The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia’s most popular cities

The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia’s most popular cities

Sydney on the east coast of Australia is the capital of New South Wales as well as the largest city in the country. It is built around one of the most beautiful natural harbors in the world, named after the British Secretary of the Navy, Port Jackson. In 2000, Sydney was the site of the Olympic Games and became world famous for its Opera House and Harbor Bridge.

The city was founded in 1788 by soldiers and convicts brought here on ships from Britain by Captain Arthur Phillip. Gradually began to be built houses, the city grew, and with it the population grew. Today, the city is home to about 4.7 million people. But Sydney is not just a confusing city full of stores, restaurants, entertainment venues, museums, and galleries. There are a number of beautiful beaches and national parks, some right in the center or on the outskirts of the city and along the bay.

Sydney Opera House

The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia's most popular destinations

Sydney Opera House

Undoubtedly Sydney’s most famous and attractive building is the Sydney Opera House. It is one of the most magnificent examples of modern architecture of the 20th century. Construction of the now world-famous Sydney Opera House began in 1959 and was completed in 1973. However, later it turned out that it was completely impractical to build an opera house, as the halls were too small. Nevertheless, the building has become a world rarity, attracting visitors from all over the world. The Opera House stands on the cape of the Ring embankment, one of the oldest areas of the city. Once a shipping center, it is now a ferry port and train station. It is here that the city’s main attractions, the Opera House and the Harbor Bridge, are located.

Harbor Bridge

The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia's most popular destinations

Harbor Bridge

The North and South Banks of Sydney are connected by the Harbour Bridge, which was built in 1932 and due to its size became Sydney’s second biggest landmark. During the economic crisis it was called the “Iron Lungs” because it employed about 1,400 workers and many other people. Before the bridge was built, only ferry crossings connected the northern and southern parts of the city. It took eight years to build, and it didn’t pay for itself until 1988. Today, the people of Sydney no longer imagine life without this bridge, every day about 150,000 cars pass over it. A unique way to see Sydney from a bird’s eye view is from the bridge. There are regular guided tours.

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The Rocks is a historic part of the city.

The historic part of the city is in a place called The Rocks, which was once a very dangerous neighborhood full of convicts, gangs, and prostitutes. Nevertheless, in 1820, the wealthy moved here and built high-rise houses. Today, stores, tea shops, and old warehouses can be found on these narrow cobblestone streets. The whole area still retains the atmosphere of the old colonial times. On weekends, when the traditional markets are held, The Rocks is filled with crowds of tourists and vendors.

The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia's most popular destinations

The Rocks Historic District

In the heart of the city, visitors can visit the Royal Botanic Gardens, the Domein and Sydney’s leading NSW art gallery. Sydney has one of many galleries or some museums at almost every turn, the most famous being the Sydney Museum, the Australian Museum, Hyde Park Barracks or the National Maritime Museum . More recently, cafes, restaurants, and theaters have begun to appear in the center, and in 1929 the beautifully decorated State Theater was built here.

Another interesting building is the 1898 Queen Victoria Building. This stunning Victorian building was originally built as a market, today it is called “the most beautiful shopping center in the world.” There are 190 luxurious stores and lavish royal decor. A must-see attraction in Sydney is of course the construction of the Sydney Tower, which rises to a height of 305 meters and thus represents the highest observation deck in the southern hemisphere. The tower was completed in 1981 and every year about a million curious people enjoy the beautiful panoramic view from the observation decks.

Parks and Galleries

Just west of downtown is the huge Darling Harbor Park. It contains the famous Chinatown, the Sydney Aquarium, and the Imax cinema with the largest screen in the world. The city is surrounded on all sides by national parks and wild unspoiled bushland. You’ll find several parks and preserves even in the city itself, like Centennial Park, Hyde Park, Garigal National Park, and Bradleys Head. King’s Cross, Darlinghurst and Paddington, with their bustling cafes and beautiful Victorian houses, are also worth a visit. Paddington has also become popular for its antiques, galleries and famous restaurants.

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The vibrant city of Sydney is one of Australia's most popular destinations

In the heart of the city is the Royal Botanic Gardens covering an area of 30 hectares which, in addition to the local flora, is also decorated with various statues, monuments and fountains. It was founded in 1816 and today there are a variety of plants not only from Australia but also from abroad. It is a kind of living museum and the oldest scientific institution in the country.

On the outskirts of Sydney there are many other interesting places that definitely deserve attention. The waterfront is surrounded by beautiful and wide beaches, you can walk around the picturesque surroundings and see the local historical monuments. To the north is the unique Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, perfect for day trips, surfing, windsurfing or boating. The most famous and sought-after beaches, Manly and Bondi Beach . Other beautiful beaches with quality sand are Bronte and Kuji.


Sydney is the capital of the Australian state of New South Wales, a colorful and diverse, Australia’s largest and oldest city located in the southeast of the country. Sydney was founded on January 26, 1788, by Arthur Phillip, head of the first party of British colonists, and was named after the English Minister of the Interior, Lord Sidney. It was granted city status on July 20, 1842.

