The most dangerous mountain in the world
Mountains have been beckoning man with their greatness and inaccessibility for centuries. Peaks of the steepest peaks in the world have tried to conquer a huge number of climbers and fans of extreme sensations. Unfortunately, not all of them returned home. Some stayed there, in the steep, dangerous mountains, as if giving a sign to others that climbing peaks can be dangerous. Dozens of people die every year climbing some of the world’s most difficult peaks.
Avalanches, rockslides, snowstorms, strong winds, steep mountain slopes and adverse weather significantly add to the human challenge of mountain climbing. The human organism without proper training begins to experience difficulties at an altitude of 5,000 meters. Difficulties such as:
- lack of oxygen;
- a decrease in adaptation;
- general malaise;
An even greater challenge is an altitude of 8,000 meters above sea level, where the amount of oxygen decreases significantly, the body is left with about 30% of the required standard, which is extremely dangerous to health. The most dangerous mountains are those where the physiological atmospheric zone ends.
One might think that nature creates barriers to a man on purpose, as if she does not want to be disturbed. But there are not fewer people, surprisingly enough. People gather expeditions from experienced and not very experienced climbers, they go to the peaks with the best equipment. Steep peaks of the world’s most dangerous mountains want to conquer the biggest fans of extreme sports. Such an ascent is dangerous and unpredictable, you never know what it might end up, whether you can return home.
Top 10 most dangerous mountains in the world
- Kanchenjunga is the most difficult peak.
- Mont Blanc is the mountain of avalanches.
- Everest – the world’s most dangerous peak.
- Vinson – the highest in Antarctica.
- Eiger – the northern wall.
- Dhaulagiri – an ogre mountain.
- Nanga Parbat – climbing to the test.
- Chogori – the ultimate extreme.
- Annapurna – ice-covered danger.
- Matterhorn – unique and dangerous.
Kanchenjunga – steep and dangerous
The mountain range is located in India and partly in Nepal, is part of the national park of the same name. The height is the third highest in the world, and climbers are both afraid of her and want to conquer. The weather here is constantly bad, unsuitable for climbing, constantly occur avalanches. Only 190 people were able to climb to the top, the mortality rate is 22% and, unfortunately, it is only increasing. Kanchejanga is also called the mountain of five treasures, its height is 8,586 meters above sea level.
It was unconquered until 1955, there is still no paved routes, trails. In Nepal, there is even a legend that Kanchenjunga is a female mountain, which kills all women who tried to conquer its peaks. The only woman who was able to climb to the top and come back down was a climber from Britain named Ginette Harrison. Such a peculiar feat was accomplished by her in 1998. But 1.5 years later she died while climbing Mount Dhaulagiri.
Mont Blanc is one of the most popular peaks
In the Western Alps is Mont Blanc, also called the White Mountain. It is part of the Alpine system and is about 5,000 meters high. The first ascent dates back to 1786. There were 2 disasters on Mont Blanc in which 48 and 117 people died, all of them were airplane passengers. Under the mountain there is a tunnel that connects Italy with France, its length is more than 11 kilometers. In 1999, a truck caught fire here, starting a fire, killing the passengers of other cars in the tunnel. The fire burned for about 53 hours, killing 39 people.
Climbers do not consider the peak very dangerous, but still this place breaks records for mortality. Climbing here was carried out about two centuries, as a result of accidents during this period killed several thousand. All because of systematic avalanches, weather conditions not intended for man. Even Mount Everest is far away from such a figure. Next to Mont Blanc there are famous ski resorts:
Everest is high and dangerous.
The shape of the mountain looks like a pyramid with three faces, the steepest is the southern slope. It and its ribs are not held by firn and snow, so they are constantly exposed. Everest is a very attractive destination for climbers all over the world, who try to climb there all year round. It takes about 2 months to conquer it, this period includes the acclimatization phase, setting up camp. On average, a person during an expedition to Everest loses 10-15 kilograms. In the spring because of the lack of monsoons is most favorable to climb, you can try in the fall.
Other names for the summit are Jomolungma, Shenmufeng, Sagarmatha. Recognized as the highest mountain in the world and the most dangerous to climb. Its altitude is 8,848 meters above sea level. It is the most difficult mountain to climb in the Himalayas, the Mangalur-Himal range. The territories of Nepal and the Tibetan AO occupy the southern summit of Mount Everest, the northern one is in China.
Gradually the number of climbed Everest is growing, so in 2012 climbed Everest made 234 people. Preparation and equipment are very important, Dzhomolungma is a very serious challenge for a person, even for the most experienced climber. The section of the last 300 meters is the most difficult, to overcome it, you have to climb a smooth, very steep rock, constantly covered with dry, loose snow. Most of the dead remain lying in the snow of the mountain, because it is very difficult to evacuate them.
