Munich, Germany – administrative center of Bavaria

Munich – Germany’s largest city, recreation, attractions, air tickets

Munich is one of the largest and most beautiful cities in southern Germany. It is the administrative center of Bavaria, located in the valley of the Isar River, a tributary of the Danube, which gives rise to mountain lakes and glaciers. The city got its name from the ancient German language and translates as “the city of monks”, its coat of arms also depicts a monk. Munich is an important rail, road and air link.

Since the mid-twentieth century, the city has actively developed the industrial sector, focusing on new industries. According to the number of employees the main place belongs to the sphere of electrical engineering, electronics (Siemens concern), instrument making, heavy engineering (Hanel concern). The Junkers company, for example, was founded back in 1895 and since then has been successfully working on the development and construction of aircraft and engine construction.

However, Munich is known not only for industry, but also for its brewing tradition. The city is located and successfully operate several breweries, which are known throughout the world for their ancient and original recipes for the drink.

Every year in September-October in Munich is held a famous festival, which attracts millions of fans of carnival entertainment to drink delicious beer, eat pretzels and fried chicken. The festival presents traditional German cuisine, famous for its many varieties of sausages and frankfurters.

The first settlements on the site of modern Munich date back to the VIII century. In 1158, Duke Heinrich Leo of Bavaria gave Munich the right to be called a city and it developed as a royal residence, attracting artists, scientists and architects. In the period from the XIII to the XIX century Munich was invariably the capital of the Bavarian county.

It was then that numerous crafts and trade successfully developed in the city. Three centuries later, Munich is the leading cultural center in Germany, in spite of a thirty-year occupation by Swedish troops and later by Austrian troops. In 1871 Munich became part of the German Empire and the population began to grow rapidly:

  • 1840 – 89,000 people;
  • 1910 – 596 thousand people;
  • 1939 – 829 thousand people;
  • 2014 – 1.5 million people.
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Currently, it is one of the three largest cities in Germany.

In 1900 – 1902, the famous leader of the Russian revolution, V.I. Lenin, who headed the newspaper Iskra, lived in Munich. It was from Germany that the issues of the revolutionary newspaper were originally sent to Russia

In November 1923, a fascist putsch took place in Munich, led by Hitler and Ludendorff. Until 1933, the city was a stronghold of the Nazi party, and it was considered the center where the forces of fascist reaction were concentrated. During World War II, Munich was subjected to heavy bombing, which led to the destruction of all infrastructure of the city, however, gradually the settlement was rebuilt and transformed, restoring monuments of architecture.

But the unstable political situation and the change of power did not prevent Munich from retaining its leading position in the field of culture and education. Munich is home to Germany’s oldest and largest university, the Ludwig Maximilian University. Founded in 1472 in Ingolstadt, the institution was transferred to Munich in 1826 and is now well established there.

The university includes dozens of faculties of different specializations. You can study here law and political economy, mathematics, physics and chemistry, as well as philosophy, etc. In 2010, the university had 45,000 students.

In 1832 in Munich was opened art gallery, which was called “Pinakothek” . This is one of the best galleries in the world, which presents the works of Italian, Spanish and French masters. Numerous artistic paintings were purchased by kings and barons, and for a long time was inaccessible to the public, until Ludwig I considered it his duty to show this beauty to the people.

Munich is home to the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts and the famous State Library. The latter was created in the middle of the 16th century. It is the most important European universal library. Together with the other libraries in the country it represents the “Virtual National Library of Germany”.

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Ancient manuscripts, an extensive collection of incunabula, sheet music, ancient cartography and art books from all over the world are concentrated there. Munich is the musical capital; the high school of music, the Theater der Jugend and the National Theater are located there.

Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists come to the city to admire its architectural ensembles and to listen to delightful concerts.

In 1972 Munich hosted the Olympics and the famous basketball match between the USSR and the United States, in which the USSR won. These games are recounted in the movie Upward Motion

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