Nepal: where is it, what time to go, what interesting places to visit there

Nepal: where is it, what time to go, what interesting places to visit there

Nepal is known for its temples, the chaotic but mystical Kathmandu, the imposing Himalayan mountains, where Everest is located, and its valleys, populated by smiling and kind people.

A true paradise for hikers, but not only, because travelers from all over the world come here who are fascinated by the small mountain villages, the views breathtaking and spirituality that can be breathed in every corner. Unfortunately, there was a very strong earthquake in 2015 that destroyed many of the ancient areas, but the government is slowly rebuilding them.

Travel information: useful information

  • Population: 24,785,000
  • Capital city: Kathmandu
  • Languages: Nepali
  • Climate: Hot and humid in the southern areas and high temperatures with heavy rainfall in the mountainous areas. Rains are frequent and heavy from mid-June to the end of August, during the rainy season.
  • Time zone: GMT + 5 hours and 45 minutes (+4 hours 45 minutes compared to Italy)
  • Vaccinations: Vaccinations are not compulsory, but vaccinations against tetanus/diphtheria, hepatitis A and B, as well as vaccines against rabies are recommended.
  • Entry requirements: a passport with 6 months remaining validity and a visa obtained upon arrival (you must have 2 passport photos) at a cost of US$25 (approximately €23). We strongly recommend that you take out medical insurance before you leave.
  • Distance from Italy: 6637.47 km (13-15 hours flight) from Rome to Kathmandu
  • Safety Information: Nepal is a fairly safe country, despite the fact that there have been major clashes and earthquakes in the past. Strikes and roadblocks can be announced at short notice and suddenly, so always use caution.

Where It’s Located

Nepal is located between China and India, and while the southern part is washed by the Ganges, the northern part is the 900-km-long Himalayan range with peaks over 8,000 meters high. The country is landlocked and has no other borders.

How to get there

The international airport of Nepal is Kathmandu . There are no direct flights from Italy, you must necessarily make a connection. The main airlines are Turkish (with a stopover in Istanbul and a journey time of 16 hours and 15 minutes), Emirates (with a stopover in Dubai), Oman Air (with a stopover in Muscat), Qatar Airways (with a stopover in Dhoa) and Air India (with a stopover in Muscat). Delhi). Starting at 700.00 €

When to go? Information about the climate and the best time

  • Climate: subtropical in the southern part of the country with mild and sunny winters and an average temperature of 15 ° and hot and hot summers with monsoons and rain. In the lowland areas, the climate is temperate with sunny and cool winters (temperatures ranging from 0° to 15°) and humid and hot summers. Finally, in the northern highlands, the climate is glacial, with snowy winters and temperatures ranging from -18° to -36°, and summers with thermometer readings ranging from -2° to -18°.
  • The best time: the cold season from October to mid-March to discover the Kathmandu Valley and the rest of Nepal, characterized by clear skies and temperatures from 0 ° to 15 °. For those wishing to make expeditions to the highlands, they are usually organized in September and October. The period to avoid is from May to September because of the scorching heat, humidity and monsoons. From July to August the weather is really bad.
  • Tip: At altitudes above 2,000 meters, warm clothing and trekking shoes are necessary. For high altitude clothing for the extreme cold, underwear and thermal rings, parka, gloves, hat, scarf. In summer, on the other hand, you need very light clothing made of natural fibers, and a sweatshirt for the evening. For those climbing above 2,000 meters a fleece, windbreaker, down jacket, hat, gloves, scarf. A sleeping bag or a sleeping bag may be useful depending on the season and the place you are visiting.

Kathmandu: the vibrant capital of Nepal

One of the must-see places to visit in Nepal is the vibrant and colorful capital city of Kathmandu . A modern city that is an economic and cultural mainstay of the country, but also knows how to be a guardian of the ancient traditions of Buddhist and Hindu cultures. Kathmandu offers those who wish to explore its vast array of sites to discover, as well as an atmosphere capable of captivating its strong spirituality and its many temples, monasteries and ancient palaces.

Be sure to visit the charming Swayambhu Temple, also known as the “Monkey Temple”: with its more than 300 stone steps you can enjoy one of the most memorable views of the capital. Also visit the Tamel district, a maze of narrow and crowded streets where stores and restaurants are concentrated, where you can taste the typical local cuisine. Do not miss the Garden of Dreams, a former private residence, which can now be visited, consisting of buildings dedicated to the 4 seasons, fountains, gardens and luxurious decorations. On the other hand, Durban Square is one of the most important squares in Durban, which is wonderful and of great historical interest.

