Nizhny Novgorod sights for tourists
A megalopolis with an 8-century history of development attracts tourists with its versatility. Nizhny Novgorod has carefully preserved the heritage of old Russian architecture, the spirit, the scope of Russian merchants. Let’s tell you what to see in Nizhny Novgorod for a tourist.
What to see in Nizhny Novgorod in 1 day
Nizhny Novgorod is included by UNESCO into a hundred historically valuable cities of the planet. The main attractions of Nizhny Novgorod – this is what the capital city of the Volga region is famous for. Visitors begin their acquaintance with the places that must be visited.
Minin and Pozharsky Square
This is the main city square, where festive concerts and mass events are held. Famous places of the old city and modern buildings form the architectural appearance: the walls of the Kremlin, the buildings of the Pedagogical University, Gymnasium № 1, Alexeevsky row, the building of the Medical Academy, the Palace of Labor and the exhibition center.
The main attractions of the square are the monument to Kuzma Minin, the Kremlin, the fountain with illumination at night. From the square of militia heroes Minin and Pozharsky takes the main pedestrian route – Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street.
Address: Square of Minin and Pozharsky, metro station “Minin and Pozharsky Square”. How to visit: 24 hours a day.
Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street
This central street is a pedestrian street which is paved with cobbles and built up with ancient mansions of nobility and merchant houses. In the central part there is a building of the State Bank, which stands out among others with its palatial style of decoration with bas-reliefs and stone carvings.
The peculiarity of Pokrovka is added by numerous sculptures. The pedestrian route begins from the statue of policeman. Opposite the main post office building tourists are welcomed by a letter carrier with a bike, and near the cinema “October” – a composition of a young lady in front of a mirror. Along the route you can see sculptures of cheerful goat, photographer, violinist and spooner. Here open-air street artists, artisans and musicians demonstrate their skills. There are lots of souvenir shops, nice cafes, restaurants and hotels.
Address: Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street, metro stations “Moskovskaya” and “Gorkovskaya”. Mode of visit: round the clock.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
The main sight of the capital of the Volga region is the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin built in the 16th century, which is worth a visit for every tourist. The thickness of the preserved fortress wall at the base is about 5 meters, length – more than 2 kilometers. 12 of 13 towers of different heights of the Kremlin are preserved. From the walls and towers is clearly visible urban panorama, beautiful views of the Volga.
On well-groomed fenced area of 22 hectares there is the Cathedral of Archangel Michael, administrative buildings, obelisks, monuments, modern art center “Arsenal”. In the towers of the Kremlin are deployed thematic museum exhibitions, where you can look at the unique artifacts.
Entrance to the territory of the Kremlin from the side of Minin and Pozharsky Square is free, the fee is charged for climbing the Kremlin wall, when visiting the museum exhibitions inside the towers.
Address: Kremlin, 1, metro stations “Gorkovskaya”, “Moskovskaya”, “Strelka”. Mode of visiting: daily from 10 am to 5 pm.
See other sights:
Monument to Valery Chkalov and the Chkalov Stairs
Walking around the main city square, you must see the monument to Nizhny Novgorod-born test pilot Valery Chkalov. The monument is located in the center of the observation deck on the Volga escarpment near the St. George Tower of the Novgorod Kremlin. The gaze of resolute strong-willed hero of the monument is directed to the sky as if a pilot is about to take flight. On the pedestal of the monument there is a map, illustrating two long-distance flights of Chkalov.
From the monument to the Verkhnevolzhskaya and Nizhnevolzhskaya embankments a staircase leads, bearing the name of the legendary pilot. The structure is shaped like a figure-of-eight and has 560 steps. The construction of the monumental stairs began in 1943 after the victory at Stalingrad and was completed in 1949. At the foot of the Chkalovskaya Stairs on the Nizhnevolzhsk embankment there is a monument to the “Hero” motorboat that took part in the battles.
Address: St. George congress, metro stations “Gorkovskaya”, “Moskovskaya”, “Strelka”. Mode of visit: around the clock.
