30 main attractions of Khabarovsk region
Khabarovsk region welcomes travelers with its natural riches. It has several nature reserves, national parks and wildlife preserves, which show how reverent the locals are about heritage preservation. In addition to beauty in the general sense, there are truly unique phenomena, like lakes covered with blooming lotuses, or Toki Island, where pinnipeds settle comfortably.
In the cities, too, there is much to see, from monuments to historical figures to museums with a rich collection of works of art. Orthodox can visit churches and cathedrals, built in modern times. And all without exception will love the city parks and recreation areas, saving from boredom and raising the spirits.
The most famous and beautiful places of the region
List, pictures with names and descriptions of sights worth visiting!
Mountain range with a length of 150 km. The highest point – 2.1 thousand meters. Since most of the territory is removed from civilization, pristine nature has been preserved here. In 1987 on an area of almost 357 thousand hectares was formed Bureinsky reserve – reserve, where there is an exemplary piece of mountain taiga. In addition to the Dusse-Alin, Lake Bear, situated on the slopes of the ridge, is an ornament of these places. It is not only a mountain lake, but also a glacial lake. The lake looks like it is sealed on three sides in a stone bag. The water is blue and clear. Tourists can visit the area only in groups accompanied by the Reserve workers.
Refers to the Komsomolsk district. You can find them almost on the top of the hill at a height of about 950 meters. They look like granite rock formations of different shapes, sometimes bizarre. They are all of varying size within a range of 12-70 m. Some of the pillars form a mini group and have separate names, such as the Walls. Crown, Bowl. Declared a natural monument of local importance.
Archipelago in the Sea of Okhotsk with the total area of 250 thousand hectares. In 1999, they became part of the reserve of the same name, and in 2013 – the national park. Tourist season falls in the summer months and September. There are many destinations, including whale watching, which is uncommon in Russia. Despite the abundance of recreational options, visitors are few: this is due to the difficulty of travel and the high cost of excursions.
These petroglyphs were discovered in the Khabarovsk region. First described back in the middle of the XIX century. They were made during the early Neolithic period. There are especially many rock formations and stones with petroglyphs on the right bank of the Amur, although they are also found in other places. Both human and animal life scenes are painted. Some drawings suggest what the fauna was like in ancient times.
BAM is one of the longest railway lines in the world – 3.8 thousand kilometers. Opened in 1938, but construction took more than a decade. Connects the Irkutsk region and Khabarovsk region. At the moment it needs to be expanded, as it operates at the capacity limit. The modernization project has already been launched.
They are located in different districts of the region. The most popular lakes are Tsvetochnoye, Barkhatnoye, and Lonchakovo. Just a few days at the end of July and in early August, you can see the lotuses of Komarova bloom. The water surface is covered with flowers, creating a unique natural canvas. There are a lot of legends and fables connected with this phenomenon. Allegedly, if you look at the lotus in the blooming period of the buds you will be lucky all year long.
Located in Sunny district at an altitude of 761 m above sea level. The water temperature does not get warmer than +6 ° C. By type, it is a landslide, as formed by the descent of mountain masses from the slope, which was blocked by the bed of the river with the same name. On the banks grows sparse woods, including low shrubs, the relief is not uniform, and the snow lies until mid-summer.
Part of the Trans-Siberian Railway, spanning the Amur River near the regional capital. Total length (with flyovers) – almost 3.9 thousand km, width – about 25 m. It was opened in 1916, but was repeatedly rebuilt and reconstructed. Especially strongly transformed in the late 90s of the last century, when the old spans were dismantled and started to use modern ones. In Khabarovsk tourists are welcomed by a museum, founded in honor of the bridge.
Created in Sredne-Amurskaya lowland in 1997 on an area of more than 100 thousand hectares. It’s named after the lake bordering the reserve. Its main task is to preserve and study marsh complexes which occupy up to 80 % of the territory. Besides, an important factor is that migration routes of some rare bird species pass through the zapovednik. It is necessary to give them safe stays and not to change their habitual environment.
Since 1987 it is recognized as a natural monument of local significance. It is located in Vininski district and occupies an area (together with the protected zone) of about 1.2 thousand hectares. It has a zoological profile, because the island is a rookery of pinnipeds – Larga seals, sea lions, walruses. In 2007 it became a private reserve. Excursions are free, nobody lives there permanently, so you have to make an appointment in advance.
