10 things to see in Mexico
The National Anthropological Museum in Mexico City is one of the best of its kind. And it’s not that anthropological museums are not as widespread as, for example, art and science museums. The richness of the museum is in its collection of ancient artifacts. It was founded back in 1825 and its task is to focus on the archaeology of Mexico in the period before the Europeans set out to conquer the New World. In it you can explore the cultural history of the American Indians: Aztecs, Olmecs, etc. The “Stone of the Sun” is the most famous of the artifacts of the museum.
The state of Yucatan is world famous for its archaeological sites and annually attracts a huge number of visitors from all over the world who want to learn more about the Mayan culture. Merida, the administrative center of the state, is the starting point of all tourist routes. The city of Chichen Itza is the largest Mayan city and one of the most visited places in Mexico by tourists. The most famous attraction of the city is the temple-pyramid El Castillo. Its construction has a special astronomical significance: each facet of the pyramid is a staircase consisting of 91 steps. If you add up the number of steps of all four sides of the pyramid and the top step of the temple, you get the number 365, which is equal to the number of days in a year.
In the second century B.C. a new civilization emerged in the valley of Mexico City. Its capital was Teotihuacan. Now this ancient city – the main tourist attraction in Mexico. He is famous for the local pyramids – the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon. The Pyramid of the Sun was built around 100 AD and is the largest in the city and in all of Mexico. Construction of the Pyramid of the Moon began later, and was finally completed in 450. 700 years after the fall of the empire, the Aztecs came to the area. There is an opinion that the construction of the pyramids involved gods and/or aliens, so Teotihuacan, which is only 50 kilometers northeast of the Mexican capital, takes first place in the list of major attractions of the country.
It is no coincidence that Sochimilco has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This area of the Latin American capital, also known as the “Venice of Mexico,” is one of the few remaining legacies of the Aztec Empire in Mexico. Local canals were dug centuries ago, and now there are river walks. Of course, it is more of a tourist spot, but locals like to relax here as well. The cost of an hour and a half trip is about $25; Socimilco is located in the south of Mexico City.
Tijuana is Mexico’s “city of sins. Located 30 kilometers south of San Diego, California, it is probably the busiest border city in the world, with more than 40 million border crossings annually (legal; even more illegal). The main influx of tourists comes from the U.S.: Californian youth is tempted by the low alcohol limit (alcohol can be sold to anyone who is 18, in contrast to the U.S. where the age limit is 21), take a rest in cheap Tijuana clubs, bars and brothels, try drugs and other “charms” of adulthood. There are enough tourists from other countries, too. By the way, next spring Tijuana will be shooting the third part of the movie “Hangover in Vegas,” is not an excuse to visit this Mexican city?
Copper Canyon, or Copper Canyon as it is called, is a group of six separate canyons that are even larger than the Grand Canyon in the United States. It is located in the state of Chihuahua. The most popular way to explore the canyon is to take a 14-hour trip on the Chihuahua-Pacifico Railroad. The 400-kilometer route consists of more than 37 bridges and 86 tunnels and runs 2,400 meters above sea level, giving you the chance to enjoy the panoramic views of the canyon.
Isla de Cosumel
Cozumel Island is a Mexican mecca for divers. In 1959, the underwater world around the island was explored by the famous Jacques-Yves Cousteau, who named it one of the best places for diving in the world. The authoritative opinion of this Frenchman is worth listening to. Cozumel was later recognized as a national marine park in order to preserve the richness of the underwater world: the beautiful coral reefs and variety of tropical fish. Here there is a large number of diving schools and companies that provide their services to dive into the depths of the sea.
Tequila Bar “La Opera”
This is probably the most famous bar in Mexico, and by far the most historic. It was once frequented by local celebrities, most famously the Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa, who shot a bullet into the ceiling of the bar in 1910. The bullet hole still exists today and is a source of pride for the establishment.
“Coco Bongo in Cancun.
If you want to “party” for real, then you go to “Coco Bongo” – the most popular dance club in the country, which is located in Cancun. It accommodates 1800 people, every day there are colorful show programs, often arrive international “stars”, such as, for example, Madonna and others. You’d better arrive in advance, because it’s often crowded at the height of the evening.
Not sure what to do on a Friday night? Then go to the real “Lucha Libre”! “Lucha Libre” is a Mexican type of wrestling, its main feature is that the wrestlers (luchadores) perform in a boxing ring wearing special spectacular masks. This show is extremely popular with Mexicans, who love to see two outsized wrestlers pounding each other in the ring. If you want to see the show with your own eyes, there is no better place to be than the Arena Mexico City. The fights are held every Friday night.
