Tashkent is a multifaceted capital of modern Uzbekistan, the center of cultural and political life of the Republic. The sights of Tashkent amaze with its variety: these are archeological monuments of Zoroastrianism times that are more than 2200 years old, architectural masterpieces of the Middle Ages, and monumental palaces of the end of XIX century and no less graceful structures of the modern age. Here from the noisy web of urban roads can be seen in a distant haze of snow-capped peaks Chimgan, behind which in the morning hides the dawn. Oriental bazaars, as hundreds of years ago, come to life with the first rays of the sun and attract visitors with an abundance of juicy fruits and vegetables, thick aromas of freshly baked bread, lepeshkas and samsa. The cultural life of the capital does not stop for a moment: the city is rich in museums, theaters and exhibition centers, cafes, restaurants and nightclubs, hotels, parks and squares. In the summer heat you can hide from the hot sun by the gurgling fountains, in the shade of the alleys of many parks or … in a cool Tashkent metro – the only one in Central Asia and one of the most beautiful in the world!
Independence Square (Mustaqillik Maidoni) is not only the central Tashkent attraction; it is a kind of symbol of the city where folk festivals take place during the national holidays, and a favorite place for citizens to take a leisurely stroll among refreshing jets of shimmering fountains and green alleys. It’s quite difficult to cover the whole territory of Independence Square with a single glance – it occupies over 12 hectares. Climbing up the granite steps, framed by cascades of picturesque fountains, the jets of which reach seven meters in height, we get to the foot of a huge, majestic colonnade.
Khazret Imam Ensemble (Hast Imam Square)
One of the brightest examples of careful attitude to architectural monuments and interest to history in Uzbekistan is Khazret Imam ensemble, the construction of which began in the 16th century. As a result of frequent earthquakes, wars and simply under the influence of time many buildings of the ensemble have lost part of their decor. In 2007 after restoration of some ancient buildings, construction of new ones and improvement of the territory it has appeared before citizens and visitors of Tashkent in all its charm and grandeur.
The Mausoleum of Abubekr Kaffal Ash-Shashi
Abubekr Kaffal al-Shashi mausoleum is one of the important monuments of culture and architecture of Tashkent. It is a part of historical-architectural complex Khazret Imam situated in the ancient city district. Historically it so happened that the architectural ensemble of Hazret Imam appeared thanks to the mausoleum of Abubekr Kaffal ash-Shashi around which new buildings have been erected for several centuries forming a whole complex. The square and architectural ensemble were called Khazret Imam (“Holy Imam”) in honor of the renowned Imam, a master of the Koran, scholar and preacher Abubekr Kaffal al-Shashi.
If you really want to experience the past, check out Hast Imam Square on Zarkainar Street, east of Chorsu Bazaar. This is where the famous Barak Khan Madrasah is located. The Madrasah of Barak-khan was built in the 16th century on the orders of the ruler of Tashkent, Navruz Ahmadkhan, grandson of Mirzo Ulugbek. The subjects believed that Navruz Ahmadkhan was a ruler with good fortune, which is why they gave him the nickname “Barak-khan” or “The Lucky Ruler. The madrasah has been called by the nickname of its founder ever since. The building of the madrasah of Barak-khan was built opposite the mahalla of Hastim, considered the center of scholars, philosophers and connoisseurs of Islam.
The Timurid era presented Uzbekistan with many unique monuments of culture and architecture. One of them is Yunus-Khan Mausoleum in Tashkent, the rarest monument of the Timurid era. The building is situated next to the mausoleum of Sheikh Havendi at-Takhur and is part of the Sheikhantaur architectural complex. The mausoleum is located within the complex of the Islamic University. Yunus Khan Mausoleum was built in the 15th century, and in an unusual for Uzbekistan type – khanaka. Usually constructions built on the type of khanaka, associated with dervishes and Sufi Muslim cult.
Kukeldash Madrasah is the largest madrasah and one of the most famous historical monuments of Tashkent. It is located in the historical heart of the city, near Chorsu square and Registan district of Tashkent. Kukeldash Madrasah was built in the XVI century (1570) during the rule of the Sheibanid dynasty by a vizier close to the Tashkent sultans Barak-khan and Dervish-khan. The vizier had a nickname “kukeltash” (“kukeldash”), which means “the foster brother of khan”. The Kukeldash madrasah is one of the largest surviving madrasahs of the 16th century in Central Asia.
Complex of memories of victims of repressions.
