Slovenia is an interesting country in central Europe
1. Slovenia is a small but very beautiful country in Eastern Europe.
2. Like Montenegro, Slovenia was once part of the now-defunct state of Yugoslavia.
3. The Republic of Slovenia is located in the northwest of the Balkan Peninsula and borders Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia.
4. The entire territory of the country is divided into four geographic zones. These are the Adriatic coast, the Alps, the Pannonian Lowlands (in the east) and the Dinaric Highlands (in the south).
5. Despite the modest size of the state, nature is very diverse here. And 70% of the territory of Slovenia is wilderness: mountains, forests, mountain rivers and waterfalls.
6. As Slovenia is a small country, from frozen mountain passes to the warm, sunny beaches can be reached in three or four hours by car.
7. There are more than two thousand nature reserves in the compact territory of Slovenia.
8. About 10% of the country is covered by vineyards. Wine is really excellent here.
9. Half of Slovenia is covered by forests. The Republic of Slovenia has an area of 20,273 square kilometers, and the area covered by forests is more than 10,000 square kilometers.
10. Mountains cover almost half of the Slovene territory.
MOUNTAINS IN SLOVENIA
11. The highest peak in Slovenia, Mount Triglav (2,864 meters) is depicted on the national coat of arms and flag of Slovenia.
12. Almost 216 square kilometers of Slovenia’s territory are covered by vineyards – that’s more than 21,000 hectares. The oldest vine in the world is in the Slovenian city of Maribor. It is over 400 years old and still bearing fruit. It produces about 25 liters of wine annually from its grapes of the “Zametna chernina” variety.
13. The Triglav National Park in Slovenia is one of the oldest parks in Europe. It occupies an area of 880 square kilometers, which is 4% of the total surface of the country. Triglav National Park is named after the highest mountain in Slovenia, Triglav.
14. The climate of the coastal and mountainous regions of the country is very different. On the coast the climate is mild Mediterranean. Usually in winter it is not below +10 degrees, in summer it is 24 – 27 degrees, the water in the sea is 23 – 24 degrees. Precipitation falls mainly in winter.
15. In the mountains in summer it is +22…+24 during the day and +6…+8 at night. In winter it is about 0, and up to -10 degrees at night. In some places in the mountains for a year falls up to 3000 mm of precipitation.
LJUBLJANA IS THE CAPITAL CITY OF SLOVENIA.
16. There are 2 million citizens in the country. Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is home to 260 thousand people. That’s about fifty times less people than in Moscow.
17. Airport of Ljubljana is in 25 kilometers from the city center, from here shuttle buses go to bus and railway station.
18. To the north-west of Ljubljana near the town of Bled lies the Triglav National Park, also known as the “kingdom of seven lakes”. The largest and the most famous is Lake Bohinj; the small town of the same name is nearby. To visit this place is a must.
19. sights of Slovenia are picturesque Lake Bled, the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary on an island and Bled Castle on the coast near the town of Bled.
CHURCH OF THE ASSUMPTION
20.Church of the Assumption is popular as a place for wedding ceremonies, and there is also the “Bell of Wishes”. The church of the Assumption is a popular place for wedding ceremonies and also has a “wishing bell”.
21.Beautiful ancient castles in the towns of Ptuj, Velenje, Celje.
22. The most convenient public transport in Slovenia is the train. The railway network covers the whole country.
23. There are no traffic jams here. Yes, even in the cities, even during rush hour.
24.The roads in Slovenia are in decent condition and it is a pleasure to drive and admire the nature. The speed limit: 50 in the city, 90 outside the city, 130 km/h on the highway.
25.And there are animals, even bears. There are more than 700 brown bears in the forests here.
26. The locals, the Slovenes, are friendly people and friendly to the Russians.
27. The local language is very similar to Russian, but some similar words have a completely different meaning, which can cause confusion.
28.More precisely, the Slovenian language somewhat resembles the old Slavonic language because although it resembles ours, it is difficult to make out. Only the greeting “Dobri dan” is probably perceived unambiguously.
29. English is spoken here by many people. In northern areas people speak German, in coastal areas they speak Italian. Except Slovenes other Balkan peoples are presented in small quantities, also Hungarians, Italians, gypsies. In some towns and villages Italian and Roma have the status of official languages.
30. The Slovene army has less than 10,000 men.
31. Average life expectancy in this country is about 80 years.
32. There are 260 waterfalls in Slovenia. Most of them, however, are quite small.
33. Slovenian Alps are more than 250 mountain peaks and nature of incredible beauty. Slovenia is famous for its ski resorts all over the world. Of course their size is inferior to Swiss, French, Italian or Austrian, but the quality of recreation and service is excellent, and the prices are much lower.
