10 Mysteriously Missing Expeditions
In this age of satellite imagery and airplanes, exploring new places is much easier than it was hundreds of years ago, when many expeditions went to places they had very vague ideas about.
With nothing at hand but supplies, a logbook, and some rudimentary navigational instruments, these people spent months or even years on expeditions.
Each such journey was risky and life-threatening, and many faded into oblivion without leaving even the slightest clue as to what happened to them (Paranormal News – paranormal-news.ru).
10. Prince Madoc’s Journey.
A few centuries before Columbus, Prince Madoc sailed from Wales to the shores of America, then not yet officially discovered. It was a great voyage of nine ships and his purpose was to discover new lands in the west.
Prince Madoc was the son of King Owain ap Griffith, ruler of the Welsh kingdom of Gwynedd, who had a total of 18 sons (!). True, some were illegitimate, and Madoc was just one of these. When the king died in 1169, the brothers fought over who would inherit the throne, but Madoc, a peace-loving man, didn’t want to get involved. Instead of fighting with his brothers, he packed up his ships and set out to travel west.
Madoc’s story has been recorded in Welsh manuscripts, but much of his journey remains unclear. Some historians believe that he did reach America and landed on the coast of Alabama. In particular there are the remains of stone walls and probably they were built in the pre-Columbian era. Local Indians, however, did not build such walls and, according to their legends, these walls were built by “white men”.
But then, where did Madoc and all those who came to America with him on the nine ships go? How could so many people vanish into nothingness? According to some versions, Madoc, being a very tolerant man, simply befriended the local Indians and incorporated the Welsh genes into their gene pool. This version seems to be confirmed by the similarity of some words from the Welsh language and the language of the local Mandan tribe. Also, the traditional rounded boat of the Mandans is very similar to similar boats of the Welsh.
And there are legends that in 1799 in these places were found burials with six skeletons, which had jewelry with the ancient Welsh coat of arms.
9. the Vivaldi Expedition
It is a well known fact that Columbus actually wanted to sail to India, not to search for undiscovered land. Two centuries before Columbus’ voyage, two brothers from Genoa named Vivaldi, Vandino and Ugolino, also decided to sail to India by a new route, namely, along the Atlantic Ocean along the coast of Africa.
They carefully prepared for the voyage and stocked the ships with food for ten years. In the middle of 1291 they passed through Gibraltar and were never seen again.
There were several attempts to discover the brothers’ fate, in particular in 1312 Lancerotto Malocello searched for their traces in the Canary Islands, but did not find them. In the same years, Ugolino’s son took up the search for his father and uncle. He went as far as Mogadishu, but found nothing either, no one had seen the Italian ship. Then he decided to go to India and find out everything there, but in India he was killed.
Sudden news of the brothers’ fate did not come until 1455, when explorer Antoniotto Uso Di Mare said he had met a descendant of one of Vivaldi’s expedition members. According to him, the brothers and their crew were captured in the mythical kingdom of Presbyter John (in central Asia) and lived in slavery for the rest of their lives.
8. Abubakar’s Expedition.
Abu Bakr II (Abubakar II) was the ruler of Mali in the 14th century. and one day he thought that the ocean could not be endless and somewhere it did end. To find out exactly where, he sent a huge expedition of 200 ships, rewarded them with food, water and gold and sent them sailing to the end of the world.
Only one ship returned. According to the sailors, in the middle of the ocean they saw a huge roaring waterfall, which looked like the edge of the earth. No sooner had they seen it than the ships were drawn into the waterfall. Only one managed to get out.
Abubakar refused to believe such a thing, and sent this time 3 thousand ships (!) led by himself, leaving his son and his regent in the country. Not a single ship returned.
Some historians believe that Abubakar’s ships reached the shores of America and the crew mingled with the Indians, for some reason refusing to return to Mali. This version supports the legend of the local Indians that long before the Spaniards came to them black people who had weapons and jewelry made of gold. Archaeologists, however, have not found any artifacts to support such a story.
7. the Cabot Expedition
John Cabot is now known as the first European since Viking times to discover North America. Cabot’s ships landed on Newfoundland in June 1497, after which the crew landed, planted the papal flag there, and then returned to the ships. to sail along the coast afterward and look around. Then they returned to England and Cabot was hailed as a hero.
What then happened to him remains a mystery to this day. What is known is that he assembled a second expedition to the New World of five ships and they left the port of Bristol in May 1498. Two months later, word came from a Spanish envoy that Cabot’s ships had been caught in a storm and so one ship remained in Ireland, but the others had sailed on.
However, what happened to them and where Cabot sailed to has since been shrouded in the mists of time. There are reports that one of Cabot’s crew members who sailed with him after the storm to the New World was discovered in London in 1501, but what stories he told and whether he told anything at all is unknown.
6. Franklin’s Missing Expedition.
This expedition will be remembered by anyone who has watched the recent Terror series. In 1845, British explorer John Franklin set out with a crew on two ships, the Erebus and the Terror, to search for part of the Northwest Passage. Their terrible fate was not fully known until 2014, despite three expeditions sent in search of them.
