Austria – TOP 30 attractions.
What do you know about Austria? It is a country with magnificent nature, clean air and the famous Alps. But that’s not all. The sights of Austria also deserve attention. Let’s take a closer look at them.
Historic sights of Austria
1. the Belvedere
The main attraction of Austria is located in its capital, Vienna. It is the Belvedere palace. The founder of its construction was the commander of the Austrian army, Eugene of Savoy. The final appearance of the palace took in the 17th century. It still impresses with its splendor, despite the fact that there are almost no restoration works in it. There are recreational areas and parks around the palace, where you can go after visiting the extensive art gallery.
2. St. Stephen’s Cathedral
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is an important temple for people who adhere to Catholic teachings. This symbol of faith is on the list of must-see attractions in Austria and its capital Vienna. The exterior of the temple corresponds to the Gothic style. Inside is a collection of Christian relics. Under the cathedral, there is a network of underground corridors, where famous Austrians found their last resting place. Also available for visits are the towers of the temple. There are two towers in total: the North Tower and the South Tower. Each one has an observation deck that opens up a magnificent view.
3. Kreuzenstein Castle
Castles are an inseparable part of Austria. Kreuzenstein castle attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world. It offers a magnificent view of the Danube River. Kreuzenstein is a castle from the 17th century. It is visible from afar as it stands on a 260 meter high rock. The castle offers a museum exhibition. Here you will find an exhibition of edged weapons which includes a variety of medieval swords. You will not be disappointed.
4. Vienna Opera House
Attractions in Austria are not only castles and cathedrals, but also operas and museums. The building of the Vienna State Opera is the main one in the country. It was erected in the late 19th century. Today’s building is a reconstruction, as the original structure was destroyed by bombing during World War II. Traveling around Europe, the Vienna Opera is worth a visit. Even if you are not a fan of such events, it will be an interesting experience.
5. Museum of Art History
Another Austrian attraction that has nothing to do with castles. The Museum of Art History is located in the Austrian capital, Vienna. Its construction was completed towards the end of the 19th century, but it was opened 3 years after that. The museum is dedicated to ancient art from various countries. There are several sections corresponding to a particular state. This museum must visit every self-respecting lover of culture and art of ancient peoples.
6. Hofburg Palace
No traveler can pass by this palace. This castle used to belong to the Habsburg dynasty. It is considered their summer residence. It was built in the 13th century. At the moment in the palace restored and open to the public all 2600 rooms. The history of the palace is quite interesting, because it took some time for it to get to its final shape. For example, Ferdinand I initiated the construction of the Swiss Gate and the famous wine cellars were built at the request of Leopold I. From the balcony of the palace Hitler’s speech about the unification of Austria with Germany in 1938 was delivered.
7. Mozart House
If you are going to visit Austria, you just have to see the house where the great composer Mozart lived. His apartment consisted of 4 rooms, as well as 2 offices, where great compositions were created. The apartment has undergone a complete reconstruction in 2006. Today the house is a museum. Its area is 1000 square meters. The furnishings of the apartment correspond exactly to the subtle mental organization of the composer.
8. Heberstein Castle
Heberstein Castle is a unique creation. It is located at an altitude of 400 meters, on the rocky cliff. The first information about this building comes from the 13th century. The castle was considered a fortress because it had good fire support. Many times they tried to seize it by force, but in 4 centuries it did not happen once. The castle combines different styles. Echoes of the Renaissance and Baroque can be noted here.
Some researchers also notice a Gothic influence on the design of the palace. Its pride is the Pavilion of Roses, which is included in the list of Austrian treasures. The first owners of the castle were the Herberstein dynasty. It is because of their asceticism that the castle does not look overly luxurious. It is considered the pride of the country and is often reconstructed, to pass it on to future generations.
9. Schoenbrunn Zoo
This is one of the oldest zoos in the country. It has been in operation since 1570, but it did not gain the status of a full-fledged zoo until 1752, by decree of Franz I., who reigned at that time. Before that the area was considered a menagerie. Since 1799, visiting the zoo is free. It is divided into 13 sections, and is represented by exotic animals of America and Africa. In 2002 the zoo celebrated its 250th anniversary and a special collector’s coin was issued. It depicted the zoo’s main pavilion and some of the animals.
