Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

Yerevan is a city worth visiting for several reasons . If you want to see Middle Eastern architecture, museums full of works of art, as well as taste local food and cognac, you should definitely visit the capital of the Armenian state. Find out what else Yerevan and its surroundings have to offer.

A brief history of the ancient city

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

A brief history of the ancient city

The history of Yerevan begins in the 8th century B.C., when one of the Urartu rulers founded the fortress of Erebuni. For several hundreds of years it was an unimportant city. The wars between Ottoman and Persia led to the fact that Yerevan was alternately under the rule of both countries. Only in the 19th century, when it became the possession of the Russian Empire, did its most rapid development, which was due to the tsars. Among other things, at that time were built a theater and a railway line that connected the city with Tbilisi. However, in 1920 it was occupied by the Red Army, from which it was liberated only in 1991, when Armenia regained its independence and Yerevan became the capital of an independent state.

How to reach Yerevan?

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

How to reach Yerevan?

The easiest way to get to Yerevan is by plane, there are flights from most cities. The prices start from about $95 or 8000 rubles. After landing in Zvartnok airport, which is more than ten kilometers away from the Armenian capital, the easiest way to get to the center is by bus. The cost of these buses is about 300 drams. You can use cab services, but their price is several times higher. In addition, you can rent a car at the airport, which will facilitate your further movement around the country.


Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?


When traveling in Yerevan, you can feel safe. It is a relatively quiet city. Do not be afraid that Armenians will talk to you, as they are usually friendly and very often just want to sell you something. However, when moving around the country, you should keep in mind the tense relations of the country with its neighbors, namely with Turkey and Azerbaijan.

Sightseeing in the Armenian capital

There are many interesting places in the capital of Armenia. Most of them are museums and architectural monuments, besides there are enough places for shopping with local sellers. You can easily get to most of them on foot, but if you prefer to travel by public transport, you can use metro and trolleybuses in Yerevan.

1. Cascades in Yerevan

This is a must-visit place in Yerevan, to be exact, an art museum built into the hill. They consist of several hundred stairs leading up to five stories and an observation deck at the top. Underneath is an unfinished part that was supposed to be a glass museum . Inside the Cascades there is an escalator and elevator for people with disabilities.

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

1. Cascades in Yerevan

Each floor has unique exhibitions with works of art. It’s worth walking through each of them, as they are quite varied. There is a chance to find sculptures, graphics and paintings. The park with exhibits in front of the Cascades is impressive.

2. Republic Square in Yerevan

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

2. Republic Square in Yerevan

This is the main square where all state ceremonies are held and government buildings or art galleries are located around it. It was designed in 1924, and in 1926 began its three-year construction. In Soviet times, it was called Lenin Square, as it was his monument.

Interesting places to travel

National Art Gallery

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

National Art Gallery

This is one of the buildings, located on the square . It displays works mainly by artists from Russia, Armenia and Western Europe. They are varied, it is possible to find there paintings such as landscapes or portraits, sculptures and prints.

4. Fountain

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

4. Fountain .

In front of the museum building it is very impressive, especially at night . During the day it is an ordinary fountain, but at night there are shows with lights and different music, such as jazz or pop music. It is a free attraction that is a must-see in Yerevan.

5. Armenian Genocide Memorial

Yerevan. What is worth seeing in the capital of Armenia?

5. Armenian Genocide Memorial

Built on the hill of Chichernakaberd, it was erected in memory of the victims of terror in 1915, and was built after the protests of the population in 1965. It took two years to build. The entire memorial consists of a 44-meter spire, twelve blocks surrounding the eternal flame, and a wall with inscriptions of the villages where the victims of genocide lived. In 1995, a museum was opened next to the monument, dedicated to the events of 1915. There are exhibitions devoted to the life of Armenians.

What to see in Yerevan? Top 20 Sights in Yerevan and Surroundings

Today I will tell you about Yerevan and its vicinities, and where to go in the Armenian capital. Surely everyone who comes here asks himself a question: what to see in Yerevan in 2 or 3 days, and how to really feel it?

In this post I will try to answer all the questions about the interesting places in the city. I have selected the 20 best in my opinion. Let’s go!

