The most interesting facts about Argentina
Amazing country in Latin America is famous for its unusual national traditions, incredible nature, numerous cultural and historical monuments. Europeans discovered this wonderful region at the beginning of the 16th century. In our review we will present unique and interesting facts about Argentina and get a closer look at this beautiful South American country. Here are the most interesting facts about Argentina from TopCafe.
The first Europeans who reached the shores of Latin America heard a legend about a white king who ruled in a country rich in silverware. Alejo García, who organized an expedition to the Rio de la Plata in 1516, reportedly called the area the Sierra del Plata, meaning the mountains rich in silver. This is how the country got its name “Argentina,” which means “silver” in Latin. But here officially on the political map of the world name appeared in 1860.
Argentina, like the U.S., has long been recognized as a country of immigrants, in addition, 92% of the population lives in urban areas. Only in the capital, Buenos Aires and its suburbs, live 13 million people. It is noteworthy that the country’s largest city is divided into districts according to the social status of the population.
Language and dialects
Spanish is the official language, but the inhabitants of this Latin American state speak a further 40 languages. Despite the national diversity, there are never interethnic conflicts, and all live in peace and harmony. Even the indigenous Indians have their own national holiday, when you can taste the exotic Indian dishes and see the unusual rituals and dances.
Argentina lies in three climate zones at once, and therefore you can observe a variety of landscapes, climate, amazing fauna and flora. The country stretches in the meridian direction. The length of Argentina from north to south is about 3 700 km (for example, the length of Russia in the meridian direction is about 4 000 km).
The home of the tango
Any facts about Argentina can not do without the tango! It was here, among the magnificent beaches and silvery mountain peaks sparked the incendiary dance. The tango, went far beyond the borders of the country, and found fans all over the planet. In addition, the real pride of the country are its carnivals, held in February. And the most popular carnival is the festivities in the town of Gualeguaichu.
Watch this amazing video:
For the inhabitants of the country, it is not just a game sport, but an entire philosophy, a kind of religion. It’s hard to find someone who isn’t into the game of ball. Along with soccer, the Argentines love to talk about politics. When important matches are played in stadiums, pupils and students are released from classes. And, of course, Diego Maradona has become a folk hero, soccer icon and symbol of the country. But Lionel Messi is also an idol for many soccer fans not only in Argentina, but all over the world.
A symbol of hospitality
Argentines are big tea drinkers, and drinking the national drink mate is furnished in a special way. The cup with the drink is passed around and mate is sipped from a straw. To invite a guest to a cup of yerba mate is considered the highest expression of respect and hospitality in any city.
A State of Coups.
In the twentieth century, there were five coups d’état, in which the military came to power and political parties were dissolved. All this had a detrimental effect on the economy, and the head of state, although popularly elected, was not considered democratically elected. In 1983, the last transition from military dictatorship to civilian rule took place.
Cleanliness and Order
The streets of Argentine cities are not clean in some places, but the entrances to the houses are always clean and shiny. Balconies are decorated with flowers, and entrances and windows are painted in bright colors. By the way, on our site topcafe.su is a very interesting article about the coolest streets in the world.
The most ancient fossil mammals
In 1993, the remains of a previously unknown dinosaur species, which was named Argentinosaurus huinculensis, were discovered in the country. After research, it was determined that Argentinosaurus was one of the largest dinosaurs that lived in the expanses of South America.
Perito Moreno Glacier.
Located high in the Andes, the glacier is one of the most amazing tourist sites and natural attractions of the country and the world. Other natural landmarks include the Iguazu Falls (82 m high) and Aconcagua, the highest mountain in Latin America (6,962 m).
Railroads and Metropolitan Railway
The first railroad began operating in 1857, and the Buenos Aires Metro, which opened in 1913, was the first in the continent of South America. Incidentally, it is also home to the southernmost railway line in the world, which runs near Ushuaia to Lake Fantiano.
Argentines are considered one of the most open, cheerful and friendly nations on the planet, but punctuality and obligingness are not their virtues. Residents of the country are also patriots. Almost every home has a national flag, which is hung during public holidays or official soccer matches. First in the world Argentines love meat just as much as their mother and are ranked number one in the world in eating it. In addition, the country’s large deposits of uranium in the bowels of the earth help the active development of nuclear energy, which is also the reason for its recent economic success.
Men and women try to start a family at a young age, and family values hold a place of honor. Argentines maintain warm relations with distant relatives and enjoy visiting each other. Interestingly, in divorces, children mostly stay with their fathers. But even if the court determines that the child lives with his mother, the father spends all the weekends, holidays, and vacations with the child.
The City of Museums
Argentinians went through a difficult period toward independence, so they love and are proud of their history. There are many museums all over the country, and in the capital alone there are about 120 museums of various kinds.
The third wife of President Juan Perón – Isabel Martínez de Perón became the first woman president of the country. And here in the list, which included the famous people of the state, his second wife Eva Peron had her special place, and her photo can still be found in the homes of Argentines.
We report and interesting fact about medicine. The fact that it is available and free, but in the eyes of a European or Russian is a little unusual. For example, in case of stomach or intestinal disorders doctors will advise the patient to drink the drink “7up” and wounds to cover with sugar for fast healing.
The Drug Trade
As in all of Latin America, the country has a thriving drug trade, which the authorities of the republic are fighting intransigently. The Argentine mafia uses various means to transport narcotic substances, and once drugs were found in souvenirs in the form of the FIFA World Cup.
