Hamburg. Germany

Hamburg

Hamburg (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Hamburg with descriptions, guides and maps.

Hamburg City (Germany)

Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located on the banks of the Elbe River. It is one of the richest cities in the country, the largest port and a real “gateway to the world. Hamburg has been the center of European trade since it joined the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages. This brought the city enormous wealth and left a rich cultural and historical heritage. The maritime flair and tradition of the Hanseatic League permeates Hamburg: from the architecture and sights to the culture, food and screeching of the seagulls in the streets.

Geography

Hamburg is located in northern Germany on the southern tip of the Jutland Peninsula, in an area that lies between continental Europe and Scandinavia. The city stands at the confluence of the Elbe River and its tributary the Alster. The administrative unit is the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, bordering on Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony.

Hamburg View

Hamburg panorama

The terrain is quiet with small variations in elevation. The highest point is just over 100 meters above sea level. The surrounding countryside offers spectacular natural landscapes, lakes and parks, orchards and farmland.

Climate

Hamburg has a maritime climate with warm (sometimes cool) summers and mild winters. The warmest months are July and August. The coldest is January. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year. From November to February in Hamburg, often cloudy and wet. In winter, small frosts and snowfalls are not uncommon.

Hamburg in winter

Hamburg in winter

History

The main milestones in the history of Hamburg:

  • 808 – Emperor Charlemagne ordered the foundation of a fortress at the confluence of the Elbe and Alster for defense against the Slavic tribes. A settlement grew up near the fortress, which gave life to the new city.
  • 1189 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa grants Hamburg the privileges of an imperial free city, which together with its favorable location turns the city into one of the trading centers of Europe.
  • 1241 – Hamburg and the prosperous trading city of Lübeck formed an alliance, which later develops into the association that we know as the Hanseatic League. This was a powerful impetus for the subsequent economic and cultural development of the city.
  • 1264 – The city authorities issued a law for the protection of swans, which forbade the killing and eating of these birds. In Hamburg it is believed that as long as swans live here – the city will grow and prosper (it is interesting, that in Bremen there is such a belief about Roland).
  • 1284 – the great fire, which destroyed almost all the buildings of the city.
  • 1350 – plague epidemic in which half of the population died.
  • 1558 – The foundation of the stock market.
  • 1810 – Napoleon’s invasion.
  • 1842 – Another great fire destroys and damages a third of the city and many historic sites
  • 1871 Hamburg becomes part of the German Empire with wide autonomy rights. The city’s port became the second largest in Europe.
  • 1892 – Cholera outbreak caused by the city’s rapid growth and poor water quality.
  • 1945 – Over 39,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Hamburg, destroying more than half the city and 80% of the harbor.

Gastronomy

Historically, Hamburg has always had a variety of dishes and gastronomic traditions. Local sailors who went to other countries and the crews of foreign ships were constantly bringing something new to Hamburg’s cuisine.

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Not surprisingly, Hamburg’s cafes and restaurants present a huge variety of dishes that belong to a wide variety of cuisines. And in the city you can find a wide variety of food establishments: from exclusive and prestigious restaurants to typical gastronomic cafes, from modern and stylish to traditional family restaurants.

Despite this, do not underestimate the cuisine of Hamburg, which can offer simple and complex traditional dishes. The most popular are:

  • Currywurst
  • Franzbrötchen
  • Labskaus (stewed meat).
  • Rote Grütze – berry dessert with custard.

Hamburg streets

Streets of Hamburg

Markets

Historically, markets have always been one of the highlights of Hamburg. And nowadays there are plenty of weekly markets in the largest Northern German city for food and flea markets where you can find a variety of interesting items from household goods to collectibles.

Hamburg’s most popular market is the fish market or Fischmarkt. This is one of the oldest and legendary markets in the city, which began its history in 1703. Located at St. Pauli Fischmarkt 2. The market is open on Sundays from 5 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. (from 7 a.m. in winter).

Fish market (Fishmarkt) in Hamburg

Fishmarket in Hamburg

In the district of Eppendorf on Tuesdays and Fridays takes place Isemarkt. It is the largest open-air market in Europe, where you can buy almost everything from food to books and tools. Hamburg also has a night market, which is based on Spielbudenplatz.

Every Saturday from 8:00 to 16:00 on the street Neuer Kamp held one of the major flea markets – Flohschanze. Here you can not only buy different interesting and collectible things, but also to gawk at different curiosities.

Christmas market in Hamburg

Hamburg Christmas Market

If you are planning a trip from late November to late December, then be sure to visit the wonderful Christmas Markets. During this time, Hamburg is filled with winter magic: thousands of lights reflect in the Alster, the Elbe and the canals, and the air fills with the smells of roasted almonds, warm mulled wine and spruce sprigs. The eyes of all tourists light up with romantic light, turning Hamburg into a real Christmas fairy tale. In the Christmas markets you can buy arts and crafts, delicious delicacies and food.