To Yerevan it makes sense to go at least for 3 days, because worth seeing places are not only in the city itself, but also in a radius of 20-40 km from it, which by Russian standards is a mere trifle, you can make a base capital and arrange tours to the interesting places in the area. But let’s speak about it in order.

The sights of Yerevan and its surroundings

The capital of Armenia made a nice impression on us, despite the fact that the country is very poor – it is evident immediately on the way from the airport to the city. Yerevan is spread on scorched hills overlooking Mount Ararat and is notable for its buildings built of red tuff, which makes it look very nice!

We were in late August, it’s still hot during the day but in the evening life is just beginning and the city moves at its measured pace. The old folks play backgammon on the benches, the kids race around with their scooters and rollerblades, and the summer cafes put their tables outside. Then everyone sits and spends the evening talking.

Yerevan is not like other capitals: Moscow, Bangkok, Astana… People here don’t hurry anywhere, they can stop and shout something to each other across the street ;-)

There are two districts in the center: Freedom Square (where the Opera House and the Cascade are) and Republic Square (with adjacent government buildings, the Vernisage market and museums). Between them runs the so-called Northern Avenue, the most fashionable place in Yerevan with expensive boutiques, stores and salons.

1. Cascade .

Perhaps one of the symbols of Yerevan, known far beyond its borders. There are endless flights of stairs going up to the monument of Renaissance Armenia, decorated with flowers, waterfalls and art objects.

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Yerevan Cascade

Cascade began to be built in the 70s of the 20th century, but after the collapse of the Union the money ran out. It was left unfinished until a philanthropist, American with Armenian roots Gerard Kafeschan (representative of the Armenian Diaspora) appeared. It was decided to make an art gallery inside and outside to put up works of modern artists, for example the sculpture “Black Cat” by Fernando Botero. Be sure to go inside, ride the escalator, and visit the galleries.

The Cascade is cool at sunset or in the evening when it’s dark – it’s beautifully illuminated. By day it’s too hot. If to climb to the top, you can see the whole city as if on the palm of your hand, and when the weather is good, you can clearly see Ararat (it is already in Turkey).

View of Ararat from Yerevan

The view of Ararat from Yerevan early in the morning

Opera Theater and Freedom Square

A favorite vacation spot of the citizens, the square is surrounded by a park, there is even a Swan Lake. In the area there are a lot of outdoor cafes, kids are skating and the old people are talking on the benches, it’s a nice atmosphere. If you’re lucky with the dates you can even get a concert at the theater!

Address: 54, Tumanyan str.

Opera Theater in Yerevan

Opera Theater in Yerevan


Matenadaran is a museum of ancient manuscripts and is one of the largest depositories of ancient manuscripts in the world. Nowadays over 17 thousand manuscripts and more than 2 thousand ancient books are preserved here: works of philosophers, mathematicians, geographers and the greatest minds of their time – a treasure house of knowledge!

The museum building is clearly visible from the northern part of the city, it stands on a hill at the end of Mesrop Mashtots Street, the creator of Armenian alphabet.

Address: 53, Mashtots Avenue.

Working schedule: 10am-16pm, Tuesday-Saturday.

Entrance fee: 1000 AMD.

4. Republic Square

The Republic Square in Yerevan (former Lenin Square) is surrounded by huge red tufa government buildings and expensive hotels. There’s also a fountain that lights up all the colors of the rainbow from 9 to 11 pm in the summer. It’s a great place to sit out in the evening!

Republic Square

5. State Museum of History of Armenia

Located opposite the fountain on the Republic Square. In this museum you can trace the entire history of Armenia from the Stone Age to the present day. There are more than 400 thousand items of cultural heritage, for example the collection of bronze items of the 3rd millennium BC or shoes that are 5000 years old, which are considered to be the oldest in the world! What do you think, huh? ;-)

Opening hours: Tuesday-Saturday from 11:00 to 18:00, Sunday from 11:00 to 17:00.

Entrance fee: 1000 AMD.

History Museum of Yerevan

Museum and fountain nearby

6. Blue Mosque

The Blue Mosque is the only mosque in the capital of Armenia that is open today. It was built in 1766 by the Persian khan and in Soviet times it housed the museum of Yerevan and the planetarium. Nowadays it is the center of the Iranian community and as it shows Armenia’s good relations with its southern neighbor. Remember to dress properly: cover your shoulders and legs.

