The main types and directions of gastronomic tourism in the world today are especially popular, because it is difficult to please an active traveler who has seen a lot – he wants to taste something unusual.
- 1 What is gastronomic tourism?
- 2 Who are the lovers of culinary trips?
- 3 The development of gastronomic tourism in the world
- 4 Gastronomic tourism in Russia: where to go inexpensively?
- 5 The best routes of gastronomic tourism
- 6 The World’s Biggest Gastronomy Festivals
- 7 What do gastrotourists need to know?
Gastronomic tourism or culinary trips are just what you need when you can not only try new delicacies, but also bring back recipes of delicious dishes. In general, it is an inexpensive vacation with benefits that are suitable for absolutely everyone.
Surely all of us in his life became a party to event tourism. This is a type of travel in which your trip was associated with a visit to a thematic festival. One of the areas of tourism, timed to visit any event is gastronomic tourism. This trend attracts a large number of gourmets, restaurateurs as its purpose is to familiarize with the peculiarities of cooking various dishes of the world. It is not uncommon for gourmets who seek to explore new taste preferences to discover a new type of tourism. They have traveled to many countries and they are tired of the usual type of tourism with passive recreation on the beach or in a hotel.
What is gastronomic tourism?
Cooking is not just a sphere of economy, including cooking, it is an entire art that is skillfully used in the travel industry as well. What is gastronomic tourism? It is a type of vacation during which a person gets acquainted with the national dishes of the country to which he or she has arrived, visits festivals, tastes drinks, learns the secrets of cooking from local chefs.
The history of gastronomic tourism is several centuries old. For example, even the first travelers – Athanasius Nikitin and Marco Polo – visited distant continents and tried something new. They traveled to other continents for spices, salt and other products with a long shelf life. The term itself appeared relatively recently – only in 1998. Today there are several types of culinary travel:
- rural tours – most interesting for residents of megacities, involve the collection and consumption of berries, mushrooms, vegetables and fruits in ecologically clean regions and on farm plots;
- city tours include not only restaurant visits but also visits to product factories and tasting of ready meals;
- gastronomic wine tourism – a separate area in which tourists try the popular drink in factories for the production and in private wineries;
- cheese tours – will appeal to those who want to indulge themselves with the real European cheeses, in addition, here you can learn what dishes to add a particular type of product, with what wine it combines;
- beer tours are an analogue of wine in gastronomic tourism, where you can taste different varieties of foamy drink to see which beer you like best.
Today, gastronomic tourism is especially in demand in Europe, but in Turkey, too, much has been done to attract culinary gourmets, for example, hotels offer “All inclusive” in their own restaurants and cafes.
Culinary travel lovers – who are they?
It would be a mistake to think that the typical portrait of a culinary foodie is a description of a bloated person whose main goal is to eat delicious and abundant food. In fact, such tours are suitable for:
- professionals of this business – chefs, people who work as cafe directors, own restaurants, want to gain experience and new knowledge;
- employees of one company – they organize trips to festivals of deliciousness, to unite the team, this method, by the way, has proven to be excellent in management and human resource management;
- families with children – it is not easy to please the little ones by their taste preferences, and if you do not want to feed them only pizza and French fries, such a vacation is a worthy solution;
- really gourmets – people who do not just eat, and taste the dishes, enjoy the ingredients and, after tasting one spoonful, ready to tell you about all the ingredients.
If you are among these tourists or just want to diversify your vacation, take at least some time to try new dishes and national delicacies.
Development of gastronomic tourism in the world
The current realities and trends of gastronomic tourism are such that more and more holidaymakers choose this direction. The reason is simple: they want to know what foreigners eat, to diversify their menu, maybe learn something. Who knows, maybe after visiting a couple of festivals, you’re so involved in the process of cooking that you will be known as a great hostess or hostess, who will always be asking for more?
