20 glorious sights of Murom
Murom is an ancient city in the Vladimir region with a rich history and many major attractions. A huge number of architectural and religious temples, monuments and museums are concentrated here. A special place takes a bogatyr Ilya Muromets, who was born not far from the city. There are a lot of monuments and sculptures to him.
What of the famous sights to see in and around Murom in one day?
In one day, it is recommended to examine on your own several famous monasteries, for which the city is famous. Here is a sample itinerary according to the Murom guide
- The Resurrection women’s monastery.
- Annunciation monastery for men.
- Holy Trinity female monastery.
- Holy Transfiguration Monastery.
Holy Trinity Female Monastery
It’s easy to get to the first three monasteries, because they are close to each other. But you have to go to the fourth one. The route is not long. It is better to choose walking. It will be not only pleasant, but also useful. The architecture of Murom is original and sophisticated. You can accidentally stumble upon a beautiful house.
Where to go on an excursion alone with children?
In one geographical day, it is better to organize a hike with children to the House of Bread, its mode of operation, description and photos can be found below in the article. There, kids can learn more about the history of bread, watch an interesting performance and even participate in a master class. In one fell swoop you can “kill several birds with one stone”. It’s useful, informative, interesting and delicious. Because here you will definitely be invited to participate in the tasting of varieties of bread and will be given tea.
Gagarin Park in Murom
In summer and winter, and at other times, it will be good to visit the Oksky Park. A large number of attractions are concentrated here. You can rent a bicycle or skates. For active children it is a great entertainment, and for parents a great opportunity to take a lot of good pictures.
Where in the city can take beautiful pictures and good food?
During tours, guides often recommend visiting the ancient refectory of the Holy Trinity Convent and the restaurant “Chaika”. They are located not far from the monument of the epic Ilya Muromets.
Here you can have a delicious lunch after a long walk around the city.
If you scour the Internet resources, you are advised to go to the restaurant-bowling club “Empire”. Here you can also get a small discount on a second visit. For a light breakfast, the cafe “El Caramelo” will do.
A wonderful way to have fun and spend time with family and friends
Murom and its surroundings are beautiful, with a rich history and unusual architecture of buildings, churches and temples. Here you can stroll through the local monasteries, go to a museum, buy and bring your friends remarkable souvenirs or just wander through the ancient streets in search of architectural masterpieces.
Home of Ilya Muromets in Murom
Most of the sights have their own shrines and legends to them. Here everything revolves around the bogatyr Ilya Muromets.
Murom cable-stayed bridge
The construction of the cable-stayed bridge structure dates back to 2009. Its total length is 1.4 km and width is 15 m. The bridge is a bypass road, which is supported by three pylons. Previously, it was possible to cross the Oka only in the summer on the old pontoon bridge. While at other times it was necessary to use the rapids. The bridge was declared the most beautiful in the Russian Federation in 2007.
One of the oldest parks in the region, on the territory of which formerly stood the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary. Here you can visit a large number of attractions. Not only for children, but also for adults. Near the observation deck there is a monument to Ilya Muromets. From here you can go down to the bank of the Oka River.
In Murom, the first water pipeline in the region was created. This was made possible thanks to the work of the engineer E. M. Inzhemsky. The foundation of the tower was laid in 1863. The initiator of its creation was the town governor of Murom A. V. Ermakov. After the construction was completed. He handed over the water pipeline to the city with the only condition that it was free of charge for the townspeople. Interesting! Some of the pipes of the first water pipe were made of wood. Today some fragments are stored in the Historical and Art Museum.
Armored train “Ilya Muromets”
A unique monument, dating back to 1971, which was erected in honor of the armored train of 1942, built by the workers of the foundry. Although they had no practice in creating military equipment, they made a real war machine. It went a long way, destroyed many enemy guns. In the war years it was one of the most perfect armored vehicles. The monument was made in the form of a mock-up of the combat structure with observance of the real dimensions.
Museum “The Bread House”.
Interactive excursions: “History of bread”, “History of Borodino bread”, “Kalachny Ryad”, “Gingerbread Tale”, “Christmas Sunday School”, “Maslenitsa”, “Red Hill”.
