The 9 best tourist attractions in Brazil

Brazil’s 12 most popular tourist attractions

The largest country in South America, Brazil occupies nearly half the continent. Almost all of it is in the Southern Hemisphere, and much of it is tropical, with vast stretches of rainforest filled with exotic plants and wildlife. Its 7,400-kilometer Atlantic coastline is covered with golden sandy beaches, and its interior is filled with mineral resources. Gold from mines in Brazil still builds churches of Portugal, the colonial power that ruled Brazil until 1822. This strong Portuguese influence is evident in Brazil’s colonial architecture, in decorative arts such as the glazed tiles in its churches and monasteries and in its language. For tourists, Brazil is both a tropical paradise and an exciting cultural destination with attractions for all tastes, from idyllic beach holidays and jungle explorations to world-class museums and the pulsating rhythms of Rio’s carnival.

1 Sugar Loaf Head, Rio de Janeiro

Sugar Head, Rio de Janeiro

An easily recognizable emblem of Rio de Janeiro, the rounded mountain peak of Sugar Loaf juts out from a tree-lined promontory, rising 394 meters above the beaches and city. Its summit is one of the first places tourists see of Rio and the harbor, and for the excitement of the cable car ride between Sugar Loaf and Morro da Urca , a lower peak from which a second cable car connects to the city. Rio’s first settlement started below these peaks, near the long Praia da Urca beach, and you can take a trip to one of three early forts, the stellar Fort San Juan .

Accommodations: Where to stay in Rio de Janeiro

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2 Cristo Redentor, Rio de Janeiro

Cristo Redentor, Rio de Janeiro

With an outstretched embrace of 28 meters, as if embracing all of humanity, the colossal Art Deco statue of Christ called Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) looks out over Rio de Janeiro and the bay from the top of Corcovado. The height of 709 meters, on which it stands, is part of the Tihuca National Park , and the railroad in the rack rises 3.5 kilometers to its summit, where a wide plaza surrounds the statue. Completed in 1931, the 30-meter statue was the work of Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski and Brazilian engineer Hitor da Silva Costa and was constructed of reinforced concrete and soapstone. The eight-meter-tall base houses a chapel popular for weddings. Although it is one of Brazil’s most easily recognized icons, it is often mistakenly referred to as the “Christ of the Andes,” a confused old statue marking the border between Argentina and Chile.

A midway stop on the railroad leads to trails through Tijuca National Park, a vast forest that protects springs, waterfalls and a host of tropical birds, butterflies and plants. The park offers several more vantage points.

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3 Carnaval, Rio de Janeiro

Few show the Rio do-Lenten Carnaval extravaganza for color, sound, action and exuberance. Make no mistake, this is not just another rowdy street party, but a carefully orchestrated exhibition where spectators can watch competing samba dancers parade from a specially built stadium designed by none other than Brazil’s most famous architect, Oscar Niemeyer. Called Sambodromo , this long series of grandstand boxes provides circular seats to a 700-meter parade route, where dancers and musicians from competing samba schools strut their stuff in a dazzling explosion of glittering costumes. If the mob scenes are less appealing to you than the more spontaneous celebrations (which are equally exuberant and colorful), you’ll also find Carnivals in Salvador, Bahia, Recife and other Brazilian cities.

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4 Iguazu Falls.

At the point where Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina meet, the Iguazu River impresses in a semicircle of 247 waterfalls that rumble through the gorge below. Just above the falls, the river shrinks to a quarter of its normal width, making the force of the water even stronger. Some of the waterfalls are over 100 meters high, and they cover such a wide area that you will never see them all at once, but you get the widest panorama from the Brazilian side. The catwalks and the tower give you different perspectives, and one bridge reaches one of the largest, known as “Garganta do Diabo” (“Devil’s Throat”). You can cross the Argentine side for closer views from the catwalks, which extend further into the center of the falls. Both sides offer different perspectives and views, so most tourists plan to see both. The falls are protected by UNESCO-recognized Iguazu National Park , where subtropical rain forests are home to more than 1,000 species of birds and mammals, including deer, otters, ocelots and capybaras.

