Hannover (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city. The main attractions of Hannover with photos and descriptions, travel guides and maps.
Hannover is a city in northern Germany, the capital and largest city of Lower Saxony. Located on the River Laine at the junction of the foothills of the Weser and the northern German plain. Hannover is often called the “city of exhibitions” because of the huge exhibition center, which hosts major international events. Interestingly, Hannover does not look like a typical German city, despite the fact that it was founded in the 12th century. Most of the original landmarks, ancient buildings and cultural monuments were destroyed during World War II. In Alstadt very few medieval architecture and old atmospheric streets have been preserved.
The city has a moderate climate. It receives more than 600 mm of rainfall per year, which is distributed throughout the year. The average annual temperature is 8.7 degrees. Summers are warm, winters are mild with some frosts.
Things to do (Hannover):
From €60 per excursion
From Hanover to old Celle
Admire charming buildings and cobblestone streets while listening to unusual stories
From €50 for a guided tour
Hannover – The big story of the little capital
All the main attractions in Hanover on a guided tour
Handy tourist information
- Population – 532.8 thousand people.
- Area – 204.1 sq km.
- Language: German
- Currency – euro.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- In autumn, Hannover hosts Oktoberfest, which is one of the largest in Germany.
- Christmas markets begin in late November.
- Souvenirs can be bought in the Alstadt and Galeria Kaufhof.
- There is a huge Ernst August Gallerie and a Kaufland supermarket near the Central Station.
The first mention of the settlement dates back to the middle of the 12th century, when an ancient castle was founded on the left bank of the River Laine. In 1241 Hanover received city rights. By 1350, new walls and 34 towers were built on the foundations of the old fortifications to protect the city. In the 13th century Hannover joined the Hanseatic League.
Streets of the Old Town
In the 16th century, Hannover became one of the centers of the Reformation. Catholic clergy left the city. Interestingly, Hannover remained Lutheran until almost the 19th century. In 1626 an epidemic of plague broke out, which killed 1/3 of the city’s population. During the Thirty Years’ War, Duke von Kahlenberg makes Hannover his residence and builds strong new fortifications.
View of Hannover
During the Napoleonic Wars, Hannover was occupied by French troops for a decade. By decision of the Congress of Vienna Hanoverian Electorate receives the status of a kingdom within the German Union. In 1826 the city is the first in Europe to receive new gas street lighting. In 1866 Hannover becomes part of Prussia. Ninety percent of the city was destroyed in World War II bombing raids. Only 40 historical buildings in the old city are more or less intact. The city was only finally rebuilt in 1961.
How to get there
Hannover has a large airport, which serves quite a few European airlines. From the airport to the city center you can take the S-Bahn. The trip takes about 20 minutes. The ticket price is 3.5 euros.
Because of its location Hannover has excellent rail connections to many cities in Germany, as well as the Netherlands, France, Switzerland and Austria. High-speed trains take you to Frankfurt, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Berlin, Munich and Cologne.
Hannover is served by an excellent road network. The A7 autobahn is from Hamburg, the A2 from Berlin and Dusseldorf.
Hannover’s most interesting sights.
The New Town Hall, a magnificent building of the early 20th century, is one of the main landmarks of the city. The town hall is often mistaken for a castle. The dome can be climbed in a unique arched elevator.
Herrenhausen is a magnificent garden and park complex, founded in the 17th century. It is one of the most interesting sights in Hannover and a great place for walks. Many works of garden art, fountains, sculptures, a castle and orangery attract about half a million tourists every year.
Despite the destruction of World War II in the old town you can still find traces of the Middle Ages. Once upon a time, Hannover had a large historic center with numerous half-timbered houses. Only about 50 of the historic buildings in the Marktkirche, Kramer- and Burgstraße districts have survived in their original state.
Schloss Marienburg is a fairy-tale castle with courtly charm from the 19th century. It still belongs to the Guelph family, one of the oldest princely families in Europe. The castle has rich 18th and 19th century interiors. Marienburg got its modern look in the middle of the 19th century. It was named in honor of the wife of the last king of Hanover.