Going down the Chkalovsky stairs tourists get to Verhnevolzhskaya Embankment, which has been organized for leisurely walks. The construction of the street began in the first half of the 19th century after a visit of Emperor Nicholas I. The autocrat was not impressed with dismal view of the Volga escarpment. It was ordered to demolish dilapidated shacks, clear the area from debris and lay a sidewalk for walking. Along the sidewalk were built solid estates, mansions. Some of them survived to this day.
Address: Verhnevolzhskaya Embankment, metro station Avtozavodskaya. Mode of visit: 24 hours a day.
During a walk along the Verhnevolzhskaya embankment a mansion in the Italian palace style attracts the attention of guests. The building of Rukavishinikov Manor was built over 100 years ago. The mansion is decorated with sculptures of atlants and caryatids, balustrades. In the courtyard of the estate is equipped with a fountain.
The building is a branch of Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum. There is a lot to see. The interior decoration of 25 halls of the monument of architecture is designed in the Rococo traditions: stucco moldings on the ceilings, expensive parquet, rich chandeliers and furniture. There are a lot of sculptures and sculptures of Nizhniy Novgorod tradesmen of the 19th century.
Address: Verhnevolzhskaya Embankment, 7, Gorkovskaya metro station. Mode of visit: from 11 to 18 hours, Monday – day off.
Monument to Peter Nesterov
At the junction of Verhnevolzhskaya Embankment and Nesterov Street stands a monument to another famous pilot, a native of Nizhny Novgorod, Pyotr Nesterov. The World War I hero is known worldwide as the pilot, who first performed the so-called dead loop. Later the figure of aerobatics was called “Nesterov’s loop”. The monument was established to the 100th anniversary of the legendary pilot in 1987. Four informative steles next to the monument reflect the life story of the hero.
Address: ul. Nesterova, metro station “Gorkovskaya”. Mode of visit: 24 hours a day.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
If you want to see all the sights of Nizhny Novgorod, you have to visit Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The temple built in the XIX century is located in the lower part of the city on the site of Nizhny Novgorod fairs. This is a modern street Strelka. Cathedral is remarkable for its external and internal beauty, it is well visible from all high banks of the Oka and the Volga.
The temple was built with merchants’ donations after the visit of Emperor Alexander II and was richly decorated. The walls miraculously survived the period of church persecution, and during the Patriotic War on the roof of the building there was an anti-aircraft battery to protect the city from enemy air raids.
Address: Strelka Street, 3A, metro stations “Gorkovskaya”, “Strelka”, “Moskovskaya”. Mode of visiting: Every day from 8 to 19 hours.
Soccer stadium of international class “Nizhny Novgorod
Built for the FIFA World Cup the stadium added to the tourist attractions of the big city. The location of the sports complex is the area of Nizhny Novgorod Strelka.
The stadium is used for regional and Russian competitions, sports festivals, fairs and concerts. The grandstands can accommodate 45,000 spectators, spectator seats are protected from precipitation by a canopy.
37 sights of Nizhny Novgorod worth seeing
St. Michael the Archangel Cathedral of the Kremlin (1628-1631) is a beautiful ancient structure of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin that has survived to this day. The first wooden cathedral in the place was erected in 1221 simultaneously with the Kremlin itself; in 1227 it was rebuilt in stone with beautiful carving according to the traditions of churches of Vladimir-Suzdal Russia.
The next rebuilding of the building was carried out in 1359, but by the beginning of the XVII century the temple was completely dilapidated. In 1627 the state treasury allocated funds for the erection of a new cathedral as a monument to the people’s volunteer corps of Minin and Pozharsky; the cathedral became a posthumous shelter for K. Minin.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is a historical center and a heart of Nizhny Novgorod, a fortress, a stone belt around a mountainous cape and ledges descending the slopes of the Volga. The first Kremlin, built as a defense point in 1221, was enclosed by a moat and wooden and earthen fortifications.
Rebuilding of the Kremlin in stone began in 1374 under Prince Dmitry Konstantinovich, but was limited to the Dmitrov tower only. The main construction works were fulfilled in 1508-1515 in the times of Ivan III. when Nizhni Novgorod was a watch-town with a permanent army and a gathering place for Moscow troops in the war against Kazan. After the fall of the Kazan Khanate, the Kremlin lost its military significance and became a beautiful administrative center of the province.