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5 Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro

The trendiest and most famous stretch in Rio de Janeiro follows the Avenida Nossa Senhora de Copacabana and is bordered on one side by four kilometers of white sand and breaking surf. The beach is separated from buildings and traffic by a wide walk paved with black and white mosaics in a wave-like pattern reminiscent of the streets in Lisbon, Portugal. The beach isn’t just for show.It’s also a popular playground filled with sun worshippers, swimmers and kids building castles in the sands whenever the weather is fine. Walk the streets here to find restaurants, smart stores, cafes and beautiful old buildings from the days when Rio was the capital of Brazil. One of them, the famous Copacabana Palace, is protected as a national monument. In its vestibule, you can easily see the vision of the royals and moviegoers who stayed here.

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6 Amazon Rainforests

Amazon Rainforests

About 20 kilometers southeast of Manaus, the dark waters of the Rio Negro meet the light muddy waters of the Rio Solimoes, flowing side by side for about six kilometers before mixing as the Amazon. A boat trip from Manaus takes you to this point, which is called Encontro das Aguas , the meeting of the waters. Other boat trips take you into the heart of the rainforest and the network of rivers, canals and lakes formed by the three rivers. In the Rio Negro, the Anavilhanas Islands form an archipelago with lakes, streams and submerged forests that offer a complete cross-section of the Amazon ecosystem. Here you can see monkeys, sloths, parrots, toucans, caimans, turtles and other wildlife. Also near Manaus, the 688-hectare Janahuari Ecological Park has several different ecosystems that you can explore by boat along its narrow waterways. The entire lake here is covered with giant lilies found only in the Amazon region. In Manaus be sure to visit its famous Teatro Amazonas , an Italian Renaissance opera house designed to put Manaus on the map as the center of South American culture.

Accommodation: Where to stay in Manaus?

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7 Modernist Architecture in Brazil

Modernist Architecture in Brazil

Brazil’s new city of Brasilia was carved out of the desert and completed in less than three years, replacing Rio de Janeiro as the nation’s capital in 1960. Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer’s ambitious plan became an exponent of urban and avant-garde architecture , and today it remains one of the few cities in the world that present a complete plan and a unified architectural concept. Without the normal mix of residential and business districts, the entire government section consists of major architectural landmarks, which are the main tourist attractions of the city. Some of the most striking surrounding Praça dos Tràs Poderes : the presidential palace, the supreme court and two sharply contrasting congress buildings, as well as the Historical Museum of Brazil and the Panteão da Liberdade (“Pantheon of Freedom”) designed by Oscar Niemeyer. The most famous building of this architect in the city is the Catedral de Metropolitan Nossa Senhora Aparecida , whose curved concrete columns rise to support the glass roof. Another of Niemeyer’s notable works is the Palácio dos Arcos , surrounded by beautiful gardens, designed by Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx, who has worked with Niemeyer on several projects throughout Brazil. The circular Memorial dos Povos Indígenas (Indigenous Museum) is designed after the traditional circular Yąnomamö house. But many consider Niemeyer’s most beautiful work to be the JK Monument, a memorial to President Giusselino Kubitschek, the founder of Brazil. Brasilia has been named a UNESCO World Heritage City.

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8 Salvador Pelourinho

Cidade Alta (Upper Town) of the former colonial capital of Brazil has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its exceptional collection of colonial buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries, the most beautiful of such ensembles in South America. In this old quarter, called Pelourinho, you will find the most beautiful churches and monasteries of Salvador, built at a time when Brazil was the source of Portugal’s wealth and abundant gold wasted on the colony’s religious buildings. The most beautiful and most magnificent of the churches of the city of San Francisco , built in the early 1700s and filled with intricate carvings covered in gold. In the choir and monastery you can see beautiful examples of Portuguese tile panels called azulejos. This was a monastic church, and next to it was the church of the Franciscan Third Order. You can’t miss the unkempt carved façade, covered with statues and intricate trim. The interior is equally ornate, surpassing even the Portuguese Baroque in its rich detailing.

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9 Ouro Preto.

The wealth of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais during the glory days of the colonial period is easy to imagine from the interiors of the churches in its old capital, Ouro Preto. Entire walls are washed with gold that flows – along with diamonds – from mines surrounding the city in the 17th and 18th centuries. Cascading down the slopes of a steep valley and surrounded by mountains, Ouro Preto is a gem of a colonial city, but its steep, narrow streets and mountain scenery, now fascinating for tourists, did not meet the needs of a growing provincial capital. The government moved to the newly built capital of Belo Horizonte, leaving Oro Preto in its time capsule. The 18th-century Baroque and Rococo churches of San Francisco de Assis and Matriz de Nossa Senhora di Pilar are the best examples, but the entire city is so rich in colonial architecture that Ouro Preto has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Steep streets, places so rushing they become staircases, are lined with gracious colonial mansions, and white churches crown their hills with baroque bell towers.