It exists since 1963. It occupies an area of 45 thousand hectares. It was named after the mountain range. Most of the area is covered by forests. Despite its proximity to populated areas, the reserve is rich in different kinds of fauna. One can even meet Himalayan bears and Amur tigers. The nature museum welcomes tourists on a permanent basis, eco-routes have also been developed, and the Aralia Visitor Center operates.
Botchin Nature Reserve
Originally it had the status of a wildlife preserve, but in 1994 it became a nature reserve. Its area is 267 thousand hectares. The relief is mountainous and heterogeneous, elevation differences are within 500 m. The Amur tigers come here, it’s the northernmost point of their habitat. Found fossils of plants, which are millions of years old. As part of environmental education, the reserve cooperates with schools and participates in regional eco-projects.
Established in 1994. Occupies 860 thousand hectares of the Ayano-Maisky district. The largest nature reserve of the region. Since it is located on the coast, includes part of the water area of the Sea of Okhotsk. The staff offers tourists two itineraries for visiting the reserve. It is prohibited to deviate from them and before entering the territory it is necessary to get permission by signing the code of conduct.
Komsomolsky Nature Reserve
Established in the central part of the region in 1963. The area with water area is 64 thousand hectares. Part of the territory – the Amur valley, 80% – forests. Remarkable places: Steller’s sea-eagle nesting ground, ethnographic museum, tunnels left from Talandinskaya hydroelectric power station construction. Three walking and two water routes for tourists are developed. They vary in length and take from 1 to 4 days.
Amur cliff in Khabarovsk
It can be found on the Nevelsky Embankment. It has been known since 1858, when a camp was set up here. The bloody history of execution of musicians in 1918 is connected with this place. Gradually, a museum and cultural center with the same name was formed here. It occupied the building of the former lifeguard station. The classical interiors of different times, typical for Khabarovsk, were reconstructed inside.
Another name – “In the name of the Assumption of the Mother of God”. Built in the 80s of XIX century. It was the first stone temple in the city. With it had a bell tower and two side chapels. In 1930 the cathedral was dismantled. In the 90s a new project was developed and a reconstructed building was built at the same place. Appearance is significantly different, but some details have been deliberately preserved. The sacred objects are the old icons.
Admiral Nevelsky Embankment
It is situated in the historical part of Khabarovsk. It was named in honour of Admiral, the head of two exploratory expeditions. In the center – “Amur cliff” with viewing platform. The embankment – a place for walks and all kinds of urban events. From here in good and clear weather you can see China. There is free Wi-Fi in the area. The monument to Muravyov-Amursky, the pier and the beach are very close.
Khabarovsk City Ponds
Have artificial origins. Until 1983 there were ravines in this place. The area around it is landscaped, something like a small park. Total 3 ponds: Lower with a fountain and lighting, Medium, where you can ride on special boats, the Upper, in addition to light and fountains, he surprises with concerts of classical music. On the territory there are many sculptures, there are benches, cafes and play areas.
Built in the early 2000s in Khabarovsk with the blessing of Patriarch Alexy II. It became a cathedral after the illumination. Has two limits, small is under the main. The inner walls are painted with frescoes. Five gold domes appeared due to donations from parishioners and public organizations. The height of the building is 83 meters, making the cathedral one of the highest in Russia.
Cathedral of Seraphim of Sarov
Construction began in Khabarovsk in 2003, and the temple was lit in 2008. The white-stone building was built according to an original project and has no analogues. More like a merchant’s chambers, crowned with a dome, rather than a monastery. The main relics are a part of the relics of Seraphim of Sarov and his icon. The vacant lot that surrounds the temple is now a landscaped park that is a picturesque place for city residents to relax in.
Far Eastern Art Museum
It has been situated in Khabarovsk since 1931. It has the largest collection of art in the region. Most of the collection came from the collections of the Hermitage, the Tretyakov Gallery and other museums of the country. To the paintings over time were added icons. The museum’s exhibition activities are extensive and include other regions and foreign countries. It also regularly hosts exhibitions of similar themes.