34. It is no exaggeration to say that skiing in Slovenia – a national sport. On most resorts the slopes are available for beginners, and there are some where the competitions for the World Cup are held.
35.Not far from the famous ski resort of Kranjska Gora, is located area Planica, popularly called the “ski jumping valley. Here is one of the largest ski jumps in the world – Letalnica “Goriszek brothers.
36.Planica is the permanent location of the World Cup ski jumping competitions and world championships in ski jumping. More than 60 world records have been set in Planica.
37. The winter sports season in the mountains lasts from December to April. The most famous ski resorts are Mariborski Pohorje, Kranjska Gora, Vogel, Bovec, Zerkno. From the place of Bovec one can take Kanin ski track (2000 meters above sea level), which connects at its highest point with the Italian Sella Nevea track. A single ski pass allows you to go down both ways.
38. The advantages of vacationing in the ski resorts of Slovenia compared to Italy or Austria are less congestion and queues, lower prices.
THE OLDEST FLUTE IN THE WORLD.
39. Probably the oldest flute in the world has been found in Slovenia. It was made from the tubular bone of a prehistoric bear. It is estimated to be about 60,000 years old. This and other unique historical finds can be seen at the National Museum of Slovenia.
40. Slovenia can rival Great Britain in quantity and “quality” of fogs. Slovenian fogs are a unique phenomenon. In winter, the fogs here can be so thick that sitting in the car, you can’t see the hood! The haze may not dissipate for weeks. The strongest and most frequent fogs due to the peculiarities of the terrain are in the Slovenian capital, Ljubljana.
41. Slovenia is a paradise for speleologists. Lovers of outdoor activities are waiting for numerous karst caves. On the territory of Slovenia there are more than 10,000 caves. In some of these caves people have lived over 3000 years BC among them are widely known, such as Postojna Jama or Skajanska Jama and very little studied. “Jama”, as it is easy to guess, means “cave”. And inside the absolutely enormous Skajanska Jama there is a river called the River. Most of the caves, including the aforementioned, are located southwest of the capital, in the area of the Karst (Kras) Plateau.
SLOVENE PLATEAU KRAS.
42. The Slovenian plateau Krás, or as it is also called in German Karst, has given its name to similar karst phenomena around the world. It is thanks to this plateau that scientists first studied numerous karst features – water wells, sinkholes and underground caves. Actually the notion “karst process” or “karst”, i.e. the process of dissolution of rocks (limestone, dolomite, gypsum) by underground and surface waters with the formation of cracks, sinkholes on the Earth’s surface and various cavities in the depths, also got its name from this area.
43. Postojna Cave has 5.3 kilometers of tunnels for viewing, which is the longest length of cave space open to the public in the world. Today, about one million people a year visit Postoin Cave, and in its two-hundred-year history since its discovery, more than 35 million enthusiastic visitors from all over the world have visited it.
44. Cerknisko Lake is a natural mystery that belongs to the so-called “disappearing” lakes. In spring and fall, when the lake is filled with water, its area is up to 38 square kilometers, making it the largest lake in Slovenia. In summer, water escapes underground through 400 underground sinkholes and canals. The locals like to say, “In Cerknisko Lake, in the same year you can fish, shoot birds and beasts and reap bread.”
45.In the Slovenian city of Maribor grows the oldest vine in the world, which is more than 400 years old. It still bears fruit.
THE OLDEST WHEEL IN THE WORLD.
46. In 2002, the oldest wheel in the world was found by archaeologists in the Ljubljana barrio, on the site of old forests in Vrhniki. The age of the relic is dated between 5100-5350 years. The wheel, made of ash and oak, has a radius of 70 centimeters and is 5 centimeters thick. Dr. Anton Veluszczek, Doctor of Archaeology, says: “Surprisingly, the wheel found was made with more advanced technology than later models from Switzerland and Germany. Today this unique find is in the City Museum of Ljubljana.
47. The Lipica stud farm was built in 1580. Lipizzan horses are considered long-livers, living on average about 35 years. The foals of the local mares are born light gray, raven or sorrel, but by the age of 10 all horses are snow white. Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to take over the stud farm more than once – his favorite stallion was Lipizzan.
48. The beach season on the Adriatic lasts from May to October. The coastline of Slovenia is only 47 km long. Here are the resort towns of Koper, Izola, Piran, Portoroz. Historically, many Italians live here, and street names and other information are duplicated in Italian.
49. Koper is the main port of the country. The nearest city in Italy, Trieste, is 30 kilometers away. Ferries go to Venice from Koper, the journey takes 3 hours.
CITY BEACHES IN ISOLA
50.City beaches in Isola are free. People sit on wooden decking and in the shade of trees, on the grass. Entrance to the water is by bridges. The water is not just clean – purest! Also in the city is a large (more than 700 berths) marina – yacht anchorage. The owners of sailboats are not only local but also people from neighboring countries.