Nazis in South America
Let us conclude the story with a myth that has continued to stir the world community for decades. The fact is that many of the criminals of the Third Reich, hid in Latin America. The Germans in Argentina lived quite compactly, and some researchers have even claimed that the Führer was hiding here as well. But Soviet scientists and then the French proved that Hitler’s death in Argentina was a myth with no evidence whatsoever. By the way, on topcafe you can look at the monumental buildings of the Third Reich.
To sum up
That is the end of our story about Argentina. In fact, an extraordinary region with a glorious history and traditions, and therefore, every tourist at least once in your life should visit this country fiery tango and soccer. TopCafé asks you to leave a comment for this article. Maybe you know even more interesting facts about Argentina. Share them with our readers.
Editor’s note: This article has been updated since its original publication on December 8, 2018.
Interesting facts about Argentina (with photos)
Argentina is one of the countries to which entry for residents of the Russian Federation is possible without obtaining a visa. That is why many people are interested in what interesting and unusual can be found in this country, located in South America? In fact, there are many interesting facts about the national traditions, nature and culture of this country and its people.
The incumbent president is the first woman elected by the people
The 55th President of Argentina was Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, the first woman president to be elected to the office by popular vote. Before her, the post of President of Argentina was held by her husband, Nestor Kirchner. In the history of Argentina there was another case when the country was ruled by a woman – it was Isabel Perón. However, it was Cristina Fernandez who was elected by the people themselves.
Argentina is the 32nd most populous country in the world
This state is the 32nd most populous country in the world. It is currently home to more than 41 million people. In addition, the population of the country is constantly increasing, and not only due to the birth rate, but also due to immigrants coming from various countries.
The capital is the largest city in Argentina
The largest city of the state is its capital, Buenos Aires . However, that is not the most interesting fact about this city. Interestingly, until the XVII century it had probably one of the longest names among the cities of the world – Ciudad de la Santisima Trinidad y Puerto de Nuestra Senora de Santa Maria de los Buenos Aires. Only in the seventeenth century was the name shortened and then became what it is known today.
The southernmost city on the planet is in Argentina
It is in Argentina that the southernmost city in the world, Ushuaia, is located. It is located on the so-called “Tierra del Fuego” and is home to over 57 thousand people. Many tourists who go here on a tour, preparing to meet an extreme heat and are surprised when it does not. The climate is unusually mild and comfortable for humans.
Argentina is one of the few countries with independent media
This country has attracted the attention of journalists from all over the world because it has truly achieved complete media independence. And this is not just in words. More than 200 different magazines and newspapers are officially registered in the country, they all have their own policies and views on events in the country and in the world, and they write about them openly. Perhaps this is where journalists can do what they were trained to do in universities – tell their side of the story and conduct independent investigative journalism on even the most high-profile and political events.
Argentines are soccer fans
The most popular sport in Argentina is soccer. But that is not what is interesting, but the heights achieved by Argentine soccer players. It is here where many famous and legendary players were born, grew up and started their sporting careers. For example, Lionel Messi, often referred to by sports commentators as the “second Maradonna”, grew up and raised here, and now he plays for FC Barcelona. He has become a true living legend of world soccer.
Argentina – the birthplace of the tango
It was the birthplace of the most sensual and passionate dance, which today is known all over the world – the tango. It is often called the Argentine tango. Despite the fact that it is very popular and seemingly difficult to imagine a time when it did not exist, its birth date is considered the XIX century. This dance embodies all the main qualities of the inhabitants of Argentina – passion, fervor, and love of life. Today, the tango is danced not only in America but also in Europe, Asia, and even Africa.
Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations, the World Bank and other political organizations
Despite the fact that it is difficult to call Argentina a world political leader, it was included in the list of countries, which established such large and influential organizations as the UN, the World Bank, as well as the World Trade Organization. Considering that today this state is also on the list of BRICS countries, it is impossible not to recognize the fact that it has an increasing influence on the political processes taking place in the world.
Only a Catholic can become the president of Argentina.
The main religion of the state is Catholicism. Catholicism is where 77% of people in Argentina consider themselves to be. Protestantism is also very widespread in the country, with its adherents accounting for 10% of the population. Nevertheless, it is interesting that only a Catholic may become President, as well as Vice-President of the country. Despite such strict rules, otherwise Argentina is considered to be a country with a developed democracy, where the rights and opinions of the people are respected by the state.
South America’s highest mountain is in Argentina
Among the natural amazing facts about Argentina is the location of the highest mountain in South America. We are talking about Mount Aconcagua, the height of which is just over 6960 meters. In addition, it is the highest batholith in the world. There is still heated debate about the origin of its name. Some scholars believe that Aconcagua in the Araucan language means “located on the other side of the Aconcagua River. Others believe its name comes from the Quechua language, which translates to “stone guardian. You can see the mountain if you go to the central part of the Andes.
Argentina’s literacy rate is over 97%
An interesting fact is that the level of education in Argentina is so high that the literacy rate in the country exceeds 97%. It is thanks to these statistics that the country is considered one of the leaders in literacy in the region, and ranks 58th in the world in this criterion. Despite this, education in Argentina is not one of the most prestigious – but with the growing influence of the country in the political arena, this is likely to change soon.
When going to Argentina, you should also be prepared for other unexpected and pleasant discoveries. Argentina is a country with much to see and do, which makes it a magnet for travelers from all over the world.