Scottish Castles: the most interesting castles and their history

Locks of Scotland.

To find yourself a medieval knight in shining armor you only need to visit the rugged and rugged castles of Scotland. They were built mostly for defense, so you’ll see them mostly on the cliffs by the ocean or the lake. From afar they look completely impregnable.

Castles of Scotland

Dunnottar Castle

This structure stands on top of a cliff overlooking the northeast coast of the country. Today it is just a ruin, but a ruin with an interesting and multifaceted history. Such historical figures as Queen Mary, Scottish figure William Wallace, and King Charles II are closely associated with the castle. The castle became famous because, saving the Scottish crown jewels, its small garrison withstood a siege of Cromwell’s army. To get to the castle is difficult, because you have to overcome a huge number of stairs leading to it.

Castles of Scotland-Castles of Dunnottar

Duarte Castle

The castle is located on the Isle of Mull. At first it was a rectangular wall enclosing the inner courtyard. The Scottish ruler began to own the castle in the middle of XIV century, having got it together with the dowry of his bride. For many centuries in a row the castle was slowly ruined. Its last owners were the McLean clan who owned it for the last 4 centuries. Located on a hill overlooking Lake Mull the stone outpost may be seen today by tourists to explore the dungeons and admire the castle surroundings.

Scottish Castles-Castle Duarte

Arcart Castle

Once this castle was considered the largest in Scotland. Only the remains of its tower have survived. From this point you have a breathtaking view of the famous Loch Ness. The history of the building is similar to that of many castles. For many centuries for the right to own it fought not only numerous clans, but even Scotland and England. In 1692 the outpost was blown up so that it could not be used as a citadel in hostilities. Today tourists can see the ancient artifacts preserved there. Many claim that it was from here that they saw the famous monster from the lake.

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Scottish Castles - Arcarth Castle

Balmoral Castle

This castle was built over several centuries. The castle was built centuries ago on the site of King Robert II’s hunting lodge in the 13th century. The building, which survives to this day, is usually considered a Scottish baronial manor, though it looks like a solid castle. It is now the royal family’s holiday home. Some of the rooms are closed to the public as they are considered to be the private rooms of the Queen. Many apartments and many grounds are freely accessible to tourists.

Scottish Castles - Balmoral Castle

Inverary Castle

A must-see on the west coast of Scotland is this castle. The Dukes of Argyll remained its owners for many centuries. It was built over 43 years and part of it was destroyed by fire in 1877. The rooms of the building tell the story of the Campbell clan, once the most powerful in the country. It will be interesting to see the rich collection of weapons and wander through the beautiful gardens. In the tea room tourists will appreciate the traditional Scottish dishes. You can visit the castle from April to October.

Scottish Castles - Inverary Castle

Sterling Castle

This castle was considered the center of art in Scotland in the 16th century. The kings of the country considered it a major strategic and historical place. The structure itself is impressive in its size. Here you can get acquainted with the life of the royal family. In the exposition of the castle is kept the crown with which Mary Stuart was crowned in 1534. In the castle Robert Burns wrote many of his poems.

Scottish Castles-Scottish Castles-Stirling Castle

Edinburgh Castle

The structure is a perfect example of the country’s ideology and architecture. It was built on the top of a dormant volcano. Played an important role in the political and military life of Scotland. You can see the castle from any direction, at a distance of several kilometers. For his major battles the castle was used by the Scottish king. The castle is one of the Scottish landmarks and a symbol of the country’s struggle for its independence.

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Scottish Castles-Edinburgh Castle

Cullin Castle.

One of the most visited attractions in the country. It was built in the late 18th century. Its first owners were members of the Kennedy clan – descendants of King Robert the Bruce. The top floor of the castle during the Second World War was occupied by Dwight Eisenhower, he was given it as a sign of appreciation for U.S. support. Now these rooms are a hotel. Visitors will be interested to see the antique furniture and one of the richest collections of guns and swords. Glamis

Not only Queen Elizabeth was born in this castle, but also her mother and grandmother. It was also the birthplace of Princess Margaret. This castle was once Shakespeare’s favorite. Today it is recognized as one of the most beautiful in the country, surrounded by a huge number of trees. Guests are invited to take a fascinating journey into its garden and historic rooms.

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