28 best places of interest in Chita – descriptions and photos

34 unforgettable sights of Chita

Chita

Where did the Siberian city get its name Chita? The most logical option is that the city was so named after the river. Although controversialists offer other versions. Disputes about the time of its foundation also continue. The main point of view – the 16th century. In 1897, the town was crossed by the Trans-Siberian Railway, and it became the most important industrial and transport center in Transbaikalia. There are many sights worth visiting.

What sights can be seen by a tourist in Chita on their own

If you want to see the sights, walking on foot, the tourist should visit near the datsan, look at the botanical garden and the zoo. You can also visit the park ODORA, an interesting art museum.

Chita

The population of the city is 349 005 people.

Where to go with the kids

If the family visits this place, it is worth to visit the puppet theater “Tridevyatoe Tsarstvo”, the performances based on Russian and foreign fairy tales.

Beautiful places in Chita for a photo shoot

The Zabaykalsky Region is famous for its unique nature and many beautiful places. The Khalkhin-Gol Memorial, the botanical garden, the Odora Park, and the Daursky Nature Reserve are perfect for a photo session.

Monument to Muravyov-Amursky

It was this politician who signed the treaty with China, as a result of which the state border lay on the Amur River.

Among the relatively recent sights is a monument to the famous statesman N.N. Muravyov-Amursky, installed at the end of May 2014.

Church of the Decembrists

The building was named so for a reason: it was here that the wedding of the Decembrists Annenkov with the French modista Göble and Zavalishin with Smolyaninova took place

A branch of the Transbaikal Regional Museum named the “Decembrists’ Museum” in 1985 was opened in 1971 in a log church building (this building was called a Church of St. Michael the Archangel of Gradochita).

Memorial of Glory

This memorial complex was erected in 1975 on the 30th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War and was opened on May 9.

Shumov Palace

The idea to build a magnificent palace came to the famous goldsmiths, the Shumov brothers, in 1911. The news that the Shumovsky Palace (named after the Shumov brothers) of Chita could compete in its beauty with even the Winter Palace spread throughout the entire Russian Empire.

Titov Sopka

If you walk to the southwestern outskirts of Chita, it is easy to see the mountain range – the Titov Sopka. Studies have shown that in the past it was a so-called stratovolcano, which is proved by the found volcanic bombs and samples of lava with a medium-basic composition.

M. Bergut’s Apartment House

In 1917 the house was first a military hospital, then a printing house. Later a newspaper publishing house began operating in the building, named after its owner M. A. Bergut. Also a library for children and adults began to work in the building.

The Fire Brigade

Thanks to the vigilance of the firefighters, most of the monuments and sites remained intact

The construction of this building lasted from 1902 to 1907. Interestingly, the firefighters decided not to wait until the building was completed, and in 1903, they occupied the ready-made first floor.

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Monument to P. Beketov

Russian pathfinder P. Beketov is called the founder not only of Chita, but also of two other Siberian cities – Nerchinsk and Yakutsk.

History of this place of interest begins in 2002, when the foundation stone for the future monument to P. Beketov was laid. In late October 2008, the 355th anniversary of the founding of the city, the monument to the famous explorer was opened.

Zazovskikh estate

The buildings of this manor were built in 1906-1911 on the order of brothers merchants S. L. and Z. L. Zazovskys. There were built two houses, as well as outbuildings.

The sculptural composition “Love and Faithfulness

The composition depicts a man and a woman dressed in the style of the 19th century, and symbolizes the meeting of lovers

The site was not chosen by chance, it is located next to the street where the Decembrists’ wives lived.

One of the relatively recent landmarks of the city of Chita is the monument “Love and Fidelity”. The monument was opened July 8, 2011, on the Day of Family, Love and Fidelity (there is such a holiday in Russia).

Zabaykalsky Museum of Local Lore

Interestingly, the Regional Museum of Local Lore in Chita is one of the oldest museums of the Far East and Siberia. The museum was founded in 1894 and opened in 1895.

Geological Museum

This museum was opened in 1975. Initially there were two halls in the building: one of them had a collection of minerals and the other one had a collection of minerals.