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Kathmandu: the vibrant capital of Nepal


Not far from Kathmandu there are several former kingdoms scattered in the valleys that surround it. One of them is the beautiful Bhaktapur . A step back in time , a place where modernity is far away and pollution does not exist: an oasis of peace whose inhabitants live by rules lost in the past.

Bhaktapur is famous for its pottery artisans and its proximity to the countryside . In fact, it is also called the “city of rice”: in November, during harvest time, the crowds of men, women and children working at drying along the cobbled streets of the city and on the stairs of the palaces and temples make Bhaktapur look like a magnificent movie set.

Which time to go and what places to see there?



Pokhara , called the “city of lakes”. Located near the Kathmandu valley, at the foot of the Annapurna range. It is the second largest and most important city in the country and very popular among tourists. In fact, many hiking trails depart from here as well as tour boats to navigate the lakes that surround the area. The high mountains, rich in vegetation that surround these areas are reflected in the waters of the basins and create a spectacular panorama .

It is highly recommended to see the sunrise on the Annapurna massif, an event that attracts dozens of tourists every day. The best place to enjoy this spectacle is at Sarangkot, located about 1600 meters above sea level and about 30 minutes drive from Pokhara. On the way there are two or three panoramic terraces, from which you can admire an unforgettable natural spectacle. On the shore of Feva Lake is the World Peace Pagoda, a beautiful Buddhist pagoda that overlooks the lake and the town of Pokhara from the top of Anodu Hill.

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Chitwan National Park

There are eight natural parks in Nepal, including the wonderful Chitwan National Park. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 and is located in the Terai region, about 150 kilometers from Kathmandu.

On its 577 square kilometers one can take part in real safaris trying to see elephants, bears, tigers and rhinos. There are also hundreds of different species of birds and reptiles in the park, as well as many endangered species.

Chitwan Park can be visited with guides, on foot or by jeep, and admission costs about 11.80 euros . Within the borders of this vast green area you can also find typical villages and apartments where you can stay to admire a starry night in the jungle. A natural paradise not to be missed on a trip to Nepal.

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Chitwan National Park

Langtang Valley

One of the most enchanting areas of Nepal is the Langtang Valley , another region very popular among trekkers. Its average altitude of about 2,000 meters makes this area not too easy to traverse. To reach it, you need about eight hours of travel from Kathmandu on rough and obscure roads. Some time ago, these valleys were completely excluded from the mass tourist routes, but now it is very common to exploit tourists and trekkers.

In any case, Langtang is a magnificent valley dotted with picturesque villages and friendly grazing yaks. Hiking trails in the Langtang Valley start at 1,470 meters in Syabru Besi and lead to peaks such as Kanjin Gompa, Gang Khenpo, Lang Shisha Ri and Langtang Lirung. The routes follow the course of the Langtang Khola River and pass through pristine forests, Buddhist monasteries and villages such as Rimi, Pairo and Thiang Yap. The tour can last from a few days to several weeks, providing opportunities for all levels of experience.

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Langtang Valley.

Gokyo, a village in the middle of lakes

Gokyo is a small village in Nepal, located in an area known for the presence of several lakes, commonly known as Gokyo Lakes. Located in the heart of the Himalayan mountain ranges, this region can be reached on foot from Namche Bazar town and also from this place in Nepal there are several hiking trails that offer direct contact with the wildlife itself.

The most famous of the lakes in this area is the lake of the same name, about 4,700 meters, frozen for most of the year. Despite the apparently extreme climate, the vicinity of the reservoir is home to many bird species, including the rare Himalayan snowcock.

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Departing from the area and climbing to the peaks of Gokyo Ri promises truly spectacular views of the local mountains that are part of the Himalayas: unique views of Everest, Makalu, Cho Oyu and Lhotse.

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Gokyo, a village in the middle of lakes

Lumbini Garden

Lumbini Garden is a place not to be missed during a tour of Nepal: Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. Thus, the history of Buddhism began here . This village hides many archaeological treasures inherent in the historical birth of the Buddha and attracts pilgrims and visitors from all over the world.

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Lumbini Garden


Returning to the outskirts of Kathmandu, the town of Patan is about a half-hour drive from the center of Nepal’s capital and is definitely worth a visit. The many temples of this small town with particularly original architecture make it a unique place of its kind. A marvel that is much appreciated by visitors, the buildings are a masterful blend of Buddhist and Hindu styles.

The oldest temples date back to the late 14th century. There are also craft workshops and small restaurants in the city. Patan is considered the oldest of the royal cities in the Kathmandu Valley and has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Curiosity: In this tiny town stands the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the seat of the Apostolic Vicariate of Nepal, the only authorized Catholic Church in the country.

