Amazing Barcelona, Spain. Useful information
1. The Spanish city of Barcelona is very popular and famous.
It eclipses even Madrid, the capital of the Kingdom of Spain.
2. Barcelona was awarded the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture by the Royal Institute of British Architects
3.This medal is usually given to one or a group of architects, but Barcelona is the first and only city on the planet to receive this honor.
4. Barcelona was the first city in the world to receive the World Class Biosphere certification. This recognition is a testament to Barcelona’s commitment to sustainability in many areas, including transportation, housing, and food and beverage.
5. Among all cities in Spain, Barcelona is the second-largest, behind only Madrid.
6. Barcelona is the largest city on the Mediterranean coast.
COLUMBUS MONUMENT IN BARCELONA
7. There are 9 monuments protected by UNESCO in Barcelona.
8.Two of them – Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau – were designed by the modernist architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner.
9.And seven are by Antoni Gaudi, the most famous son of Barcelona. They are included in the list of Antoni Gaudi’s Works and include Parc Guell, Palau Guell, Casa Mila, Casa Vicença, La Sagrada Familia, Casa Batlló and the Crypt Church in Colonia Guell.
10. There are several legends about who founded Barcelona and when the city was founded. One says that Barcelona was founded by Hercules 400 years before Rome was founded.
11. Barcelona has a population density of 16,000 inhabitants per square kilometer. In Moscow, for example, the figure is almost four times lower.
12. About 75% of the inhabitants of Barcelona speak Catalan. Spanish, however, is known here too.
13. Boulevard Las Ramblas is the most famous street in Barcelona. Its length is as much as 2 kilometers, but few people know that Las Ramblas is 5 streets crossing each other.
14. Ancient cathedrals are next to modern shopping malls, and houses built a hundred years ago with the same, but new. But many of Barcelona’s buildings are unusually individual, the houses are like works of art, very different and creative.
15. Barcelona owes its unique architecture to the amazing talent of local creator Antonio Gaudi. The Sagrada Familia, which has been under construction by donations since 1882 and is still unfinished, is also his project, which is not only the most famous long construction project in the world, but also one of the main attractions of Barcelona. It has already taken longer to build than the Egyptian pyramids.
16. On one of the walls of the Sagrada Familia Temple in Barcelona is a magic square filled with numbers. Their sum in any direction – vertically, horizontally or diagonally – makes the number 33.
17. One of the most famous soccer clubs in the world is based here, so no wonder that soccer is incredibly popular in Barcelona.
18.On the windows of the church of Santa Maria del Mar is the coat of arms of the Barcelona soccer club. The fact is that the team donated a lot of money to rebuild the church in the 1960s.
19. Much of the city’s beauty and landmarks were built for the 1929 Expo and the 1992 Summer Olympics, which Barcelona hosted.
20. In Barcelona there are still some old traffic lights with lanterns mounted on top of them – this is Barcelona’s first traffic light installed on Comte Urgell Street in 1929, and its counterpart at the intersection of Buenos Aires and Londres Streets.
21. The port of Barcelona is the largest of all that the Mediterranean Sea has to offer. It is also one of the oldest maritime harbors – its history began more than 2,000 years ago.
PORT OF BARCELONA
22.Now the port of Barcelona is the largest and busiest cruise port in Europe. Nearly 3 million cruisers pass through the 7-terminal cruise port of Barcelona each year, making it the 6th busiest port in the world and #1 in Europe.
23. The city’s anthem since 1992 is the song “Barcelona,” originally recorded by opera diva Montserrat Caballé and Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury for the Olympics.
24. The famous explorer Christopher Columbus arrived in Barcelona after the discovery of America to report the results of his voyage to the monarchs.
This is the reason why there is a monument to Columbus in the center of Barcelona, although, contrary to the original idea, the statue does not look in the direction of the New World. Inside the statue there is an elevator that takes you up to the observation deck.
GUELL GARDENS IN BARCELONA
26. There are 68 parks in Barcelona. More than 10 percent of the city is covered by city parks, and they grow by about 10 hectares each year, resulting in a staggering 18.1 square meters of parkland per inhabitant.
27. Barcelona boasts the largest metropolitan park in the world at 84.65 km². Barcelona’s Parc de Collserola is 22 times larger than New York’s Central Park.
28.Barcelona has the busiest pedestrian street in Spain, Portal de l’Ángel, with over 150,000 people passing through it every day.