10. The Emperor’s Crypt
In Vienna, the capital of Austria, you can visit a rather unique place – the Imperial Crypt. Here the bodies of famous emperors of the Austrian Empire, as well as Austro-Hungarian rulers, rest. Nearby, right above the tombs, the Church of the Capuchins was built. A total of 12 emperors and 19 empresses found their last home in the crypt. The first tomb is dated 1633.
Among the famous rulers buried here was Marie-Louise. She was the second wife of Napoleon I. It is also the resting place of the entire Habsburg dynasty, who, unlike other rulers, are buried in silver vessels and not in sarcophagi. Today the crypt is under the protection of the Capuchins. The last buried ruler was Franz Joseph I. A visit to the crypt will not leave you indifferent.
Famous attractions in Austria: a list of beautiful places
Austria is not a large country in terms of area, but for tourists here offers a huge range of attractions. Nature is majestic and beautiful. There are modern roads and railroads in the Alps for traveling through the picturesque mountain scenery. Magnificent medieval castles are beautifully preserved for posterity. Many museums of the country are considered some of the best in the world.
Most famous sights of Austria
Architectural complex built in 1278. This is the winter residence of the Habsburg dynasty. Every emperor added something new to its appearance. In the palace halls there are more than 20 museums with different themes. On Sundays you can listen to a concert of the Vienna Boys’ Choir in the Imperial Chapel.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral (Vienna)
Catholic cathedral built in XIV century is a symbol of Vienna. The spire of the South Tower reaches 136 meters and can be seen from every part of the city. The cathedral is decorated with colorful tiles and richly carved, frescoed images of the saints. Inside there are many valuable relics, including a Gothic altar from the mid-15th century and a Pecs miracle-working icon.
Austrian castle built on a high stone cliff. The towers offer a breathtaking view of the mountain gorge. The name of the castle is connected with the family name Herberstein. The appearance of the building itself is ascetic, but the delightful park with a wonderful rose garden makes up for this restraint.
St. Peter’s Church (Vienna)
St. Peter’s Church is famous for its wonderful Baroque architecture and the organ music concerts that are often held there. The interior decoration is extremely luxurious. You can spend hours admiring the frescoes and sculptures and the gilded stucco. The church keeps the relics of saints, which were brought from Rome.
The monastic complex lies in the Wachau valley on the banks of the Danube. Its external appearance is impressive, with sumptuous elements of Baroque architecture. Inside is a golden altar. The monastery library contains 80,000 ancient books.
The most beautiful cathedral of the Renaissance period is decorated by two towers which are over 80 m high. Ancient frescoes decorate the walls and ceiling of the interior. Impressive size of the cathedral which accommodates 10 thousand people. The baptismal font in which Wolfgang Mozart was baptized attracts tourists’ attention.
Vienna City Hall
Town Hall building was erected in the XIX century. It is made in the style of neo-Gothic. It looks especially beautiful in the evening, when it turns on the lights. In the huge main hall there are sculptures of famous citizens. In the castle cultural exhibitions, concerts, balls are organized. City Hall is located in the town hall.
Vienna State Opera
The building of the Vienna State Opera is magnificent, its photo can be seen on all tourist flyers. Marble sculptures of muses on the facade under the bright ramp look magical. The theater’s repertoire includes more than 100 operas, operettas and ballets. The premieres have to be booked in advance. Every year the theater hosts the Vienna Opera Ball with the participation of the President of Austria.
Museum Quarter (Vienna)
The exhibition pavilion comprises 20 museums of various kinds and occupies an entire city block. As part of the annual Vienna Festival, cultural events are held here. This used to be the site of the emperor’s stables. It was converted into a cultural institution one hundred years ago.
Mozart House (Vienna)
The Mozart House occupies a total of 1,000 square meters and occupies six floors, including the apartment on the second floor, where the composer lived. Within these walls, he wrote his opera Le nozze di Figaro. The museum is located in the historic center of Vienna.