  • Santa Pauli
  • Alton/Ottensen
  • Christmas market at the Michel
  • Winter Pride
  • Winterdom

Shopping

Hamburg is a shopper’s paradise. There are stores on almost every corner that sell everything from souvenirs to household items, clothing, and jewelry. There are also large shopping malls.

If you love dress up, then Hamburg is your Mecca. In the city center there is a huge number of stores from trendy international brands to local designers’ products. The Hanseviertel, Europapassage, Jungfernstieg Mönckeberg and Spitalerstrasse will help you take more than just great memories from Hamburg. Between the arcades, cafes, and stores of the Alster promenade, you can spend an entire day in any weather!

Hamburg View

Hamburg panorama

For those who prefer to do everything at once, we recommend the malls. Hamburg’s largest shopping malls:

  • Alsterhaus – five floors and 24,000 square meters of stores. Address: Jungfernstieg 16-20
  • Mercado is a large shopping center in the pedestrian area of Ottensen. Here you can find food, books, perfumes and clothes. Address: Ottenser Hauptstraße 10
  • Levantehaus – Cafes, fashion, bakeries, souvenirs. Address: Mönckebergstraße 7
  • Hamburg Meile – 150 stores and food court. Address: Hamburger Str. 27
  • Europa Passage – More than 120 stores. Address: Ballindamm 40

How to get there

Getting to Hamburg is easy. The city is characterized by excellent transport accessibility:

  • International Airport connects Hamburg with 120 cities worldwide.
  • Railroad – to almost all major and minor cities in Germany and some cities in other European countries.
  • bus service is also quite developed and popular. It is very advantageous to travel by bus Flixbus.
  • Car with excellent roads becomes a very fast and convenient way to travel. Hamburg is easily accessible by car from all parts of Germany via four freeways (Autobahnen-A) and six federal highways (Bundesstrassen-B).
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Hamburg at night

Hamburg, nighttime

Public transportation

Hamburg boasts an extensive public transportation system, including the subway, light rail network, buses, and ferries. Single (single trip), daily (1 day), weekly, monthly and annual tickets are available in ticket machines. Tickets are valid for all types of public transport. Public transport is open from 4.30 to 1.00 (24.00 on weekends).

Hamburg public transport - map

Public transport in Hamburg – map

S-Bahn and U-Bahn

A key element of Hamburg’s public transport system is the network of rapid transit and regional rail lines that connect the city center with the suburbs. There are four U-Bahn lines, six S-Bahn suburban lines and nine regional rail lines that connect Hamburg to other cities in the region.

Buses

The rail network is complemented by a wide range of bus routes, both intracity and intercity.

Ferry

There are six ferry lines serving the harbor and the Elbe River. These routes have two-digit numbers beginning with 61. All ferries stop at Landungsbrücken.

Bicycles are one of the most popular ways to get around

The bicycle is one of the most popular means of transportation

Interesting places around Hamburg

North Sea and Baltic Sea: Islands and beaches

If you have a free day, we recommend a trip to the Wadden Sea (Wadden Sea), a UNESCO World Heritage site. This is a succession of shallow stretches along the coastline. Next, you can stop by the coastal town of Cuxhaven. Or Sylt, which is Germany’s northernmost island. It is well known for its beaches and surfing. The best way to get to these places from Hamburg is by train.

Hamburg streets

Streets of Hamburg

Medieval Towns: Lübeck, Wismar and Lüneburg

You’ve probably heard of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck before. After all, it was once the leading city of the Hanseatic League. To this day, the city has preserved its unique historical heritage and its center has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a must see in Northern Germany. Wismar is just one hour from Lübeck. This charming city has been awarded World Heritage status by UNESCO for its beautifully restored town houses.

Lüneburg completes the list of must-see historic towns on the outskirts of Hamburg. This medieval city still remembers the times when it was one of the richest cities in Northern Europe. You can easily and quickly get here by car or train.

Hamburg sights

With its cultural and historical heritage and maritime charm, Hamburg is one of the most beautiful and interesting cities in Germany. “Gateway to the World”, as the port city on the Elbe is often called, offers tourists to experience the sights of the past and modern times of one of the main and richest Hanseatic cities.

Landungsbrücken

Landungbrücken, Hamburg

Landungsbrücken, Hamburg

Landungsbrücken or simply the Pier (Pier) is one of the symbols of Hamburg that offers gorgeous views and unsurpassed historic buildings.