Khabarovsk Krai Museum named after Grodekov
It was founded in 1894. It is named after the Governor General. The exhibition is divided into thematic parts: geology, flora and fauna, indigenous peoples, development of territories and others. On a permanent basis takes temporary exhibitions of different directions. The building was built especially for the museum and is a monument of architecture. New halls were added to it twice. In the more modern one a whale skeleton is on display.
In its current form it has been working since 1999. Before that, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur there was a museum at the aircraft plant. When it became a part of the expocenter the number of exhibition activities increased. The area of the premises is 1,3 thousand square meters. The exhibitions tell the history of the enterprise and the national aviation. The employees hold meetings with current and former employees, give lectures.
Monument to Muravyov-Amursky
A statue of governor-general appeared in Khabarovsk in 1891. At the opening attended by Nicholas II, who had not yet stepped on the throne. The monument is guarded by the guard, which is located in a nearby house. The pedestal under the sculpture has several different in height and shape tiers. Muravyov-Amursky is depicted in full-length. Five memorial plaques with inscriptions and historical references are installed on the composition.
Monument to Yerofey Khabarov
Installed in 1958 in Khabarovsk in front of the railway station. It is dedicated to the pathfinder, in whose honor the city is named. There is no portrait resemblance to the prototype, author’s imagination reflected common features and symbolism of the figure for the region. In 2008 the reconstruction was carried out, a plaque with the sculptor’s name – Milchin was installed, and the monument got its official name.
Amur Botanical Garden
The only one in the region, works since 1988. Its collection consists of local and exotic plants from all over the world. All in all, there are about 600 specimens in the garden. Nearby, thanks to the created comfortable conditions, species characteristic of different climatic zones coexist. Tourists can buy ornamental plants for the home, as well as take courses that teach how to take care of greenery.
Anyuisky National Park
Located in Nanaysky District since 2007. It occupies an area of 429 thousand hectares on the right bank of the Amur River. It also includes part of the Sikhote Alin Mountains. Since it is difficult to get there, this natural cluster has remained untouched and unaffected by humans. For the most part, the area is covered with broadleaved forests and Korean cedar. There is only one settlement within the park.
Located near the capital of the region. It has been working since 2002. In this zoo, each pet is a native of the Far East. They are placed in spacious aviaries, as close as possible replicating the natural habitat of the animals. All the animals were on the verge of death and could not survive in their natural environment, so they were placed under the supervision of the zoo’s staff. Among the inhabitants are a deer, a leopard and a polar bear.
Siziman Stone Forest
The natural monument is situated in the Vininsky district in the bay of the same name. Received its present status in 1992. The phenomenon itself has been known since the 18th century. It occupies an area of 20 hectares. The branches and trunks of trees in the distant past were sealed by hot lava. Now you can see their manifestations on the coast. When the “protective” crust due to environmental influences disappears, the structure of trees becomes visible.
The Amur River
Its length is 2.8 thousand km. On the territory of Russia, it flows through several regions and also belongs to the Chinese lands. Its mouth is the Sea of Okhotsk. It is navigable and is of great importance, both in the economic activity of the country and in tourism. It is rich in fish, and there are many natural and historical sights along its shores. Over the past few decades, often heavily flooded, causing flooding.
Khabarovsk / Khabarovsk Territory
Khabarovsk is a tourist center of the Far East. Because of its active development the city attracts travelers with cultural attractions in the form of various theaters for every taste, historical and art museums.
Walking around the metropolis is a pure pleasure. Parks are ennobled by ponds, alleys, the city has a landscaped embankment. You should definitely visit the church of Seraphim of Sarov, which in appearance resembles a merchant’s chamber. Nature lovers should visit the Priamursky zoo.
Originally it was a platz, which arose in the 19th century during the expansion of the settlement. In 1925, a monument to Lenin appeared there. In the middle of last century the square was asphalted. In 1998, a large-scale reconstruction, during which the asphalt was replaced by paving stones. Nowadays various festive events are held there.
Monument to E. Khabarov
This majestic monument has decorated Khabarovsk since 1958. It is located near the railway station. Together with the pedestal the monument rises to a height of 11 meters. The monument was erected in honor of the pioneer and founder of the city. Since 2008 there has been a plaque on the monument, which says that the landmark was created by the sculptor Milchin.