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Nagarkot, paragliding and viewpoints

Nagarkot is a gem that would complete any self-respecting trip to Nepal. The city is located at the foot of the majestic and respected Mount Everest, which towers over the entire area with its height of 8,848 meters. Nagarkot is 2175 meters above sea level and despite its Lilliputian size can offer travelers unforgettable views of the Himalayas and such adrenalin activities as paragliding : the view of Nepal from above is one of the best souvenirs to be brought back home from this nation.

Even the less adventurous have a chance , and you can hike the trail leading to the Nagarkot Lookout Tower, which still takes your breath away from the view of the surrounding mountains. Or wake up early and watch the sun rise over the peaks.

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Nagarkot, paragliding and lookouts

Dhulikhel, high altitude recreation

Dhulikhel is the perfect place in Nepal for a few days of total relaxation , where you can alternate slow days with outdoor activities like rafting. Among the places not to be missed are the famous Shiva Temple and the nearby village of Namo Buddha, one of the most important Buddhist sites in Nepal.

So there is no shortage of opportunities for moments of contemplation and immersion in nature: to enjoy them both, just stroll around town along beautiful paths dotted with prayer flags that lead to temples hidden in the forest. The best way to fully embrace the Nepalese atmosphere, balancing past and present, between nature and spirituality, between tourism and non-polluted spaces.

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Dulikhel, high altitude recreation

The main routes in Nepal

Nepal, despite the earthquake that hit it in 2015, continues to be a very popular tourist destination. Those who want to discover the beauty and panorama of this country can choose between different routes depending on the available travel days and interests (sports or culture). We offer 3 itineraries of 7,14 and 21 days:

  • Exploring the Kathmandu Valley: a week-long itinerary. Starting in the capital and its historic center, we visit Durban Square, the Swayambunath Stupa, and the Tibetan center Bodhnath. We move to Patan and Bhaktapur. To admire the sunrise over the Himalayan Mountains, you will reach Nagarkot, and from there you will walk and take a pleasant stroll through the surrounding area. The trip ends with a visit to Kirtipur and its surroundings.
  • From Lumbini to Bodhnath: a 14-day itinerary, starting in southern Nepal (which can be reached by domestic flight) to discover Lumbini, the Buddha house and Chitwan Park. Then another flight takes you to Pokhara and a three-day hike on Annapurna. Finally, we return to Kathmandu, from where we will visit the main cities of the Valley in 6 days: Patan, Bhaktapur and the many temples in the area.
  • In the heart of Nepal: a 21-day itinerary that follows the previous 14-day itinerary with the addition of 7 days in the southeastern part of the country. From Kathmandu you will reach Daman for scenic views, then move on to Janakpur and the nearby Koshi Tappu Wildlife Sanctuary for bird watching. Finally, we will continue to the Ilam tea plantations to walk and discover small villages.
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Travel to Nepal: what to do, airfare, cost and tips

Nepal is a very cheap destination , and by organizing your time, you can also find airfare at a great price. Mid-range lodging costs about 15 euros a night with breakfast , and a full meal costs about 6 euros.

It is recommended to travel in private cabs and minibuses that you can book at different agencies, because you can choose your own route (public buses are not very reliable). The cost in this case is a maximum of 20.00 euros per day per car with driver.

The best time to plan a trip to Nepal is from November to March, when the days are sunny, the sky is clear and the temperature is ideal for walking and visiting many historical sites.

Features of vacations in Nepal

Nepal is a small, amazing country. It is a heavenly place for the mountain trekking enthusiast. The country has interesting traditions, culture and unique history. Enjoy the amazing, pristine beauty of nature and man-made monuments. What to see and how much does it cost to vacation in Nepal in 2022 – read in the article, get better acquainted with this exotic country.

Basic information about Nepal

A brief historical background

In ancient times, Nepal lay under the waters of a huge lake. Then – according to legends, by the power of a bodhisattva, according to scientists – after an earthquake – the water came down and the area began to be inhabited. The area was fertile and the people were skilled.

Nepal became the cradle of Buddhism throughout the eastern world. The heyday of the state came during the reign of the Malla dynasty, during the reign of which many monuments were built that have survived to this day. The valley of Kathmandu became the capital of the state.

In the 19th century Nepal was attacked by the British, the country struggled and eventually became half a colony. In the mid-20th century, the king had to leave the state, but he was able to return and the country finally entered international relations as a young, emerging nation. At the end of the century, Nepal was once again mired in power struggles. Maoists and royalty, political parties fought over different lines of development for the country. The civil war ended in 2006. Now Nepal has a king, but he has no real power and the country is a republic.