Two towers with beautiful green roofs mark the 205-meter long terminal between the lower harbor, the Reeperbahn and the Fischmarkt. Located on the Elbe, Landungsbrücken (German: Landungsbrücken, meaning illuminated boarding bridges) was once a harbor for ships and now functions as a link for underground and commuter trains. Also, all Hamburg ferries depart from here.

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Hamburg harbour

Hamburg

The Port of Hamburg is the second largest seaport in Europe and one of the nine largest container harbors in the world. Over eight million containers are handled here every year. Despite its purely practical use, the port is one of the most popular attractions in Hamburg and northern Germany.

About 13,000 ships from all over the world call at Europe’s second largest port each year. From the port terminals to the historic “Speicherstadt” warehouses, the boarding bridges and the modern container port, you can feel and hear the flavors and languages of many countries, feel the rich maritime past of Hamburg and experience the real atmosphere of the Free Hanseatic City. And if you take a ferry trip or visit one of the legendary museum ships, you will convince yourself once again that Hamburg is the maritime capital of Northern Germany.

Speicherstadt

Speicherstadt

Speicherstadt

The Speicherstadt is one of the main tourist attractions in Hamburg and is the world’s largest integrated warehouse built in 1883. Since 1991 it is a historical and architectural monument. The warehouses are built on oak piles, and the entire area is pierced by canals that flood at high tide and become accessible to ships. You can take a trip through the narrow canals in small barges to enjoy the architectural details, if, of course, the tide is in.

It is highly recommended to walk in this area after dark, when Speicherstadt is shrouded in an aura of mystery. At this time of day, the red brick buildings and steel bridges are expertly illuminated by 800 spotlights. And the atmosphere is simply magical: illuminated facades of old gothic port buildings, their reflections in the water of canals and the spicy aromas of goods from all over the world.

HafenCity

HafenCity

HafenCity

HafenCity combines tradition and modernity in a unique symbiosis, offering a true architectural and cultural delight. The modern architecture of HafenCity creates an interesting contrast to the historic warehouse district of Speicherstadt.

Elbphilharmonie

Elbphilharmonie

The architectural dominant feature of the district is the futuristic Elbphilharmonie with its impressive glass facade and wave-shaped roof, which rises from the former Kaispeicher building at the western end of HafenCity. Inside are two concert halls, a hotel and residential apartments. Between the old warehouse and the glass structure is a public viewing and visiting area that extends around the entire building. This state-of-the-art facility opened in January 2017.

Miniature Wonderland is the largest model railroad system in the world and has been voted Germany’s most popular tourist attraction. Visitors can admire different countries and even a miniature airport. In addition to impressive miniature versions of Hamburg are represented: the mountainous German region of the Harz, the Austrian Alps, France, Italy, North America and Scandinavia. A very interesting place for all inquisitive people.

Town Hall

City Hall

Town Hall

The city hall is an eclectic neo-Renaissance building of the late 19th century in which the Hamburg city government sits. It is the sixth building of this type in the city. The others, for certain reasons, have not survived to this day.

Church of St. Michael

St.Michael's Church

Church of St. Michael

St. Michael’s Church is one of the most famous religious buildings in the city and its tower has become one of the symbols of Hamburg. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century. The previous buildings were damaged during the fires. The tower is 132 meters high with the largest bell tower in Germany and offers a fantastic view of the city.

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Planetarium

Planetarium

Planetarium

The planetarium is one of the oldest observatories of its kind in the world, located in the northwest part of Hamburg and opened in 1930. The building itself is a modernized old water tower from the early 20th century.

Video – City of Hamburg

Interesting tours

The entertainment quarter, or where the Beatles grew up

€156 for a guided tour

The Entertainment Quarter or where the Beatles grew up

The stories, surprises and history of the sinful mile in St. Pauli

Hamburg's brick music

from €80 for a guided tour

Hamburg’s Brick Music

Enjoy architecture and learn about engineering in the most famous and atmospheric neighborhoods

Germany, Hamburg – Reviews

Good day to you! As someone who has lived in Germany for more than a year, I declare – it’s not my thing! Clean, comfortable, top-notch service – all this is true. And the punctuality, friendliness and tolerance – a fairy tale. But today I’m not talking about Germany in general.

Nataly321 avatar

That’s where it’s good to live is in Germany. I sincerely thought so in my youth. Especially I consolidated this thought after a business trip to Hamburg. I was fully provided for by the company for three weeks. Three weeks fully supported by the company. Hotel, walks, travel allowance of 50 bucks a day.

Patronus avatar

Before the trip, my knowledge of Hamburg was limited to a maximum of words from the song “In Our Style” by The Factor 2, which mentioned that it was somewhere in northern Germany.

Vrednaya Wika avatar

Good afternoon everybody! I have been living in Hamburg for the last four years and now I would like to tell you the truth about Hamburg! Herzlich willkommen in Hamburg! Where to begin!