Vinson – not difficult in appearance but a dangerous peak
The mountain is 4,892 meters high and is located in the territories of Antarctica. Among climbers in general it is not considered the most difficult in the world, but it is extremely difficult to climb the Vinson Massif. You can easily get lost in a snowstorm, freeze to death.
Located in the west of the South Pole, is the highest point of the Ellsworth Mountains. One of the most difficult mountains stretches for 20 km, all the approaches to it are solid glaciers, in some places their thickness is 4 000 m.
Eiger – the dangerous northern wall
Despite being only 3,962 m high, this peak is recognized as one of the most dangerous, difficult peaks in the world. The deadly wall, which stretches upward for 2 km, is the most dangerous part. Systematically blocks of ice come off Eiger and slide down. In 1938 Eiger was conquered for the first time.
The route is very difficult because of the strong altitude difference and unstable weather. Eiger was nicknamed the cannibal, 64 people died here in all the years of climbing.
Dhaulagiri – the white peak of the world
This multi-peaked giant is 8,167 meters high, and people have nicknamed it the man-eating mountain because 16% of all those who have tried to conquer Dhaugalgiri have died here. The reason for this is strong, frequent avalanches. The southern side of the mountain is generally impregnable, not suitable for climbing. But this does not stop desperate extreme climbers. Dhaulagiri is the world’s seventh highest eight-thousander.
Nanga Parbat – the bare mountain.
It is the highest mountain slope in the world, located in the northwest of the Himalayas, its height is 8,126 meters. There is a very narrow ridge on the south side of the 4,600-meter high mountain, you have to traverse it to get to the top of the mountain. The climber Hermann Buhl Nanga Parbat was conquered for the first time in 1953. He spent 40 hours climbing without needing extra oxygen or an ice axe.
Another 263 people climbed one of the world’s most difficult mountains after him, of whom 64 died. The mortality rate was 21%, but is gradually declining. Not for nothing was this difficult peak nicknamed the killer mountain, the absorber of man. It was Parbat that ranked first in terms of deaths before Everest.
Chogori is technically difficult.
The world’s second highest mountain peak is also nicknamed K2. This world’s eight-thousandth peak is the most northerly of all. It is located on the border of Pakistan and China, in the Baltoro Range, the Karakoram mountain system, northwest of the Himalayas. Technically it is very difficult to climb here, even more difficult than Everest. Up to 2008, 284 people had climbed K2; 66 of them died, the mortality rate was 25%. All who climbed Chogori in winter, could not reach their goal.
Annapurna is the majestic goddess of the Himalayas.
The name translates from Sanskrit as “goddess of fertility.” Located in Nepal, this difficult to climb, steep mountain. Annapurna is part of the Main Himalayan Range from the southern spur. The entire mountain range has 13 peaks above 7,000 m and 16 peaks above 6,000 m. An American mountaineer described this peak as: solid danger, completely covered with ice.
The most dangerous of all the eight-thousanders, the mortality rate of climbers here until 2012 was 32%, today it has slightly decreased.
Annapurna was the first mountain higher than 8,000 meters, where man first climbed. An expedition of two men from France succeeded in 1950. To come down, they spent 14 days, and as a result of severe frostbite they lost all their toes, one frostbitten hands. Their ascent is recognized as one of the greatest achievements in the history of world mountaineering.
The Matterhorn is one of the most dangerous
Of all the peaks in the Alps, this one is the most difficult. The northern slope of the Matterhorn is recognized as impregnable, the ascent is extremely difficult. Climbing is very difficult and dangerous because of frequent snowfalls, avalanches and rockfalls. In 1865 two groups were lucky enough to climb the peak, but one of them died because the rope broke on the way down.
The mountain is popular for its unique shape, resembling a horn that grows straight out of the valley. The Matterhorn is located on the border of Italy and Switzerland, in the Alpine scenic area, the Pennine Alps. People’s fear of the summit, a very difficult technical climbing prevented the mountain from being conquered for a long time. Among the major alpine peaks, it was one of the last that man was able to conquer. Today it is a popular destination for climbers, every year thousands of people try to reach the summit. The most popular route is over the ridge of Hernli on the side of Zermatt. Another route is along the ridge of Lyon. The other walls and ridges people dare to conquer rarely because of the high complexity.
Top 10 toughest mountains in the world that even the professionals could not conquer
Standing on a giant snowy peak and feeling like a world conqueror is probably one of the most blissful and happy moments in life.
This happiness comes with incredible challenges and Joy-pup.com wants to tell you more about it. So, onward to the top of our list!
10. Dhaulagiri (Himalayas, Nepal)
Height – 8091 m.
The seventh highest mountain in the world attracts many notable climbers.
