Museums of Penza
Museum of One Painting named after G.V. Myasnikov opened its doors to visitors in 1983. It is a unique museum, which has no analogues not only in Russia but probably in the world. The main feature of the museum is that there is no permanent exhibition. Guests of the museum can see just a single painting, before the demonstration of which a slide-film about the life of the artist is shown. While watching the film, visitors get a detailed idea not only of the time when the author created the picture, but also of what kind of person he was, to what he devoted his creativity.
The author of the idea of creating such a museum was Georg Vasilievich Myasnikov, who was the second secretary of the Penza Regional Party Committee. His memory was immortalized in 2002, when the museum was named after him, and a memorial plaque appeared on the wall. According to a rating of the Russian version of the famous Forbes magazine, compiled a couple of years ago, the Penza Single Painting Museum ranks high among the six best museums in the world dedicated to a single object.
Among the works, which were exhibited in the museum at different times, were famous paintings: “The capture of Snow Town”, “Peter I interrogates Tsarevich Alexei in Peterhof”, “Portrait of F.I. Chaliapin”, as well as works by Repin, Petrov-Vodkin, Levitan, Shishkin, Savrasov, Rembrandt, Titian and many other prominent masters.
The V.O.Kljuchevsky House-Museum in Penza is the first in Russia memorial museum devoted to the life of Vasiliy Osipovich Kljuchevsky, the outstanding historian, an academician of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, the author of the famous “Course of Russian History”. Creation of the museum was timed to the 150th anniversary of the great scientist in 1991.
The museum complex is located in the central part of Penza, on the former Popovka Street that now bears the name of Klyuchevsky. The museum occupies two small wooden houses: the future historian lived in one of them in 1851-1861 and spent his childhood and youth years, and the neighboring house is connected with the main building through the transition.
The exposition, which is presented to visitors, includes two sections. One of them is devoted to the Penza period of life of Kluchevsky and contains authentic things from the Kluchevsky House, icons, church books, archival documents, sketches with views of old Penza, numerous books. The second large section is devoted to scientific, pedagogical and public activity of the researcher. Here are the works by V. O. Kluchevsky, autographs, photographs and other materials.
Literary Museum in Penza was opened in 1989 and is located in a small house built in the 18th century. Earlier a men’s gymnasium was located there. In different years students of this gymnasium were future celebrities – V.G. Belinsky, M.M. Speransky, V.A. Zhukovsky, N.I. Lobachevsky.
The extensive exposition of the museum tells the visitors about the time that many famous poets and writers spent on the Penza land. The exhibits presented are devoted to their life and work, and the list of famous names is so great that it literally boggles the imagination. The basis of the museum`s collection are lifetime editions and autographs of writers, personal belongings, household items, handwritten texts of works and graphic materials. A part of the exposition is fragments of the gymnasium’s library, of which about a hundred 100 volumes have survived.
Penza Museum of Folk Art
Folk Art Museum in Penza appeared not at once. Initially, it was a small exhibition hall, created by experts of the Society for the Protection of Monuments of History and Culture. The basis of the exhibition were the materials of exhibitions of folk craftsmen, as well as items collected with the help of public associations, trade unions, veterans and other organizations. The main task of the museum’s founders is to study and popularize folk arts and crafts, and preserve the handicrafts and crafts traditions of the region.
Currently, Penza Museum of Folk Art offers to its visitors numerous exhibits representing various areas of folk art. These are pottery, carpet weaving, decorative wood carving, willow and straw weaving, metal forging and needlework.
The museum is located in the building of the former estate of a well-known Penza timber merchant S.L. Tyurin. This is an architectural monument of the first half of the 19th century, a picturesque house with a mezzanine and a portico of two columns with verandas at the edges. The facade of the building is decorated with a carved wooden pattern.
Lermontov Museum Tarkhany
Tarkhany is the museum of Lermontov, located in an 18th-century manor, where the poet spent his childhood. The complex consists of the lord’s house, the Temple of Maria the Egyptian, the house of the warden, the people’s hut, the crypt of the Arseniev-Lermontovs with a chapel, the Church of Archangel Michael and the gatehouse.
Inside the estate of 196 hectares, there are about 29 exhibits. The museum was opened in 1939. Video tours are regularly organized in the Keymaster’s house, telling about Lermontov’s childhood days.
Lermontov’s house has many of his original drawings, among which the Caucasian landscapes are particularly noteworthy.
The territory of the reserve itself is large and well-groomed – one can feel the reverent attitude of the management and visitors to Lermontov’s things and everything connected with him.
Penza Regional Museum of Local Lore
The history of the Penza Regional Museum of Local Lore goes back to the beginning of the twentieth century. At a meeting of the Penza Society of Lovers of Natural History in 1905 it was decided to create a Natural Science Museum based on the collections of the Society. Six years later, the museum received its first visitors and has been active ever since. Gradually, the collections of the museum were replenished with the materials of the museum of the Scientific Archival Commission, and in 1924 it was transformed into a local history museum.
The exhibition of the Regional Museum of Local Lore is located in a two-story mansion of the early twentieth century, the walls of which are made of red brick. Seven spacious halls feature permanent exhibitions. The exhibits cover various fields of knowledge such as paleontology, geology, archeology and the history of the city’s appearance and development. The exhibits talk about the military exploits of the inhabitants of Penza, the outstanding personalities, who made the city famous throughout the country.
Particular attention should be paid to ethnographic, natural sciences, art, numismatic collections, large collections of written and printed documents. In total more than 110 thousand exhibits are kept in the museum funds, and also about 40 thousand books, among which there are unique ancient books and folios with autographs of the authors.
Coordinates: 53.18638400, 45.00759100
Sights of Penza
Mary Egyptian Chapel, Penza, Russia Lermontov Monument in Tarkhany, Penza, Russia Monument of Glory “Rostock”, Penza, Russia Penza Circus, Penza, Russia Monument to the Penza policemen, Penza, Russia Monument “Pervoposelenets”, Penza, Russia
Museums of Russia
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia Irkutsk Museum of Decembrists, Irkutsk, Russia Museum of Aivazovsky, Feodosia, Russia Museum-house of Maximilian Voloshin, Koktebel, Russia Private Museum “Music and Time”, Yaroslavl, Russia Museum of Lace, Vologda, Russia
Louvre, Paris, France Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt Ernest Hemingway House Museum, Havana, Cuba Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain Archaeological Museum of Heraklion, Crete, Greece Picasso Museum, Barcelona, Spain El Greco, Toledo, Spain Pafos Archaeological Museum, Pafos, Cyprus Museum of India, Calcutta, India International Toilet Museum, Delhi, India Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum, Delhi, India Pondicherry Museum, Tamil Nadu, India