25 Main Sights of Khakassia
Khakassia is a southern region of Siberia, primarily popular as a tourist destination because of its natural features. Traveling around the republic with good company and a camera is a guarantee of vivid impressions for a long time. Ecological component does not fail either, so guests will get a powerful charge of energy and breathe clean air.
However, only sightseeing of reserves, lairs, lakes and caves is not enough for the trip. Fans of other areas also will not be bored. There are ancient fortresses, iconic cathedrals, modern bridges in Khakassia. They allow locals and visitors to feel involved in the history of the whole country: almost in any subject of the Russian Federation you can find a similar set of attractions.
The most interesting and beautiful places in Khakassia
List, photos with names and descriptions of popular attractions in the region!
Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power plant
Construction began in 1963 and lasted until the 2000s. In 2014, there was a major accident at the hydroelectric plant, the consequences of which have already been eliminated. It stands on the Yenisei River. The height of the dam is more than two hundred and forty meters, the length is about a thousand and a bit. The dam forms a reservoir of the same name. It offers an incredibly breathtaking view of the surrounding area.
Ulug Hurtujah Tas
Originally, the stone statue, which is three meters high, was discovered near Anhak Hall. However, in 1954 they had to take it to the local museum of local lore because there was a danger of vandals destroying it. The stone carved statue dates back to the end of the III-beginning of the II millennium B.C. Pagans worshipped this female figure and there are many legends connected with it.
Opened in 1999. It occupies an area of more than 260,000 hectares. It is divided into nine clusters according to the type of terrain and historical component: “Podzaplotnye bogs”, “Zaimka Lykovykh”, “Oglakhty”, “Lake Itkul”, “Lake Shira”, “Kamyzyak steppe”, “Maly Abakan”, “Lake Belyo”, “Hol-Bogaz”. Thirty-five species of local flora and fauna are rare and under special protection.
Several lakes located in one area form a resort area. Tourists from all over the country come here. Local silt mud is used for cosmetic purposes, as it is saturated with useful components. Lakes differ in size, salinity of water and other components. Nearby are other natural attractions – Sunduki Mountains and Tuimsky Fault.
The Great Salbyk barrow
It was built in about VII century BC. There is a thematic museum nearby. Full-scale excavations were first conducted here in the middle of the last century. Later studies continued and many artifacts were found: knives, clay utensils, inscriptions, millstones, etc. The height of the mound exceeds eleven meters. There are traces of earlier unscientific and careless excavations.
It is a natural monument, spread over an area of more than two thousand hectares. A museum-type reserve was opened here in 2011. Some hills of the mountain range have their own names. Certain areas have preserved the memory of the presence of ancient people here. This concerns rock paintings, and burial mounds, and the remains of household items found during excavations nearby.
Formed on the site of a mine that was closed in the 1950s. Problems with collapses were still during the operation of the mine. A collapse at the top led to the appearance of a depression. Now there is a lake with a diameter of two hundred meters. Its waters are bright blue and it is still not clear what caused it. Equipped observation deck. The area attracts fans of extreme sports.
Located near Abakan. Excavations were conducted in the early 2000s. It was possible to establish the time of its creation – the middle of the I millennium BC. Long before the appearance of researchers, the mound was looted, so especially valuable artifacts, neither from a historical point of view, nor from a material one, could not be found. The construction is made of stones, clay, earth and larch.
Located in the Shirin district in the mountain Koshkulak. Refers to the karst. It has three tiers and three entrances. In some periods the bottom of the cave is flooded with water partially or completely. The total length is about eight hundred meters. Scientific expeditions are still sent here. However, it is more a tourist site, rather than a place of research. Excursions are conducted by experienced guides on a regular basis.
The trail of ancestors (The trail of shamans)
It passes through Togyz-Az, a rock massif whose name is translated as “Nine Mouths”. The beginning is a bridge over the White Iuys River. The path lies past steep cliffs, picturesque grottoes of overgrown slopes, natural arches, mountains of bizarre shapes, for example, “Werblood Mountain”. Some sections are difficult to traverse, you have to try hard to stay on your feet. The views from any point are picturesque.
Pandora’s Box Cave.