29. The two animal symbols of Barcelona are the donkey and the cat.
30. Barcelona is home to one of the most powerful supercomputers in Europe. Located in a former 19th-century chapel that now functions as Barcelona’s supercomputer center, MareNostrum is the largest supercomputer in Southern Europe and the 93rd fastest in the world.
FC MUSEUM IN BARCELONA
31.There are 55 museums in Barcelona. Interestingly, the most visited museum is not the spectacular Fundació Joan Miró, nor the art-filled MNAC, not even the modern Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), but the beloved FC Barcelona Museum, with more than 1.5 million visitors a year.
32. Barcelona is rife with creativity and even the ordinary asphalt pavement in the city can be unusual – red.
Even sidewalk tiles in Barcelona are very special – almost everywhere in the city there are the same tiles with the image of a flower which is one of the symbols of Barcelona, you can buy magnets with the image of tiles in souvenir stores.
34. The Camp Nou Stadium in Barcelona, opened in the middle of the last century, is still the largest in Europe in terms of capacity. Up to 100,000 people can watch soccer matches from the stands.
35. Parrots in Barcelona are common street birds that fly in flocks, sing and eat together with pigeons.
36. Barcelona played an important role in defining the measure of length – the meter. In 1792, French astronomers Jean-Baptiste Joseph Delabre and Pierre François André Méchaine were able to calculate the distance between the North Pole and the equator, using measurements of the arc of the meridian between Dunkirk and the fortress at Montjuïc in Barcelona, as well as the latitude in the two cities. Thus was defined the first prototype of such a measure of length as the meter.
37. Barcelona is one of the most popular cities in the world for cyclists. Barcelona with its 180 kilometers of bike lanes along with one of the most successful bike sharing programs in the world, Bicing, makes the Catalan capital one of the most bicycle friendly cities in the world.
38. The people of Barcelona are very fond of dogs, especially purebred ones, and almost everywhere in the city you can find people with dogs and often very beautiful ones. There is a dog walking area right next to the Sagrada Familia church.
39. The Barcelona Opera House is considered one of the most chic in Europe. In 1994 the old building burned to the ground, but it was rebuilt with donations. Many opera stars specifically held concerts, all the proceeds of which were donated to the construction of the theater.
40. The great artist Pablo Picasso demanded that it was in Barcelona to open a museum with his work.
41. Barcelona is home to one of the oldest stores and museums on the planet specializing in magic. El Rey de la Magia, founded in 1881 on Carrer de la Princesa 11, in the Borne district of Barcelona, is one of the oldest magic stores and museums in the world.
42. Barcelona is a seaside city, but the beaches here began to be developed only 25 years ago. Before that the whole coastline was used exclusively for the needs of industry.
43.There were no beaches in Barcelona before the 1992 Olympic Games. Nowadays there are 7 blue flag beaches dotted along the city’s coastline with a total length of 4.5 kilometers. Not to mention that National Geographic recognized Barcelona as the “Best Beach City.”
44. Every year before the summer season the sand on Barcelona’s beaches is sifted 50 centimeters deep.
The first iced beach bar in the world, Icebarcelona, opened in Barcelona in 2007 at El Somorrostro beach.
46. The common walnut is called in Barcelona, the Californian walnut.
47. Many plane-tree alleys decorate the cities of Catalonia in general, and Barcelona in particular. Sycamores are trees with trunks of unusual texture, light-colored, without bark, and it is very pleasant to walk along them.
48. Barcelona has very well organized public transportation, both underground and surface. The diagrams of the transport network are extremely clear, so are the ticket vending machines. All bus stops are equipped with an electronic scoreboard that shows when and which bus is coming up.
49. In Barcelona one feels care for people, both residents and visitors to the city. For example, in places of construction, the rigid iron structures are wrapped with soft material so that no one gets hurt.
50. There is a plaque on the Canaletes Fountain in Barcelona that reads, “Everyone who takes even a sip from this fountain will love Barcelona with all his heart and return here.” They say that this prophecy almost always turns out to be true.
Places in Barcelona that are free to visit
Amazing Barcelona gives unforgettable emotions that later become the best memories. In this city every building is special, every park is unique, every corner has its own history. There is an unusual energy, which is why Barcelona is in the list of must-see cities.
It never gets cold, it’s bathed in sunshine all year round and all year round you can walk around enjoying the beauty of the city and feeling inspired to try new things.
The places you can visit in Barcelona without paying a cent are presented in our review.