In what countries is gastronomic international tourism developed? Perhaps, it is possible to find its manifestations anywhere in the world, but it is still recommended to consider such destinations as:
- Italy – gastronomic tourism in Italy is popular not by chance, you can go to Tuscany to taste the fish, specialty buns, meat of young steers and olive oil. By the way, it wouldn’t hurt to stop in Piedmont for a couple of days and try truffles, cheeses and wines;
- France is perhaps the trendsetter in world cuisine, the recognized leader, where there are schools which produce famous chefs. Being in Provence, the “kitchen of the sun”, you will know the taste of fish, wine, ratatouille, meat under aromatic spices and you can go round several Michelin restaurants;
- Belarus – gastronomic tourism in Belarus begins with a visit to stores where you can buy delicious products. You should try here kindyuk sausage, pizza smazhenka, fish snack loons, potato delicacies. And be sure to stock up on drinks – juices, morses, sodas bottled locally are many times tastier than in Russia, because these products have excise stamps;
- Spain – it is better to come to Catalonia, where there are festivals and fairs. Fricado, rabbit in snails, chicken with chocolate, cod with nuts and a variety of sauces deserve attention. Pastas are also common here;
- Georgia gastronomic wine tourism is one of the main attractions in Georgia. When you arrive in Tbilisi, apart from wine, try shashlik, satsivi, chahohbili, cheeses and desserts with nuts;
- Holland – here vacationers are delighted with beer, wine and cheese of different varieties, be sure to order a cheese plate with Gouda and Maasdam and try moldy cheese with truffles, garlic and cumin;
- Armenia – gastronomic tourism in Armenia is varied, it is dominated by fatty meat dishes, so do not be surprised that after your vacation you will gain 2 or even all of 5 kg. Try the Sevan crayfish, shashlik, beef shank khash, dolma with grape leaves and sujukh of sweet walnuts with grapes;
- Morocco – you can enjoy oriental and European treats, including couscous, tajine of meat or fish, local tea, which is famous throughout the world;
- Ukraine – gastronomic tourism in Ukraine is interesting because they cook the usual dishes, but in their own way. Borsch, pampushki, vareniki, chłodec, lard, deryukhi, kulesh – the choice is varied;
- Kazakhstan – gastronomic tourism in Kazakhstan involves tasting of national delicacies. Try meat beshbarmak, roast lamb kuirdak, sour milk products shubat and koumiss, stewed cream balkaimak and donuts baursaki.
It is difficult to list all the countries of gastronomic international tourism: absolutely everywhere there are national dishes, cooking secrets and rules of catering.
Gastronomic tourism in Russia: where to go inexpensive?
Not only exotic countries beckon with their delicacies, the prospects for the development of gastronomic tourism in Russia are also positive, which is due to the peculiarities of the mentality, the love of the population for delicious and nourishing food.
If you want to spend a vacation with a low cost, but diverse, consider such destinations as:
- Moscow – you can visit Pushkin cafe with its old interiors, Papa Jones pizzeria, White Rabbit restaurant with a tasting menu, Teremok fast-food chain;
- St. Petersburg – Russian delicacies are served in a restaurant with a wine cellar “Mari Vanna”, Italian dishes – in a family restaurant “Gianni Pasta & Bar”, oriental sweets – in “Chaykhana Pakhlava”. And these are just three of the best establishments for gastronomic tourism in St. Petersburg, according to tourist reviews;
- Kazan – there are many cafes where you will be pleased with Tatar treats, because gastronomic tourism in Kazan has become a national tradition. Eat echpochmak pirozhki, smetannik pie, tokmach noodle soup, groom’s dumplings with katyk;
- Tula region – the trick is not so much tasting as visiting the museum and the factory, where they make Tula gingerbread of different varieties, shapes, with unusual fillings, it is a good and delicious souvenir for your loved ones. You can also go to Belev, where they make marshmallows;
- Vladimir region – guests are attracted by Suzdal fairs, where they sell farm vegetables from the garden, apples and cherries – from local orchards. There is a tasting of mead and a master class in baking kalacha;
- Krasnodar – the development of gastronomic tourism in Krasnodar region is directly linked to the popularity of seaside resorts. Kuban is famous for its delicious borscht, pike-perch caviar, Kuban dumplings shurubarki, ribs by the Cossack recipe yahna. In addition, you can also come here to taste mullet and plaice from the Black Sea;
- Vladivostok – here, undoubtedly, you should try cheap seafood and seafood delicacies. Kamchatka crab, scallops, caviar… You can also dine in Chinese cafes at low prices, for example, Singapore dumplings dumplings, panchan snack set and heemul pajong fish flatbread are in demand.
It is worth visiting Tver, Altai, Kaliningrad, Syzran, Tambov, Astrakhan and many other regions. Features of gastronomic tourism in Russia are largely dictated by its vast territory and multinational people. So, cuisine in European part, in Far East, in Siberia and in Caucasus is completely different menu, interesting in its own way.