N. Muravyov-Amursky Park
Several centuries ago there was a natural garden, which later became a natural monument. The park area stretches for 79 hectares and decorates the coast of the Amur. The park is considered one of the best areas in the city for walks. Since 1891, there is a monument to Muravyov-Amursky, who was the governor-general.
The landmark is located on the Nevelsky Embankment. In the middle of the 19th century, pioneer explorers were based here. In 1918, a tragedy happened here, during which musicians were tortured. Now there is a museum complex. The collection is displayed in the former lifeguard station.
Monument to Muravyov-Amursky
It has been situated in Khabarovsk since the end of the 19th century. The monument was created by Opekushin on the order of Alexander III. The opening ceremony took place in the presence of Nicholas II. In 1925, instead of the monument appeared a monument to Lenin, but in the early 90s, the monument was restored. Now the monument can be seen not only in pictures and live, but also on the 5000 rubles bill.
Gaidar Children’s Park
The park area was opened at the beginning of the last century at the request of the Society for the Physical Development of Children. The children’s park changed its name many times, it was named after Dzerzhinsky and the writer Komarov. Since 2010 it has been an ordinary park, although it is still called a children’s park. The area is equipped with attractions for children and various sculptures of fairy tale characters.
Spread over 31 hectares right in the center of the metropolis. The central park pleases its visitors in any season of the year. In summer you can see bright flowerbeds, have a good time in the summer café, go for a ride on the rides and have active rest at one of the playgrounds. On weekends an orchestra performs here. In winter, the park attracts by a huge skating rink.
Khabarovsk City Ponds
Until the early 80s, there were ravines in place of artificial ponds, which were widened. A park area with a landscaped area was created in the vicinity. The maximum depth of the ponds is 6 m. In the center of the lower pond there is a fountain with illumination. The upper pond is also equipped with an illuminated fountain, which is also a musical fountain. On the middle pond you can ride on special boats.
The park is named after the neighborhood where it is located. Not far from the park area is the Church of Seraphim of Sarov. Severny Park is perfect for wedding photo shoots. A huge area now wants to increase to 42 hectares and improve the cascade of ponds and arboretum. The modern park is interesting with the Palace of the newlyweds, as well as a pond with swans and ducks.
Grado-Khabarovskiy Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God
The shrine was built in the late 19th century. This is the first stone church in Khabarovsk. In the 30s, the cathedral was dismantled for the use of bricks. Already in the post-Soviet period there was a project to restore the temple, which was erected in the “zero years”. Despite the striking differences, there are some common features between the new cathedral and the original temple.
Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior
The modern church was built in the noughties. After its consecration, the cathedral became a cathedral. The building rises to a height of 83 meters, making the temple one of the highest in Russia. The interior decoration is astonishingly rich and painted frescoes. The gold domes were created at the expense of various organizations and the parishioners themselves.
Seraphim of Sarov Church
The consecration ceremony was held in 2008. The white-stone temple is unique because there are no other similar structures on the planet. The shape of the cathedral is reminiscent of the chambers of merchants. The religious building is surrounded by a landscaped park. The shrine is not only interesting because of its unique shape, but also because of the icon of a saint in whose honor the church is named.
The Church of St. Innokenty of Irkutsk
The temple has decorated the Voennaya Mountain since 1869. Earlier at the cathedral functioned a parochial school. In addition, there was a necropolis where the first citizens were buried. The revolution brought the shrine into disrepair. During three decades a planetarium operated in the church. In the early 90s the building was given back to the ROC, after which the restoration began.
Municipal museum of N. Grodekov.
The cultural center was opened back in 1894 and was named after the governor-general. The exhibits are typical for similar museums. The collection is divided by themes. The museum itself is located in an architectural monument. The building was rebuilt to expand the space for exhibitions. The modern museum’s visiting card is a whale skeleton.
Far Eastern Art Museum
This attraction has been functioning since 1931 and is known for the largest collections in the region. The collection began with paintings that were brought from the Hermitage and other famous museums of the country. A little later unique icons were added to the exposition. Often valuable exhibits are “toured” across Russia, and temporary exhibitions are often held at the cultural center itself.