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10 Pernambuco Beaches.

Crystalline waters, tall palm trees and wide stretches of silver sand are just some of the reasons Porto de Galinhas is often cited as Brazil’s best beach. For a country with more than 7,000 kilometers of Atlantic coastline, most of it sandy, that says a lot. The city, which stretches along the coast, is laid-back, colorful, and just the right mix of old-fashioned beach town fun and chic boutiques. Its hotels and resorts lie close to the ground rather than growing in high-rise neighborhoods. Jangadas, picturesque sailboats, take you to reef-top pools where bright tropical fish swim around your ankle-deep legs. You can also take a boat into the lagoon, where tiny seahorses swim, and you can snorkel to explore spectacular coral reefs or shipwrecks, kayak in the lagoons and estuary or buy a whimsical kite from the beach kiosk to fly in a steady breeze. Nearby, nearby Maracas is popular with surfers.

Porto de Galinhas is one of the beautiful beaches on the 187-kilometer-long coast of Pernambuco. Closer to Recife, the 17th-century Olinda is a UNESCO World Heritage Site overlooking a popular beach. The main beaches in Recife themselves are Praia da Boa Viagem, São José da Coroa Grande and Carne De Vaca. Other top beaches in Brazil

Accommodation: Where to stay in Pernambuco

11 Belo Horizonte.

The state capital of Minas Gerais was given its first commissions by the prominent Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, and today these early Niemeyer buildings draw tourists and fans of modernist architecture to the city. His first major work, which immediately separated him from ordinary architects, was the parabolically curved San Francisco de Assis church, near the lake in the Pampulha district. On the hillside above it and connected by gardens, designed by landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx, is the earlier Niemeyer Casino, now an art museum. Overlooking the large Praça da Liberdade in the city center is a winding apartment building, Edificio Niemeyer , one of his most famous early works. The clean geometric lines of his late Palácio das Artes mark the edge of the Municipal Park, housing the Minas Gerais Crafts Center, which showcases the work of contemporary artisans. The postmodern Rainha da Sucata – Queen of Scrap Iron is another landmark building in Belo Horizonte, home to Éolo Maia and Sylvio Podestá. The mineralogy museum is located here.

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Accommodation: Where to stay in Belo Horizonte

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12 São Paulo Art Museums

São Paulo Art Museums

São Paulo has some of the best fine art collections in Latin America, and the buildings in which they are located are architectural landmarks. The Museu de Arte, MASP, displays the continent’s most comprehensive collection of Western art with representative works by Renaissance through modern masters. There are 73 bronze sculptures by Degas and works by Renoir, Manet, Van Gogh, Matisse, Picasso and Miró. From the beginning, the museum has focused on works by mid- and late-20th-century artists, and the building, designed by architect Lina Bo Bardi, is a monument to Art Nouveau. Oscar Niemeyer designed the Pavillo da Bienal de Artes in Ibirapuera Park, where the Museu de Arte Contemporânea. More than 8,000 works of art — one of Latin America’s largest collections of 20th-century Western artists — include Picasso, Chagall, Kandinsky, Miró and Modigliani along with major Brazilian artists. Located above the Gardens of Versailles, the Museu do Ipiranga houses paintings and arts and crafts.

Brazil’s most popular attractions

Brazil is a country of contrasts, where the European easily coexists with national Latin American traditions, and the brilliance of the rich areas neighbors with the poorest neighborhoods – favelas. High crime rate in the country does not prevent tourists to come to this part of the world to see the sights of Brazil, to touch the luxury of Brazilian carnival and understand that soccer here is a kind of religion.

The square of the three powers

The square of the three powers

The history of Brazil is full of tragic events, and multiple coups. The name of the main square of the country in the capital Brasilia reflects the history of the state.

Different architects took part in shaping the appearance of the square, making it a synthesis of different views of the world and art. In the center of the square stands a 10-meter spire, on top of which the national flag is unfurling.

Spire

Surrounding the spire and the square itself are public buildings, built in a variety of architectural styles.

Amazon

Amazon

The beautiful places of Brazil are opened by the majestic and willful river. It is the most full-flowing in the world, and on its banks there are places where no man has yet set foot.

In the tropical Amazon forests still live tribes that have not been touched by modern civilization. A unique place for scientists, because the flora and fauna preserved in pristine condition.