This is an interactive museum, where visitors are invited to learn how bread came to be, its name and much more related to baking in general. Several tours are offered here. At the same time, you are sure to be not only spectators, but also participants in what is happening. You can taste different versions of bread, do gingerbread painting and much more. There is even a program for children with a tea party, a performance and a small master class.
Murom Historical and Art Museum
One of the oldest museums in the region dating back to 1919. Its opening took place in one of the famous mansions of the 18th century, the house of Zvorykins. For a long time the museum was a branch of the Vladimir and Suzdal Museum Reserve. And only in 2007 it was given its autonomy. Here you can find an extensive collection of archeological finds: church relics, antique weapons, coins, charters and much more.
This is the oldest building of the 15th century, and is interesting not only from a religious point of view, but also from a historical one. The fact is that the cathedral was erected on the initiative of burgomaster Vasily Smolyaninov, commissar Osip Nazvanov and clerk Alexei Gerasimov. It is a unique building with three altarpieces, five golden domes and a bright hipped bell tower. Today services are held there, so you can visit one of them.
Church of Cosmas and Damian
Built in 1968-1969, designed by architect Rachel Abbovna Vladimirskaya and engineer Kirienko over the Military Descent
The history of the church dates back to the temple of Elijah the Prophet, which was badly damaged in a fire and after restoration was christened in honor of Cosmas and Damian. It used to be a wooden building, which in time was built of stone. The modern church is a distinctive monument of architecture of the 16th century. For a long time it was closed. Then it was undergoing restoration. It was only in 2010 that the church regained its original appearance.
Below at the foot of the mountain beats St. Nicholas spring, which, according to legend, St. Nicholas appeared several times.
The temple was built in honor of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker near the river Oka. This saint had power over the water element. He was considered the patron saint of all sailors and travelers, who went to conquer the waters. The architecture of the building is unique. It was designed in the style of Peter the Great Baroque. During the Soviet era, the church was closed and only in 1991 it was opened to the faithful. Here are kept relics of St. Juliana of Murom.
Holy Resurrection Monastery
According to one parable, a monastery of wood stood here as early as the 11th century. The first mention of the monastery appeared in the “Census book” in 1566. At that time it consisted of two wooden structures, belfry, abbot’s house and 21 cells for nuns. For a long time everything was closed. There was a sports field, a bar and a bathhouse. Only in 1998, the monastery was returned to the parish. They started to make reconstruction works, which are still going on.
Monastery of the Annunciation
In September 1991 by the decision of the Holy Synod, monastic life was restored in the Annunciation Monastery.
Men’s monastery, located near the female Trinity monastery. Unlike the previous architectural ensemble, it is more ascetic. The building was erected in 1553 by order of Ivan the Terrible on the place of the wooden church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin. Today the holy relics of Prince Konstantin (Yaroslav) Svyatoslavovich and his children Mikhail and Fedor are kept there.
The main decoration of Holy Trinity Monastery are forged gilded crosses – masterpieces of forge work of Murom craftsmen
Holy Trinity Convent was built in 1643. It is notable for the fact that the relics of St. Peter and Fevronia are buried here. In the federation, they are the patrons of family and marriage. The building was built with funding from the local merchant T. B. Tsvetnov. Previously there was a wooden church of the Holy Trinity. It is a five-domed cathedral with elegant lines and luxurious decorations.
Monastery of Transfiguration
The monastery was mentioned by chronicles before all other monasteries on the territory of Russia and appears in “The Tale of Bygone Years”.
An ancient construction of Murom and its region, the first memories of which were as early as 1096. There is information that on the site of the modern temple there was a fortified court of Prince Gleb. The latter even served as a defensive fortress. For a long time the monastery existed peacefully, until in 1616 it was robbed. Then the building was badly damaged. Today there are many outbuildings near it, including a brotherhood building of 3 floors.
The village near Murom, where, according to legend, Ilya Muromets was born. The name literally translates from Tatar as “patrol”. And for good reason. Because the village itself is located on a hill, washed by the river. From here it was good to keep watch. In fact, Ilya Muromets lived here. But his name was Ilya Ivanovich Gushchin. Even his house has been preserved. But you can learn about it only from the inscription on the memorial plate.