Address: 12 Mashtots Avenue

Working schedule: 10:00-18:00

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7. Ararat Brandy Factory.

What is Armenia most famous for? Of course, the legendary cognac! Therefore, we include to the attractions of Yerevan and the cognac factory “Ararat”. There are guided tours at the factory, where you can see the entire production process. The price is 4500 drams with tasting of 3 and 5 year old cognac and 10000 drams with tasting of 10, 20 and 30 year old cognac.

And there is also a Cask of Peace with cognac spirit from 1994. It will be opened as soon as the Karabakh conflict is resolved, but for now you can leave inscriptions on it.

Address: Admiral Isakov avenue, 2

Working schedule: 09:30-16:00, Monday-Friday


Ararat” Cognac Factory

Map of hotels in Yerevan with prices:

8. St. Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral

Go from gluttony to spiritual food and visit the huge cathedral in the center of the city. This new construction looks rather stark with its right angles and massive domes, but it’s nice and spacious inside. You’ll have a chance to watch the local weddings, services, and other rituals that take place here every day. It’s especially cool when the organ starts playing, it gives you goosebumps!

Address: Tigran Mets Street, opposite the Zoravar Andranik subway station

9. Armenian Genocide Museum in Yerevan (Tsitsernakaberd)

To better understand modern Armenia, you simply need to “read” the darkest page in the history of this country – the Armenian Genocide of 1915. The memorial complex on a hill, which can be seen from many parts of the city, is dedicated to those events. The center of the complex is a 44-meter high stele, broken in half. It’s not a very pleasant memory to visit, all the horror and grief of the people on the pictures, but about one and a half million Armenians were killed (!).

Address: Tsitsernakaberd hill

Working hours: Tuesday-Sunday from 11:00 to 16:00

Entrance fee: free of charge

10. Vernissage market

The most known market of antiques in Yerevan – here you can find everything you need from old blades and coins to the modern souvenirs. There are dishes, records, books, coins, weapons, carpets, musical instruments and much more.

Vernisage Yerevan

Antiques and Souvenirs Market

11. Houses-museums of famous Armenians

Armenians are very creative people. There are several house-museums of famous artists such as Sergei Parajanov, a famous avant-garde filmmaker, Martiros Saryan, a Soviet artist, and Hovhannes Tumanyan, a writer and poet, preserved in the capital.

The locals are very proud of these people and always advise to visit their museums.

12. Northern Avenue

Yerevan’s Arbat and the favorite place of the capital’s wealthy youth is the most modern district of the center. The pedestrian street starts from Abovyan Street (near Republic Square) and runs northward to the Opera Theater.

Until recently there were private houses here which were bought out for the construction of elite real estate. Few locals are said to live there; mainly rich Armenians from around the world buy housing in this neighborhood.

Northern Avenue in Yerevan

Take a walk down the street after a busy day and have a coffee in one of the cafes, and those who like shopping can go shopping, though the prices here are overpriced.

13. Monument of the Mother of Armenia

A huge 54-meter high monument towers over the city and is located in the Victory Park. It was built in 1950 to commemorate the victory in the Great Patriotic War, although until 1962 there was a monument to Stalin. Inside the monument there is a museum of the Great Patriotic War and the Karabakh War, and around the square there are samples of weapons on display.

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In Victory Park the citizens themselves have a rest, you’re sure to meet and talk to them ;-)

Address: Akhtanak Park (Victory).

Working hours: 10:00-17:00 Tuesday-Friday, 10:00-15:00 Saturday-Sunday.

Entrance fee: free of charge, photo session for 500 drams.

Mother Armenia

Sights of Yerevan with photos

What else can I see in Yerevan in 3 days? There are a few must-see and interesting places that are not far from the capital, so it is very convenient to go there for a half a day sightseeing on your way back to Yerevan.

14. Khor Virap Monastery

One of the best views of Mount Ararat can be seen from the Khor Virap Monastery 30 km south of Yerevan. The monastery is famous for being the place where pagan King Trdat III imprisoned St. Gregory the Illuminator for 12 years. Until the king fell ill and Gregory cured the sick man, after which Trdat converted to Christianity.