Beautiful places of Nizhny Novgorod worth visiting
Visiting famous historical places, tourists should not forget about cultural leisure. Here are the places that are worth seeing for lovers of cognitive, contemplative leisure.
Botanical garden of NNSU named after N. I. Lobachevsky
There is an arboretum, open for visitors from May to October, and greenhouses, which function year-round.
Address: Botanicheskij Sad, 1, bus №62. Mode of visit: 9 am to 5 pm, Saturday and Sunday off. Only organized tours for 10-15 people.
The embankment of Fedorovsky.
Fedorovskogo embankment is interesting for pedestrian walks and continuing acquaintance with the historical district of Zaporizhzhya. The street is located in parallel to Rozhdestvenskaya on the high bank of the Oka. The opposite bank is well seen from the embankment, Strelka can be seen. The street is named in honor of a famous scientist and geologist Fedorovsky. From the walls of the Kremlin to the embankment down the street Ilyinskaya. At the intersection of streets is located white-stone Ilyinskaya Church with golden domes. The temple was built in 1665 on the place of a 100 years old wooden church in honor of the release of Nizhny Novgorod from the Tatar yoke.
The embankment branched out along the hilly bank, descending to the Oka. Between the ravines are built bridges, used for beautiful photo shoots and as viewing platforms.
Address: Fedorovsky Embankment, metro stations “Gorkovskaya”, “Strelka”, “Moskovskaya”. Mode of visit: round the clock.
Nizhny Novgorod cableway
The length of the ropeway is 3661 meters. It connects the longest aerial route – the capital of the Volga region with the satellite city Bor. From the windows of the funicular railway you can see all the famous monuments of the historic part of the city, the Mokhovye Hills, the bed of the Volga and the rowing channel.
Address: Kazanskaya naberezhnaya, 8a. Mode of visit: according to the schedule, one way fare – 100 rubles.
The green well-groomed park on the slopes of the high Volga bank was laid out under the walls of the Kremlin almost two centuries ago. One can go down to the Alexander park by the Chkalovsky stairs, from which walking paths run in both directions. The first in the history of Nizhny Novgorod park abounds with viewing platforms on the Volga and Strelka – the place of its confluence with the Oka. The park was named in honor of the wife of Emperor Nicholas I, Alexandra Fedorovna. Open-air concerts are often held there.
Address: Avtozavodskaya metro station. Mode of visiting: 24 hours a day.
You can easily get to the Nizhnevolzhskaya Embankment by going down the Chkalovskaya Stairs. The tourists who have worked up an appetite and are tired can stop by a cozy cafe or restaurant. Where to go after a vacation? Beautiful, restored two years ago, the embankment is another excursion route, continuing to get acquainted with the history of the city.
A walk in the direction of the Kanavinsky bridge will lead to a landscaped recreation area with the Conception Tower a little further away. At the gate there is a monument to Peter I. Here you can see Old Russian siege weapons, found during excavations, in the open air. On the embankment are many beautiful old buildings, including the river station. On the square in front of the station there is an alley of Volga Flotilla heroes’ busts.
Address: Nizhnevolzhskaya Embankment, metro stations “Gorkovskaya”, “Strelka”, “Moskovskaya”. Mode of visiting: 24 hours a day.
The historical sites of Nizhny Novgorod are not limited to the Kremlin. Rozhdestvenskaya street is an example of that. Nowadays Nizhny Novgorod merchant quarter has preserved its purpose: old buildings with arches and huge shop windows house souvenir shops, cafes, restaurants and stores. The street is located parallel to the Nizhnevolzhskaya embankment.
Attention on Rozhdestvenskaya Street is attracted by Stroganov and Golitsyns’ houses. On the arched wall of one of them is a quote from Pushkin’s “Queen of Spades
The Church of the Nativity attracts attention. Its walls are made of red bricks with white stucco decorations, and its roof is crowned with multicolored domes. Tourists may be interested to see the sculptures on the way: K. Makovskiy’s artist at work and the baker boy.
Address: Rozhdestvenskaya Street, metro stations “Gorky”, “Strelka” and “Moskovskaya”. Mode of visit: 24 hours a day.