Australia’s top 30 cities
Australia is a country occupying the entire continent. Its cities fall into two categories: coastal and landlocked. Moreover, bodies of fresh water are not evenly distributed across the continent, so that in some states there are periodic short-term difficulties due to shortages of this resource.
All Australian cities, in one way or another, are sharpened for tourism. This industry is a big part of their economic potential. Sydney and Melbourne welcome travelers the most. They have a lot of architectural sites, entertainment, beaches and natural beauty. Still stand out cities in the state of Tasmania, located on a separate island. Also lucky is Bundaberg and other places within driving distance of the Great Barrier Reef – a real tourist magnet.
Australia’s biggest cities
Here’s a list of the country’s biggest cities by population.
The oldest city on the continent is located on the southeast coast. Architecture is mixed: high-rise buildings in the center and the private sector on the outskirts. The view of the Opera House is Sydney’s most recognizable image. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other important landmarks: Harbour Bridge, Australian Museum, Taronga Zoo, Woollumulu Bay pier, Virgin Mary Cathedral.
Population – 5,131,326 (2017)
Covers a vast area of Port Phillip Bay. The world’s most southerly city among “millionaires”. The tourism industry is developed and offers a variety of leisure activities, from high-end travel to backpacking – trips with little cost and minimum necessities. Melbourne has Victorian buildings, including the Royal Exhibition Center. The Crown Casino, the Aquarium and the Eureka Tower are also worth a visit.
Population – 4,196,201 (2016)
Based on the river of the same name and also has access to the Pacific Ocean. Australia’s fastest growing city. Excessive rainfall causes flooding. Scuba diving and reef tours are among the most popular tourist attractions. Brisbane has many parks and green spaces, including a large botanical garden divided into themed sections.
Population 2,360,241 (2016)
Capital of the state of Western Australia. Perth began to be called the City of Lights after 1962. That’s when all residents turned on their lights as a spaceship flew over them. The Swan River frames the central area to the south and east. Animals are allowed to be picked up at Cone Koala Park Preserve. There are numerous museums, including the Western Australian and Fire History.
Population 2,059,484 (2018)
Occupies the coastal areas of the Gulf of St. Vincent in the south of the mainland. The city is home to important national government and financial institutions. The development plan is a grid pattern, which is convenient for orientation and for traffic. Botanical sods, parks, and surrounding valleys make the area picturesque. Adelaide is home to the National Wine Center of Australia.
Population 1,333,927 (2017)
The center of water tourism in the country. It stretches along the eastern coast for 60 km. Swampy areas of the Nerang River have been partially drained. In their place appeared artificial reservoirs. Resort infrastructure began to appear in the 1980s before last century. Surfer competitions are held on local beaches.
Population – 638,090 (2016)
Sprawling at the mouth of the Hunter River and on the shores of the Tasman Sea. The port of Australian Newcastle carries the most hard coal in the world. The city hosts annual cultural events, such as a festival called “It’s Not Art.” More than 10 theaters and studios are open, giving regular performances. Of sports, rugby, horse racing, and cricket are popular.
Population – 481,183 (2017)
The capital of Australia, and the largest city founded not on the coast. The area was chosen as the capital at the beginning of the last century to end the rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne. Although the county’s landmarks are mostly recent, they are already recognizable. The most popular are: The Australian War Memorial, the Academy of Sciences building, and the National Museum.
Population 410,199 (2019)
Location – the shore of the Tasman Sea. The city is musical and theatrical: small stages have been created for amateur artists, professional troupes are also assembled, and festivals, both genre and theme, are held. In and around Wollongong there are more than 20 beaches. Attractions: rainforest center, botanical garden, Illawarra Lake and the Buddhist temple Nan Tien.
Population 261,897 (2016)
Sunshine Coast .
Coastal area in the state of Queensland. The influx of tourists and temporary workers increases the population by 50,000 in season. Beach infrastructure is developed, with hotels being built right by the water. Typical leisure resort: surfing, skydiving, yachting. There is a zoo, an oceanarium, golf clubs, amusement parks, five national parks.
Population – 243,377 (2016)
Capital of the state of Tasmania, the second oldest city on the mainland. Antarctic expeditions start from Hobart. The architecture is mixed: there are different styles and trends, although they blend well. Colonial-era buildings have been preserved and high-rises are evident. The main museum of the city is called “Old and New Art”. Among the natural beauties stands out Mount Wellington.
Population 240,342 (2019)
Built around Corio Bay. The Aboriginal translation of the name is “valley” or “slopes.” The town hosts traditional events, including the soon to be 100th anniversary Gala Day parade. Pubs, nightclubs and live music venues can be found on almost every street. Geelong is connected to other communities by a network of roads, but its airport is also in demand.
Population 191,440 (2016)
Located in Queensland near the Great Barrier Reef. The town has an aquarium with samples of its flora and fauna. Nearby is Magnetic Island. Its national park is a popular tourist destination. People also come here to wander the surrounding jungle. The economy relies on shipping minerals through the port of Townsville.
Population – 178,649 (2016)
It occupies the eastern coast of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland. In addition to hotels, vacation homes are built. The sandy beaches are wide and long. Developed themed excursions. Tourists should be careful when walking out of town. In the vicinity of Cairns are poisonous species of snakes and spiders, and in coastal waters you can meet a shark or crocodile.