Museum and Exhibition Center

It is interesting that among the traditional activities are exhibitions of Russian matryoshka dolls, as well as an exhibition of dolls dedicated to the Soviet era

The building was built in 1980 and an exhibition dedicated to the Soviet Far East was opened at the same time. Since 2009, the building houses the Museum and Exhibition Center (the result of a merger of the art museum and the Itinerant Art Center).

Regional Drama Theater

There’s been a lot of discussions about the date of foundation of the theater. Some people think that the theater was founded in 1939, others say it was founded in 1937.

Kazan Cathedral

Unlike other churches that were built back in the Rurikovich dynasty and survived many dramatic events, the Kazan Cathedral was built in 2001 – 2004. Visit the beautiful cathedrals are also advised in the city of Irkutsk.

Chita Datsan

There are services/hurals devoted to the most important events of Buddhist history, and daily rituals in honor of the defenders and guardians of the teachings at the datsan

The datsan, or Buddhist monastery complex, was built in Chita in the early 20th century. After 1917, it shared the fate of many religious buildings – it was destroyed.

Cathedral Mosque

This building was erected in 1904-1907. After the Civil War, the mosque building was used as a dormitory, and during the Second World War it was closed.

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Chita Zoo

The zoo is home to animals of prey, birds, ungulates, reptiles, amphibians, and exotic animals (such as the Indian porcupine)

History of the zoo starts in 1986, when a zoo corner was created at the Palace of Pioneers. Since 1994, the live corner became the Chita Zoo.

Theater “Tridevyatoe Tsarstvo”

Unlike other theaters in Transbaikalia, the target audience of the “Tridevyatoe Tsarstvo” puppet theater is children.

Established in 1935, the puppet theater today is actively living the life of the region, is involved in various programs and projects.

The Gus-Hrustalny Historical and Art Museum was opened on the day of the 255th anniversary of the town of Gus-Hrustalny, June 18, 2011

This puppet theater opened in 1935. Interestingly, until 2008, the theater did not have its own name. It was in 2008 that the puppet theater got its modern name.

ODORA Park.

In Soviet times there was a park here, but in the 1990s most of the trees were cut down, the benches, urns, lamps have almost disappeared

Until the end of the 1890s, the place of the future park was a wasteland. When Chita was crossed by the Trans-Siberian Railway, preparations for the exhibition of agriculture and industry of Transbaikalia began. On the place of the wasteland appeared a garden.

Post

An interesting fact: unlike other historic buildings, the post and telegraph office continues the work begun 125 years ago

This building was erected in 1893. Since 1926 the post and telegraph building became the radio center of Chita. In 2012 repair and restoration works were carried out.

Khalkhin-Gol Memorial

It is known that near the river Khalkhin-Gol there was a battle between the Red Army and Japanese militarists, which ended in the defeat of the Japanese (the result – Japan refused to attack the Far East in 1941 – 1942).

Art Museum

The bulk of the collection consists of art works sent from the fifth zonal art exhibition “Soviet Far East”.

Since 2009 it has been a part of the Transbaikal Museum and Exhibition Center. In the exhibition halls visitors get acquainted with works of art of northern peoples, works of Siberian and Far Eastern artists, Soviet graphic artists.

St. Michael the Archangel Church

The new church was built of larch logs and has survived almost unchanged until now.

This building, named after Archangel Michael, was built in 1774 – 1775 on the place of the burnt-out church.

Holy Resurrection cathedral

The church received its modern name in honor of the victory in WWII: the Soviet Union defeated Nazi Germany shortly before Easter, the Resurrection of Christ.

It is interesting that this was one of the few Catholic churches, i.e. churches, in the Russian Empire (because Poland was part of Russia).

Kazan Cathedral

Designed in the Vladimir-Suzdal style, typical for most churches in the heyday of Orthodoxy in Russia (14th-16th centuries).

At first sight it seems that this temple was constructed at Rurikovich or Romanov’s. Strangely enough, it is not so: the Kazan Cathedral was built in the early 2000s, i.e. less than twenty years ago.