The years of 1937-1953 are remembered as a tragic time – a wave of Stalinist merciless repressions that took away and broke thousands of lives swept across the Uzbek land. In those bloody years, the victims of repression were figures of art, writers, prominent scientists, politicians and public figures. And in order to preserve the memory of these people, was built a memorial to the victims of repressions, which today is one of the most famous sights of the capital. The museum is located in one of the most picturesque areas of the city – just opposite the Tashkent TV tower, on the canal bank Bozsu.
April 26, 1966. In the early morning of the day the citizens of Tashkent were awakened by the roar coming from beneath the earth. The city was rocked by tremors of devastating force, and the sky was ablaze in a pink glow, resembling the scattered lightning. An earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale reduced much of Tashkent to rubble. Builders from all the republics of the former Soviet Union came to help rebuild the city. Ten years later, in 1976 the Courage Monument was erected on the spot of the earthquake epicenter, symbolizing the fortitude and courage of the people facing the elements.
If you are a lover of history, remember the word Sheikhantaur – it will serve as a kind of password to enter the atmosphere of old Tashkent. Sheikhantaur complex is the oldest buildings that have survived in the capital until today. It is here that Sheikh Khavandi at-Takhur (Sheikhantaur), a great Sufi (follower of the mystical current Sufism in Islam) was buried, deeply respected by Muslims, and later other prominent men – the rulers of Tashkent and their associates. But time and nature are often merciless to human creations – only three structures out of many mausoleums, mosques and tombstones that used to make up the Sheikhantaur complex a century ago, have been preserved until now.
After a 5 kilometers distance to the south from the border of modern Tashkent you arrive at one of the oldest preserved memorial complexes of the capital. It was formed in the XIV-XIX centuries as a result of the gradual additions around the main building – Zangi-ata mausoleum, an important role in the construction of which played Amir Temur himself. Complex Zangi-ata includes three parts: the first – the buildings belonging to the XIV – XIX centuries; the second part – the cemetery and located on it the mausoleum of Zangi-ata’s wife Ambar Bibi; and the third part – a large garden.
The old city is the center of many historical monuments of Tashkent. It is here that the history of Tashkent organically intertwines with modernity, the ancient monuments of architecture adjacent to the new residential areas and avenues. One such monument is Jami Mosque, or Juma Mosque as it is also called. Juma Mosque, whose foundations were laid back in IX century, is one of the oldest Friday mosques in Tashkent, the basis of Registan architectural ensemble and a unique monument of the history and architecture of the city. Juma Mosque is the only Friday mosque in Tashkent of courtyard type, which was widespread in Central Asia in the late Middle Ages.
Tashkent Botanical Garden was founded in 1943, at the height of the Second World War on the initiative of Academician Fedor Rusanov. The area of the park is 68 hectares. Tashkent Botanical Garden is the largest in Central Asia. Since the founding of this beautiful natural area has been extensive and painstaking work on growing plants from all corners of the world. There are more than 4500 species of trees, bushes, shrubs, lianas, flowers and other plants in the botanic garden. Unique climate of Uzbekistan and its own favorable microclimate of botanic garden made it possible to grow here plants from different climatic zones.
Japanese garden in Tashkent.
Japanese garden is one of the most beautiful places in Tashkent, where you can relax in the bosom of nature, enjoy the lush greenery of trees and grass. This piece of paradise is called so for a reason: it was built on the joint initiative of the Embassy of Japan in Uzbekistan and the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the best traditions of Japanese culture. The garden is located on the territory of Republican trade-exhibition center “Uzexpocentre” and neighbors with such famous places of public rest and entertainments as Aquapark and “Tashkent-land”. The official opening of the park took place on August 25, 2001, and since then the residents and guests of the capital have fallen in love with it.
The construction of the subway in Tashkent began soon after the terrible earthquake of 1966 and fell in 1968-1970. The city’s population was growing rapidly, and people needed convenient transportation. Work on tunneling for underground transport was difficult, had to overcome many obstacles, one of which – the presence of groundwater and underground rivers under the canal Boz-su. While designing and creating the subway, specialists from our country and guest workers from Russia, Ukraine and Georgia took into account the peculiarities of the climate and seismicity of the region, and the result of their work was the subway, which can withstand earthquakes up to 9 points on the Richter scale.
Tashkent Zoo was founded in 1924 as a small zoo adjacent to the Art Museum and located on the territory of the Governor-General of Turkestan’s country house. Initially the zoo occupied a very small area of land – about 3 hectares, but by the 40s of XX century. has grown and contained more than 200 species of fauna. In 1994, the Cabinet of Ministers decided to organize a new zoo with a much larger area. In September 1997, the zoo was finally inaugurated. It was placed on 22.7 hectares of land in close proximity to the Tashkent Botanical Garden.
