New Zealand – an emerald in the Pacific Ocean

New Zealand and the riches of Antarctica

New Zealand declared itself as one of the main contenders for natural riches of Antarctica. The reason for the attempts to divide the “no man’s land” was the global warming and melting of the ice, which makes the continent attractive for the development of its untapped natural resources. This country stands a good chance of occupying its own piece of the Ice Continent.

As the ice shell of Antarctica disappears, more and more attention is being paid to this continent. But where does New Zealand get the urge to exploit Antarctica’s riches? It is known that the lion’s share of Wellington’s income comes from agriculture, export of meat, six and dairy products, as well as fisheries. However, geologists predict that beneath the ice lies a vast, untapped natural wealth, from oil to rare-earth metals. Moreover, the New Zealanders do not have enough energy resources of their own to cover all their needs. But they can be more than covered by the neighboring Antarctica.

New Zealand has a good chance to occupy the part of the continent it likes. First, because of the country’s regional proximity to Antarctica. Secondly, because the country, as an old ally of Australia, England and the United States, has their full support and is also pushing the interests of these powers in the region. Third, because it has historically been one of the leaders in the development of Antarctica. And fourth, it has a powerful economic and industrial base for this.

New Zealand’s “Antarctic ambitions” are largely due to its unique geographical and economic location in the Pacific region. It is New Zealand that is among the few states that have a polar station there that operates year-round and has an airfield on it.

Thus, it is one of our main competitors for the wealth of Antarctica. Note that Russia’s relations with New Zealand have almost always left much to be desired and on the contrary, historically they have long been considered “excellent” with the West. The fact is that New Zealand politics is in the orbit of influence of Great Britain and especially the United States. And for this reason, our relations with that country have not developed easily and have often been even worse than those with the West.

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Diplomatic missions were not exchanged until 1944 in connection with the struggle against the common enemy during World War II. But they were already severed in 1949 due to the outbreak of the Cold War. The two sides were in this state for a quarter of a century until they were restored due to détente in the wake of the U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam. However, relations were soon soured again with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. From 1979 to 1991, despite outwardly maintaining diplomatic ties and with embassies intact, they actually worked “without diplomats” and did not exchange ambassadors.

Today, in the history of bilateral ties, we have probably the best mutual understanding. For example, the fact that Russia is one of 41 countries that have diplomatic relations with New Zealand speaks volumes. At the same time Wellington has contacts with the CIS countries through Moscow. It is true that geography and mutual remoteness from each other play their part: the trade turnover between the two countries is measured in several tens of millions of dollars.

However the “old” difficult heritage still makes itself felt today. In the recent past, the scandals related to the “Russian Mafia,” which allegedly opened its “branches” in New Zealand and was actively engaged in criminal business, also had a negative impact. They even tried to give a political coloring to the case, as Wellington ran information that there were many “agents and even employees of the KGB” among its leaders. At the same time, according to the local New Zealand Herald newspaper, some of them had held “very large posts” in the past.

On the contrary, historically New Zealand has been “tied” to the West. During the First and Second World Wars, despite the remoteness of this country from the “centers of civilization,” its troops distinguished themselves in almost all theaters of military operations. Similarly, they proved themselves in local wars during the Cold War, for example, in Korea and Vietnam.

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After World War II, New Zealand, having maintained close relations with Great Britain, and in fact still being a British dominion, reoriented its foreign policy toward the United States, which became its main military, political and economic partner. Then England lost its former influence in the Pacific, yielding to the Americans, who helped the New Zealanders build up their defenses in case the Japanese invaded. This was demonstrated in 1951 with the creation of the anti-Soviet ANZUS bloc, which in addition to New Zealand included Australia and the United States.

Three years later, together with its ANZUS partners, as well as Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines and France, it joined the even more powerful “Southeast Asia Treaty Organization” (SEATO), whose main purpose was “to counter communism” in the region. At the same time, it has the status of “major ally of the United States outside NATO. In second place in importance to this country is the European Union. In addition, there is an agreement between New Zealand and the North Atlantic Alliance on mutual exchange of “intelligence and classified information”.

However, New Zealand cannot be considered a “puppet of the West. It is a decent self-sufficient country with one of the most developed economies. In 2007 New Zealand’s Gross National Product was 112.7 billion U.S. dollars. Thus, in this regard, the country ranked 58th in the world. And its per capita income is one of the highest on the planet – 26300 U.S. dollars, which is equivalent to 21 place in the world ranking.

All this allows it to have its own “view of the world”, which is considered by the leading powers of the world. Since 1984, for example, it changed its policy decisively, deciding to pursue a more independent course and forbidding foreign ships with nuclear weapons on board and even nuclear reactors to enter its territorial waters.

It was a real challenge, first and foremost to the old anti-Soviet bloc comrades from the United States and France, which in those years intensified nuclear testing in the unique tropical Pacific zone on the atolls of Bikini and Mururoa. Prior to that, its port infrastructure often served as a transshipment base for ships of these countries involved in nuclear testing.