It is one of the oldest streets of the city, the architectural ensemble of the pre-revolutionary period, which attracts the attention of tourists. On the plan of the city it appeared in 1788. The first stone buildings were built here. Therefore the area is full of architectural and historical sights. You can also visit the Church of the Ascension, which dates back to 1729.
Murom’s 1100th anniversary square
This is the central square of the city, which has been renamed several times. It used to be Market Square, Christmas Square. And only in 1962, it became the square of the 1100th anniversary of Murom. There is a monument to Lenin, a fountain, and the building of the city administration. The latter was built in the 1960s in the 19th century in the style of constructivism. Nearby are Market Rows, another Murom landmark.
Murom Kalach is a symbol of the city, engraved on the coat of arms of Murom. That is why it was installed in 2012 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the city day celebration. The sculpture is located near the central market, near the restaurant “Noble Club”. The ceramic monument weighs 100 kg and is 2 meters high, and was created with the financial support of businessman I. Zinoviev. The peculiarity of the construction is that it is heated up to 35 degrees Celsius. They plan to make it so that it also smells like freshly baked bread.
Made to the design of the architect of the town of Murom N. A. Bespalov sculptor S. N. Nikolayev in 1967. N. Nikolaev in 1967
It is a trademark of Murom, located at the entrance to the town. The monument was erected in 1967. The author of the idea was the artist Nikolaev and the architect Bespalov. Interesting! According to one parable, the prototype of the monument was a certain souvenir, created especially for a member of the CPSU Central Committee, D. F. Ustinov. This is a huge boulder, on which the outline of Ilya Muromets face was carved. More precisely, the way the artist represents him. There is also an inscription from “The Tale of Bygone Years”.
Monument to Ilya Muromets
The bronze sculpture was installed in Oksky City Park in 1999. Although the monument is young, but it has already managed to become a symbol of valor and one of the most recognizable sights of Murom. The author of the idea is sculptor V. M. Klykov. In his left hand the bogatyr holds a cross as a symbol of Orthodoxy. Whereas the right hand is lifted up. In it Ilya Muromets mightily holds a sword. The height of the monument to the pedestal is 21 m.
Monument to Peter and Fevronia of Murom
Creating a positive image of family values, faithful and chaste relationships, love and devotion in marriage, birth and upbringing of children in the spirit of love to the Motherland
An architectural ensemble, dating back to 2008, which was the first in the country to be installed to the prince and his wife. It is located near the Holy Trinity Women’s Monastery for a reason. The relics of St. Peter and Fevronia are kept here. It is a bronze monument on a pedestal of granite. The prince and the princess hold hands. The author of the idea was the artist V. Surovtsev. The monument was erected for his own money.
Murom is one of the oldest cities in the middle belt of Russia. In the annals it was first mentioned in 862, that is, during the existence of the Varangians. Murom is the same age as Novgorod the Great, Rostov the Great, and Smolensk. It is convenient to get to it from Moscow, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, and Vladimir. The ancient city has enough places worth visiting.
What to see in Murom in 1 day
Among the things to see in Murom for the tourist should be noted first of all several main sights: monasteries, temples, famous monuments. The oldest stone buildings in the city date back to the middle of the 16th century, and the first mentions of monasteries date back to 1086.
Monastery of the Annunciation
The foundation of this historical sight is connected with stay of tsar Ivan the Terrible in the city during his campaign to Kazan khanate in 1552. The key object of the architectural ensemble of the monastery is the five-domed Annunciation Cathedral. It was built in the middle of the XVI century, and 100 years later rebuilt in the style of Russian ornamentation with a hipped-roof bell tower. The Gate Church, which was built in 1716, is one of the later buildings.
Address: Krasnoarmeiskaya, 1, bus number 8.
Working hours: 07:00-19:00, every day.
Holy Resurrection nunnery
It traces its history back to the end of the XVI century. Nowadays on its territory there are two churches of the middle of the XVII century – the five-domed Resurrection church and one-domed Vvedenskaya church. The first one is more interesting in terms of architecture as there is a bypass gallery with two hipped porches attached to it.