Palace of Prince Romanov in Tashkent
There are some buildings in Tashkent that are not quite typical of traditional architecture in Uzbekistan but nevertheless fit harmoniously into the city image. Prince Romanov Palace is located in the very center of the city, near Amir Temur Square and Independence Square, on one of the main streets of Tashkent – Sharaf Rashidov Avenue. The elegant and delicate one-story house made of burnt gray and yellow brick is decorated with carved lattices, windows of original design and decorative towers.
Tashkent TV Tower
Even if you are in Tashkent for the first time you just can’t help but notice it – you can see the TV Tower from almost every part of the city. The Tashkent TV Tower (375m high) is the second tallest structure and the highest TV tower in Central Asia, and certainly the tallest structure in Tashkent. Today, it is difficult to imagine the city without a TV tower, so naturally blended into the landscape of Tashkent. However, the Tashkent television tower is not only a television and radio broadcasting center, it is equipped with a special observation platform, located at a height of 94 meters, where you can see the best panorama of Tashkent, and the whole city can be seen as if in the palm of your hand.
Water Parks in Tashkent
The best water parks in Tashkent: addresses, phones, prices, working hours. Where to go with children in Tashkent. Photos and descriptions of water parks in Tashkent. To date, there are several water parks in Tashkent, located in different parts of the city. But the most famous, and perhaps the favorite for all Tashkent residents remains the central, the first of the built water amusement park, located in the heart of the capital – near the Tashkent TV tower and the metro station “Bodomzor”.
The history of the Tashkent circus is more than a hundred years old, although the circus has existed in its usual form since 1976. It all started at the end of the 19th century, when the Turkestan region was the venue for circus performances by artists from Russia and a number of European countries. It was then that semi-permanent circuses in Tashkent, as well as in Samarkand, Andijan, Fergana, Namangan and Urgench, resembling brightly colored marching tents, were built. A real circus first appeared in Tashkent in 1914.
Offer your child to go to “Tashkent-Land” (Tashkent Disneyland) – and his enthusiasm will have no limits, even if he has been there dozens of times. It will be no less interesting for adults to visit this, perhaps, the most famous amusement park of the capital. After all, for them, this visit will be a chance to go back to their childhood. You can take the kids for a ride on the classic merry-go-round, have a good time squawking at the extreme attractions, and just take a leisurely stroll while eating cotton candy.
Tashkent Museum of Railway Engineering
Tashkent Museum of Railway Engineering was opened on August 4, 1989 (Day of Railwaymen) in honor of the 100th anniversary of the Central Asian railroad. The museum is a member of the world association of technical museums of railways – nowadays the exhibits of the museum are among the most interesting analogues in the world. The museum of steam locomotives is very popular with children, especially boys. There is a narrow gauge railroad at the museum, which operates a sightseeing train for excursions.
Gafur Gulyam Park of Culture and Recreation
Park of Culture and Rest named after Gafur Gulyam (former Park of M. Ulugbek, earlier – “40 years of Komsomol of Uzbekistan”) – a large shady park in Tashkent, one of the largest in Uzbekistan. The park was laid out in 1967 on the spot of vacant land during the construction of Chilanzar district of Tashkent, and since then it has been a favorite place for Tashkent residents and guests. In the summertime this clean, well-groomed, green park is an escape from the heat for little restless kids.
State Museum of Applied Art of Uzbekistan
The Museum of Applied Arts in Tashkent has more than 7000 best examples of folk crafts created by the hands of craftsmen from different regions of Uzbekistan: knives from Chust, ceramics from Rishtan, atlas from Margilan, national costumes and golden embroidery from Bukhara and much more. The museum is located in the former palace of Russian diplomat Alexander Polovtsev, who was famous for his love of art and architecture.
© © Copyright of “Central Asia Travel”. Copying and using of this material shall be allowed only with author’s permission.
Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan. This Eastern city is rich in architectural monuments, reserved areas where pristine nature is preserved. Here beautiful streets are full of greenery, so you can get good pictures. Even on a modest budget, you can have an interesting time. Here are the top 27 places of interest in Tashkent.
What to see in Tashkent in 1 day
Tashkent is a large megalopolis with 2.2 million people. Among so many people it is easy to get lost if you don’t know exactly where to visit. You won’t be able to see all of Tashkent’s architecture in a day, but you will be able to see the main sights.