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Chapel of Alexander Nevskiy.

This building was built in the summer of 2001 on the Titov sopka. Why the chapel is named in honour of the great prince Alexander Yaroslavovich? According to a legend Alexander Nevskiy was going to the city Karakorum (one of the distant capitals of Golden Horde) through Transbaikalia.

Botanic garden

Initially this garden was on the Titov’s hill, but since 1993 the botanical garden is located on General Belika street. Although for some time the existence of the botanical garden was in question, in the early 2000s the threat of liquidation of the garden was a thing of the past.

Apple Ridge

Russian explorers are believed to have named the ridge Yablonovy for the abundance of apple-shaped rocks

Why does this ridge, which serves as a watershed between the Pacific and Arctic Oceans, have such a strange name? It turns out that this is a distorted Buryat name, which means “foot pass”.

Daursky Reserve

The fauna of the Reserve includes 4 species of fish, 3 species of amphibians, 3 species of reptiles, over 315 species of birds and 52 species of mammals

This nature reserve is located in the south of Transbaikalia. It is interesting that the Daursky Reserve is among the most important ornithological territories. The museum-reserve is advised to visit in the city of Kemerovo.

The Ice Cave

This attraction is located on the right bank of the river Onon. The Ice Cave was described in the 17th century, but only since the mid-20th century, speleologists began to seriously study this place.

Amut Lake

This lake appeared as a result of a landslide that blocked the Amut River. It is believed that the purity of this lake can compete with Lake Baikal itself.

Ingoda River

This river is one of the tributaries of the Amur. The city of Chita stands in the place where the Chita River flows into the Ingoda. Interestingly, below Chita, small vessels float along the Ingoda River.

Barguzin Ridge

Glaciers were found on the Barguzin range, the presumed age of which is about 100 thousand years.

This ridge is located not far from Lake Baikal. The highest point is Baikal Peak.

Chita / Zabaikalye Territory

At first sight, the unremarkable city of Chita can reveal many interesting things to tourists. It is the capital of the Transbaikal Region, known for its interesting history and culture. In the beginning, the population of this city was very small. It was called “the city without people. But over the years it has grown into a real megalopolis. It is known that the Decembrists were exiled here. They contributed a lot to the formation of the region’s culture. Many monuments of architecture have been preserved here in their original form. There are several beautiful parks, interesting museums, and installations.

Chita / Transbaikal Territory

Lenin Square.

A beautiful and very large city square that is located in the center of the city, has existed since the 19th century. It has been renamed and rebuilt several times. Its final appearance it got by the 38th year, when they started building a temple on the square. In the same year it got its name and a new monument to the great leader. Around the square are all the administrative landmarks of the city.

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Chita / Zabaikalsky Krai - Lenin Square.

Museum “Church of the Decembrists.

Old Chita Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk Church – this is the full name of this temple. This is a very noteworthy sight, as it is a wooden church of the 18th century, preserved to this day. There are no services held inside, but there is a very informative museum. It will tell guests everything about the life of the Decembrists, who were sent to hard labor.

Titov Sopka.

The elevation, which is now part of the mountain range, was a volcano. It reaches more than 400 meters in height. For a long time, various archaeological excavations were conducted here, during which many historical treasures were found. These are petroglyphs, ancient tombs and even mammoth tusks. At the site of the excavations installed a cross, and later built a chapel.

Chita / Zabaikalsky Krai - Titov Sopka.

Chita datsan.

There was a Buddhist shrine on the site of the present temple before the revolution, but it was destroyed. In 2002, it was decided to build a new temple, which was consecrated eight years later. This monastery regularly holds its services and even celebrates important events. In terms of its equipment this datsan is considered to be the most modern. During the construction, materials from the recycling of plastic were used.

Chita / Zabaikalsky krai - Chita datsan.

Kazan Cathedral.

In 2001, a beautiful, majestic cathedral was erected on the station square, on the site of the old stadium. The relics of S. Radozhensky, so the place is very sacred and one of the locals’ favorites. It was built in the style of Vladimir and Suzdal. At the same time, the colors used in the construction were atypical for the area. That is why it attracts tourists.

