Alanya (Turkey) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Alanya with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Alanya (Turkey)
Alanya is a city in southwestern Turkey, a seaport and a popular resort. Located on the Mediterranean coast, 138 km from Antalya. Alanya is an ancient city, which is one of the best preserved Seljuk cities, has many ancient monuments and natural attractions. It is one of the most popular holiday destinations on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey with excellent sandy beaches and clean warm sea.
Things to do (Alanya):
€50 per excursion
Sweet to eat and sweet to talk
Tasting and learning about oriental sweets
€50 per excursion
Turkish Cuisine – a delight in taste
Learn about the rich culinary traditions of different regions of Turkey through stories and dishes.
Geography and Climate
Alanya is located in the Anatolian Gulf on the Pamphylian plains between the Mediterranean Sea and the ranges of the Taurus Mountains. The city is divided by a rocky peninsula and is part of the Turkish Riviera. Alanya is located among picturesque landscapes with typical Mediterranean vegetation and craggy hills covered with coniferous and deciduous forests.
Alanya in the evening
The climate is hot Mediterranean. Summers are hot and dry. The average daily temperature from May to September is about 25-28 ° C. Winter is warm and wet. The greatest amount of precipitation falls from November to February. The average daily temperature in winter rarely drops below 10°C.
Information for tourists
- The population of the city is more than 250 thousand people.
- The area is 1598.51 km².
- The currency is Turkish Lira. Although almost everywhere else readily accept dollars and euros. So there is no point in exchanging them for lira.
- Visa – for a period of 60 days it is sufficient to have a passport that is valid for more than four months from the date of entry into Turkey.
- The language is Turkish.
- Time – UTC +2, in summer +3.
Alanya is one of the most popular resorts in Turkey, which receives 9% of all tourists. Also 30% of all real estate, which is purchased in the country by foreigners, is located in Alanya.
Beaches in Alanya
Beaches in Alanya
Alanya is famous for its natural sandy beaches with clear turquoise sea. Many beaches have the prestigious Blue Flag. The coastline is about 100 km long. The western beaches have a length of 34 km, the eastern – 24 km. The most famous western beaches are Cleopatra and Dalmatas, the eastern beaches are Keikubat and Portakal.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Alanya is from May to October. Already in late spring, the water temperature in the Mediterranean Sea reaches 21-23 ° C. In June and September the water temperature is about 25 ° C, and at the height of summer – 27-29 ° C. The hottest months are July and August. The most comfortable weather is, of course, in June and September.
Historically, Alanya is located between Cilicia and Pamphylia. The area around the city has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. In the 4th century BC, there was a Greek settlement called Korakesion. Later, the Cilician pirates settled here, who kept the entire Mediterranean coast in fear. The pirates were wiped out by the Roman army under the command of Gnaeus Pompey in the 1st century BC. Alanya reached its peak of prosperity during the Roman period and was one of the most important cities of Antalya.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the city became part of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines named the city Kalonoros, which means “beautiful mountain”. In the 13th century Alanya was conquered by the Seljuks, who called it Alaye. During this period numerous fortifications and cultural monuments were built and the city became one of the most important ports of the Mediterranean. In the 15th century Alanya became part of the Ottoman Empire. After that the importance of the city declined. The modern name Alanya got in 1933 under Ataturk.
The Medieval Walls of Alanya
How to get there
The nearest airport is located two hours from Alanya in Antalya. Buses and Turkish shuttles (dolmuş) can be used to travel between cities.
Alanya is undoubtedly a shopaholic’s paradise – jewelry, leather, shoes and handbags, Turkish sweets and carpets. The main shopping areas are Cuma Bazaars, the port district and the neighborhood of Ataturk Street. In Alanya you can find a huge number of stores selling replicas of famous brands: clothes and shoes, eyeglasses and watches, handbags and purses.
Advice – in private stores be sure to haggle. Often the price of the goods is inflated by half. Also sweets are better to take by weight, pre-tasting, often beautiful large boxes do not guarantee the quality and size of the contents.
In Alanya you can try excellent Turkish cuisine, fish and seafood. Popular foods include lahmacun, şiş kebab and other varieties of kebab, baklava (Turkish sweet). Find a restaurant in Alanya to your liking and financial means is not a problem. Also the resort, which is logical, offers a bright and rich nightlife. Closer to the night start working numerous clubs and bars.
Despite the fact that Alanya was founded over two thousand years ago and the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines lived here, almost all of the most famous sights were built by the Seljuks.
The Fortress of Alanya
The Fortress is one of the symbols of Alanya. Its medieval walls are 6.5 km long. They were equipped with 140 towers and included 400 cisterns. The eastern part of the fortress is very picturesque. Here the walls descend to the very sea up to the Red Tower. The castle of Alanya was built by the Seljuks in the 13th century, on Hellenistic foundations. There are several historical buildings in the castle: cisterns, baths and a Byzantine church.
The Red Tower
The Red Tower (Kizil Kule) is a powerful medieval octagonal structure, which is one of the most famous landmarks of Alanya. The tower is 33 meters high and was built in the 13th century with red bricks to observe the harbor.
The Dockyard (Tersane) is a medieval shipbuilding structure built in the 13th century by the Seljuks. It is located to the south of the Red Tower. There are five arched galleries where ships used to be made. At the top of the rock is an armory where cannons were made.
Sulaymaniyah is an ancient mosque with a brick minaret built in the 13th century. The building was rebuilt in the 16th century.
Things to do in Alanya:
- Take a cable car ride and visit the castle of the same name.
- Riding on a boat.
- Exploring Damlataş Cave.
- Exploring Alanya Museum.
- Bathing on Cleopatra beach.
- Visit to Sapadere Canyon.
Interesting places in the neighborhood.
Aspendos, impressive ancient ruins of an ancient city with a magnificent Roman theater.
Side is the main city and port of ancient Pamphylia with a huge historical and cultural heritage in the form of Greek and Roman ruins.
Seleucia is a romantic ruins of an ancient city located in a picturesque pine forest.
Excursions of interest
Horseback riding in a picturesque corner of Alanya
€400 for the tour
From Alanya to Tazy Canyon and the ancient Aspendos!
Admire the mountainous nature, see the ancient amphitheatre and taste the Kezleme flatbread