Address: July, 1A, near the stops of routes №21 and 22.
Working hours: 08:00-19:00, every day.
This historical place is mentioned in the “Tale of Bygone Years”. The main cathedral of the monastery was built in the 1550s by order of Ivan IV. In the middle of the XVII century on this territory was built the Priory chambers – white stone building in the hipped style with a green roof.
Address: 1 Lakina street, bus №5.
Working hours: 07:00-19:00.
See other places of interest:
Holy Trinity Female Monastery
This religious site has become a tourist destination because of the fact that it houses the relics of the patron saints of the family – Peter and Fevronia. Before visiting it, it will be useful to read the Tale of Peter and Fevronia of Murom. It was founded in the middle of the XVII century by a Murom merchant on the site of an old wooden church. The white-stone five-domed Holy Trinity cathedral was built in the style of Russian ornamentation and decorated with glazed tiles. There are two tent constructions next to it – the gate church and the bell tower.
Address: Peasant Square, 3A, bus number 5.
Working hours: 06:00-19:00, except weekends.
Monastery of the Holy Cross
According to the “Tale of Peter and Fevronia” it was founded at the beginning of the XIII century before the Mongol-Tatar yoke. For many years it was wooden. A stone building appeared only at the end of the XVIII century. One of the Murom merchants with his own money built a red-brick one-dome church. During Soviet times it was blown up, and the modern building appeared only in XXI century. Thus it can be considered the newest monastery in the city.
Address: 1 Krasnogvardeysky Lane, go by bus №5 to Ekzemlyarsky street and then go on foot to the monastery complex.
Hours of work: 08:00-17:00, every day.
Church of Cosmas and Damian
It was built in 1555-1565 in a memorable place on the bank of the Oka, where during the Kazan campaign in 1552 stood the tent of Tsar Ivan IV. Perhaps that is why its architectural style is popular for the 16th century tent. The base is a building in the form of a cube, which is topped by a polyhedral tent. The height of the building is 12 meters.
Address: Naberezhnaya, 10, bus number 5 to the stop “Belyakov Square” and then along the Komsomolskaya and Gubkin streets to the facility.
Many interesting places in Murom are located on the banks of the Oka. This structure dates back to the era of Peter I. The construction lasted from 1700 to 1714. The style of architecture is remarkable – a local version of the “Moscow Baroque”. The bell tower of the five-domed church has a rare for Murom cupola completion. The wooden building on this place existed since 1566.
Address: Plekhanova 27. You can take bus number 8 and then walk along Plekhanova street.
Mode of operation: 09:00-16:00 on weekdays, except Mondays, and 07:00-18:00 on weekends.
Church of the Ascension
The five-domed church with a steepled bell tower was built in 1729. The type of architecture is Yaroslavl. In it elements of classicism are noticeable. The first religious building on this site was made of wood and was erected under Ivan IV in 1574.
Address: 15A Moskovskaya Street, bus numbers 1, 2, 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20.
Working schedule: 07:00-18:00, daily.
Church of the Assumption
Like the previous one, it was first mentioned in documents in 1574, but then it was wooden. The stone building was erected in 1790 on the initiative of a local merchant. The bell tower came later, 55 years later.
Location: Krasnoarmeiskaya Street 41A, bus №3.
Working hours: 07:00-17:00
It was built in 1804, and in 1832 a bell tower was added to the building. The type of religious building can be described as ship-shape, that is, all its parts are arranged in one line. The style of architecture is classicism.
Location: Mechnikova 1, bus number 5, then walk down this street.
Mode of work: 07:00:19:00, every day.
Monument to Ilya Muromets
The main attractions of the city are not only churches and monasteries, but also monuments. In addition to Peter and Fevronia, the most famous person associated with Murom is the legendary hero Ilya Muromets. He should not be confused with the hero of the Time of Troubles of the early 17th century, Ilya Muromets, who was also born in these parts. The sculpture of the epic hero was installed on August 1, 1999 on the high bank of the Oka. On the bulky pedestal stands a rugged hero with a sword in his raised hand. The total height is 21 meters.