It is impossible to imagine Paris without the Eiffel Tower, Moscow without the Kremlin and Barcelona without the Sagrada Familia. The jewel in the crown of world-renowned architect Antonio Gaudi’s masterpiece is a breathtaking majesty. The Sagrada Familia is one of the most famous long-built buildings in the world. The first foundation stone was laid in 1882, and only in the first third of the 21st century is it supposed to be completely finished.
This place in Barcelona impresses with its perfect thought-outness: in the huge building every inch of the surface is elaborated, the temple consists of thousands of the smallest details which you can view endlessly. At any time of the year the site is surrounded by many tourists with cameras.
The temple is located near the city center, you can get there by subway.
“The devil told Jesus that he was pointing to the mountain from which you can see all the beauty of the world. These words from the Gospel are the name of the place.
Tibidabo is not just a recommended place to visit in Barcelona, it is impossible not to visit it when you are in the eastern capital of Spain. The view from the top of the mountain is stunning and mesmerizing at the same time.
You can come to Tibidabo during the daytime and see Barcelona flooded with light from the highest point of the city, practically a bird’s eye view. It’s unbelievably beautiful at sunset, when the last rays of the sun bathe the city and light up the peaks of the nearby mountains. And of course if it’s nighttime, you can’t help but enjoy Barcelona’s view, lit by a thousand lights and breathing in the freshness of the mountains at night.
On the top of Tibidabo is the Temple of the Sacred Heart, the Botanical Gardens and the amusement park on the slopes, a popular tourist attraction in Barcelona. This is the place where the famous scenes of Woody Allen’s movie “Vicky, Cristina, Barcelona” were filmed.
You can get to this place in Barcelona by bus from the metro Plaza Cataluna.
3. Gothic Quarter (Barrio Gotico)
One of the most interesting places in Barcelona is formed by the many winding and narrow streets. A walk through the Gothic Quarter is like visiting several museums in one day. Most of the buildings date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, and the spirit of the Middle Ages has been preserved here until the present day.
The Gothic Quarter can be listed for a long time: the Royal Square, St. James Square, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, the ruins of Octavian Augustus’ palace, the remains of the Roman wall… Of course, better to see once than to hear a hundred times. And preferably on a Sunday – on this day the locals gather in St. James Square to dance the national Catalan dance, the sardana. But you can visit the Gothic Quarter more than once, go for a walk, have a drink on one of the many terraces there, or stop by the souvenir shop, which is also abundant in this part of Barcelona.
4. Monestir Santa Maria de Montserrat
A huge number of rocks of unusual shapes form the mountainous area of Montserrat. The shape of the rocks is so bizarre that some of them have got their names, like “Bishop’s belly”, “Mummy” or “Elephant’s trunk”.
You will never forget the view from the top of the mountain, which is 725 meters above sea level. If you want to visit this interesting place, located 70 kilometers from the center of Barcelona, you will not have to go through a guide, you can get to the mountain on your own by taking the train that leaves from the Espana Station (metro station Plaza Espana).
In this fascinating place there is a Benedictine monastery, a cathedral, a museum with exhibitions of works of monks and, of course, the most famous sight of Montserrat, the national shrine of Catalonia – the Black Virgin of Montserrat, or Moreneta in Spanish.
When visiting this place in Barcelona you will remember the incredible beauty of the cliffs, the park rich in diverse species of plants and the green valley opening to your eyes from a breathtaking height.
5. Plaza Espana and Montjuic
Walking up to the city from the metro station of the same name, the first thing you will see is the shopping mall of Arenas. In the past this used to be a hot bullfighting venue, then the building was transformed into a large shopping mall, but its façade remains unchanged.
Once inside, take the elevator or escalator to the highest floor and you’ll find yourself on the observation deck with a panoramic view of Barcelona, Montjuïc and the National Museum of Catalan Art.
The viewpoint next to the National Museum is equally stunning. In the evening every weekend for half an hour there is a show of singing fountains. Every year about 2.5 million tourists visit Montjuïc to enjoy the unique and mesmerizing spectacle, the dance of water illuminated by all kinds of colors with magical music.
If you want to fall in love with Montjuïc and the capital of Catalonia, you must go there once and see the Magic Fountains show.
6. Parc de la Ciutadella
The first Ciutadella Park to appear in the city is located in the northeastern part of the Old Town. For several decades it was the only green island in the city.