What to see and where to go in Mexico, Mexico attractions rating
March 20th, 2014
So, you plan a trip to Mexico, what to do there, you probably already know how to behave there, you also understand, now the question remains where to go besides the sea )))) Well, I have not been everywhere in 3 months, but I will give you some options on what to see in Mexico and where to go. 1. Beaches. The beaches and the water here are great, so a separate topic with a rating of the beaches in Mexico.
View of the beach from the ruins of Tulum
2. Pyramids. See and read which ones to choose in the topic rating the pyramids of Mexico.
The size of the area in Teotihuacan is amazing.
3. Mountains (canyons). Well-known canyons in Mexico in several: Copper, in the north, is remarkable for the power of mountains, transparency of air and bolshoy deep, it is interesting to walk and ride a cable car looking fancy stone giants; Sumidero, in the center, is not deep, but it flows one of the largest rivers in Mexico, it is interesting to take a boat ride, watch crocodiles, birds; Canyon Tolantongo, its main advantage besides the beauty – hot mineral pools, waterfalls, caves. You can take a natural sauna. 4. Senots. Yucatan is certainly not the only place in the world with cenotes, but there are a lot of them, different (according to one theory, they were formed by a meteorite fall from scattered debris), most importantly they are shrouded in history and rituals. So it is a must to swim in them, and to choose – here is the rating of cenotes of Mexico.
5. Waterfalls. There are more cenotes in the south, but there are interesting waterfalls in the center and north. Cuzarare (30m) and Basaseachi (260m) can be seen in the north from the Krill (along with the Copper Canyon), Misol-Ha (35 m), El Chiflon – a series of waterfalls, the largest Velo de Novia (70 m in height), Agua Azul (more rapids than waterfalls) are in the center, you can go there on the way to Palenque or Montebello lagoons, you can not only look at the waterfalls, but also swim. 6. Lakes. Lake Catemaco (18.403397,-95.070984) with clear water, near a nature reserve, you can visit on the way to Veracruz. Montebello lagoons on the border with Guatemala – large, beautiful, with unreal blue water.Bacalar Lagoon on the Yucatan, if you want to swim in clean fresh water, not in the Caribbean Sea, you will love it + it is on the .road to Palenque from Tulum. 7. Caves. Loltun Grotto (Grutas de Loltun) large caves on the road from Ushmal, the Maya believed it was the entrance to hell ))) The Grutas de Cacahuamilpa (18.704139, -99.509697, 148 km from Mexico City) is one of the biggest caves in the world, sometimes up to 80 m high, the interesting thing is that they have good acoustics and are used as a concert hall, so that you could spend an interesting time there. The Ogarrio Tunnel (23.689499, -100.885702) – To enter the abandoned town of Real de Catorce (after they stopped mining silver here, the town is deserted and gradually collapsing, giving it a special atmosphere, like in the end of the world movies) not by mountain trails, everyone enters through the almost 2.5 km tunnel left by the mines. Giant Crystal Cave (22.383333, -102.033333) is a very beautiful cave where the crystals are larger than a human being and the light reflected from them creates an unimaginable atmosphere, but unfortunately the temperature there is +50 degrees and tourists are hardly allowed there. The Cave of the Swallows (Sotano de las Golondrinas) (21.599742,-99.098958) is a hole in the mountain with a diameter of 55 m which then widens to 160 m and is 376 m deep, but there are passages to lower levels below. The name comes from the fact that the cave is home to a large colony of swallows, due to which visiting hours are limited to 12:00-16:00. The cave is visited, including for bungee jumping. It is interesting that on the walls in hard-to-reach places there are traces of paint from the palms of the hands of Indians. 8. Volcanoes. The fact that Mexico has many volcanoes is not necessary to tell. On them do the climbing. Central, not far from Mexico City: Orisaba Peak (5747 m), Popocatepetl (5500 m, active and active), Istaxihuatl (5220 m) and Malinche (4503 m).
Volcano Paricutin – a unique young volcano, born only 1943, is on the list of “Seven Natural Wonders of the World”, ideal cone-shaped, he organized regular tours – near you can visit the ruins of the village flooded with lava. Volcano Nevado de Toluca – breathtaking scenery of two crater lakes. 9. Zoos and nature reserves. Aricam Safari – a good safari format zoo – you can take your own, or you can take shared transportation to the animals that live at large in this park without cages. It is located near Puebla.
Park La Venta in Villahermosa, here you can see not only the nature, but also the mysterious “African” heads left by the Olmec culture. Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (19.606389,-100.241667) – receives tourists from November to March because butterflies overwinter in this area and you can see them in their natural habitat. A festival is held there in February. Celestun and Rio Lagortas are nature reserves in Yucatan where you can see a huge variety of birds in natural habitats and the main attraction is the flamingo. Well, and since it’s all in the mangroves on the river, so are the crocodiles.