The best routes of gastronomic tourism
Tour operators on gastronomic tourism offer hundreds of options for an extraordinary and delicious holiday. If you travel on your own, be sure to include such gastronomic tourism destinations as:
- Countries with exotic, unusual for us cuisine – it will be something to remember;
- regions that stand out for their delights – for example, Bordeaux and Champagne in France are among the world centers of wine-making;
- famous restaurants with exclusive menus, you can appreciate their level using the Michelin Guide;
- Plants and factories for the production of products – Swiss chocolate Alprose, Tula gingerbread, Georgian and Crimean wines;
- courses for masters – the most famous place is the Academy of Culinary Arts in France;
- gastronomic festivals of the world – they are held in Russia, Italy and Germany, accompanied by music and entertainment.
A journey in which you can not only fill up your stomach, but also turn eating into a real art, try new, unusual and surprising dishes – this is a culinary tour. Among Russians, and residents of other countries, this direction is particularly in demand, in recent years, the growth in demand is ahead of other options for recreation. And if you want to enjoy the dishes that have not previously tried, want to learn how to cook or improve their skills – feel free to go to the popular tourist destinations, but do not forget to take at least a couple of treats home for the loved ones.
The biggest gastronomic festivals in the world
St. Moritz Gourmet Festival is held in January in Switzerland. The festival is considered prestigious because it is attended by the best chefs in the world. Its founding father was Reto Mathis, a well-known restaurateur in St. Moritz.
Gourmet Abu Dhabi takes place in February in the capital of the UAE. For 14 days, renowned chefs from around the world demonstrate their culinary skills. The most significant part of the festival is the awarding of the best chef and restaurant of the year.
Sani Gourment is a large culinary festival held in Greece in May for ten days. Tourists can attend master classes and presentations by renowned chefs.
If you decide to take a gastronomic tour at the end of August to Copenhagen’s MAD, you will be first struck by the extravaganza and carnival hosted by Rene Redzeli, director of the Noma restaurant. For two days, you will be honored as the guest of honor at this gourmet feast.
By taking a gastronomic journey to the Alba International White Truffle Fair anyone will be able to taste the white truffle that is the staple of the tasting.
Taste of Chicago is a July festival of food lovers that lasts five days and is considered a major culinary event in the West.
The culinary competitions and performances staged at the Festa a Vico are astounding in scope. Renowned chefs hold master classes right on the streets of the city.
National Potato Day is celebrated in Peru on May 30. Dia Nacional de la Papa was established in 2005. You can also visit the International Potato Center in Peru. Culinary festivals on this day take place in every corner of the country.
One unusual festival is Flemish Food Fest, held in abandoned warehouses in late July in Belgium.
Strawberry lovers should head to Germany in late May for Erdbeerfest. In the town of Oberkirch there is a market for this childhood favorite berry.
What do gastrotourists need to know?
- Don’t overeat. It is better not to eat too much.
- Trust only trusted travel agencies
- Drink plenty of clean drinking water and limit alcohol consumption.
- Use personal cutlery and utensils.
In conclusion, we want to note that nowadays the culinary travel is becoming more and more popular and can be an alternative to passive recreation. It is not only a trip through countries, but also an opportunity to treat yourself to unique products that you won’t find in your own country. Enjoying the local flavor, recipes, exposure to centuries-old traditions – this is only a small part of what people attend gastronomic festivals.
Gastrotourism: everything you need to know about gastronomic tours
This area of tourism will suit not only those who like to try new dishes, but also those who are interested in the history and culture of different cities and countries.
Every day gastrotourism is becoming more and more popular in many countries around the world, including Russia. More and more often travelers choose not just tours where they will see architectural monuments and breathtaking views, but also those where they have an opportunity to taste traditional food and drinks, for which the region or country is famous.
Royal Cheese editors have prepared an article for you about what you need to know about this promising area of tourism.
What is gastronomic tourism
They began to talk about gastronomy as a new direction already 20 years ago, when the founder and president of the International Association of Culinary Tourism, Eric Wolf, presented to the world a small document about this format of the tour. Later, his small folder of papers turned into a book that thoroughly documented the growing interest in food and wine tourism.
