking attraction is the round Tower of Witches (Hexenturm), which in ancient times was part of the city wall, separating residential areas from the abbey. And of course the half-timbered houses. If you are a fan of medieval European architecture, Fulda is the right place for you.
Meersburg in Baden-Württemberg is a paradise for southern lovers, even if it has no beaches with palm trees. The city is unique because it stands on the shore of Lake Constance on the border of Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Moreover, Meersburg is located just in the place where the lake passes into the Upper Lake Uberling, and is conditionally divided into Upper and Lower Town – they are separated from each other by as much as 50 meters. You can imagine what a view opens up from above on the lake and the city of Konstanz, located on the other shore. In addition it is in the Upper Town are concentrated all the most important sights of Meersburg – the residence of prince-bishops New Palace, the church, the Old Castle. According to legend, one of the oldest in Germany!
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Top 10 German cities worth visiting
Germany is one of the most popular European countries among tourists. Every year a large number of tourists come here to enjoy a great holiday and have a great time. Germany is rich with historical sights, picturesque places of rest and a huge number of various entertainments.
Opening a map of Germany, you will see a large selection of different cities, where you are guaranteed a great vacation. But there are some cities that are distinguished by their history and great contribution to the whole Germany.
The amazing city of Berlin with its centuries-old history is among the most cultural capitals of the world. Every year, many tourists travel long distances to see architectural masterpieces and stroll through the picturesque parks of the German capital.
During the daytime the city offers many fascinating tours of museums, temples and palaces. Top of the list are the Berlin Wall, the Reichstag, the Friedrichstadtpalais, the Brandenburg Gate, and more.
As dusk falls, everything around you changes and you find yourself in nightlife Berlin, where many nightclubs and luxurious restaurants await your attention.
2. Munich .
This city charms the tourist from the first minute of stay. Munich is the capital of Bavaria and is rich in historical sites and various museums. Culture lovers and lovers of peace and quiet prefer to stay here. But besides this lovers of shopping can find numerous stores and for a small price to buy your favorite product.
Get acquainted with the historic citadel should start with the historic district of the city. This is where most of the architectural sights are concentrated. The city’s calling card is the Cathedral of St. Mary, as well as the Church of St. Peter.
The Old Pinakothek was built in 1836 and has unique paintings and sculptures within its walls. Nearby is the German Museum and the BMW Museum. You should also go to Nymphenburg Palace and visit the Royal Residence. That’s a little of what to see and visit in the beautiful, enchanting city of Munich. And every autumn at the end of September there is a noisy, colorful and very authentic beer festival called Oktoberfest.
The city of Heidelberg is situated in the picturesque valley of the river Neckar. Not far from the city is the famous Dark Forest. When you come here for a vacation, you’ll be enchanted by the youthful spirit that roams the streets with houses with red roofs. Walking through the streets of the city you will have a feeling as if you have entered an old German legend. Over the centuries, the cityscapes of this amazing city have inspired many artists and poets to create their masterpieces.
A special place you should pay close attention to is the longest pedestrian street, located in Germany. You can also go to the Student Prison, or see the beautiful vaults of Heidelberg Castle. Museum-goers will be able to appreciate the various exhibits at the Duchy Museum.
Nature lovers can go to the Botanical Gardens and see not only a variety of plants but also different representatives of birds. The city will long remain in the memory of tourists and make even brighter ideas about the beautiful Germany in the eyes of the traveler.
The city of Frankfurt is the financial center of Germany. It is located on the banks of the river Main and many tourists come here to enjoy the contrast of modern part of the city with the historical. High-rise buildings of bizarre architectural forms, business centers, international banks – all this makes the city young and modern.
But take a walk into the district of Remberberg and everything changes. Here you see old buildings with centuries of history, narrow streets where musicians and famous artists once roamed. You can listen to the bells ringing in the Main Cathedral or visit the Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Cinematographic Art while walking in this part of the city. After a busy sightseeing program, you can stop by a local tavern to sample some of the best beer around.
When you come to the city of Düsseldorf, you can take a trip back in time. Numerous historical monuments will amaze you not only with their architectural appearance, but also with their centuries-old history. The old quarter of the city is particularly fascinating – despite the fact that it was almost completely destroyed during World War II, a great effort by architects, this part of town was recreated anew.
Walking through the streets and breathing in the air of antiquity you can enjoy buildings such as the Basilica of St. Lawrence, the Castle of Benrat Neanderthal or the Courtyard Garden. Modern buildings and architecture are no less interesting.
Charlemagne founded this city in 787, and it still has some solid strange buildings, it is one of the ten largest cities in the country. The city is built on the Wazer River, on both banks not far from where the river flows into the North Sea. It is known for the fairy tale of the Musicians of Bremen (everyone has read it as a child and watched the cartoon, right?), and here you can see a monument dedicated to it.
In the south-western part of Bremen there is an airport, from which there is a streetcar line into the city and it takes no more than 15 minutes by trolleybus #16 to get to the center. There are bus and train services, which provide regular connections to other cities in Germany.
The city has a lot of cultural places for entertainment and recreation, many cozy cafes and small restaurants, where nutritious and inexpensive food traditional German dishes.
The most populous city in the land of Saxony, situated on the River Sale. In the 16th century the city built a university, which today is a big European celebrity. You can also see the opera house and other architectural monuments.
The nearest international port is 170 km away, which is in Berlin. The city is valuable historical center, perfectly preserved unique structures of Romanesque churches, which are located on Marktplatz, and the Church of St. Mary the Virgin. There are 55 hotels in the city and you can travel to any part of the country by car or by train.
One of the most beautiful places in Germany is the capital of Lower Saxony – Hannover. Exhibitions, various fairs and world famous congresses are constantly held in the city. Of the ten largest trade fairs in the world, five are held here. Cultural sites and intricate in its beauty gardens and parks have made the city one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
History and modernity intertwine harmoniously, you can see several architectural styles from several centuries at the same time. Between the banks of the River Laine and the famous Market Square are medieval streets that are worth a walk for lovers of the past. Villas that date back to the Kaiser era are still intact and in good condition.
There are 176 hotels in all districts of the city, and flights are available to visitors.
The first mention of the city dates back to 805. A stronghold on the border with Slavic settlements, the city is the place of Christianization of East Germany, so you are advised to check out the strange churches and churches. The city is the center of the country’s engineering industry. The early Baroque town hall is on Market Square, and is one of the main architectural landmarks of the town. It was erected in the 18th century and has a statue of Roland, the traditional protector of the town from all calamities and wars, standing beside it. It is the first freestanding sculpture in the country.
The nearest international airport is in Berlin, 170 km away, which can be reached inexpensively by car. Accommodation in the city is possible in one of the inexpensive hotels, of which there are many.
Bavaria in his heart has preserved a piece of traditionally beautiful places with a rich history. This is one of the major technical centers of the country, the place where the globe and pocket watch were created, large-scale manufacturing of toys, however, there is another “glory” that Germans are ashamed of – fascism, which residents are so careful not to mention, because it was here that the Nuremberg trial of Nazi Germany known to all took place.
The place is very beautiful and worthy of a visit if only for the fact that the most famous graphic artist and painter Dürer was born and worked here. We advise just to walk around the very picturesque streets of the city – just for the sake of these colorful houses is worth coming here.
As you can see there is a lot to see in Germany, and since the country is not comparable to ours, you can visit several cities in one trip and return home with a lot of new impressions and a pile of bright pictures. And finally with this video let’s fly over so different and beautiful Germany: