30 Top Sights of Delhi.
The modern look of the city began to take shape during the Mughal rule. The abundance of cultures and religions made the Indian capital colorful and unlike any other city in the world. The rich architectural heritage was not only preserved but also some monuments of the past are used till now.
Local temples deserve special mention. Everyone can enter the complexes, regardless of religion. There are restrictions only on the time of the services, as well as have to comply with the rules of conduct and dress code. Akshardham, Lotus Temple, Gurdwara Bangla Sahib, Jama Masjid Mosque are beautiful both outside and inside. Each religious site has a rich history reflected in the design details.
What to see and where to go in Delhi?
The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and a brief description.
The temple complex covers an area of 12 hectares. It is called “the residence of the god that cannot be moved.” The main temple is a massive structure. Various Indian styles are combined in its design. Due to its size, it is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records. It is surrounded by picturesque parks and gardens. Nearby there is a cinema and a light and music fountain. Water was brought into the lake from many of the country’s reservoirs.
The attraction dates back to the reign of the Mughals. The first stone of the citadel was laid in 1639. The name was given because of the color of the fort walls. The architecture is dominated by Hindu motifs, but there are also Persian decorative elements. At the moment it is a tourist attraction. However, the place remains iconic: here on the day of independence of the country, the Prime Minister reads an address to the nation.
Gateway of India and Rajpath
The Gateway of India monument is one of the most recognizable symbols of the city. It was created in honor of the soldiers who died in the fields of the Anglo-Afghan War and World War I. The massive arch is 42 meters high and was inaugurated in 1931. The landmark is located on the “royal road” – which is how the name of the ceremonial Rajpath Avenue is translated. There are parks on either side of it.
One of the largest residences of a head of state in the world. It was built in the early 20th century for the Viceroy of India. When the country gained independence, it was decided to place the state apparatus in the guest wing. The rest of the building is used to receive official delegations and large events. Getting inside for an ordinary tourist is problematic: only by appointment and at certain times of the year.
The Tomb of Humayun
At the initiative of the widow of the Mongol ruler in 1562 for Hamayun began to build a tomb, more like a palace. The complex of buildings is surrounded by a garden. It is divided into four parts by two channels. As the Persian architects were responsible for the project, in the architecture of the main building there are details of their culture. Next to the tomb of Hamayun there are several other iconic tombs, including the tomb of Nil Gumbad.
The unusual building appeared in the city in 1986. 27 petals of marble are arranged in three rows and form a single composition. The height of the temple is about 40 meters. Since the pool is built around it, it seems as if the “flower” is in the water. Inside the rooms there are no straight lines – this is the idea of the designers. Moreover, there are no inscriptions or religious objects. It is as if the person praying is communicating directly with God.
Qutb Minar Minaret
The construction of the tower was stretched from 1193 to 1368. The minaret is five-tier. In order to climb to the top of it, one should overcome 300 steps. This object was conceived as a symbol of the victory of Islam over other religions. The summons to prayer was supposed to sound from its top, but the tower was too big for this purpose. History has preserved mentions of several suicide bombers who jumped from the minaret.
Chandni Chowk Market
Located in the district of the same name. The name translates as “Moonlit Square”. Market stalls and pavilions occupy an impressive area. Almost all goods sold here are locally produced. You can find anything at the market: the traditional spices, freshly cooked food, electronics, national costumes, arts and crafts.
Mahatma Gandhi Memorial
Gandhi’s body was cremated at this site in 1948. The memorial is made of marble and is often decorated with flowers. The last words of the Indian leader are engraved on it. They translate as “Oh, God!” Nearby, the Eternal Flame burns. Across the street in 1961 opened the National Gandhi Museum. Among the exhibits: the Mahatma’s bed, clothes soaked in his blood, and the bullet that cut his life short.
Gandhi Smriti Museum.
Founded in 1973, it occupies the house where Mahatma Gandhi spent his last days and was assassinated. The museum collection consists of the Indian leader’s personal belongings. A Martyr’s Pillar is erected on the spot where he was shot. Another notable detail of the house is the swastika column. It shows how the original meaning of the symbol can be changed. The column also bears the symbol for the sound of Om.
National Museum of India
In the late 40’s there was a large exhibition in London called The Art of India. Since it was a success, it was decided to move the exhibit to Delhi and place it in the presidential residence. This was the basis for the creation of a full museum, which opened in 1949, and 11 years later occupied the current building. At the moment 200 thousand exhibits tell about 5 thousand years of Indian history and culture.
National Railway Museum
Open since 1977. The most interesting part of the exhibition – exposed in the open air or under canopies authentic trains. Among them is the carriage on which the British prince traveled during his visit to India. One of the locomotives on display in the museum was assembled in the mid-18th century and is still running, though not used for its intended purpose. Also available to tourists are numerous photographic materials and models.
National Gallery of Modern Art
The exhibition of contemporary art in Delhi began in 1954. Later organized branches in other cities. The funds at the moment have about 14 thousand items. There is not enough space for exhibitions, so in 2009 they opened a new wing. The area around the museum is a kind of exhibition area with sculptures and installations.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib
The main Sikh temple of the city. Built in the second half of the 18th century. From many areas the building is noticeable because of its golden dome. The interior decoration is more modest, except for the ceremonial hall. In the courtyard is the sacred Sarovar pond. Members of all faiths can visit the temple. Shoes must be removed before entering. Shoulders and knees should be covered, and women are prescribed to cover the head with a scarf.