Kunsthistorisches Museum and Museum of Natural History
Two important cultural institutions in the Austrian capital were established at the end of the 19th century. The collections of the Museum of Natural History are unique. Here you can find out a lot of interesting things about the animal and plant kingdom. The Kunsthistorisches Museum is one of the largest collections of expositions from various eras in the world.
Belvedere palace complex
This splendid Rococo complex was built in the first half of the 18th century on the orders of General Eugene of Savoy, who had saved Vienna from Turkish occupation. Nowadays there is the Picture Gallery. Its sights include the French-style garden, decorated with a cascade fountain and antique sculptures.
One of the top attractions in Austria is the residence of the emperors, which was built in 1713. Empress Maria Theresia ordered the addition of a theater to the palace, and her husband initiated the creation of the zoo. The palace includes more than a thousand rooms, 40 are available for tourists. The park houses a green labyrinth and a greenhouse with exotic plants.
If you ask a local what to see in Austria as a child, you will definitely be advised Schoenbrunn Zoo. It was built in 1752 and is one of the few places in the world where big pandas live. Must visit the terrarium and a huge aquarium. The park has many playgrounds and rides and recreational islands.
Prater Park (Vienna).
Austria’s oldest park was founded in 1766 by Emperor Joseph II. On its territory there are stadium and hippodrome, velodrome and sports grounds. Ferris wheel height of 60 meters was built at the end of XIX century. In the winter, visiting the park is not so exciting, since most of the rides do not work.
Hangar-7 Red Bull (Salzburg)
There is something to see in Austria for those who are interested in aeronautics and extreme sports. In the hangar on the territory of the airport you can see a lot of sports and prowl aircraft. The list of the most interesting exhibits includes a collection of Formula1 racing cars.
Swarovski Crystal Worlds (Vattens)
The complex was opened in 1995 to celebrate the anniversary of Swarovski. Exhibits dedicated to Swarovski crystals are placed in a sparkling labyrinth of 13 halls. The pavilion organizes exhibitions of jewelry with detailed descriptions of the exhibits.
The territory of the park of 180 thousand hectares belongs to the highland part of the country. Some peaks of the mountains rest against the sky at an altitude of 3,000 meters. The slopes are densely covered with forests and picturesque meadows. There are excursion routes for hiking.
The list of attractions in Austria includes the fortress at the top of Mount Festung, which is more than 900 years old. One of the museums on its grounds is devoted to the imperial infantry regiment, another to the history of Hohensalzburg and a third to dolls. In one of the towers there is a sixteenth-century mechanical organ.
Helbrunn Palace (Salzburg)
The domain of the Archbishop of Salzburg was built at the beginning of the 17th century. In the palace park spread out picturesque ponds, running fountains-jumpers. It is worth visiting this place with children, who will be delighted with the mechanical theater with miniature figures.
Mirabel Palace and Gardens (Salzburg)
The Baroque palace was built in the early 17th century. It was built for his beloved by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Reitenau. He was imprisoned for treason. The park is decorated with two splendid fountains and a rose garden. The name of the palace is translated from Italian as “very beautiful”.
Schlossberg Castle (Graz)
The castle was built in 1125 and stands on a mountain, 450 m high. On the site of the casemates are now concert halls, where you can listen to classical music. On the observation deck of the clock tower tourists make memorable pictures. Guided tours are available, which briefly recount the interesting points of the history of the castle.
Historic Center of Vienna
Tourist center of the capital, where the old streets, parks and buildings are preserved, called the “inner city”. In this part of town are located and business offices. The historic part is separated by the Ringstrasse. It is more convenient to travel around the capital with a smartphone adudioguide, which briefly describes the main sights of Austria.
Old Town Salzburg
The Old Town of Salzburg is a successful combination of historical monuments, buildings with interesting architecture and indescribable mountainous landscape. In this part of town you can find the old castle Hohensalzburg and the house where Mozart was born.
Eggenberg Castle (Graz)
Austrian castle built by Prince Eggenberg in 1625. The architecture was made in the style of Renaissance and according to the idea of the owner it should remind about the inexorable course of time. The number of windows corresponds to the number of days in the year; the number of rooms corresponds to the number of weeks in the year. In the palace there is an archaeological exhibition and a collection of paintings.