Unfortunately, because of the multiple upheavals, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. The main source of budget is tourism – and therefore the traveler should pay attention to this country, because it does not lose popularity, although it is poor and undeveloped.

A brief geographical summary

Nepal is located in Asia – between India and China. It is located in the great Himalayan mountains. Nearby is the mysterious autonomous Tibet. Nepal is the highest mountainous country in the world, with almost all of its part covered by the Himalayas. The capital city of the country is Kathmandu.

Nepal on the map

Nepal’s climate

The climate of Nepal is extremely diverse. This southern tropical type (the slopes of the Mahabharata), where the temperature stays at about 30 degrees Celsius in summer and half below in winter, and the subtropics, where broadleaved forests are preserved, and moderately cold belt, and alpine meadows, and ice zone – in the Himalayan peaks.

The best time to vacation in Nepal is in the spring or fall. It is too hot and humid in summer and cold in winter.

Safety in Nepal

It is worth considering certain rules of safety and decency, being a tourist in Nepal:

  • Do not leave your belongings unattended;
  • while going out to the locals and excursions to the sacred places, it is worth covering your body: shoulders, legs, backs;
  • do not show off your romantic relations too brightly;
  • it is worth avoiding confrontations with people;
  • since earthquakes are not uncommon in Nepal, you should always be aware of how to behave in such a situation;
  • drink only boiled or bottled water and eat foods that have been heat treated;
  • it is best to have vaccinations against major infectious diseases: typhoid, cholera, hepatitis;
  • During your stay in the mountains, you should worry about planning the ascent in advance and never do it without a guide or professional mountaineer.

Visa to Nepal for Russians

A visa to Nepal can be obtained in two ways. The first is simply to fly into the country, providing an application form, a photo, a fee of around $30. The second is to reinsure yourself and apply early. A visa can be issued within a day. If you are going to do trekking in mountainous areas, you must have a special permit. It is highly recommended to take out and medical insurance.

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How to get to Nepal and travel around the country

There are no direct flights from the territory of the Russian Federation to Nepal. Your first option is to change planes in India, but there are many flights to Nepal from India. A round-trip ticket to Nepal during the high season will cost about 40,000 rubles.

Once you get to Kathmandu, there are different ways to get around. In the capital there are public transport, shuttles, cabs, motor rickshaws and bicycle rickshaws. As a rule, public transportation is crowded, so you can take a cab. You will have to pay about 50 rubles for getting on and about 5 more rubles for each kilometer.

It is convenient to move around the country by bus. You can go on a regular bus: experience all the local color – transportation of birds and cattle, some of the passengers ride on the roof … There is a more familiar to us transport – tourist buses, which cost half or twice as expensive, but there you can ride with appropriate comfort.

It is worth knowing that the ticket for such a good bus better book and buy in advance at the ticket office!

You can try to rent a car. There are international rental agencies in the country, including they provide cars with a driver. But it’s worth perspiring that driving in Nepal is quite sloppy. You can rent a bicycle or motorcycle.

The hotel infrastructure of Nepal

Despite the poverty, the country is developing a tourist infrastructure. There are a lot of hotels in Nepal. In Kathmandu, they meet world standards: swimming pool, service, food. But most of the tourists save money and stay in guest houses, where facilities are minimal – but enough, sometimes there is a garden on the roof, and the owners are friendly.

The country’s major national parks are also equipped with hotel cottages.

Attractions in Nepal

Problems with transportation or insufficient hotel stardom are nothing. Nothing because Nepal is simply mesmerizing in its sights. These are truly wondrous beauties, looking at which the spirit itself rushes to the heavens, to high matter.


Kathmandu Valley is the first thing to visit once in Nepal. Buddhist temples, shrines and monasteries are admired by any resident of the metropolis, which is so tired of the endless noise and the frantic pace of life. Once you are in this wonderful Asian country, you can truly relax and experience the culture of another people. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is the best place for this.

Seven sites are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. For example: Durbar Square, the square of palaces. On it is the Hanuman Jokha complex. This royal palace includes 19 courtyards, pagodas, statues, columns, towers. The main entrance is a real golden gate.

Not far from Kathmandu is the Bhaktapur complex. It is an ancient city of the Nevar population, formerly the capital of the Malla kingdom. The complex contains several palaces and squares, a pond, pagodas, and temples.

There is also the Bodnath temple complex in the capital. This is the largest center of Buddhism: dozens of monasteries surround it. Tourists can admire the center of all the splendor – a mighty stupa with steps, prayer flags and nearby benches.

There are other temple complexes in Kathmandu: Pashupatinath, the largest Shiva temple, and Swayambunath, the monkey temple.