“Gastronomic tourism is about finding and enjoying unique, unforgettable food and drink on the other side of the world as well as on the next street. After all, in addition to traveling in our own country or around the world, we can also become gastronomic tourists in our own region, city or even neighborhood.
“The distance we travel is not as important as the very fact that we are constantly on the move.
Thus, we are all ‘travelers’ and we are all ‘eaters,’ and thus we can all be considered gastronomic tourists.”
We should not think that gastronomic tourism is only about enjoying food and that its goal is only to try as many new dishes as possible, because there are deeper concepts in this concept. The purpose of culinary tours is to educate professional lovers of food and wine, as well as ordinary travelers on the history of food, traditions of the country and ways of cooking these or those delicacies.
Types of gastronomic tours
In general, gastro tours are divided into two large groups: rural and urban. In the first case, tourists are offered to try organic products, to participate in the collection of berries and mushrooms, fruits and vegetables, to see how the farm is arranged, as well as to make jam under the keen guidance of a cook or bake a cake.
Often rural tours include an introduction to the “products of the land” or those gastronomic delights for which the place is famous, such as Spanish Jamón, Dutch cheese or Japanese fugu fish.
On a city gastro tour, travelers visit ethnic restaurants where they can sample local delicacies from renowned chefs. Such establishments are most often Michelin-starred.
In addition, there are tours in which travelers explore the gastronomic map of the world synthetically and analytically. In the first method, the tourist can choose one product and study it in all the countries where it is produced. For example, “cheese” tours are particularly popular, where lovers of this delicacy visit factories in France, cheese factories in the Netherlands, Italy and Georgia, as well as private farms in Belgium.
With the analytical approach, the traveler chooses one country and “tastes” it – tasting drinks, first and second courses, appetizers and sauces, and desserts.
In addition, there are wine tours, which are particularly popular in France, as well as event-oriented, focused on visiting festivals, fairs or any holidays. Tourists often choose educational gastro tours in order to participate in master classes or courses from talented chefs.
But we can not say that culinary tours always refer to any one type. Most often, travel agencies offer combined gastro tours that combine several directions in one depending on the preferences of the tourist.
What does a gastronomic tour include
As we said above, gastronomic tours can be composed individually, depending on the wishes of the traveler, independently or by travel agencies. A classic culinary tour includes several activities.
- Educational – participation in master classes, lectures and competitions;
- Tastings – tourists can try the famous dishes of this or that country;
- Meet the chefs – travelers can personally talk to a famous person and learn interesting information about the preparation of a dish or restaurant;
- Excursions – trips to cheese factories, wineries and other local productions;
- Gastro-shopping – travelers visit tours for the purpose of buying prepared delicacies.
Usually, many companies offering gastro-travel, think through them to the smallest detail, so that the tourist is not bored and was satisfied with the program. Therefore, such an active program is more expensive than an independent trip.
Planning a gastronomic tour by yourself
For those who do not like large companies of strangers in travel (that’s us about the tourist group), can compose a gastronomic tour on their own. Of course, it will not be possible to get to the truth of the dishes, because local experts have been compiling itineraries for years, but to get a general idea of the local gastronomic culture is quite possible. To plan a quality itinerary requires careful preparation.
1. Learn about local specialties
After deciding on a country or city in Russia or, for example, in Europe, research on the Internet what foods are most valued in that area. It could be meat, cheese, desserts or wines.
Choose a few products that interest you and remember their name.
2. Plan your meals
If you want to eat lunch and dinner at cafes or restaurants every day, decide on them right away instead of during the trip when you get hungry. This will help avoid unpleasant situations, such as not having seats at popular establishments or encountering substandard food.
If you plan to rent an apartment and cook by yourself, then study in advance where the nearest stores and markets will be located, as well as know their modes of operation.
3. Plan your trips
If you want to get acquainted with the local food, then do not forget to learn about the most popular places where these very products are produced. In countries where gastrotourism is particularly developed, you can visit a farm, winery, or cheese factory and see production from the inside.
You can also listen to a short lecture from the owner of the specialty and taste the products on the spot. However, you need to take care of this in advance – call or write to them and arrange that you are planning a tour.
4. Book workshops.
If you have a desire to attend a workshop or course while traveling, make a reservation in advance, because many people make reservations 2-3 months in advance.