Ambras Castle (Innsbruck)
The castle hosts an annual Renaissance festival and the Innsbruck Festival of Early Music. The walls of the main hall are decorated with portraits of famous Tyrolean nobles. The castle has a rich collection of art, ancient weapons and jewelry.
A list of places in Austria where you can admire interesting masterpieces of fine art, but the Albertina Gallery is special. The main collection was created by Duke Albert. The world’s largest collection of graphic art contains works by Rubens, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael.
Among the main attractions in Austria is the museum, which is a must visit for art lovers. It is housed in a futuristic blue plastic building. Within its walls is a collection of the best paintings and sculptures of famous masters, starting from the XV century. There are works by Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet, Salvador Dali and Marc Chagall.
Natural attractions in Austria: Top of the most beautiful places
Nordkettenbahn aerial tramway
The Innsbruck aerial tramway takes tourists year-round to the 2256-meter-high Hafelekar peak. During the trip the cable car stops at stations with romantic names. Some are in the shape of bizarre glaciers. Against their backdrop, tourists take their best photos.
The high mountain road Grossglockner.
Millions of car tourists every year tend to drive down the serpentine road consisting of 36 turns. The highest point is the Hochtor Pass at 2,504 meters. When the high-speed railway was built nearby, the Hochalpenstraße became a sightseeing attraction and is now one of the most beautiful places in Austria.
The Semmering railroad
The world’s first railway in the mountains is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The oldest sections were built in the mid-19th century. The terrain is so difficult that it was necessary to cut 14 tunnels in the mountains, and build more than a hundred stone bridges.
It is impossible to summarize the experience of seeing one of the largest waterfalls in Europe. It is located in the Hohen Tauern Nature Park. Three water cascades fall from a height of 400 m. Stormy river Krimmler-Ache, which is the source of the waterfall, is fed by meltwater from glaciers. The waterfall freezes in the winter.
Wachau Cultural Landscape
The picturesque nature of the famous valley between the towns of Melk and Krems is a source of inspiration for writers and artists. Peasants have been farming the land, growing grapes and making wine here since the dawn of time. The natural sights and man-made attractions reflect the major milestones in the history of civilization.
The resort area of Carinthia is the main attraction in Austria at the southernmost point of the country with sparkling snowy valleys and mirror-like lakes. People come here to see the longest lake, Werther See, which is beautiful in winter and summer. Travelers are drawn to the ski slopes, castles and unique natural attractions.
This cozy town by a mountain lake is lost among the majestic Alps. Already in the 5th millennium BC the salt was mined here, and it was the basis of the local population’s wealth. Nowadays it is a unique place of interest in Austria. You can get here by bus, but it is better to travel by cable car.
The Neusiedlersee-Sewinkel National Park
The famous 35,000-hectare nature reserve is a nature conservation area. Here you can watch bird and animal life in the wild and take great pictures. Before you visit the park, you should familiarize yourself with the description of the basic rules established here so as not to disturb the balance of nature.
Austria is rich in ski resorts that attract millions of tourists. First-class ski slopes are divided into 70 ski areas. Tourist service here is exemplary. You can take funiculars to the mountain peaks. All the fun is enhanced by the clean air and the beautiful scenery, which can be gazed at for hours.
The mountain range towers over Salzburg. There are elevators running to the top of the mountain. The top station is located at an altitude of 1853 m. Several hiking trails are created for walking on the mountain range. The most attractive is the Schellenberg Ice Cave.
In Austria is the largest ice cave in the world. You can get to the cave by cable car. Tourists visiting the cave are given carbide lamps. Entrance is permitted only from May to October. During this time the cave has time to look around 150 thousand people.
The glacier is 9 km long and is located at the foot of the Grossglockner mountain, in the Eastern Alps, at an altitude of 2,100 meters above sea level. The intrigue is that it is slowly melting. Anyone can get up here by cable car. It is impossible to describe in brief the beauty of the giant ice rifts. The sightseeing of Paszterze is among the popular tourist routes in Austria.