You can visit the National Museum of Kathmandu. It consists of the Art and Buddhist Gallery and the Museum of Natural History. In the complex you can learn about the history of Nepal, see weapons, archaeological finds, cult objects, art.

But not only visit temples or museums can be in Kathmandu. From there you can go on excursions to the national parks of Nepal, visiting already natural attractions.

National Parks of Nepal

Thus, the Sagarmatha National Park is famous. He is also a member of the UNESCO list. To visit the park costs only about $ 10 – for this fee you can see the Everest, see the snow leopard and the panda, meet the local population – the Sherpas. Trekking in this area is very dangerous and should be climbed only if trained, and as part of a professional group.

Annapurna National Park is another beautiful mountain reserve. This park is inhabited by various peoples. It is home to the world’s greatest dangerous peak Annapurna, Machapuchare, where it is forbidden for humans to climb, river valleys, and a temple complex. The area has plains, bamboo forests, oak groves, and alpine meadows. There live there leopards, deer, martens, monkeys.

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One popular park is the Royal Park Chitwan. There you can see tigers and rhinos in the wild, and dare to ride an elephant. You can go on a jeep safari or a canoe trip.

Other interesting places in Nepal

A visit to the city of Lalitpur is suitable for those who want to learn more about the life of the local people. There is an opportunity to get acquainted with the creations of artisans – this jewelry, wood and stone products, paintings and woven carpets. You can buy the works you particularly like for their relatively low price and excellent quality. There is also the only zoo in the country.

Buddhists and those interested in Buddhist culture can go to the birthplace of Buddha in the city Lumbini. There are many Buddhist temples there – and they were built by masters of different countries where this religion is practiced.

Pokhara is the city covering the largest area of Nepal. The view here is breathtaking. That is why it attracts tourists. One reaches here to visit the Phua Lake. From its shore, it has a special view of the Himalayas. “David’s Fall” – is a waterfall that has its own legend, which says that David went to the river, and the water took him to the deepest depths. He never appeared after that. The attraction of this place is that it seems as if the waterfall pours into a boundless abyss with no bottom.

Entertainment in Nepal

In Nepal, you should enjoy nature and think high thoughts. But what if you want to get down to earth and have some fun? That, too, can be done.

In Kathmandu, for example, the Tamel district is popular with tourists. There are narrow streets, souvenir shops, and bars and clubs. In Tamel you can get a massage – just do not confuse the massage parlor with a salon “other services”.

In Nepal, you can become a little Nepali yourself. So, near the capital are open meditation courses: for about $ 500 you will be taught this useful art.

As for outdoor activities, of course, many come here for the conquest of the mountains. Trained climbers know everything anyway, and for ordinary tourists in the country there are safer, three-day routes not to the peaks. It is definitely worthwhile to treat any walk in the mountains with due reverence and respect for these wonders of nature, to think about your own safety.

You can also ride a motorcycle in Nepal. Mountain river rafting, rafting, and fishing are also popular.

Cuisine and Shopping in Nepal

Shopping in the traditional style is possible in the capital. In Kathmandu there are large stores, jewelry centers. Fixed prices are only in these solid establishments. But in the Nepali market or in a store you can bargain and buy one of the most interesting souvenirs:

  • Tibetan carpets;
  • …wooden objects..;
  • traditional clothes;
  • cashmere;
  • ritual paintings;
  • Nepali paper;
  • hemp products (not what you might think);
  • traditional knives;
  • tea and spices;
  • musical instruments;
  • sacred stones or masks.

The cuisine in Nepal is quite simple. Almost all dishes are based on cooked rice, sometimes lentils or soybeans. Curry seasoning is popular. Potatoes and millet are actively consumed in the mountains, which is close to us as well. Meat is a delicacy for Nepalis, and for some it is unacceptable to eat it. If you do find meat dishes, it will be goat meat, chicken, buffalo meat.

Of the local dishes we can mention “mamo” – large dumplings with lamb and spices, “janja” – homemade beer. A full meal for four will cost about 1,000 rubles. Be sure to finish your lunch or dinner with Nepalese tea.

To summarize: the cost of a trip to Nepal on average is 70 thousand rubles per person. Trekking to Everest is a fascinating activity, which is estimated at 8,500 rubles and lasts 16 days. Living in mid-range hotels, eating local food, you will spend about 1,000 rubles per day.

Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha, the keeper of mystical mysteries and a territory surrounded by mountains. By visiting it, you get a chance to know the meaning of life, to sort out your thoughts, to find peace and true tranquility. Mesmerizing nature will leave a permanent imprint in your memory, and you will want to return here again!

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