Scientists rightly call this region a genetic fund of the planet, as it is home to over a million amazing plants and rare animals.

By the way, about the most beautiful rivers in the world on our website most-beauty.ru has an interesting article.

Statue of Christ the Redeemer

Statue of Christ the Redeemer

The main attraction of Brazil, the national symbol of this Latin American country rises above the neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro.

The statue of Jesus was erected on top of Corcovado in 1931, and it took almost 9 years to build. The engineer Eitor da Silva Costa was the author of the final design, and the Brazilian and French architects brought to life an amazing project.

With a pedestal its height is 38 meters, and by this parameter one of the seven modern wonders of the world is the 5th among the highest sculptures in the world.

Iguazu Falls

Iguazu Falls

On the border of Brazil and Argentina stretches an amazing natural complex of 275 waterfalls.

One of the most beautiful and mesmerizing waterfalls is considered Devil’s Throat. The waterfall is shaped like a horseshoe with a length of 150 m and a height of 82 m. There is a wooden bridge that leads to the heart of this water and stone extravaganza. Those who are not afraid to get wet under the drops of splashing water, walk across it to see all the beauty of the natural wonder.

Iguazu Complex is one of the most visited tourist sites in South America, which is visited by 1.5 to 2 million tourists annually. Besides Devil’s Throat, the Adam and Eve waterfall cascade is considered particularly beautiful.

Copacabana Beach

Copacabana Beach

Interesting sights of the Latin American country continues amazingly beautiful beach with pure golden sand and gentle waves of the Atlantic.

It gets its name from an ancient fishing village that sprawls on the shores of Guanabara Bay. The beautiful recreation area stretches for 4 km in length and is sheltered from the winds from the mainland by the mountain peaks and high-rise buildings of one of Rio’s neighborhoods.

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Apart from swimming and sunbathing you can listen to the international stars. Elton John, Mick Jagger, and Rod Stewart’s music and light show have all performed at the country’s largest music venue and made it into the Guinness Book of World Records.

Pantanal

Pantanal

A majestic tectonic depression, which amazes tourists with its picturesque scenery, spreads in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul.

The name means “wet, or swampy lowland” in Russian. The fact is that during the rainy season, the depression fills with water, forming a magnificent lake.

This beautiful region is home to many species of reptiles, animals, and nests more than 650 species of wild exotic birds. The flora is represented by amazing plants, including rare ones. And in total, biologists have counted 3,500 species of plant life in the hollow.

Do you know how some plants grow? We’ll show you, at most-beauty.ru in this article.

The Cathedral in Brasilia

Brasilia Cathedral

Brazil’s architecture is steeped in national and European traditions, and the capital’s modern buildings are strikingly futuristic. This is how the Cathedral, built in the 1950s and 1970s, appears to our viewers.

The appearance of the cathedral breaks all ideas of religious architecture, but each of its elements is filled with deep meaning. The curved white vaults symbolize human arms outstretched toward heaven. The entire space of the church is filled with sunlight, which enters through huge blue stained-glass windows.

The author of the project was the famous Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. Complementing the surrealism of the entrance, because you can get into the temple only through an underground tunnel.

Paulista Museum

Paulista Museum

In São Paulo, you must visit the museum that opened in honor of independence. It is built on the very spot where Emperor Pedro I, on the banks of the Ipiranga, proclaimed the independence of the Land of the Holy Cross.

The building itself was built in the neoclassical style, and around it there is a park with many sculptures and beautiful fountains. The museum halls are filled with rare exhibits from the country’s history. At the entrance, visitors are greeted by state symbols of Brazil from different eras.

Exposures in Paulista

In addition to historical artifacts, masterpieces of painting are on display. Brazilian national arts and crafts are also represented.

Pedra Pintada

Pedra Pintada

The rock formation in the state of Roraima is striking in its monumentality and splendor. The name translates as “painted stone” because from a distance the rock really seems painted with colors.

The coloring is dominated by white vertical stripes on a dark background of the rock formation. The height of the unique stone is 35 meters, and inside it a cave was formed, but where is the entrance to it is difficult to detect.

During the research on the vaults of the cave were discovered rock carvings left by ancient Indian tribes. The descendants of the Indians still hold the ancient shrine sacred, and one can only get into the cave with the permission of their FUNAI foundation.

Ibirapuera Park.

Ibirapuera Park

The park, founded in 1954, is spread out among the city blocks of São Paulo. And it was opened in honor of the 400th anniversary of the founding of the country’s largest city.