The building of the Hanover Opera House was built in the mid-19th century. It is a magnificent building in the style of late classicism.
The market church is one of Hanover’s oldest sacral buildings. This interesting example of North German brick Gothic was built in the 14th century. After the destruction of World War II, the church was rebuilt in the style of historical authenticity.
Old Town Hall
Next to the market church is the old town hall. The brick Gothic style building was built in 1410.
From €50 for a guided tour
Hannover from the inside out
Get to know the city through simple human stories, bringing its past to life and seeing it in detail
€110 per tour
The secrets of the Teutoburg Forest
Take a walk through the fascinating Detmold and hear amazing facts about the ancient German forest
Hannover – the city of parks and gardens in Germany
Hannover, Germany is one of the cleanest and greenest cities in the country. The local parks are considered some of the best in Germany and the botanical garden is famous for the largest collection of palm trees in Europe.
Hannover is the largest city in Lower Saxony, with a population of over 530,000 people. It stands on the River Laine and covers an area of 204 sq. km. In Hannover live 87% of Germans, as well as 13% of other nationalities.
It is one of the most important transportation hubs on the map of Germany, annually visited by more than 12 million people. The city’s popularity is also due to the numerous industrial fairs that take place in Hannover every year.
Unfortunately, most of the landmarks in Hannover were destroyed during World War II, and what can be seen in the city now are only quality restored or newly constructed buildings.
The New Town Hall is a symbol and the main attraction of Hannover, built in the early 20th century. The building looks much larger and more expensive than the standard town halls, which were massively built in the 14-16 centuries in Europe. The architectural style of the Hanover Town Hall is also unconventional – eclectic.
Locals often refer to it as a royal palace or medieval castle, because to believe that such a building was built only 100 years ago, is very difficult.
At the moment this place is the official residence of the burgomaster of Hanover, but the city administration occupies only a part of the premises. The rest are open to the public. Inside the Town Hall you can see a unique collection of sculptures and paintings, also worth paying attention to the painting of staircases and spiral staircases. Be sure to visit:
- Bürgesal (eastern part of the New Town Hall). Exhibitions and public events are often held here.
- The Assembly Hall, which houses a huge painting of Unity from 1553.
- The History Hall, which has a café that is recognized as one of the best in the city.
- Hodlerzal Hall, on the walls of which you can see frescoes with historical themes.
- Mosaic Hall, the walls of which are decorated with colorful mosaics.
- The observation deck on the top floor of the New Town Hall, which offers a beautiful view of the Masch Lake, Maschpark and the Harz Mountains.
It is one of those places of interest in Hannover that is definitely worth seeing in person.
- Location: Trammplatz 2, 30159, Hannover.
- Opening hours: 7 a.m.-6 p.m. (Monday-Thursday), 7 a.m.-4 p.m. (Friday).
Mash Lake is an artificial water body, created in the 1930s in the historic part of Hannover. It is now the center of Mash Park, where locals and tourists love to relax. Here you can:
- take bike rides;
- have picnics;
- Take beautiful pictures of the city of Hanover;
- Have dinner in one of the many cafes;
- Go for a ride on a pleasure boat (in summer);
- Go on a romantic boat trip (summer);
- go ice-skating (in winter);
- take part in one of the many festivals that take place weekly on the shores of Lake Masch;
- Buy a postcard with a photo of Hannover, Germany.
Location: Maschsee, Hannover.
The Royal Gardens of Herrenhausen is the largest green area on the Hanover map and occupies an entire city district. The gardens themselves are divided into four parts:
- Großer Garten. This is the “Big Garden”, which fully justifies its name. There are more than 1000 kinds of plants, but its main treasure is an interesting composition of flowers and unusual flowerbeds. The “heart” of the garden is a fountain 80 m high, which stands here since the mid-18th century.