First of all, you should visit the main square of the city, where there is a large park area, majestic fountains, monuments, tourist sites. In the center there is a monument of the same name, which represents an entire era. It is visible from afar, as it is located on a hill. It is represented by a ball on a pedestal. Nearby is another sculpture – the monument to the Happy Mother. It looks like a woman with a baby.
Address: Mustakillik Square.
How to get there: by bus 57, 90, 140 or by metro. The stop/station is “Mustaqillik Maidoni”.
Amir Temur Monument and Square
Located opposite the Palace of International Forums and Chimes. Established in honor of the commander, whose name is given to the square.
The streets are branches off from it like sunbeams.
How to get there: by buses 19, 38, 51, 67. The bus stop is “Hotel Uzbekistan”.
Palace of Prince Romanov
Located near the square of Amir Temur. The palace was built in the Art Nouveau style, so it differs from the other buildings in the city with its distinctive appearance.
Address: Sharaf Rashidov Avenue.
How to get there: Take bus 115 and get off at the Istiklol stop.
See other places of interest:
Sights of Jordan
What to visit in Tashkent is the Japanese island in the center of the city. It’s cozy and there is a place to walk around. Japanese coloring is complemented by tea houses, wooden bridges, compositions made of stones, vegetation, birds, lakes. Everything is buried in verdure.
Address: 107 Amir Temur Street.
Working hours: 10 am – 7 pm.
How to get there: by subway, station Badamzar, then 5 minutes on foot.
Square of Remembrance and Honour
The memorial complex with the Eternal Flame is located on the border of Navoi Avenue, Sharaf Rashidov and Independence Square. Tourists and locals appreciate this site as a tribute to memory.
How to get there: by buses 28, 30, 37, 44, 53, 78, 140, 144, the stop “Mustaqillik Square”.
A must visit as the street is popular with locals. Tourists will find cafes, stores, restaurants, cinemas. There are exhibitions of folk craftsmen, live music.
Address: The street is 635 m long and begins at Amir Temur Square. Only walking is possible, the alley is closed for cars.
How to get there: by buses 19, 37, 38, 51, 67, the stop – “Central House of Officers”. Then walk along Amir Temur Avenue and past the State Museum of the Timurid History.
Where to go in Tashkent, interesting places
Mosques, temples, parks, gardens are the main attractions for tourists. They are interesting to visit with a tour or on your own.
State Museum of the Timurid History
If you walk through the city center, be sure to visit this museum. There are 5,000 exhibits from that era collected here. The interior is rich of gold leaf, marble, frescoes.
Address: Amir Temur avenue, 1.
Working hours: 09:00-18:00, Sunday off.
How to get there: by buses 38, 51, 60, 85, 93, the stop – “Central House of Officers.
History Museum of Uzbekistan.
Where to go to learn more about the history of Uzbekistan is in the Historical Museum. It has a large exposition of cultural objects, photos, and documents. In the 4-storey building about 250 thousand exhibits.
Address: 3, Rashidov Avenue.
Working schedule: 10 am – 5 pm.
How to get there: by buses 1, 13, 19, 22 and 97. The stop is “Aybek”.
The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Performed in the Gothic style, which is unusual for the Eastern country. It stands out against the background of other buildings rich architecture. The main hall of the cathedral is decorated with a 2 m statue of Jesus Christ.
Address: 80/1, Makhtumkuli Street.
Working schedule: Tuesday-Sunday, 10:30-17:00.
How to get there: by bus 1, 10, 16, 18, 21, 28, 44. The stop is “TashMI Clinic”. Next to the cathedral there is a metro station “Mashinasozlar” (blue line).
This religious complex is the spiritual center of the city. It is located near the tomb of Imam Hazrati, the first religious preacher of Tashkent. The scholar knew 70 languages and translated the Old Testament into Arabic. The religious complex occupies an area of 2 hectares. Includes Hazrati Imam Mosque, the mausoleum of the same name, Namazgoh Mosque, Tilla-Sheikh and others.
Tilla-Sheikh translates as “Golden Sheikh Mosque”. It is recognized as a major religious landmark. Previously it was called the Friday Mosque of the city. The opulence of the interior and exterior is sure to amaze visitors. The mosque is decorated with blue glaze, mosaic and carvings.
Address: Karasaray Street, Sibzare District.
Mode of work: 9 am – 9 pm.
How to get there: Take bus 42, 43, 109, the stop is “Hast Imam Mosque”. Gafur Gulyam Metro Station, 1,5 km from the complex, 20 min walk.
The most popular place, the center of city life. It is located on the crossroads of 4 shopping streets. Sellers sell sweets, spices, dried fruit, souvenirs, leather, jewelry.