Edinburgh, Scotland is a beautiful city with many historical sights

Edinburgh, Scotland is a beautiful city with many historical sights

This palace is the official residence in Scotland of Her Majesty the Queen. The baroque-style Holyroodhouse is located on the famous Royal Mile. The palace, like many old buildings in Edinburgh, is closely linked to the history of Scotland.

Royal Mile in Edinburgh.

The famous street in Edinburgh is four streets at once, which stretch for 1800 meters, that is one mile. It begins at Edinburgh Castle and leads to Holyrood Bridge. The mile also includes smaller streets that diverge from the main street in different directions.

Scottish National Museum of Modern Art

The Scottish National Museum of Modern Art is located in the Royal Botanic Gardens and opens with the Sculpture Park, which features works by famous British artists and sculptors.

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland’s most popular attractions. From the outside it looks as if the castle, standing on a rock, floats above the city. It was created as a fortress and was used by various military forces. The castle is at the top of the famous Royal Mile.

Edinburgh Police Information Centre

For thrill seekers and detective stories, Edinburgh has a Police Information Center. A kind of museum that tells the history of the origins and formation of the police force of Scotland’s capital.

Scott Monument

Not far from Waverley Station, named after the main character in Walter Scott’s famous novel, stands a thin Gothic spire. It’s not a cathedral or a chapel, but a monument to the writer who gave us all an honest squire, Ivanhoe, and a stubborn Scottish gunslinger, Quentin Dorward.

The Authors Museum in Edinburgh

Robert Burns, Robert Stephenson, Sir Walter Scott. These names are the pride of Scotland. The locals sincerely honor the people who made the country famous not only on the battlefields but also in art. Edinburgh is home to the Museum of Authors, a museum dedicated to fine Scottish writers and poets.

Museum of Childhood in Edinburgh

Have you ever met an adult museum? Or an elderly museum? It’s a bit of an odd name, isn’t it? And Edinburgh is home to the Museum of Childhood. It was opened in the middle of the last century by Joseph Murray to better understand human socialization.

Our Dynamic Earth Museum.

The museum with the strange name “Our Dynamic Earth” is just like the Royal Museum. Its creators tried to tell the story of the emergence, development and unusual phenomena found on our planet.

National Portrait Gallery of Scotland

If you want to see portraits of national heroes, great people who lived in Scotland, you should visit the national portrait gallery of the country. It contains works that depict revolutionaries, poets, rulers and other historical figures.

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National War Museum of Scotland

The National War Museum of Scotland is a real find for fans and connoisseurs of military history. For such inquisitive minds, the country attracts most of all to the battles that took place here throughout the centuries.

National Museum of Scotland

The National Museum of Scotland appeared as a result of the merger of the Royal Museum and the Museum of Antiquities. For several years the collections were merged, systematized by subject. Even the buildings were merged – they are centrally located on Chambers Street.

St. Giles

St. Giles Cathedral, belonging to the Scottish Presbyterian Church, was consecrated in 1124 in the name of the Provençal protector of cripples and lepers, whom King David I the Holy, the unifier of the country, for some reason appointed the patron of Edinburgh.

The Old Town of Edinburgh

The center of Scotland’s capital is occupied by the Old Town of Edinburgh. Its backbone is the Royal Mile, which begins at Edinburgh Castle and extends to Holyroodhouse. Around every corner of the maze of twisting and turning streets, you might find a square or market place, a temple or a museum.

Roslin Chapel in Scotland

Roslin Chapel, aka Roslin Chapel, is a famous, sacred and mysterious place. It was built in a small village of the same name in the 15th century and for a long time served as a burial place for members of the Scottish Sinclair clan.

Scottish National Gallery

Scattered throughout Edinburgh are galleries displaying the work of prominent artists. The paintings come from different eras. You can trace the development of painting not only in Scotland, but throughout Europe.

Scottish Whisky Heritage Centre

Scotch whisky is not just a drink but a world famous brand, the history of the country and the history of hard liquor. It is in Edinburgh that the largest collection of bottles, with more than 3,500 pieces, is assembled. This whiskey heritage center is constantly developing programs to attract tourists.

Edinburgh Zoo

Edinburgh Zoo stands in a hilly park not far from the city center. It was created in the early 20th century not only to entertain visitors, but also for research work. All of the animals live here in an environment as close to natural as possible.

Edinburgh Hub.

Every year in August the Scottish capital becomes the center of the Edinburgh International Festival of Music, Theatre and Choreography. For three weeks, all of Edinburgh’s theaters, concert venues and art galleries are at the disposal of the world’s most exciting acts.

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Yacht Britannia.

This is a variant of the yacht Britannia, now berthed in Edinburgh’s Leith Harbour. She was built in 1951, and for 45 years she belonged to the royal family. The monarchs took her around the country on visits, and royal newlyweds honeymooned on Britannia.

Scottish cheese, beer, whisky, bagpipes, kilt – the essential attributes of Edinburgh. It is here that the “chequered” image is especially vivid. A trip to Scotland is unimaginable without a visit to this city.

One of the attractions of Edinburgh are the locals. They are very interesting people. When you meet them, they are sure to ask how you are doing. But at the same time keep a boundary in the relationship. You don’t want to pester them about their family relationships. Carefree conversations about sports, weather and… modern literature are enough.

One of the peculiarities of local hospitality is gift-giving. If this is the first time you have come to the house, something will be given to you. The gift should definitely be accepted, so as not to offend the owners of the house.

Another attraction of the city is the many festivals and celebrations. People from neighboring countries come here for fun. In a year there are at least a dozen festivals.

Another attraction of the city is the many festivals and celebrations. People from neighboring countries come here for fun. In a year there are at least a dozen festivals.

The favorite holiday of the locals is the New Year, or Hogmanay. It begins to be celebrated on December 29. For four days in the streets of Edinburgh – massive festivities: fairs and theatrical performances. Everyone should be tidying up their houses and visiting family and friends before midnight.

One of the main New Year rituals looks like this: the residents of Edinburgh set fire to a barrel of tar and roll it through the streets of the city. So they bid farewell to the old year and prepare the way for the new.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh (UK) – detailed city guide with photos. The best sights of Edinburgh with descriptions.

City of Edinburgh (UK)

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and one of the largest cities in the north of the United Kingdom. It is a place that combines antiquity and modernity in a unique Scottish atmosphere. Edinburgh is one of the most beautiful cities in the United Kingdom with an imposing medieval castle perched on a high rocky peak and striking medieval gothic architecture juxtaposed with magnificent examples of modern construction. It is a true center of history, culture and art, recognized as the most desirable place to live in Britain.

Edinburgh is divided into Old Town and New Town, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

What to do (Edinburgh):

Robert Lewis Stevenson's pictorial notes

Lera 5 26.

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£150 for a guided tour

Robert Lewis Stevenson’s pictorial notes

Discover Edinburgh as seen through the eyes of the Scottish author

Edinburgh Grand Tour

£209 for a guided tour

Edinburgh Grand Tour

Explore key areas of the city, its atmosphere and medieval legends

Geography and Climate

Edinburgh is located in the North East of Scotland, 650km from London. The city lies on the North Sea coast between the valley of the River Leith and the slopes of the low Salisbury Crag. The climate is temperate maritime with cool summers and mild winters. Frequent showers are possible during the warm season. Also in October and March the weather is formed by Atlantic cyclones, which cause rain.

Edinburgh is located in the Midlands Lowlands, the relief of which is formed by volcanic processes and glaciations.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh

Tourist information

  1. Population – more than 480 thousand people.
  2. Area – 118 km².
  3. Currency – pound sterling.
  4. Language – English, Gaelic, Scottish.
  5. Time – UTC 0, in summer UTC +1.
  6. The United Kingdom is not a member of the Schengen Agreement. Visas can be obtained by personal visit to accredited visa centers, which are located in Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Yekaterinburg.
  7. Edinburgh Airport is the largest in Scotland. It offers a wide range of domestic and international flights to Europe, North America and the Middle East. There are daily flights to Scottish capital from Amsterdam, Milan, Budapest, Istanbul, Barcelona, Berlin, Krakow, Athens, Prague, Rome, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Hamburg.
  8. Popular shopping areas: Princes Street, Multrees Walk and Grassmarket in Old Town.
  9. Traditional dishes: Haggis (national dish of Scotland), Black Pudding (blood sausage), Scotch Pie and Bridie (pie filled with minced meat), Cranachan (light dessert from raspberries, whipped cream, honey and toasted oats).
  10. Edinburgh is famous for its pubs. The most popular alcoholic drinks are Scotch Whisky and beer.
  11. Edinburgh is one of the safest cities in Britain. Here certain danger lurks only in Sighthill and Wester Hailes districts, as well as suburbs.
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History

The first settlements on the site of the modern city were founded in the 7th century. Edinburgh itself was first mentioned in the 12th century, when King David I of Scotland founded a church here. A little later, a royal castle was also founded. After the royal residence was moved to Edinburgh Castle, the city began to grow and develop rapidly. In the 13th century Edinburgh officially became the capital of Scotland and remained the most important city in the kingdom until the early 17th century.

The Streets of Edinburgh

The streets of Edinburgh

In 1544, Scotland’s capital was significantly damaged by English troops. In the 16th century, Edinburgh was at the center of the events of the Scottish Reformation. In 1603, King James VI of Scotland ascended the English throne, uniting the kingdoms of the English and the Scots. After that, Edinburgh’s political importance diminished, but it continued to be an important cultural center in Britain.

Edinburgh Panorama

Edinburgh Panorama

In the 17th century the boundaries of Edinburgh were still defined by medieval walls. Of course, this was not enough for a growing city. That’s why in the 18th century the New Town was built in the Georgian style. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Edinburgh became the center of the Scottish Enlightenment and earned the nickname “Athens of the North.” In the 19th century Edinburgh ceded its status as Scotland’s largest city to Glasgow. Now Scotland’s capital is a thriving modern city with a high standard of living and low unemployment.

Attractions

The historic center of Edinburgh is divided into two parts by the Princes Street Gardens. To the south is the Castle, perched on top of an extinct volcanic rock and surrounded by the medieval streets of the Old Town. To the north lies the New Town, built in the 18th century in the style of Georgian architecture.

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland’s most iconic landmarks and a symbol of Edinburgh. This ancient fortress was founded in the 12th century and is one of the most important historical monuments in Britain. The castle is situated on a picturesque cliff, which is an extinct volcano. The oldest parts of this medieval fortress date back to the 12th century. Edinburgh Castle has a wonderful historical atmosphere. It is also home to royal jewels and other important relics.

Royal Mile

Royal Mile

The Royal Mile is a wonderful historical street that connects Edinburgh Castle and Holyrood Palace. It is a place with charming architecture, tall old houses, churches and narrow little alleys.

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Holyrood Palace

Holyrood Palace

Holyrood Palace is the official Scottish residence of the Queen of Great Britain and one of Edinburgh’s most important historic buildings. In the 11th century an Augustinian abbey was founded here, which was transformed into the current royal palace in the late 15th century.

St. John´s Cathedral

St. John’s Cathedral

St. John’s Cathedral is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture dating from the 13th century. This cathedral is Edinburgh’s most important religious structure and has an interesting (somewhat austere) façade. The most notable element of its structure is the central tower with eight arched pillars, which form a kind of crown.

Tron Kirk Church

Tron Church (Tron Kirk)

Tron Kirk is a former parish church that is one of the most famous landmarks of the Royal Mile. This religious structure was built in the 17th century after the Scottish Reformation.

Church of St. John the Evangelist

Church of John the Evangelist

The Church of St. John the Evangelist is a beautiful neo-Gothic church built in the 19th century.

Church of Sts. Paul and George

Church of Saints Paul and George

The Church of St. Paul and St. George is another Gothic Revival style church that was built in the 19th century.

Scott Monument

Scott’s Monument

Scott’s Monument is one of the best examples of Victorian Gothic architecture dedicated to the famous Scottish writer. The structure has a height of 61 meters. To get to the top on a narrow spiral staircase you have to overcome 287 steps.

Greyfriars

Greyfriars

Greyfriars is Edinburgh’s oldest city cemetery, formed in the 16th century. The church was built in the 17th century.

Princes Street

Princes Street

Princes Street is the main thoroughfare of the New Town, which stretches for almost a mile and is surrounded by a park. It is one of Edinburgh’s main shopping areas with many stores and restaurants.

Camera Obscura

Camera Obscura

Camera Obscura is an ancient museum dedicated to optical illusions.

Calton Hill

Calton Hill

Calton Hill is a high hill and Edinburgh’s best vantage point. At the foot of the slope is the royal high school from the 13th century. The monument on the hill commemorates those who fell in the Napoleonic Wars.

Edinburgh Museums:

  • National Gallery of Scotland, a collection of European paintings and sculptures from the Renaissance to the present day.
  • National Museum of Scotland – Medieval artifacts and collections devoted to history, geology, art, science and technology.

Excursions of interest

Edinburgh. Journey Through the Ages

£143 per day

Edinburgh. Journey through the ages

Explore the architecture, history and legends of Scotland’s medieval capital

Mystic Edinburgh

£111 per guided tour

Edinburgh Mystique

An evening stroll through Edinburgh’s most mysterious places and ancient Scottish legends

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