Military Historical Museum
The exposition is located in an architectural monument. Prior to the creation of the museum, a state bank and the front headquarters operated here. The cultural center has been functioning since 1984. The collection is stored in 13 halls, and in the courtyard you can see military equipment.
Museum of the History of the Amur Bridge
The modern museum was opened in 2008. The cultural center was created in honor of the Amur River crossing, which survived the reconstruction. Initially, the creators wanted to simply preserve the old structure, but as a result, a miniature historical territory was created. The exposition is supplemented with locomotives, platform and the old train station.
Okladnikov Archaeological Museum
The museum was founded in 1998. Its funds hold 160,000 archeological artifacts. Moreover, more than 1,000 exhibits are considered unique and priceless. The exposition allows you to study the history and development of the region. Workshops are regularly organized for children. The museum is located in the former house of the merchant Lubben. Now it is a monument of architecture.
Museum of the History of Khabarovsk
Cultural and historical center appeared in 2004, and seven years later the reconstruction took place. The exposition consists of all kinds of exhibits relating to the history of the metropolis. There is a department with portraits of famous citizens. There is also a collection of household items. The museum occupies the House of Culture.
Aquarium “Fishes of the Amur”
The museum was opened in 2005. Three halls are equipped with all kinds of aquariums of all sizes. The largest one is 900 liters in capacity. All the aquariums are equipped with lighting and decorative elements. The museum shows the variety of the Amur’s underwater world. Also here you can see rare species of fish.
Municipal Regional Theater of Drama and Comedy
The structure was built in the 30s under the NKVD club. In ’46 the theater was formed on the basis of the club. The modern auditorium seats 500 spectators. The hall is equipped with a checkroom and a cafe. The foyer with a columned hall has a classic style. Sometimes performances for children are staged here.
Khabarovsk Regional Musical Theater
This cultural center opened back in 1926. The premiere operetta was “Silva”. Even during the war years the troupe worked, performing at the front before the soldiers. In 1977, the stage found its own house on Karl Marx Street. Official events are often held in the building.
The attraction appeared in 1989, thanks to director A. Raskin and like-minded people. The White Theater was named so because the local actors do not put themselves in a genre framework, and take up experimental performances. Because of this, the theater is like a sheet of paper, on which you can create anything you want.
The Triad Theater
The company has been in operation since 1975. At first, a troupe of pantomime amateurs worked at the Palace of Trade Unions. Since 1993, “Triad” has the status of a municipal theater. A few years later, the stage moved to the former Pioneer Cinema. Due to the threat of closure, the actors expanded the repertoire and switched to classical performances.
The puppet theater in Khabarovsk has been working since 1997. Initially, the troupe staged small performances in schools and kindergartens, after which the actors moved to a private room in an apartment building. The theater was even nominated for the “Golden Mask”, and the modern repertoire consists of 40 performances.
The local circus-chapito appeared at the beginning of the last century, moving from place to place. In the middle of the last century, the city circus was based near Lenin Square. In 2011, a circus building with a capacity of 1,300 people was built. The arena is located in Gagarin Park.
Operates in the city suburbs since 2002. All the pets came to the zoo in different ways, but many of them were literally saved from death by the zoo. Spacious aviaries create comfortable living conditions for the animals, which show the diversity of local fauna.
The huge sports complex was built in 2003. The capacity of the arena varies depending on the type of event. For hockey, the complex holds up to 7,000 spectators, and for concerts – up to 8,500 people. Amur and Amur Tigers play their matches here. The area around the arena has been landscaped with parking lots, alleys and benches.
The bridge across the Amur is part of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Together with the flyovers the bridge stretches for almost 4 km. The original crossing was opened in 1916, but little remains of it. To increase the capacity and to replace obsolete structures, the bridge was rebuilt many times. Dismantled elements joined the collection of the museum, created in honor of the crossing.
Admiral Nevelsky Embankment
The picturesque street is part of the historical district of Khabarovsk. The embankment was named after the admiral and the leader of several expeditions. Also here is “Amur cliff” with a beautiful observation deck. Near the embankment there is a beach with a pier. It is not only a walking alley, but also a place for festive events.