5. Buy an extra suitcase.
And yes, this is no joke. If you’re one of those gastropoholics, then worry about this issue in advance, so that then do not let a bitter tear at the airport or train station, when most delicacies form the overweight or just do not fit.
Countries for gastronomic tours
Many European and Asian countries are leaders in the sphere of gastronomy, which attracts a large number of tourists from different corners of the world. We will tell you about some of them in details.
Thai cuisine with its Asian flavor, spicy and spicy taste and unique aromas is a popular destination for food lovers.
Small restaurants are especially popular among gastropoets, where you can try the specialty fish in Thai sauce, as well as salad with green papaya or mango.
Gastronomic tours in France usually include trips to wine regions – Bordeaux, Burgundy, Provence, Champagne, Normandy, where you can taste different wines in real cellars and learn how they are made.
In Provence, in addition to wine tourists can taste and learn the whole process of making olive oil. And in local restaurants travelers often try the famous French dishes – foie gras, truffles, calissons, bouillabaisse and apple pie.
Gastrotourists go to this country for its local cuisine, which is famous for its use of fresh and quality products. The most popular tasting dishes here are fresh fish, bread and pink tomatoes.
And for urban gastrotourism lovers, local establishments prepare, for example, Greek souvlaki – small skewers on wooden skewers.
Italian cuisine is famous for its pasta, risotto, pizza, focaccia, tiramisu and wine. Each region in Italy has its own specialty, so the tours are different.
For example, a trip to Naples includes visits to pizza-making workshops, as well as cheese factories and local wineries. And in Liguria one tastes wines and the famous pesto sauce.
Sicily loves sweets, so you can try authentic cannoli cakes, marzipan and fruit ice cream. Wine can be tasted in every region of Italy, whether in Tuscany, Lambardy or Piedmont.
Mediterranean cuisine is popular in Spain, which is necessarily based on fish and seafood. Each region has its own national cuisine, so gastro tours will always be varied.
For example, in Galicia enjoy the taste of oysters and octopus, and in Valencia there are master classes in cooking paella.
The regions of Rioja, Castile and Leon are popular for wine, and in Asturias, in addition to the red strong drink, tourists will be given a taste of cider.
Japanese cuisine is a balance between health and wellness, beauty and naturalness, with special attention paid to the design of dishes.
The gastronomic program includes lunches and dinners with sampling of traditional dishes: nabe, kobe, ramen, tempura, sushi, sashimi, shabu-shabu, tasting of real street food, and introduction to haute Japanese cuisine – kaiseki.
In addition, many tourists are sure to try the rice wine or sake and deadly fugu fish. Especially popular in Japan are visits to fish markets with tasting of fresh fish, tea ceremonies. Master classes are also often part of the gastronomic tour when exploring this Asian country.
10 Best Places for Gastronomy in Russia
Russia is also actively developing gastrotourism, so the traveler will be able to try many interesting and delicious dishes in the regions of the country.
Tatarstan is popular for its baked goods – these are echpochmaki, belyashi, and kystybiy, which fall in love with many tourists. Also kebabs, lamb pilaf and kazy horse sausage.
After the 2018 World Cup Kazan has been transformed – now Kremlin embankment has become a gastronomic place with establishments for all tastes.
The most popular restaurant here is “Chirem” with traditional Tatar cuisine, as well as the secret bar Mr.Willard on Galaktionov Street, which Google never knows about.
2. the Astrakhan region
Astrakhan in summer is, of course, watermelons, which have become the region’s calling card. But apart from them Astrakhan region can surprise with river fish: catfish, pike and pike, which can be found in establishments in fried, dried and smoked form.
One of the attractions for gastrotourists in the region is fishing in the Volga delta, where everyone can try himself as a fisherman, and then cook his catch into a ukha on the fire, or give the fish for cooking in the hotel restaurant, from which the dinner will be prepared for the tourist.
3. Primorsky Krai
The city of Vladivostok is a place of fresh fish, delicious caviar and crabs, which are many times cheaper than in Moscow. And it’s also famous for Asian straightfood: the city often hosts a festival of Korean pyeong-se pies, which have become more popular here than in their homeland.
A number of gastronomic projects have recently sprung up in the city, including the trendy Millionka, which received a nomination for the Palm Tree Award, and the democratic Midia, with its creative coffee.
But another pride of the region is the “Primorsky” candies, which are a variation of the famous “Bird’s Milk”. Only you have to be careful with them, because you can fall in love with their taste and take a year’s supply home.