There have been 73 recorded deaths of athletes attempting to conquer this majestic peak, while about 480 have reached the summit.
Many deaths in Dhaulagiri are due to avalanches, bad weather, and steep climbs.
Climbers were able to conquer the mountain for the first time in 1960, but it then took more than a decade to climb it a second time.
9. Everest (Himalayas, Nepal/China)
Altitude – 8,848 m.
The top of the world is not as dangerous as the following mountains, but still difficult. Since 2000, 1.4 percent have died on Everest, with a total of about 300 deaths.
An extremely cold and harsh climate prevails on the mountain, and the area above 8,000 meters has been called the “death zone” in the mountaineering world. The lack of oxygen and extreme cold cause health problems: altitude sickness, pulmonary edema, heart attack, cerebral thrombosis and more.
Most climbers have died from avalanches and falls while conquering the mountain.
8. Mont Blanc (French Alps)
Height – 4807 m.
Europe’s highest peak lures many mountain and sports enthusiasts. More than 30,000 climbers strive to reach this peak every year. On average, close to 100 hikers per year die.
Truth be told, Mont Blanc is not exactly a difficult mountain, so inexperienced people climb it and most often die. In the peak season, about 200 people climb there every day, but not everyone makes it. The beginners perish under avalanches, stones, masses of ice or fall in cracks. Strong winds – 60 km/h – can easily turn a normal situation into a deadly one.
7. Matterhorn (Pennine Alps)
Altitude – 4,478 m
The iconic mountain of the Alps on the border of Italy and Switzerland. Due to its pure beauty, it attracts about 3,000 climbers annually. But also a lot of dead – just over 500 climbers.
Matterhorn like all mountains tests the brave with avalanches and rockfalls, storms and bad weather. Every year on the Matterhorn on average about 12 people die.
6. Bintha Brakk (Panmah Muztage, Pakistan)
Height – 7,285 m.
The granite tower is called “Ogre”. Because of its steepness and rocky nature, it is among the extremely dangerous mountains, but entices the steepest climbers. Only in 1971, an expedition was able to conquer this giant.
The southern face of Bintha Brakk is 3,000 meters above the Uzun Brakk glacier. Passing through the icy slopes above Death Valley is a huge challenge before climbing to the summit. Climbers often have to pass under unstable ice walls that can collapse at any moment.
5. Eiger (Bernese Alps, Switzerland)
Height – 3970 m
As you can see, it’s not always the highest mountains that are the most dangerous. Eiger was conquered by more than 700 climbers, but many died, and among them the elite athletes of their time. Many conquerors retreated a hundred meters from the summit because of falling ice and rocks.
The north side of the Nordvand is a huge wall of split limestone, 1,800 meters high. Because of melting snow, frequent collapses, icing, and avalanches, climbers have nicknamed it the “killer wall.”
4. Kanchenjunga (India / Nepal)
8,568 m in height.
Since 1990, the death rate during climbing has increased by 20%. So why is this mountain so dangerous?
First – the peak is quite far, only 2 weeks to get to the base camp. People are already tired, of course, but they still have to get to the top.
Second – incredibly steep sections with 45-50 degree slope are beyond ability of many climbers, who fall.
Third, passages under glaciers and sereks, ready to collapse on you at any moment.
But even after the sweet victory, climbers face a risky return. The section above Camp IV has claimed the lives of many who have returned.
3. nanga Parbat (Pakistan)
The altitude is 8125 m.
The ninth highest mountain in the world. Its southern slope is the largest mountainside in the world, 4572 m from the base.
Climbers have dubbed it the “man-eater” because 31 climbers have died there. The Austrian Hermann Bull first managed it in 1953. The main cause of deaths is avalanches, followed by falls and cold. In winter it is impossible to conquer this mountain.
Recent tragedies: 2013 – in a terrorist attack killed 11 climbers, in 2017, 2 are missing, and in 2018 an athlete from Poland did not return home. The current mortality rate is 22%.
2. K2 or Chogori (Pakistan)
Altitude – 8,614 m.
The mountain disputes the top of the list – one in four climbers do not return, and the mortality rate is not decreasing. By comparison, about 500 people conquer Everest every year, but K2 can remain an invincible year even for seasoned climbers.
Unpredictable avalanches, bad weather, steep slopes and dangerous rocks make the climb technically challenging. The infamous overhanging glacier has become a graveyard for many daredevils.
Annapurna I (Himalayas, Nepal)
Height – 8091 m.
Closest of the ten highest peaks in the world, but tops the list of the most difficult mountains to climb.
Conquering the mountain is a challenge for the best climbers in the world. Unfortunately, a third of them will never return. The main summit in the Annapurna massif has been conquered by 191 climbers, but 72 have died. So, the reasons for the high mortality rate: