China is the largest country in Asia

Asia’s largest countries (by area and population) in 2022

Asia is the largest (both in area and population) part of the world, with an area of 44.579 million km² and a population of over 4.5 billion (about 60% of the world’s population). In this ranking we look at Asia’s largest countries by area and population. The data in the ranking are for the year 2022.

Asia’s largest countries by land area

10th place. Turkey . Turkey has a total area of 783,562 km², but part of the country (Eastern Thrace) is geographically in Europe. The area of the Asian part of Turkey is 755,688 km².

9th place . Pakistan . The area is 881,913 km².

8th place . Mongolia . Area 1,564,116 km² .

7th place . Iran . Area 1,648,195 km² .

6th place . Indonesia . Area 1,904,569 km².

5th place . Saudi Arabia . Area 2 149 690 km².

4th place . Kazakhstan . Total area 2,724,902 km² . About 380,000 km² or 13.9% of the total area of the country is geographically in Europe. The Asian part of Kazakhstan is about 2.344 million km².

3 place: India . Area – 3 287 263 km² .

3 place: China . Area – 9 598 077 km² (including Hong Kong and Macao).

The largest country in Asia – Russia . The total area of Russia in 2022 is 17 124 442 km² . Siberia (including the Far East) has 13.1 million km² of Russian territory. The area of Siberia is larger than China and India (which are the 2nd and 3rd largest in Asia) combined. In addition, Asia includes the territories of Russia to the south of the Kumo-Manych depression (along which passes the southern border of Europe, recognized by the International Geographical Society). These territories include Krasnodar Krai, most of Stavropol Krai, and the republics of the North Caucasus. The largest cities in the Asian part of Russia are Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Krasnodar (see article 15 largest cities in the Asian part of Russia for details). At the same time, Krasnodar, Stavropol Krai and SFD are often traditionally attributed to the European part of Russia (such a position, for example, in the Great Russian Encyclopedia).

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On this map the Asian parts of Russia, Turkey and Kazakhstan are marked in blue, and the European parts of these countries are marked in blue. Purple indicates Asian countries which do not have European territories, and green indicates European countries which do not have Asian territories.

The largest states in terms of area by parts of Asia

The division of Asia into parts is adopted by the UN Statistics Division

The largest country in East Asia is China

The largest country in Western Asia is Saudi Arabia

The largest country in South Asia is India

The largest country in Central Asia / Central Asia is Kazakhstan

The largest country in Southeast Asia is Indonesia

The only country from Northern Asia – Russia

Largest Asian countries in terms of population

15th place. Iraq . Population – 40.2 million people.

14th place. Russia . The number of Russia’s Asian population can only be stated approximately, since several constituent entities of the Russian Federation are located simultaneously in Europe and Asia. It is often misleading to attribute the entire population of the Russian Federation west of the Urals to the European population, but this is not true, since Asia includes the territories of Russia not only in Siberia, but also south of the Kumo-Manych depression (along which passes the southern border of Europe, recognized by the International Geographical Society). These territories include Krasnodar Krai, most of Stavropol Krai, and the republics of the North Caucasus. The population of geographical Siberia is about 33.7 million people (this figure is given by English Wikipedia and Google), to this we add population of North Caucasian Federal District (10 million) which is practically all (except part of Stavropol Territory) situated to the south of the Kumo-Manych Trench, and also add to the number of Asian population Krasnodar Territory (5.7 million) and Adygea (463 thousand), as a result we have approximately 49.8 million. As a result, we get approximately 49.8 million Asian population in Russia, which is 34% of the population of the country (145.5 million) and allows it to be considered the 14th country in Asia in terms of population. If we count the entire population of the Russian Federation, then it would be the 6th most populous country in Asia. But if we count only Siberia’s population (33.7m) as a population of Asia, Russia would take 16th place among Asian countries by population, because in that case it would be preceded by Saudi Arabia with a population of 34.2m.

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13th place. South Korea . Population is 51.3 million.

12th place . Myanmar . Population – 53.6 million .

11th place . Thailand . Population – 70 million people .

10th place . Turkey . The population of the Asian part is 72.7 million people. The population of the European part of Turkey (Eastern Thrace) is 12 million. The total population of Turkey is 84.7 million.

9th place. Iran . The number of population is 83.2 mln.

8th place. Vietnam . Population – 97 million .

7th place . Philippines . Population – 110.3 million .

6th place . Japan . Population – 125.4 million people.

5th place . Bangladesh . Population – 171.7 million .

4th place . Pakistan . Population – 227 million .

3rd place. Indonesia . Population – 270.2 million people.

2 place . India . Population – 1.396 billion.

1 place . China . Population – 1.412 billion people.

The most populous states in parts of Asia

The division of Asia into parts is adopted by the UN Statistics Division

The biggest country in East Asia is China. Its population is 1.412 billion.

The biggest country in Western Asia is Turkey. Its population is 84,7 million people.

The biggest country in South Asia is India. Population – 1,396 billion people.

The biggest country in Central / Central Asia – Uzbekistan. Population – 35,6 million.

The biggest country in South East Asia – Indonesia. Population – 270,2 mln.

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