Jama Masjid Mosque
The largest mosque in India. At the same time on its territory can pray for about 25 thousand people. It was built in the 50-ies of the XVII century. The interior design abounds with marble arches and inscriptions on the plates – mainly sayings from the Koran. During the service, non-Muslim tourists are not allowed inside. At other times it is possible to enter, but without shoes and in special clothes.
Lakshmi Narayan Temple
The building can be called the “temple of all religions” in India. The construction was completed in 1939. The complex consists of several interconnected buildings. Here are the shrines of Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism. However, the temple is dedicated to Lakshmi, the goddess of happiness. The interior decoration corresponds to the bright outer decoration. At the temple there are souvenir shops, as well as a room for yoga.
Chhattarpur Temple Complex
Erected in honor of Goddess Katyayani in 1974. The temple complex covers an area of 24 hectares. It combines three temples at once. All of them belong to the traditional Indian architectural style. Pilgrims decorate the tree growing at the entrance, bracelets for the fulfillment of wishes. The main temple opens only twice a year on the biggest festivals associated with Kathiyani. The other two have services almost around the clock.
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
Built on the site of the cremation of the head of Guru Tegha Bahadur, the 9th Sikh teacher. He sacrificed his life when Emperor Aurangzeb tried to convert the locals to Islam. Guru endured torture, but he never accepted the religion that was foreign to him, so he was executed. The temple was built in the 17th century in the traditional Sikh fashion. The central pedestal is one of the oldest of its kind.
A Hindu temple dedicated to Krishna and Radha. One of the largest in India. The project was designed by the famous architect Achyut Kanvinde, and did not take any money for his work. For believers and those interested in Krishna culture, the doors of the temple opened in 1998. During religious festivals the number of visitors and pilgrims is especially high: several hundred thousand.
The fortress of Purana Kila
Built in the 16th century. It is a famous example of defensive architecture of the Indian capital. The name is translated as “old fort”. The length of the walls of more than 1.5 km, a height of 18 meters and a width of 15 meters. The fortress can be accessed through three gates, but today only the main one is used. Inside the perimeter are well preserved Kila-i-Kuhna Masjid Mosque and Sher Mandal Library Tower.
Founded by the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty in 1321. The ruler came into prolonged conflict with the revered preacher. The latter was building with the inhabitants the necessary water reservoir, and Tuglak ordered to work in the fort. Nizamuddin cursed the ruler and he soon died and his project was abandoned, six years after it was founded. Only part of the walls and the tomb of Giyas al-Din Tuglak remain.
The Well of Agrasen Ki Baoli
There is no exact data on the time of construction. It is believed that the well appeared during the reign of King Agrosen. In the XIV century the composition underwent structural changes. The archaeological site has three levels. Each one is framed by arched niches on both sides. At the base of the well leads to a wide staircase of 108 steps. The structure looks massive and monumental.
The Safdarjang Tomb
It appeared during the reign of the great Mughals in the 18th century. It was built in the image of the Taj Mahal. In the tomb rests the prime minister in the court of Emperor Mohammad Shah. The memorial complex consists of several buildings. Some of them were inhabited in the past. At present the building houses the Archaeological Survey of India. On the upper terrace is an observation deck. There is a big park around it.
Erected in the XIV century. Nizamuddin Aulia is an important Sufi saint. This man was so respected that to this day the mausoleum with pilgrimage missions visit not only Muslims but also representatives of other faiths. The entire neighborhood is named after Nizamuddin. The neighborhood is always clean, even though it is densely built up. Before entering the mausoleum is necessary to remove shoes. Nearby sell religious books and souvenirs.
The observatory was created in the early 18th century to make astronomical tables and calendars. It consists of 13 objects – special architectural astronomical instruments. By order of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, 7 such observatories were built in different cities. They, like Jantar Mantar, are no longer used for their intended purpose as they have become obsolete, but are popular tourist attractions.
Mehrauli Archaeological Park.
Ruins of buildings from different periods, protected as monuments of antiquity. There are about 100 separate landmarks in the park. Some of them date back to the XII-XIII centuries. The authorities of the country have set out to restore these objects, but so far only four dozen have been restored to their proper state. Remarkable structures: the tomb of Balban, the tomb of Khan Shahid, well Gandhak Ki Baoli.
Haus Khas Architectural Complex.
In the past it was a settlement, part of the second largest city of the Sultanate in the 13th century. The first building was a huge swimming pool, which gave the area its name. Around it were eventually erected madrassas, pavilions and mosques. Within the complex is a park rich in wildlife, including peacocks. Many of the sites are well preserved, but their appearance is far from the original, so now House of Khas is being restored.
Worlds of Wonder amusement park
The first entertainment area opened in 2007 near Delhi. Gradually the area was expanded by adding new leisure activities. In addition to the 20 rides there is a water park and go-karting. There are age restrictions, as well as height restrictions related to safety. If you wish, you can buy a single ticket to visit the entire park. Small cafes and stores are available.
Located on the grounds of the presidential palace. The gardens were designed in 1924, and the species diversity has increased significantly since then. They are open to the public for only one month a year: from mid-February to mid-March. Each year a main flower and main color is chosen. For example, a red tulip or yellow rose. Accordingly, the gardens themselves, as well as individual thematic exhibitions are decorated.
The picturesque park complex includes many interesting objects. In addition to alleys, flowerbeds, green lawns and ponds, tourists can explore ruins, tombs, mosques and mausoleums. There is also a small butterfly reserve. A net covers their habitats to protect them from birds. The 50 species of flowering plants make the gardens bright and colorful throughout the year.
Complete the article by describing your impression of the city (country) or individual attraction.