Opened in the early 1970s. It is located in the Kuznetsky Alatau highlands on the left bank of the White Iyus. Length – eleven kilometers. Although an approximate map of the cave is made, work to clarify the details are still underway. Inside there are many grottos, rocks, small ponds and galleries. Bats are present. The temperature varies, the average is within +5 ° C.
Ivanovskie lakes and glaciers.
This amazing place can be reached either by yourself or with a tour group. Several lakes with clear water vary in depth and diameter. Only one thing they have in common – the coverage near the shores. Here the thickness of the ice lies even in hot weather. The unique spectacle makes tourists travel long distances to see this combination of incongruities.
Opened in 1904. It is a monument of Tagar culture, consisting of the Small and Large groups of hieroglyphs. It is located on the left bank of the Yenisei River. Researchers have determined the time of occurrence of the scribe very conventionally: VII-III BC. However, scientists note that there are later inscriptions. As for the drawings, they depict the life, leisure, imaginary pictures, etc.
It was established in 1996. It is located on the territory of the Askizskiy district. The total area exceeds eighteen thousand hectares. The place was not chosen by chance: the beauty of Khakassia and archaeological finds – part of the region’s history – meet here. The relief is variable, the flora is diverse, and the fauna is very inferior to it. Natural monuments are adjacent to man-made antiquities throughout the territory.
It is a natural monument of local importance since 1977. It is located in Bogradsky district. It belongs to the karst class. Its length exceeds thousand and a half kilometers. There are bats inside the family of impressive-sized grottos. The study continues, as does the making of a detailed map. You need to find a qualified guide to explore.
Located in the Western Sayan. The height above sea level is more than one and a half kilometers. The water is very clean, and its temperature never exceeds +16 ° C. There is abundant vegetation around: from dwarf birches to fir trees. In the lake there are a lot of fish, including rare species. In the area there are predators, such as snow leopards, but they are few and rarely show themselves, mutually avoiding people.
Poltakovsky open-air rock art museum
Founded in 2003 and was independent until 2016, when it became a branch of Hurtujah Tas. It is located in the village of Poltakov. The exhibits of the museum are stone slabs exposed in the open air. They depict drawings from different periods, mostly very ancient without an exact date of application. They were discovered not far from here on excavations in the 1980s.
Found on the banks of the river of the same name. The entrance to the cave is not difficult to find, but in winter it is covered with snow. The total length is one and a half kilometers. There are several spacious halls, connected by narrow passages. There are also small ponds, the water level of which varies depending on the season. The rock formations, which were of value to explorers, have been destroyed by tourists.
Located on top of the mountain Sve-Tah on the right bank of the Black Iyus. It is one of forty-five monuments of a similar type built in the area. It has two lines of defense – the walls of different types. Their height has decreased over time due to destruction and other reasons. Now it is one and a half meters. The terrain was not chosen randomly – the relief and natural features were used in the construction.
Safronov burial ground.
It belongs to the Tagar culture. The age of the burial ground is about two and a half thousand years. It is located near the bank of the river Es. It consists of several mounds of different sizes. The position of the buried person in the community during his lifetime determined the height and diameter of the burial site allocated to him after his death. The stones, installed next to each other, are distributed in the same way. There are carvings on them.
Uytak mountain massif
Located in Askizsky area, there is a station “Razdolnaya” nearby. The peculiarity of the area are the remains of petrified plants, including trees. In the past, the area was considered good for rituals. The inhabiting peoples worshipped the spirit of the mountains and arranged ceremonies for him. The terrain here is layered, which makes the mountains seem fuzzy and from a distance, and because of this even more beautiful and unusual.
It is located in the Uybat steppe. Its area exceeds seven hundred hectares. The name is translated as “Big Lake”. Three rivers flow into it. Because of the complex of minerals that saturate the water, it tastes bitter-salty. On the northern shore the terrain becomes swampy. Several months of the year the lake is covered with ice. Especially protected because of the unique flora and fauna, especially the breeding of the sandpiper.
Landscape park “Dream Gardens” in Abakan.