Chita / Zabaikalsky krai -Kazansky cathedral.

Zabaykalsky Krai Museum of Local Lore.

This is a great place for tourists where you can get acquainted with the interesting culture of the whole Transbaikal Region. It was founded back in the late 1800s, and since then more than 190 thousand different exhibits have been collected here. Visitors will be able to look at interesting installations, conveying how the indigenous peoples lived, their household items and much more. The museum itself is located in a beautiful building, which is a monument of architecture.

Chita / Zabaikalye Territory - Zabaikalye Local Lore Museum.

Zabaykalsky Krai Drama Theater.

The first body of the drama theater was formed back in ’37. It was fragile and changed its profile several times due to the peculiarities of the theater. Initially, it was a kind of musical ensemble, but already in the 70s, it received a clear assignment and so began to introduce classical music. Now the Drama Theater has its regular activities in a beautiful, modern building.

Chita / Zabaikalye Territory - Zabaikalye Regional Drama Theater.

Museum and Exhibition Center of Zabaikalsky Krai.

This center was formed, first of all, thanks to an exhibition that was held in the 1980s. Visitors liked it so much, that the best exhibits were soon moved to the new building. In 2009, came a new round of development of the center. It was then that it began its work in full. The exposition combines several areas, including jewelry, art of different nations and so on.

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Chita / Transbaikalia Territory-Museum and Exhibition Center of Transbaikalia territory.

The puppet theater “Tridevyatoe Tsarstvo”.

In general, this theater was created back in ’35, but at that time the artists did not have their own “roof over their heads” and the name. They received it only in 2009, as well as their theater building. But then, it was closed for renovation, which lasted six years. Since 2015, the theater has been in full operation. Various types of puppets are used in the performances. All of the productions are geared not only toward children, but also toward an adult audience.

Shumov Palace.

One of the most beautiful buildings in the city, which immediately attracts attention. Originally, the project of its construction was larger. In the early 1900s, only one part of it was erected. But in spite of that, it turned out gorgeous. Its architectural style is Baroque, with elements of eclecticism. The interior of the palace is as luxurious as its appearance. It is decorated with beautiful moldings and other decorative elements.

Chita / Zabaykalsky Krai-Shumov Palace.

The building of the Main post office.

Another great sight of the city that you would not think that this is an ordinary administrative building. The structure was erected in the late 1800s. It also housed a savings bank and a consumer society. Following it, a library was also opened. It was from this place that the first telephone line was drawn. Even now this luxurious building is used for its original purpose.

Chita / Zabaikalsky Krai - Building Glavpochtamt.

Monument “Love and Fidelity”.

This beautiful, massive, modern monument opened in 2011. A square with the same name was also installed here. This is a very symbolic sculpture, since it was in this city that the wives of the Decembrists lived. They followed their spouses everywhere, even into exile. Depicted is a young couple, where the man stands on one knee, giving his hand to the woman. Everyone should see this monument.

Zabaikalye Botanical Garden.

It is a wonderful place for a walk with the whole family. This garden was opened back in 1990, and since then, it has not stopped receiving visitors. It also conducts various studies to discover new species and ways of adaptation of exotic plants. Also, there are regular themed tours that appeal to a variety of generations.

Chita / Zabaikalsky Krai - Zabaikalsky Botanical Garden.

Victory Park.

A large city park in Chita, which includes a walking area and a large memorial complex. It is dedicated to the anniversary of the war and was opened in ’75. In the very center of the monument you can see five steles. They stand for the number of years the war took place. There are also plates that immortalize the names of the heroes who fought for their country.

Chita / Zabaikalsky Krai - Victory Park.

ODORA Park.

This is a favorite recreation park of the local residents. And back in the 20th century, in its place was an ordinary wasteland. Then, here were organized an exhibition of achievements in the field of agriculture of Transbaikalia. After several years, the area was landscaped, filled with beautiful statues, walking alleys, and attractions. In the park installed a fountain, many benches for recreation and created a dance floor.

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