4. Stavropol Territory
The Caucasus is not only mountain peaks, but also the famous shashlik, which is cooked throughout the Russian Federation. There are more than a hundred variations of grilled meat in the Stavropol Territory, recipes that have been passed down from generation to generation.
Another reason to visit the region is the fresh fruits and vegetables soaked in the hot southern sun.
And the hallmark of Stavropol is products from the ISS. No, it’s not the space station, but the Stavropolye dairy plant, which makes delicious glazed cheeses, puddings, bio-yogurts, and ice cream.
5. Kaliningrad region
You can enjoy roulka, sausages and cabbage in the western point of Russia, namely in the Kaliningrad region. Here tourists find many restaurants that resemble Germany both with their interior and menu.
Still, the proximity to European countries affects here. The most popular institution for gastrotourists here is Reduit, which brings tourists to Bavaria because of its summer verandahs.
Not to forget another gastronomic hit of the region – Baltic eel and stroganina of pelamis – this species of gregarious fish of the mackerel family will not leave you indifferent.
6. Vladimirovskaya region
Gastronomic journey with a reference to ancient Russia is offered by the city of Suzdal, in whose streets every now and then you can smell kurnik and pancakes made of buckwheat flour. And also in the Vladimir region love pickles – mushrooms, cabbage, cucumbers you can buy in many specialized shops.
By the way, cucumbers have become a symbol of the region – the city has even created a holiday called Pickle Day, which is celebrated on the third Saturday in July.
But the pride of the region is mead – you can find it here in 80 varieties. This drink tourists can not only taste, for example, in the Museum of mead, but also take home to prolong the gastronomic bliss in their region.
Kalmykia is a region of Russia that has preserved the traditions of its ancestors. It is here that you can try the cuisine of nomads, such as Dotur soup, made from lamb giblets and which has a peculiar smell and taste.
Also, every gastrotourist should try the local tea, djomba. It is made with salt, pepper, and oil. This drink is a great warming in cold weather, so it has many fans, despite the fact that its taste can not be called ordinary.
Karelia will please fans of fish with its variety. One of the main dishes of the area is kalakeitto ear with red fish, which has a delicate milky taste.
But it would be a crime for gastrotourists not to try the succulent fish and kalitki pies. Their filling consists of mashed potatoes, rice or cottage cheese, but there are also variants with berries.
9. Novosibirsk region
Novosibirsk can be called a gastronomic center of Russia, because in just a few years there appeared projects that have received approval of critics from all over the country. One of them is Denis Ivanov’s Siberia-Siberia with its Siberian cuisine. For instance, you can try stroganina made of muksun (a freshwater fish of the salmon family), moose stewed in the taiga style and even bear meat sausage.
And you can take part in the gastronomic spectacle at the PuppenHaus restaurant. In the institution such delicacies as deer fillet or maral steak are served in an unusual and creative atmosphere.
10. Krasnodar Region
The Krasnodar region also attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over Russia every year. Many combine vacations and gastronomic tours, wine destinations are especially popular: Abrau Durso, Levkadia, Myskhako are famous for their excellent wine.
Also, your attention may be attracted by the trout farm “Adler”, located in the village of Kazachy Brod, Adler district, not far from the resort town of Sochi.
The trout farm has several dozens of artificial ponds, which are filled with water from artesian wells on the banks of the mountain river Mzymta. The farm breeds rainbow gray, blue cobalt, amber and river trout, and you can taste each one.
Memo to gastrotourists
- For a successful trip, arm yourself in advance with knowledge of traditional cuisine. This will help in the first place, better adapt your stomach to the local food and minimize possible problems with digestion.
- Always pay attention to the cleanliness of the place where you taste the food, as well as the quality of the food.
- Say no to overeating and always have access to clean drinking water.
- Don’t forget to pack your own “mini first aid kit” for emergency first aid, especially for food poisoning. Check in advance if there is a permit to carry your selected medications at the border crossing.
- Take out insurance in case of food poisoning. Remember that money can be paid out in case of severe symptoms of food poisoning.
In order to engage in gastrotourism, you do not have to choose only the author’s group tours, although, of course, in such trips the organizers try to think through all the details in advance.
Still, you can go on such a trip and on your own, making a step-by-step plan and outlining the goals of your tour.