Lord Howe Island, Australia
Lord Howe Island is a beautiful volcanic island in the Tasman Sea. The island is boomerang-shaped and about 20 million years old, making it automatically one of the oldest volcanic islands in the Pacific.
Lord Howe Island was discovered on February 17, 1788, by a British ship under Lieutenant Lydgird’s command, sailing with prisoners aboard from Australia to Norfolk Island. The first settlers arrived on the island from New Zealand in 1834.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the first tourists began to arrive on the island.
Geography and climate
The center of the island is made up of the fused sand of coral, while the southern and northern parts of Lord Howe are of volcanic origin.
The north of the island is lowlands and hills, while in the south there are two basalt mountain ranges, Hoover and Lidgberd.
The coral cofferdams are dunes up to forty-five meters high. Most of the bay, which washes the island from the west, is occupied by coral reefs.
At the southernmost point on the planet, that is, in the coastal waters of Lord Howe there are colonies of coral polyps. The island system also includes neighboring islets, of which there are more than thirty.
Lord Howe Island is located on the border of the subtropical and tropical belts. In summer (December to February) the thermometer shows an average of 20 ° C, and in winter (June to August) 15 ° C. The island is humid, sunny and warm.
At the moment, the economy of the island is based on tourism. Seeds of endemic Howea forsteriana palm, widely used as an ornamental plant, are also exported.
Tourists, the number of which is strictly limited, arrive here by small planes from Sydney or Brisbane. The only transport here is a bicycle. On the island you can walk along the snow-white beaches, snorkel the world’s southernmost coral reef, hand-feed fish, and hike to the top of Mount Gower through the palm groves.
Lord Howe is one of the most ideal dive sites in the world. Scuba divers from all over the world dream of diving or snorkeling here in the crystal clear waters. The reason is not only in the clearest waters, but also in the amazingly impressive marine life.
Diving into the waters near Lord Howe, you can see mottled parrot fish, fluorescent corals, angel fish, and more. You can also surf and fish on the island.
The island is home to two hundred plant species, seventy of which are found only here. There are also ninety species of coral and four hundred and sixty varieties of exotic tropical fish.
The Lord Howe is also home to an endangered bird species, the Lordhawk woodland nonflying shepherd. Its epic backflip puts every tourist in awe.
Of course, speaking of Lord Howe Island, we can’t help but mention the towering volcanic mountains of Lidgberd and Hoover. Everyone can climb Mount Hoover with an instructor and then use a rope to the very top.
Surprisingly, even a trivial walk on this island is a full-fledged attraction. For example, a trip through the groves of Forster’s Hove on Malabar Hill can’t leave you indifferent, because here the cliffs plunge directly into the ocean.
Once you’ve had the full range of experiences after exploring this amazing area, you can end your trip around Lord Howe with a delicious local meal served in the island’s cafes and restaurants.
More than 90% of the area is a protected area and subtropical forest, on which construction is prohibited. However, the remaining land area is occupied by luxury hotels with first-class service. There are beauty salons, expensive restaurants, and fashionable stores – the perfect complement to this pristine paradise.
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island is a unique volcanic island in the Tasman Sea. It’s boomerang-shaped, stretching 10 km from north to south and about 2 km wide. It is one of the oldest volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, about 20 million years old. In fact, Lord Howe was formed by the merger of two volcanic islands: its northern and southern parts are of volcanic origin, while the central part consists of sandy coral deposits.
Just southeast of Lord Howe is the amazing islet of Balls Pyramid, under its administration.
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Video: Lord Howe
Lord Howe is striking in its pure, unspoiled beauty. There are no overhead power lines or high-rise buildings, just fresh air filled with birdsong and mountains tending to the sky on all sides. Most of the territory is occupied by a lush marine reserve and subtropical forest. Lord Howe Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. And now you’ll find out why.
The local village, on a single street, is home to about 350 people. There can be no more than 400 tourists on the island at a time, so you should book a trip in advance. It is best to travel by bicycle, as there are restrictions on the use of cars on the island. Also be prepared for a lack of cell phone service. Despite these inconveniences, Lord Howe deserves attention, because it will bring tourists a lot of unforgettable experiences. Escape from the stresses of city life in a picturesque paradise in the lap of nature, you can enjoy the modern comfort of local restaurants and hotels.
Here you can walk along the snow-white beaches, snorkel in the azure lagoons at the world’s southernmost coral reef, or hike to the summit of Mount Gower through the palm groves.
The island’s reef is home to about 460 varieties of tropical fish and 90 species of coral. Lord Howe is considered one of the best places to snorkel or scuba dive, thanks to the fantastic marine life in the crystal clear waters. Scuba divers from all over the world dream of visiting the island because you can see stunning fluorescent corals, gyrells, angel fish, colorful parrot fish, and more. The coast on the other side of Lord Howe attracts surfers and fishermen. At low tide, you can feed the unintimidated fish right out of your hand on Nedow Beach.
The volcanic mountains of Hoover and Lidgberda rise above the island. Accompanied by an instructor, you can climb Mount Hoover in a day and then, by rope, to the very top. You can also take an easier but no less impressive trip through the groves of Forster’s Hovey to Malabar Hill, where the cliffs plunge into the ocean. And walk to Transit Hill to appreciate the magnificent panoramic views of the island, or go even further and you’ll discover Blinky Beach with its “champagne surf.”
The island’s flora is not far behind its fauna: 70 of more than 200 species of plants are unique and can only be found here. You’ll find Norfolk pines on the lagoon shore, and lush ferns and usnes in the misty forest atop Mount Gower.
Lord Howe is also home to an endangered bird species, the flightless Lordhawk woodpecker. You’ll also be amazed at the incredible backflips used by male red-tailed phaetons to lure their mates.
Enjoy freshly caught fish in the shade of palm trees or meat specialties with locally grown vegetables and herbs in our well-stocked restaurants. And spend the night in a chic hotel room overlooking the ocean.
Island history and economy
Lord Howe Island was discovered on 17 February 1788 by a British ship, commanded by Lieutenant Lydgberd, while sailing with convicts from Australia to Norfolk Island. The first settlers from New Zealand did not arrive on the island until 1834. At that time, life on Lord Howe was associated with whaling. But quickly enough after the whales were exterminated, the locals found themselves out of business. By the way, within a couple of years the whalers also ate several species of unique flightless birds, which lived only on Lord Howe.
An important part of the island’s income is the export of seeds of the endemic palm tree, which does not grow anywhere else. It is popular as an ornamental plant.
Tourism has given Lord Howe a second life. Beginning in 1932, the island began to take organized tours. And today, tourism is the basis of the economy of the island, because this picturesque paradise in the lap of nature is ideal for romantic vacations, outdoor activities with friends or a measured family vacation. And when the morning sun shines on the island, the green forests of Lord Howe seem to sparkle like emeralds, framed by contrasting turquoise-blue waves.