- Georgengarten is an English park, very popular with the locals. People often come here to ride a bike and relax after a hard day’s work. In the castle, which is located on the territory of Georgengarten, there is a museum of caricatures.
- The Berggarten or “Garden on the Mountain” is Hanover’s botanical garden, which, in addition to unique plants, has a mass of creative sculptures and elegant arbors. It once started as a small collection, but today the Berggarten’s palm orangery features the largest collection of palm trees in Europe. Attentive visitors will also spot unique species of butterflies, birds, and tropical insects.
- The Welfengarten is a garden at the University of Hannover, which today is located in the old building of the Welfenschloss Castle. The garden was destroyed during the war, and was rebuilt in Hanover during the Federal Republic of Germany as a tourist attraction and recreational area for students.
This is one of the most unique places in Germany.
- Location: Alte Herrenhaeuser Strasse 4, Hannover, Germany.
- Opening hours: 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., conservatory 9 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.
- Cost: 8 euros for adults, 4 for teenagers and free for children under 12 years.
The Erlebnis Zoo in Hannover is one of the largest in Europe. It covers an area of 22 hectares, and on its territory there are more than 4000 animals and birds. It is one of the oldest zoos in Germany, founded in 1865. It was closed several times, but under public pressure it was reopened.
As the park is very large, there is a special route (its length – 5 km), so visitors do not get lost. The zoo is divided into the following thematic zones:
- “Mollywoop” is a mini zoo for children, where you can observe domestic animals and visit a lab to study their habits.
- “Yukon Bay” is a zoo area where you can see animals native to Canada (bison, wolves and caribou).
- “Queen of the Yukon” is the aquatic part of the zoo, where the “Underwater World” exhibit is held.
- “Jungle Palace” is the only place in the zoo where you can see tigers, lions and snakes. They live in very unusual enclosures that look like traditional Hindu dwellings as well as Buddhist temples.
- Meyer Farm is designed for history buffs. Here you can visit the old buildings, built in the traditional German style of half-timbering, in which live rare breeds of pets (Hussum pigs, Pomeranian sheep and Exmoor horses).
- “Gorilla Mountain” is the highest point on the map of the zoo in Hannover. Here, surrounded by waterfalls and forest, monkeys really live.
- The Australian Corner is home to kangaroos, emu birds, the Dingo dog and wombats.
It is better to come to the zoo in the morning, when there are not yet a lot of visitors. Tourists who have been here are also advised to take food and water with them, because there are very few stalls in the park.
- Location: Adenauerallee 3, Hannover.
- Opening hours: 9 am – 6 pm (summer), 10 am – 4 pm (winter).
- Cost: 16 € for adults, 13 € for students, 12 € for teenagers, 9 € for children under 6 years old.
- Official website: www.zoo-hannover.de
St. Egidio’s Cathedral is a 14th-century church located in the eastern part of Hannover, Germany. The church is dedicated to St. Aegidius, who is one of the 14 holy helpers.
It is interesting that the cathedral is partially ruined, but no one is going to restore it. The reason for this is that now, once the largest temple in Hanover, is a memorial created to commemorate the victims of World War II.
Anyone can enter the temple – there are still several sculptures of saints inside and a number of paintings by German artists on the walls. At the entrance to the cathedral hangs a bell from Hiroshima, which the Japanese government donated to the temple. Every year on August 6 it is rung over the city (Memorial Day of the Victims of the Atomic Bomb).
- Location: Osterstrasse, 30159, Hannover.
- Official website: www.aegidienkirche-hannover.de
Even though Hanover’s Old Town Hall is not as popular and beautiful, it still looks much larger and more ambitious than town halls in many other European cities.
This four-story building on Hannover’s Market Square was built in the late Gothic style. At various times in the town hall either city government met, or the premises were used as a warehouse. During World War II it was completely destroyed and rebuilt in Hannover, Germany in the 1960s.