51.The beaches of Piran resort are often chosen for recreation by locals. Despite the fact that the beaches here are not sandy, there are all possibilities for the most comfortable vacation. In addition, Piran is a unique Venetian and Austrian architecture.
Portorož is one of the most famous seaside resorts of the Adriatic. Here you can combine beach recreation and treatment procedures. Recovery programmes are based on therapeutic muds, sea water, and thermal springs. The central town beach is sandy.
53. In Triglav National Park tourist routes of varying complexity are offered. There are trails that are accessible to children and scientific and educational. Or you can just relax on the beach and rent a boat. The water in the lakes is very clean. From Bohinj start groups wishing to climb the summit of Triglav. The hike usually lasts for 2 days.
The nature in the national park, however, as well as in the whole country, is in excellent condition. There is a large number of wildlife, including brown bears and lynxes. Care for the environment is in the Slovene blood.
There are two famous bridges over the Ljubljanica River in Ljubljana: the Dragon Bridge, decorated with dragon figures, and the Triple Bridge. Among the attractions of the capital are also the Town Hall, St. Nicholas Cathedral, the oldest botanical garden in Eastern Europe.
56. The national cuisine of Slovenia is varied. “Burek” (puff pastry with meat or cheese) is the basis of nutritious Slovenian fast food. Or a variety of sausages: “chevepcici” – Austrian influence.
57.The soup here is called “Juha”. Any kind, not necessarily fish. The traditional “Iota Juha” is bean soup. The equivalent of dumplings, shtrukli, which are filled with meat or curd or vegetables. There is also “prsut” – dried ham. The most famous dessert is the “gibanica”, a multi-layered honey cake with apples, nuts, and vanilla.
58.A potica is a Slovenian traditional holiday dish and today, one of Slovenia’s most recognizable symbols. The sweet roll with various fillings is one of the first Slovenian desserts, which is present at all official events and is popularly called “ambassador of Slovenia.
59.Beer is loved in Slovenia, the most popular local beer is “Lasko” (Lasko). The Sokol beer restaurant in Ljubljana is recommended.
60.Traditional strong alcohol is various kinds of tinctures and liqueurs based on pear: “Viljamovka”, “Hruškovac”, “Pleterska hruška”. Slovenian wines are little known in our country, except for the orange wine from Izola. This is probably because they are consumed by Slovenes themselves. It is believed that the best wine from the Drava River Valley (it is near Maribor).
THERE IS A MONASTERY PHARMACY IN THE CASTLE
61. The monastery pharmacy in Olimje is one of the oldest active herbal pharmacies in Europe. It is located in a castle that was converted into a monastery in 1663. The Pauline monks are still growing herbs and preparing natural remedies for various ailments.
62. For lovers of rafting, kayaking and canyoning the most suitable place is near the town of Kobarid on the river Socha.
63. Slovenia is part of the European Union. The currency is the Euro.
The leader among Slovenian recovery resorts is Rogaška Slatina, a resort with a 400-year history. Its world fame is due to the therapeutic mineral water Donat Mg. Rogaška Slatina is situated 108 kilometers east of Ljubljana or 50 kilometers south of Maribor. The hotels and sanatoriums Atlántida Boutique, Grand Hotel Sava, Grand Hotel Rogaska and others are situated here.
STRUNJAN MUD SPA
The Strunjan mud baths (respiratory system diseases) are also well-known. Moravske Toplice (rheumatism, skin problems), Dobrna, Terme Chatezh are well known for their mineral and geothermal springs. The average cost of medical treatment together with accommodation at Slovenian resorts is 600-800 Euros a week.
66. Slovenia is one of the safest countries in the world. It is safe everywhere and perhaps the sense of tranquility and serenity of the country attracts many tourists.
67.Since its formation in 1991, Slovenia has not been involved in any military conflict.
68.Slovenia’s tourism industry is growing rapidly, thanks in large part to the emphasis on “green” tourism. Most tourists come from Germany (17%), Austria and Italy. The share of Russians is 4%. For all the variety of recreation in Slovenia, the main four areas: sea, skiing, balneotherapy resorts, caving and extreme tourism.
69.Slovenia is a resort country. Where else can one find so many opportunities for outdoor activities at any time of year! Snowy peaks, forests, sea, caves and thermal springs, sports for extreme people and quiet cozy town. And all this in a country the size of half the Moscow region.
70.Therefore, Slovenia is one of the most visited and beautiful European countries. Such a great popularity of Slovenia among tourists is magnificent scenery, a wide range of recreation options and low prices, combined with a high European level of service.