Opened in 2007. All thirty gardens, forming a single system, have different themes and other features. The park is a symbiosis of man-made beauties: bridges, fountains, benches. And the natural splendor of blooming cherry trees, sprawling juniper, bright flowerbeds. There are also corners with representatives of fauna: from the smallest snails, to poultry or cats.
Transfiguration Cathedral of Abakan
Lighted in 2005, then began to fully receive parishioners. It has seven domes of rich dark color because of the alloy nitrite-titanium and five-tier iconostasis. An impressive bell tower of twelve bells. Inside there are relics important to all Orthodox: a part of the Holy Cross, a stone from Mount Tabor, several icons painted by masters of different schools and different centuries.
Start of the construction was in 1999. Traffic on it was opened in 2003. It crosses the Yenisei. Connects Khakassia, located on the left bank, and the Krasnoyarsk region, respectively, on the right. It became a part of the federal highway. In each direction was built two lanes. Stops on the bridge are prohibited. The length exceeds three hundred and fifty meters.
Local residents are proud of the beauty of their region. The south of Siberia, where the Republic of Khakassia is located, is famous for its beautiful lakes, majestic mountains, dense forests and wild steppes. But not only this will be remarkable for visitors to Khakassia, a curious eye can always uncover all the ancient secrets of this region and find the key to the chest of ancient knowledge.
Mountain range Sunduki
The massif consists of five mountains, each of which is about 5 hundred meters high. The first looks a bit like a chest, which is why the ridge and has such a name. Curious and attentive travelers will not only see the majesty of the mountains, but will be able to find the ancient rock paintings, burial grounds and many other memorable signs left by their ancestors.
In the XX century near the first mountain an ancient burial place of a shaman was found. Another find, a stone with stars carved on it, was no less interesting for historians. On the fourth mountain there are petroglyphs, the most famous of which is considered the White Horse.
The locals treat the mountain with fear and reverence. There are many legends around them, so when approaching the mysterious place, impostors must tie a ribbon to a sacrificial tree, thereby honoring the local spirits.
In the northern part of Khakassia is the largest lake in the republic. It stretches over 75 square kilometers. The lake is surrounded by quiet steppes, and among them are glimpses of green leafy and coniferous groves.
Not only locals come to the lake to relax, but almost all out-of-town tourists. The clearest water in the lake, containing mineral soda, well-maintained beach of pebbles is ideal for all who want a little break from the bustle of the city and bask in the sunlight. It is best to go to the beach in the middle of summer, other seasons may not be suitable for bathing because of too low temperatures. Fans of fishing can also go to Belo, but they can not count on a rich catch.
Valley of the Kings
An amazing place in the Kamyzyak steppe hides many secrets and mysteries from the mere human gaze, most of which is kept by the Great Salbyk mound. It used to be a full-fledged mound, which was later destroyed. According to experts, the height of the mound originally reached 20-30 m, but then more than half of the soil was washed away. Historians believe that the mound was erected approximately in the 5th century BC. It is most likely that in ancient times it was used as an observatory or a sanctuary, and the burial of an unknown person was found inside.
There is an opinion that the menhirs surrounding the mound have magical powers. According to one of the legends, the giant stones can change their position by moving through the air, and some even call the Valley of the Kings an anomalous zone.
The petroglyphs were found in 1847 near the Pechische River, near the Koljevo village. The oldest pictures are dated back to the I-II centuries. Most of all there are drawings on the wall, dating back to the era of the Kyrgyz Kaganate. The ancients depicted scenes of battles, hunting, animals, and shamans. Above the petroglyphs are texts written in runes. The uppermost one translates as “Eternal Rock”.
The first discoverer of the petroglyphs on the slope of the Boyara ridge was ethnographer A.Adrianov (1904). The rock paintings consist of 2 groups: The Large, consisting of 130 images, and the Small, consisting of 40 images. All the drawings were made before Christ, only in the Small group they belong to an earlier period (Bronze Age), and in the Big group the drawings were made later (Iron Age). Most of all there are images of people, animals and houses on the rock, but there are also drawings of mythical creatures. In the early morning, when the first sunlight falls on the wall, the figures seem to come alive. In the afternoon, the drawings are quite difficult to discern among the cracks and moss.