It’s an amazingly picturesque place in Barcelona! Fountains, statues, monuments, palm trees, lake, birds… Very green and very peaceful. Here you can spend the whole day. From the Arc de Triomphe to the park, walk along the alleys (there are three of them: the Lime, the Poplar and the Elm), sit down on a bench with a book and take a photo near the brick Castle of the Three Dragons.
For an extra fee you can visit the zoo, museums or, for example, have a romantic date, making a boat trip on the lake.
7. Park Labyrinth of Horta (Rags del Laberint d’Horta)
Another place in Barcelona that you can visit for free on Wednesdays and Sundays (on other days admission costs 2.23 euros).
This unusual park has attracted the director Tom Tykwer, who filmed scenes of the film “Perfumeur: The Story of a Murderer” here, as well as the monarchs of Spain, who visited the “Labyrinth” three times and, of course, many tourists. The park is located on the slope of one of the mountains of the Collserola range. There are rare species of plants like African lilies, strawberry trees, irises, camellias and more. But the most amazing thing about the park is the veritable maze of cypress trees, which is not easy to walk through. It’s a wonderful feeling, as if you were going back to your childhood – to wander through the maze, feel the excitement and…ugh – find the exit!
In addition to the stunning landscape of this place in Barcelona you will find buildings in neo-Arabic style, numerous sculptures and towers.
8. Parc de Cervantes and the Greek Theatre (P.A. de Cervantes and Teatre Grec)
It is also called the Park of Roses in Barcelona because of its two thousand varieties of beautiful flowers. It is recommended to go there between May and July to enjoy the full riot of color and fragrance of the roses. The huge territory of Cervantes Park, almost 8 hectares, is thought out to the smallest detail and is filled with sculptures, arbors, alleys, imitating the medieval Spanish gardens, hedges and various strange trees like olives, wild apples and persimmons in addition to the compositions of flowers. The roses are grouped and arranged throughout the garden not chaotically, but according to the ancestral country. Walking through the park, you will find yourself alternately in America, then in Asia, then in the Middle East…
Whether it’s a romantic date, a quiet conversation with friends, or a secluded walk, be sure to visit this park to breathe in plenty of wonderful rose scents and take a break from the hustle and bustle of the city.
9. Palacio Real de Pedralbes
Between the Tibidabo and Montjuïc mountains, at the end of Diagonal Avenue, lies the prestigious urban district of Pedralbes. It is in this area that one of the most beautiful places of Barcelona, the homonymous garden with the majestic Palau de Pedralbes, can be found. Its facade is in the Catalan style, with columns of Tuscan order, while the interior combines many styles. Previously it was the residence of the Spanish royal family.
To admire this place in Barcelona, you have to walk through the garden. It’s a very pleasant walk! Ponds, sculptures, waterfall, alleys with orange trees, palm trees, cedars and other exotic plants, bamboo benches and fountains. One of them, the fountain of Hercules, designed by Antoni Gaudi, has a very interesting history. It was built in 1884, and discovered only a hundred years later by gardeners cleaning the park and came across a bust of Hercules, hidden in the thick lush green vegetation.
But if you visit the beautiful Pedralbes Park now, you’ll find Hercules and other attractions much faster.
10. The viewpoint of Turo de la Rovira
Back in 1937, a bunker was built on top of Mount Turo de la Rovira. The military (the Spanish Civil War was going on in those years) had a full view of Barcelona from this spot, so the bunker was considered the best and most important in the city. Now, in happy peacetime, we can admire Barcelona with a 360 degree view from this very spot. You will get an unforgettable experience on the observation deck and also a light fitness if you climb the mountain on foot from the El Carmel metro station.
Once you reach the highest point of the mountain, you are likely to find tourists and locals just sitting, chatting, strolling around the site, relaxing and enjoying the unique view from this spot in Barcelona.
Of course, these are by no means all of Barcelona’s beautiful places. There are many more, and each one is unique. After spending a week or two in this majestic city, you are literally drunk with aesthetics and beauty. So that some frosty winter evening, wrapped in a blanket and drinking cocoa, you can share your best pictures taken in Barcelona with your loved ones, and relive those beautiful, bright and such happy moments.
If you are going to Barcelona and you need help in organization of your trip, our Centre of services for business and life in Spain “Spain in Russian” can make your trip unforgettable. We will not only help with visa application and search of an apartment for your stay in Spain but also offer you an individual program of sightseeing tours in Barcelona and other cities, we will appoint a transfer, provide a guide, find a car or a helicopter for you to make a flight over the city of your dreams. Call us at the numbers listed on our website, we speak Russian!
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