Nowadays the Old Town Hall is completely given to local residents. The Small and Great Hall is used for weddings, business meetings and various festivals. On the second floor is the Registry Office and several souvenir shops. On the first floor of the Town Hall is an expensive restaurant. In the summer evenings there are concerts on the porch of this landmark in Hannover.
- Location: Karmarschstrabe 42, Hannover.
- Opening hours: 9 a.m. – 00 p.m.
- Official website: www.altes-rathaus-hannover.de
Where to stay
Hannover has a wide variety of hotels and hotel apartments. For example, there are more than a thousand hotels and at least 900 apartments awaiting tourists.
Since Hannover is a major transfer point, prices for hotel rooms here are much higher than in neighboring cities. Average room rate for two people in the high season per night ranges from 90 to 120 euros. This price includes a good breakfast, in-room appliances and free parking.
If you want to save money, you should pay attention to the apartments. This option of living costs from 40 to 70 euros for two persons a day. The price depends on the location of the apartment, its size, and the presence / absence of household appliances and basic necessities.
Eating out in the city
In Hannover, there are dozens of cafes and restaurants where you can taste traditional German cuisine and exotic dishes. All establishments can be divided into the following groups:
- Expensive restaurants. Average cost of a dinner with alcohol in such institution – from 50 euros and above.
- Small cozy cafes. In such places it is quite possible to dine for two for 12-15 euros.
- Traditional German pubs. Most are located in the historic part of Hannover. Prices here are not the lowest, so dinner for two will cost 20-25 euros.
- Fast food restaurants. These are the places (McDonald, KFC) that are known all over the world. The average cost of dinner (for example, McMeal) is 8 euros.
- Fast food. In Germany this category is represented by numerous street stalls and mobile wagons in which you can buy fried sausages, hot dogs and waffles. For example, two Bratwurst sausages will cost you 4 euros.
Thus, in Hannover it is better to eat either fast food or in small cafes, located far from railway stations and popular attractions.
Weather and climate
Hannover is located 200 km from the Baltic Sea and 160 km from the North Sea, so the weather in the city changes very often.
Thus, the average temperature in January is 1.6 ° C, and in July – 25 ° C. The number of rainy days is 9 in winter and 12 in summer. The maximum rainfall in July and the minimum in February. The climate in Hannover is moderately continental.
However, due to climate change, the weather in Hannover is becoming more unpredictable. For example the summer months can be uncharacteristically hot (30°C or even 35°C) in northern Germany. The good news is that during the winter months there are no such spikes.
Getting to Hannover is not very difficult, because the city has an airport, train station and bus station. The nearest major cities: Bremen (113 km), Hamburg (150 km), Bielefeld (105 km), Dortmund (198 km), Cologne (284 km) and Berlin (276 km).
To get to Hanover from Hamburg, the easiest way is to take the train Ice. Need to get on it at the main railway station in Hamburg and get to Hanover Central Station. Travel time will be 1 hour and 20 minutes. Trains go once every 1-2 hours. The ticket price is 10-30 euros.
Since Berlin and Hannover are separated almost 300 km, it is better to travel by train. The train Ice is located at the main railway station in Berlin. The travel time is 2 hours. The cost of the ticket is from 15 to 40 euros.
If you are not in Germany but want to visit Hannover, it is better to use air transport, especially European airlines (especially low-cost) often provide good discounts for flights.
- Among the honorary citizens of Hannover was also listed Adolf Hitler, but in 1978 he was deprived of this privilege.
- New Town Hall is often considered a symbol of Hanover’s economic development, because a huge amount of money was allocated for its construction.
- The Hanover Zoo has the world’s largest number of Indian elephants born in a year – five.
- If you literally have a few days but don’t know what to see in Hannover, check out the Red Thread Tourist Route, which covers the most important sights in Hannover in Germany and Lower Saxony in general.
Hannover, Germany is one of the greenest cities in the country, where you can not only have a good vacation, but also visit a lot of historical sites.
Tour of Hannover, the history of the city and interesting facts:
Author: Maria Protasenya
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