Population 144,733 (2016)
The capital of the federation entity of Australia, which is called the Northern Territories. The city has been completely rebuilt twice in its history: after air raids by the Japanese during World War II and after the 1974 cyclone. This made Darwin architecturally the most modern and elaborate city on the mainland. Kakadu National Park is the most popular part of the county.
Population 136,828 (2016)
The second most populous of the non-coastal cities after the capital. Occupies land in southeast Queensland. There is a problem with fresh drinking water, as there are no sources nearby. The airport works, although it is small and not fully loaded. A festival of flowers is held in September. The main sport of the city is rugby. A full stadium gathers for league games.
The population is 135,631 (2017).
A Victorian city with no access to the coast. Bendigo’s development coincided with the gold rush period. Attractions include the Golden Dragon Museum, the Great Stupa, a pottery workshop, and old streetcar tracks. Abandoned sites associated with gold mining are also actively used. Among them is the central mine, equipped for visits by tourist groups.
Population 95,587 (2016)
Located in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range. There are no national parks in the vicinity of Ballarat, which is of concern to environmentalists. The history of the city is closely associated with gold mining, and next to such mining is always pollution. The most visited place of the city is Souvenir Hill, an open-air museum.
Population – 93,761 (2016)
The region belongs to the state of New South Wales. The area is rich in natural beauty, including Lake Hume and the Great Dividing Range. Tourists fish, boat, and rent canoes. A large art museum is open, as well as a library museum. The locals prefer varieties of soccer and cricket as a spectacle.
Population 83,102 (2016)
Occupies the coastal area of the Coral Sea. It is 50 km to the Great Barrier Reef. The construction of the Eungella Dam created a deep lake, which has now become a popular destination for recreational fishermen. The coast is broken into 30 small sandy beaches. A national park was founded nearby, much of which is covered with tropical forests.
Population 75,704 (2016)
Stands at the confluence of the North and South Esq Rivers in Tasmania. The resulting Teymar River is very wide. Such an unusual location is reflected in the city’s flag. Launceston is called the “Garden City of the North” for its abundance of parks. The center is built in the Victorian style buildings. In the surrounding area there is Cataract Gorge, leading to a waterfall and a lake.
Population 75,328 (2016)
Located on the southwest coast. The main attractions: the Rose Hotel, the old pier, St. Mark’s Church, and the King’s Cottage Museum. The Art Gallery has been open since 1987. It occupies a building built in 1897. Tourists traditionally do not bypass the dolphinarium, Fitzgerald’s Irish Bar, wildlife park and local beaches.
Population 71,094 (2016)
This area of Queensland is called the Capricorn Coast. Like some other towns in the state, short-term freshwater outages are felt. The tourist season is long, lasting more than 300 days a year. Downtown Rockhampton has preserved 19th- and early 20th-century buildings. Clean beaches stretch along the Coral Sea. Tourists should visit Heritage Village Museum, Capricorn Caves, and Mount Archer.
Population 61,213 (2016)
Established on the Marrambidge River in New South Wales. Population is over 54,000. More than 2,000 identify themselves as Aboriginal. And the average age of residents is only 33 years old. Visitors to Wagga Wagga are increased because of its good location – just midway between Melbourne and Sydney. As a non-coastal city, it lives off agriculture and transportation.
Population 54,411 (2016)
A city in Queensland with a population of over 52,000. Harvey Bay separates mainland Australia from an island called Fraser. Tourism is the mainstay of the local economy. People come here to watch whales as they migrate and for photo-hunting. The beaches are sandy, clean and wide. The coastal area is practically not built on, which attracts lovers of nature.
Population – 52,075 (2016)
The location is the east coast of Queensland. The city developed from sugar cane processing and the sugar trade. The economy is still largely focused on this area. Since 1888 a special kind of rum has been produced here named after the city, the country’s calling card. Bundaberg is the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef: it is the most convenient place to sail to the wonder of nature.
Population 50,150 (2016)
Refers to the territory of the state of New South Wales. Bananas and blueberries are grown around town. Another economically important industry is fishing. Thanks to the presence of an airport, tourism is booming. The most popular attraction, the Big Banana, has been in operation since 1965. Travelers also choose Coffs Harbor because of the national parks, of which there are more than 10 in the county.
Population – 48,221 (2016)
Stands on the shores of the Coral Sea. Thanks to the nearby islands of Curtis and Facing, Gladstone Harbor is protected from the winds. The third largest port in the country is built here. There are no reservoirs nearby, so there are occasional drinking water outages. The main attraction of the area is the Great Barrier Reef, which is about 50 km away.
Population 33,417 (2016)
Located in the northwest of the state of Victoria. The population combined with Wentworth with other suburbs is more than 50,000 people. One-third of tourism is accounted for by Australians spending weekends in Mildure or visiting family. Rowing competitions are held on the river and trips on small cruise ships are popular. A hot-air balloon flight, a service much sought after by tourists, is also on the market.
Population 32,738 (2016)
The population of the agglomeration is 49.5 thousand people. Ten percent of them are natives. The city promotes dairy products in an interesting way. For several years now, artists have been working on a project called “Moooving Art”: they create “portraits” of cows and put on exhibitions. The local SAM museum has the world’s largest collection of Australian ceramics. The predominant denomination is Catholicism, and the main religious site is St. Benedict’s Church.