The metropolitan region of France has 12 million inhabitants with the largest city, Paris, not only the Ile-de-France, but also the entire country. It is the leader of tourist destinations not only in France, Europe, but also in the world. Record number of visitors to the Louvre is not the first year occupies the first lines of world statistics.
At the same time, the Ile-de-France, with an area of 12 012 km², is one of the smallest regions of France (the smallest in mainland France after Corsica and Alsace), but certainly the most important due to its population (12.1 million people, or almost 19% of the French population) and gross domestic product: 30% of the total GDP of metropolitan France.
Ile-de-France is located in the central part of the Paris basin, between the Seine, Marne and Oise rivers. The Ile-de-France region includes 8 departments: Paris (Paris), Seine-et-Marne, Yvelines, Essonne, Haute-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Val-d’Oise.
Ile-de-France is bordered by Picardy to the north, Champagne-Ardenne to the east, Normandy to the west, Burgundy to the south and the Central Region to the southwest
Although the Ile-de-France region was officially created in 1976, its history goes back a long time, and the region itself, whose name translates as “island of France,” is the cradle of the French monarchy.
The history of the Ile de France goes back to the Middle Ages. The name Isle de France was first recorded in 1387, when the term “France” referred to certain territories of the crown. The very name “Isle de France” comes from the fact that it is bordered by the Seine, Oise and Marne rivers (tributaries of the Seine) and the Beaubronne (a tributary of the Marne), which surround it like an island.
The region around Paris was the original personal domain of the King of France, as opposed to the regions ruled by the feudal lords of which he was suzerain.
In antiquity, known as Lutetia, Paris was conquered by Julius Caesar in 52 BC, and existed as a regional center under the Romans and in the early Middle Ages.
In 987 the estates of the Duke Hugo Capet, who was proclaimed king, became the foundation of the future French state.
The inhabitants of Paris first declared themselves an independent commune under the leadership of Etienne Marseilles in 1355-1358. In the 15th century the area became a province where the main events of the French Revolution took place, after which the province of Ile-de-France was divided into departments.
The storming of the Bastille in 1789 was the first of several key actions of the Parisian people during the French Revolution. Paris also played an important role in the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. In 1871, during the Franco-Prussian War, the city was under siege for four months until France surrendered. After the German withdrawal, French radicals briefly established the Paris Commune . During World War I, the Germans were not allowed to reach Paris, but they occupied the city during World War II from 1940 to 1944.
Today, the region not only preserves its rich historical heritage, but also has excellent recreational and tourist opportunities. Moreover, this French region has the largest concentration of restaurants with Michelin stars (the Michelin Red Guide is the most famous and influential international restaurant rating system, which has been issued since 1900 and has a three-star rating system).
Ile de France is an island of sights.
Ile-de-France has a huge concentration of attractions. Paris, with its world-famous monuments of history, architecture and art. Versailles, built during the time of “king-sun” Louis XIV – place of many great events of French history. Magnificent Fontainebleau castle – pearl of Renaissance epoch, and the house presented by Napoleon Bonaparte to Josephine de Beauharnais in Malmaison which caused the Italian campaign of the Great Emperor, luxurious aristocratic residence – Chantilly estate with Princes de Condé museum, Gothic abbey of Saint-Denis – burial vault of the French kings, summer residence of the French presidents – Rambouillet palace, Barbizon city – artists, and many other unique sights.
Exagon (hexagon) Ile de France, as it is often called by the French themselves, at any time of the year has a lot of entertainment and a rich cultural life. The Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, the Impressionist Museum on the Quai d’Orsay, the Maison des Invalides with its army museum and the resting spirit of Emperor Napoleon1 , Montmartre and the Sacré Coeur basilica. Not to mention the famous Champs-Elysées, with the Arc de Triomphe crowning the divergent avenues, where even today you can find the world’s top brass and have a coffee.
Plays, concerts, festivals, exhibitions, the famous cabaret Moulin Rouge, Lido or nightclubs, the jazz festival in Saint Germain des Prés, the open-air film festival in the Parc de la Villette, the music festival Rock en Seine and the White Nights festival or the music festival on 21 June, the day of the vernal equinox. And all sorts of sporting events such as the Roland-Garros tennis tournament, the Tour de France cycling race and more.
The Ile de France is a region for all generations. Huge opportunities for children and family vacations . From the famous Disneyland, amusement parks Asterix, Mer de Sable (Sea of Sand), the town of knowledge in the park La Villette, the large zoo in the Tuari, where you can drive among wild animals by car, to the amazing park “France in Miniature”, where in just one day you can see every corner of the country.