It’s ideal to come here early in the morning (about 6-7 a.m.) when Ararat is best seen. During the day it is hellishly hot and there is almost no shade.

Entrance fee: free of charge

Getting there: A couple of buses a day from David Sasunzi metro station, 400 AMD, 40 minutes walking time. A more comfortable option is to take a cab, which will cost about AMD 10000 round trip. The cab driver will wait for you while you walk.

Khor Virap Armenia

15. Garni .

This pagan temple, 28 km from Yerevan, is interesting, because it dates back to the Hellenistic era and was dedicated to the sun god Mitra. A little later a summer residence of Armenian kings was arranged in this place, a place unapproachable on the edge of a precipice.

Garni is a palace complex, ruins of an ancient temple and baths located nearby, and you feel like you’ve really come to Greece. All this was built above a picturesque gorge of the river Azat, and it is known for the rocks of a regular hexagonal shape. Go down and walk along the river and you can get a closer look at these hexagons.

Entrance fee: 1000 AMD.

How to get there: take a shuttle or bus from Mersedes salon in Yerevan, 250 AMD every hour or take a cab.

Garni Armenia

16. Geghard Monastery

The Geghard Monastery is one of our favorite places in the vicinity of Yerevan and is located in a narrow gorge 40 km away from the capital, amid scenic and steep cliffs. Some of the temples are completely hollowed out inside the rocks, one of them even has a spring with crystal clear delicious water. The building of the monastery dates back to the 4th century. It is believed that the spear with which Jesus was pierced was kept here and now it can be seen in Echmiadzin.

Geghard Monastery Armenia

Geghard Monastery in the Gorge

Geghard is where baptisms take place, newlyweds come, and you are sure to get to some kind of service. The monastery makes a strong impression!

A trip to Geghard is convenient to combine with a tour to Garni, everything will be on the way.

Entrance fee: free of charge

How to get there: take bus 284 to Goght, then walk 4,5 km to the monastery. Or hitchhike from Garni, take a cab for 1000 AMD (there and back).

Read more about Geghard Monastery and Garni Temple in this post.

17. Echmiadzin

One of the significant spiritual centers of the country, the seat of the Armenian Catholicos, the cathedral in Echmiadzin was built in the 4th century, and was restored in the 5th, 7th,17th and 18th centuries.

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Entrance fee: free of charge

How to get there: By bus from Yerevan from the main bus station, 250 AMD, every 10 minutes.

18, 19, 20. Amberd Fortress, Lake Kari, Mount Aragats

Amberd Fortress is located north of Yerevan on the way to Lake Kari Lich (Armenian for “lake”) and Mount Aragats (the highest mountain in Armenia). It was built at an altitude of 2300 meters above sea level at the confluence of the rivers Amberd and Arkashen. It is believed that the fortress was never conquered, which is not hard to believe.

On the way you can stop by the Byurakan Observatory and even spend the night there watching the stars. And a little further up the road is Lake Kari, inaccessible in winter because of the snow. The road ends here and from the lake all who want to climb Mount Aragats leave.

How to get there: there are only 3-4 buses a day from Yerevan bus station to Byurakan, so the best choice is a cab or your own car.

Mountains of Armenia

Tips and recommendations

To ride comfortably around Yerevan, I recommend taking a cab, it will be much faster and if you have a whole company, it will be pretty cheap. However, hitchhiking in Armenia is great, that’s how we went, you can get acquainted with the locals!

So, I would advise to spend 1-2 days in Yerevan to see the sights, and at least another couple of days to explore the interesting places around the city. We liked it so much that we stayed here for almost a week ;-) And that – the people are nice and hospitable, and the city is cozy.

UPD on a tip from readers: get a special tourist “Yerevan Card”, the price of which includes visits to many museums (including the Ararat Cognac Factory), airport transfers, subway, several tours, discounts in cafes, restaurants, hotels and much more.

There are several types of these cards: 24-hour ($29), 48-hour ($39), 72-hour ($48) and unlimited ($49). You can buy them at the airport or at the sales offices in Yerevan.

Friends, if you know some other places worth visiting in Yerevan, write in comments!

Map of Yerevan with places of interest in Russian

Here is for you a map of Yerevan with points of interest marked on it:

We use it and recommend to friends:

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