10. Cities. Mexico City, a huge capital city worth spending at least a few days, what to see in it, described in detail here. Cancun, Playa del Carmen, etc. – The resort towns of the Yucatan say it all – neat little houses, magic sea, quiet atmosphere full of entertainment, some details and comparison here. In Cancun you can watch a fight with a real bull, where he is killed at the end every Wednesday at 15:00 in the Arena Plaza de Toros.
Acapulco, Puerto Escondido, Huatulco and other vacation towns in the Pacific offer surfing and ocean sports. Click here for a detailed city analysis. Oaxaca is a colonial town with cute colorful houses, museums, ancient culinary traditions (cacos, grasshoppers, tequila, etc.), as well as excursions to local wild villages where you can try a sauna in the ancient Indian tradition. Nearby are the ruins of the Monte Alban pyramids. Puebla is another colonial city, there are many things to see here, but special is the chic Chapel of Roses, which strikes the imagination with the abundance of gold wreaths that create a metal garden. I haven’t seen such glamour even in Italy.
Chivahua is a northern city, interesting for its inhabitants, who are mostly kinder and more sympathetic, but otherwise also very criminal ))) Guadalajara (20.666111,-103.351944) – The Pearl of the West and the City of Roses, second largest city in Mexico, often called the cultural capital of Mexico: many ornate churches, modern and business districts, and the most interesting arena in Mexico: the charredade (Mexican version of the rodeo) called “Lorenzo Charro”. Monterrey (25.666667,-100.3) – The Sultan of the North, Mexico’s 2nd largest economy, is a relatively young city which began to develop with the influx of business and industry, as well as an extensive railroad network. If you want to see Mexico’s modern wealthy city, it’s here – new buildings, well-kept streets, good infrastructure and transportation, a chic stadium, the Neptune Fountain and the business center. Mexcaltitan (21.905802, -105.475037) – is an island of 400 meters in diameter, which is completely occupied by a shrimping town. During the month of July, there is a carnival. Guanajuato (21.0075991918,-101.2554931641) – beautiful colonial city with a number of architectural monuments, theaters and museums (Diego Rivera is from this city). Interesting are the underground streets that were built to relieve traffic through the city. Nearby comes the mining of precious metals – silver, gold, nickel, etc. Atotonilco (20.935308, -100.890541) is a monastery founded by Father Filipe Neri de Alfaro in 1740. The church is striking at once with its unusual interiors. In the paintings of the walls and ceilings you can see images of the devil in various religious scenes and illustrations to biblical motifs made by Indians in past centuries. After the declaration of Mexican independence from Spain, the priest Miguel Hidalgo stopped his hastily assembled army here. He took the image of the Blessed Virgin of Guadalupe from the church and affixed it to a banner. Thus the Madonna became the patroness of the independence movement. Xilitla (21.393517, -98.988473) is a town of interest with a real magical castle with bridges and passages called Las Poza. It was built in the XX century by English millionaire Edward James and died without finishing it. Because of this unfinished castle grows jungle, and turns into a fairy-tale place (by the way it is not far from the Cave of Swallows). 11 Museums. The National Anthropological Museum in Mexico City is a must-see to lay out the entire history of the Indians.
Mayan, or rather Aztec, calendar.
Cancun Underwater Sculpture Museum (21.160556,-86.8475) – Cancun has organized a modern underwater museum to distract tourists from the reefs. The sculptures are set in the sea at a depth suitable for divers and are gradually overgrown with coral and attract not only tourists but also fish)). Unfortunately, if you are not ready to dive, you will not see this marvel. There are cocoa, mescal, tequila, etc. museums all over Mexico. You will find them easily in tourist spots. A large specialized tequila and mescal museum is located in the center of Mexico City in Garibaldi Square ( 19.440054, -99.139910 ).
Tequila and mescal museum in Mexico City
Frida Kahlo and Trotsky Museums – 2 museums located next to each other in Mexico City in their historic homes, you can see and understand how and what they lived.
12. Entertainment. Children will love the original Kidzania park (near Mexico City and Monterrey). There they can choose a profession, get training, get a job and earn local money, and then spend it in cafes, rides, stores, etc. That is, to try adult life in a fun environment of games, as well as to try different professions, which will help children decide on the future profession.
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Posted in Copper Canyon, Acapulco, Acumal, archaeological museum, Bacalar, Valladolid, Veracruz, Cancun, Carnival, Creel, Mexico, Mexico City, Playa del Carmen, Puebla, Puerto Escondido, Rio Lagortas, Chivahua Tags: mountains, pyramids, beaches, rating, cenotes