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Since then, a black cat has run between them. In 1986, the U.S. announced that it would no longer provide its security. True, it had no effect on Wellington: it has excellent relations with its nearest neighbor, Canberra. And the mythical Communists in the South Pacific, with whom Washington had so frightened him, did not even appear on the horizon. The New Zealanders were well aware that the main danger to them was the nuclear weapons of such “allies,” which they were testing close to their shores.

At the same time, relations with France were the most tense. After its withdrawal from Algeria, it had no other test sites for nuclear weapons than in the Pacific, unlike the US, which also tested them at home in Nevada. In New Zealand, Greenpeace, supported by the local Greens, made a nest, especially annoying to the French by blocking their ships with nuclear weapons on board. In 1985, the French secret service sabotaged and sunk the Rainbow Warrior, which belonged to the environmentalists, in the port of Oakland.

The action was garish: its perpetrators left traces that accurately indicated the involvement of the French. But it further strengthened Wellington’s resolve to fight against the presence of nuclear weapons in Oceania. In 1987, New Zealand was the first to set an example to the world by passing a law on the non-nuclear status of its territory. Therefore, Wellington enjoys almost more respect and influence in the Pacific Island countries than Australia.

It maintains this independent course today. The reasons why the U.S. prefers to “gerrymander” this country are obvious: Washington still views New Zealand with its modern ports as a springboard for a “breakthrough” to Antarctica.

Recall that New Zealand’s presence in Antarctica is linked to its “British past”: in 1923, the British, unable to manage the “Ross Territory” from afar, and not being of much value to them at the time, handed it over to Wellington. Today, the Governor-General, appointed from London “with the consent” of Wellington, is also the chief ruler of the so-called “Ross Territory”. Although New Zealand signed the international Antarctic Treaty in 1959, under which no nation can establish its authority over its territory, Wellington maintains control over it “so as not to infringe on the rights of other nations or violate the treaty.

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And in the event of an inevitable future partition, she will have a huge, far superior territory to her own, of the Ice Continent, and as such will play a far greater role in world politics than before. The original publication can be found here:

New Zealand – an emerald in the Pacific Ocean

New Zealand is one of the most environmentally friendly countries on earth, a territory of emerald uplands and home to the unique kiwi bird. The northern part of the country is warmer than the southern part. Jules Verne talked about it in his work “Children of Captain Grant”, and film director Peter Jackson depicted it in the film adaptation of “The Lord of the Rings”.

New Zealand - Emerald in the Pacific Ocean - Photo 2

General Information

The state of New Zealand is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean on the North and South Islands. These large islands are separated from each other by the Cook Strait. In addition, the kingdom includes about 700 small islands, mostly uninhabited. The country is surrounded by ocean throughout and therefore has no land borders with any nation.

The capital of New Zealand is located on the southern part of the North Island and is called Wellington. Despite its status, it is by no means the largest city in the country, either in population or territory.

New Zealand Emerald in the Pacific - Photo 3

Overview

Most of the population is English speaking with only about 15% speaking the Maori language. It is in this language that the majority of place names in the country are given.

Weather conditions

New Zealand is characterized by sudden changes in weather, even within a single day, so the air is always fresh.

In terms of air temperature, it is relatively uniform throughout the year. The islands are neither extremely hot nor extremely cold. The exception is the mountainous areas, where the temperature sometimes drops even to -12 ° C and snow falls.

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New Zealand Emerald in the Pacific - Photo 4

Weather conditions

Summer in New Zealand lasts from January to February, and it is the warmest period of the year. Temperatures average +25° C during the day. The coldest month is July, with temperatures of about +9° C in the North Island areas and +5° C in the South.

Despite the comfortable temperatures, ultraviolet radiation is quite active here from September to April, so care should be taken.

Natural diversity

New Zealand’s nature can be considered perfect. It holds pristine virgin forests, emerald hills, sparkling mountain peaks, clear lakes and rivers, and even healing geysers. One of the most beautiful places is Bay of Islands (“Bay of Islands”). In this bay in the northeastern part of the North Island, filled with 150 small islands, you can watch marine mammals: dolphins, marlin, and even whales.

New Zealand Emerald in the Pacific Ocean - Picture 5

Natural diversity

The extraordinary Lake Taupo in the crater of an extinct volcano, the largest in the country, fascinates. Fiordland National Park is the largest park in New Zealand. It has many beautiful fjords, as well as the most impressive Milford Bay.

The valley of geysers Rotorua is considered a true wonder of nature, which is visited by all tourists.

Attractions .

In addition to the numerous and unique natural riches New Zealand has to offer and other attractions.

For example, Auckland is famous for its amazing oceanarium with giant aquatic predators, 328-meter TV tower, and an unusual restaurant in a tree.

New Zealand Emerald in the Pacific Ocean - Picture 6

The capital city is home to a wooden structure the size of an entire block, which you can enjoy a view from the cable car that stretches over the city.

In New Zealand is a unique city of Napier, built in the architecture of the 30s of the 20th century. The Neo-Gothic style is represented in the buildings of Dunedin.

Also there are many museums, temples, delightful botanical gardens. Life of the aborigines of Maori with their peculiar culture also deserves tourists’ attention.

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