The expeditions were able to find out from the Inuit that the ships were stuck in the ice and could no longer move. Franklin himself died in 1847, the rest of the crew left the ships and wintered on King William Island, after which they decided to walk back, trying to reach civilization. But along the way they became savage, hungry, the produce in the canned goods spoiled, and eventually they couldn’t resist cannibalism.
In 2014, the remains of the Terror were found, confirming that the Inuit’s words were true. The ship was in excellent condition and was undamaged when the people abandoned it.
5. The Voyage of Eudoxus of Kizik.
Even before the time of the Roman Empire, the ancient Greeks had traded with India. In 118 B.C., an Indian sailor was wrecked in the Red Sea, rescued, and taken to King Ptolemy in Egypt. With the help of the Greek sailor Eudoxus of Cyzicus, the first recorded itinerary of a voyage from the coast of Egypt to India was made from his information.
Two years later Eudoxus made the first independent voyage to India without even using the Indian’s notes. For the next few decades it was one of the most important trade routes for Greece. On his second voyage, however, his ship drifted off the coast of Africa and he wondered if he could sail further south.
His first voyage ended badly. He barely made it to Mauritania, where he sold his ship and then fled to Spain. There he fitted out a new expedition, but after the second voyage Eudox disappeared somewhere without a trace. This was the first attempt by men to circumnavigate Africa; a second such attempt would not be made until a millennium later.
4. Peter Tessem and Paul Knudsen
In 1919, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was traveling along the northern coast of Russia when one of his crew members, Peter Tessem, fell ill and began to suffer from severe headaches. As a result, he was left on Cape Chelyuskin with his friend Paul Knudsen.
Rual was confident that both would manage to make it to Dixon. It was a month’s journey away, but along the way there were caches of supplies that Knudsen knew about, so that starvation would not threaten them both. By 1920, however, neither of the two had reached Dixon.
The Norwegian government organized a search party, but they found no one. Soviet Russia also launched its own search in 1921 and they managed to find the Norwegians’ sled and a letter saying that they were all right. But then their traces were lost.
It was not until 1922 that one body was found, which, judging by an engraved clock, belonged to Tessem. The body lay not far from Dixon, and why the man did not make it all the way to the settlement and what became of his partner remained unknown.
3. the Corte-Real brothers
In 1500, King Manuel of Portugal sent the navigator Gaspar Corte-Real on an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage to Asia. North America was still unknown in those years, and when Gaspar sailed to Greenland, he mistook it for Asia.
He did not disembark, but returned home to take his brother Miguel and two other ships on a new expedition. But this time floating icebergs were on their way to Greenland, which caused them to turn south and suddenly find themselves on an unknown island, which was Newfoundland
There they captured 57 local Indians to sell them into slavery, and Gaspar sent them with Miguel to Portugal in two ships, while he himself sailed further south and there disappeared without a trace. A year later Miguel sailed to Newfoundland and, failing to find his brother, began searching for him, after which he himself disappeared.
All these failures, however, interested the Portuguese authorities in the new lands and they sailed quite a bit around Newfoundland and beyond before the British and French pushed them out of there.
2. George Bass
George Bass was a talented surgeon and navigator on the ship Reliance, which played an important role in describing the coasts of Australia. Between 1795 and 1789 he studied Australian flora and fauna, discovered coal deposits in Sydney Bay, and confirmed the strait between New South Wales and Tasmania, later named after him.
But despite all the honors and awards, Bass did not want to bask in the glory, but craved adventure, and in 1803 he sailed from Australia to South America. Judging from his letters, he intended to engage in illicit trade there. In February 1803 he left the shores of Australia and was never seen again.
In those years there were difficult relations between England and Spain and there was speculation that he had been captured by the Spanish, but no record of him has been found anywhere. And later, when Spain released all the British prisoners, Bass was not among them either. His fate is unknown to anyone to this day.
1. “The Sea Gull.
In 1839 the U.S. Navy acquired a ship called the Sea Gull. Along with the ship Flying Fish, it was to play an important role in an expedition to explore the routes of the Atlantic and Pacific. However, when the expedition passed Cape Horn near the southern tip of America, squally winds and snow forced the ships to settle for several months and wait out the bad weather.
In April 1840 the expedition continued onward, leaving the Sea Gull and the Flying Fish at the Cape, these ships were to catch up later as they awaited food supplies.
On the night of April 28 both ships sailed out of port, but the winds became so strong again that both ships were unable to sail on and decided to return back to port. The “Flying Fish” was sailing ahead, followed by the “Sea Gull” and suddenly something happened and the “Gull” disappeared without a trace. In the end, only the “Flying Fish” made it back to port.
What became of the “Seagull” the Americans do not know until now, Sudden shipwreck? But then there would have been wreckage. Did she sail on because there was a mutiny on the ship and someone overthrew the captain? Also doubtful.