Saida1992 avatar

Hamburg is a modern city with a rich history and cultural heritage. During the day you can stroll through the historic part of the city, walk along the waterfront, wander the bridges over the canals of Hamburg, reminiscent of Venice, and enjoy all the beauty you’ve seen.

Vera.v.gagarina avatar

Hamburg is a city on the Elbe, a major port and industrial center. Basically everything I knew about it before the trip. But it doesn’t look industrial, it’s such a beautiful German city with its history, traditions and beautiful Gothic architecture.

Nastasia Bielefeld avatar

Hello, I went to Hamburg with my mom at the beginning of December 2012 by myself (no travel agencies). Booked a hotel, bought airline tickets, opened visas, and at the appointed hour flew.

mitina3112 avatar

Greetings to all travelers! It’s been two weeks since my return from Germany. We traveled all over the country, but now I want to tell you about Hamburg.

I could write an article of 900 characters about the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, but I will not burden you with a large number of letters. I went to Hamburg, and in general to Germany, under the program Arbeit für den Frieden of the Kriegsgräberfürsorge e. V., the organization for the memory of those who died in World War II. V.

Did you know that Hamburg has the most bridges in the world? Yes, yes much more than Venice) It’s a beautiful city with islands, the second largest port in Europe…Magnificent buildings, old buildings, a yacht Abramovich)) This is a great city to be in, a ride on the boat.

Well, everything is simple. Light, he is the light! Here everywhere there are automatic machines on photocells to turn them on. The night courtyard, for example, very problematic to make a photo, because the lamp is only turned on if someone goes within a radius of 5 meters. The same applies to cellars, basements, etc.

Patronus avatar

Hamburg is unequivocally a very beautiful city, it’s very characteristic and has its own unique architecture in some parts of the city. But I was especially impressed by the church of St. Nicholas, which was ruined. In general, the architecture of churches in Germany struck me with its scale and simplicity.

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Patronus avatar

We booked this hotel a couple of hours before check-in. Unfortunately we didn’t have much time to spend on searching for a hotel in Hamburg, as upon arrival in Germany, we couldn’t find access to wifi.

The hotel was a 20 minute walk from the airport. The rooms are small. The bathroom was very comfortable and the bed was in an alcove. The bed is in a niche and can not be made apart even with 2 mattresses. There is no refrigerator in the room. The hotel has no cooler.

Alena Kashirina avatar

It is time to dispel a few myths about Munich. (my travel report + some useful recommendations for tourists + prices + travel notes)

My trip to Munich took place at the end of January. Since I wanted to go for a walk somewhere, and I have been to most European cities, I used the Internet and selections with big names like “TOP cities of the world, which you must visit. “If you are in the same way…

Kate_cake avatar

I want to share with you tips on how to spend 3 hours in Dusseldorf, if you have the same as we do, there is a transfer to another flight. In 3 hours in Dusseldorf you can manage to walk around the main square of the city, see the main sights and clocks, walk along the waterfront, go up…

Vladimir - to own the world. avatar

Today I want to tell you about a fascinating trip we took about 4 years ago at the same time. And the journey was to a small resort town in Germany, Bad Ems. What is remarkable about this city?

Sveta Kot avatar

Good day! This time the review will not be about a cosmetic product, not about food, and not even about technology. It will be about the country! Vacation It so happened that my husband for many years my grandmother lives in Germany. That’s why we used to come here on vacation.

The Wildpark Luneburger Heide (Wildpark Luneburger Heide) is a large nature reserve where the Germans created wonderful conditions for wildlife in captivity and for educational recreation for people, especially children are very happy here as many animals can be…

Vera.v.gagarina avatar

I love spending Christmas in Germany! The Germans are so pedantic about holiday decorations, no European country can compare to them in beauty and thoroughness of holiday decoration!

mitina3112 avatar

The German Baltic, a colorful place ⛵ Here I always think of Marilyn Monroe. How the people of northern Germany relax and enjoy themselves.

Hello. The nearest sea we have is the Baltic Sea, or as the Germans call it Ostsee. Yes, you enter the cool water shivering, but then you get used to it and even try to enjoy swimming, because the sea is the sea, its salty waters are pleasant to the body and healthy.

Milochka0303 avatar

A small modest city, which in 2014 became known to the world. From humble regional center to the capital of the Republic. Is there life in Lugansk, what to visit in the city, what to bring from the city with you.

Hello! Let me start by saying that I was born in Lugansk region. As a child I’ve been a few times in Lugansk, and at age of 15 I entered college and moved to Lugansk for good. Since then I consider Lugansk my native city. How not to count? I’ve lived in Lugansk for 11 years!

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