On the territory of 140 hectares the creators have created a kind of small kingdom, where there are palaces, sculptural compositions. On the vast area there are forests, lakes, fountains and walking paths. There are play areas for children.

Swans love the smooth surface of the lake, and the plants planted in the park represent almost the entire flora of the country.

Jose de Alencar Theatre

Jose de Alencar Theatre

In the city of Fortaleza, which grew out of a medieval Portuguese fort, among all the sights, the theater stands out.

The architectural monument got its beautiful name after the famous novelist writer of the XIX century. The building was built in the early twentieth century, and at the same time the first performances were given on the stage of the theater.

The facade of the theater is decorated with columns and sculptures, and the building itself was built by local architects in the neoclassical architectural style with elements of Art Nouveau.

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Poco Encantado Magic Well

Magic Well Poco Encantado

In Chapada Diamantina National Park, among other beauties and natural wonders, there is a huge cave pool. It is called Poco Encantado.

At a depth of 37 meters among the vaults of the cave the water splashes, and to see all the beauty tourists must go down into the cave to a depth of 80 m. The water is so clear that you can see the rocky bottom of the pool, petrified trees and the base of the rocks.

It is forbidden to swim in the pool, and in order to preserve the unique natural monument, the state authorities restrict tourist access to the cave.

The Sands of Lencoys-Maranensis

The Sands of Lencoise-Maranensis

The national park near the bay of San Jose and the city of San Luis was founded in 1981, and today covers an area of 1,000 km².

Lakes in the dunes

The entire vast area is covered by sand dunes, which reach heights of up to 40 m. During the rainy seasons the desert landscape is transformed beyond recognition. Lagoons of rainwater form between the dunes, and then the landscape is painted with romantic hues. The kingdom of sand comes alive at such times, and beautiful birds fly to the water springs.

This video is a MUST!

The sand dunes in Brazil are another natural wonder of the world, and in 2005 director Endracha Waddington filmed the drama “House of Sand” amidst this splendor.

Gastronomic Museum

Gastronomic Museum

In 2006, the city of Salvador opened an unusual museum. Foodies from all over the world come here to taste the national cuisine in the museum’s restaurant. Tour guides will tell the history of the cuisine, and each dish individually.

There are cutlery and crockery of different historical eras in the expositions.

The museum has a small movie room that shows a documentary about the traditions and dishes of the Brazilian cuisine. In the souvenir shop of the museum you can buy a small gift as a keepsake.

Botanical Gardens

Botanical Garden

Standing above the statue of Jesus Christ, Rio de Janeiro has a luxurious botanical garden covering 54 hectares.

All the flora of Brazil has been there since its founding. Within the garden there are 6.5 thousand plants, trees and shrubs. The staff takes great care of each one, but special attention is paid to rare species.

The garden was founded in 1808 and started as a small greenhouse of exotic plants. Over time it became a world heritage, and then it was given the status of a biosphere reserve.

Ponta Dunas Water Park

Ponta Dunas Water Park

A recreational area in Fortaleza that will appeal to both adults and children. One of the favorite tourist destinations, and the largest water park in the country.

Between the rides are copies of major Brazilian landmarks, so you can both relax and learn a lot. There is a slide that is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records. Its height is comparable to a 14-story house, but there is enough people willing to go down from such a height.

From the highest rides you can see the expanse of the ocean, because the water park was built in the resort coastal zone.

Maracana Stadium

Maracana Stadium

Let’s finish our journey with most-beauty.ru in the city of Rio de Janeiro, where in 1948 was built a magnificent stadium on the banks of the river Maracana. According to it, it got its name, which is now known throughout the sports world.

The great masters of leather ball, such as Pele, Garrincha, the stars of European soccer played in the national stadium of Brazil. In 1973, 177,656 fans came to watch the match between the clubs Flamenco and Fluminense, and almost 200 thousand soccer fans attended the match between Brazil and Uruguay in the World Cup in 1950.

The stadium in Brazil is an iconic place for soccer fans. After several reconstructions and changes in FIFA requirements for soccer arenas, the number of seats at the Maracana was reduced to 73 thousand.

Attractions in Brazil

Photos and descriptions of the country’s sights confirm that Brazil is unique in every way. Ranked fifth in the world by area, it ranked sixth in population, and the number of soccer fields it is ahead of any country in the world. In addition, it is the only country in the Americas where the majority of the population speaks Portuguese, and the official name of the state is the Federative Republic of Brazil.

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