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Video: Sydney

General Information

Sydney has the tallest buildings in the country – the Sydney TV Tower (259 m) and the headquarters of the largest insurance company (244 m). In addition to the concert hall, the Sydney Opera House has a dramatic opera house, a cinema, restaurants and a library. The city has many gardens and parks, the largest of which is the Royal Botanical Gardens. On the other north shore of the bay (Taronga) – one of the best zoos in the world. In the area of deep-water Pittwater Bay are fashionable suburbs, buried in the greenery (among which you can see a koala) – Mona Vale, Newport, Avalon, Palm Beach. Sydney is the business center of the country, its financial capital. Most of the state’s manufacturing industry is concentrated here.

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The Sydney Opera House is the city’s calling card.

See and Do

From big-city hustle and bustle to wildlife and glamorous beach holidays, Sydney offers an abundance of sightseeing and entertainment to suit every taste. No other city in the world can compare Sydney for the number of beaches, scattered in its vicinity.

Surrounded by beaches, mountains and parks, Sydney has something to attract tourists. But apparently not only for its natural beauty Sydney is famous if it was able to transform from a convict settlement in the 17th century to the economic and cultural center of the 21st century, hosting more than 2.6 million tourists a year.

Closer to the center – Hyde Park, St. Mary’s Cathedral, Parliament, Treasury, Art Gallery, Royal Botanical Gardens and finally you are on the waterfront of Sydney Harbour, and ahead is a panorama of the main symbols of the city – the Opera, the Bridge and the Tower – all in full harmony with the collective design of creators of architectural appearance of the city.

Here it is better to walk around and take unique pictures for memory. Soar 300 metres into the heart of Sydney and enjoy a bird’s eye view of the city over a leisurely, lavish Australian lunch at the Sydney Tower’s revolving restaurant. A visit to the Rocks area takes you on a journey into the cities past and then the City, the heart of business Sydney, the day it is today and the day it is tomorrow. A stroll through Darling Harbour is sure to take you to the Chinese Garden.

Sydney Zoo Giraffe

Who wouldn’t dream of taking a ride on an actual paddle steamer from a bygone era, complete with traditional jazz? Take a cruise around Sydney Harbour and get a glimpse of Sydney from the water’s edge, enjoy a sumptuous buffet lunch of Australian and Asian food, or just enjoy plenty of seafood. And after dinner, you can take in an impromptu Dixieland jazz concert.

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Sydney Harbour is a concentration of its charm, culture and history. Whether you take a ferry across, drive across Harbour Bridge or just stare out at it from the terrace of a local restaurant, you’ll always find it glorious. Overlooking the harbor are the domes of the Opera House, an architectural marvel that is somewhat of a symbol of the city.

Cruise ship in Sydney Harbor

There are countless attractions within the harbor. At a place called The Rocks, the oldest English settlement in Australia, there are many fine restored old buildings, galleries, restaurants and stores. To the east of here is Macquarie Street, flanked on both sides by beautiful sandstone buildings. From here you can walk to the Royal Botanic Gardens, where a huge number of flowers grow. To the west lies the reborn Darling Harbour, a giant district with museums, delightful parks, restaurants, galleries and an IMAX cinema.

Sydney Harbour’s Darling Aquarium, famous for its unique inhabitants of the tropical seas and oceans, is justly considered one of the most spectacular and interesting aquariums in the world. It is also one of the largest in the world. The Aquarium features over 5,000 waterfowl exhibited in various types of “sea labs,” which include three huge floating oceanariums, 27 large tanks, and 23 small aquariums. More than 1 million people visit the Aquarium in a year. Walking in a glass tunnel through the water column, you can meet sharks and rays, turtles and other inhabitants of the South Seas. Underwater acrylic tunnels allow visitors to travel beneath the water and directly observe life in the deep sea. The inhabitants of the sea can even be “touched” in the specially designed pools. Deep diving is also possible.

Beyond the city are the fashionable eastern suburbs of Wollara and Double Bay, with their Victorian architecture and cozy cafes. A little further along are Sydney’s most popular beaches, which can be reached by bus or ferry. Bondi and Manly are considered the best, but there are many others too, just look around. Be sure to visit nearby Glebe and Newtown, which attract people with their cheap stores, bookstores, bars and cafes. King’s Cross somewhat resembles Times Square in New York with its cheap hotels and restaurants. Surrey Hills, Darlinghurst, and Paddington have a huge number of restaurants, cafes, and stores.

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Flashmob in the city street

For about 40,000 years, Sydney was home to Aboriginal people until Captain James Cook sailed into Botany Bay in 1770, after which the era of European colonization began. Cook dropped anchor in the harbor and, after exploring the coast north of it, declared the eastern part of the continent the property of the British Crown.

In 1788 the first European settlers arrived here, and a convict settlement was established at the present site of Sydney. The site was cleared, and the first houses grew up where Sackular Quay now stands. The young colony put down roots and the surrounding area was named Rocks. Despite early setbacks and problems, the city grew, and many elegant stone buildings were built during Macquarie’s governorship.

Hyde Park in Sydney.

In the 19th century, the gold rush and the World’s Fair gave a new impetus to the city’s development. The early 20th century was marked by the unification of the Australian colonies, which recognized Sydney as their capital. After that, the city grew tremendously and became very important to the country.

Although Sydney is now home to more than 4 million people, its residents are friendlier and more welcoming than those of other large cities.

Thanks to its climate and beautiful scenery, Sydney has many activities to offer, and many travelers are also attracted by the cultural and historical attractions of the city center. In Sydney, travelers don’t have to be torn between cultural and natural attractions, Australia’s capital city has both and much more to offer.

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