What to see in Egypt. Cities, attractions and recommended routes

Top 20 attractions in Egypt, which every tourist must see

One of the oldest tourist destinations in the world, Egypt with its collection of world famous ancient monuments and legendary national treasures has been captivating travelers for centuries.

Here’s a list of the 20 most beautiful places to visit in this country.

Alexandria – a historic and elegant port

The second largest city in Egypt with a Mediterranean cosmopolitan atmosphere, reminiscent in some ways of Marseille or Athens. Known for its upscale buildings and grand squares, Alexandria was once a very fashionable city. Although this charm has faded a bit, you can still find many interesting sights in Egypt. From the tranquil royal garden of Montaza Palace, to the historic 15th-century citadel of Kite Bay, you will always find interesting places to visit. Alternatively, visit one of the many antique coffee shops where you can drink coffee and smoke shisha while looking out over the Mediterranean Sea.

Cairo – the bustling capital of Egypt

Once you get over the culture shock of the chaos and noise, you will immediately realize that this city is a traveler’s dream and one of the most important destinations for a trip to Egypt. History fans will also be in their element here, with ancient traditions of perfectly preserved historic buildings in all corners of the city. Of course, there is also an endless supply of ancient temples, tombs, churches, monuments and museums to explore. Don’t leave without visiting the famous Khan el-Khalili bazaar, or other street markets, especially if you want to buy souvenirs. It has everything from exotic carpets to brass bling.

The Red Sea is a diver’s paradise

A highlight for many travelers is the resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, filled with luxury hotels, casinos, nightclubs and tourists. People here enjoy the sun, sea and sand. Hotels in Sharm el-Sheikh are very popular, although the real gem of this area is the Red Sea. The Red Sea has clear azure waters with an incredible amount of exotic fish and corals – which is why it is so highly regarded by diving enthusiasts. In fact, this natural attraction in Egypt offers some of the best scuba diving conditions in the world. You definitely won’t regret going to one of the many diving schools.

The Pyramids at Giza – Egypt’s main attraction

One of the most attractive historical monuments in Egypt, is the legendary Egyptian Pyramids of Giza. No visitor to the country should leave without visiting the Great Pyramids and the Sphinx of Giza. They are the only one of the seven remaining wonders of the ancient world over 4,600 years old. An impressive sight awaits you, and the entire complex is still shrouded in mystery. The main pyramids can be explored in about 2 hours, but it is better to spend a full day in the area if you can.

Luxor – Capital of the Pharaohs

One of the best cities to explore in Egypt is the city of Luxor. There are only a few places in the world that can be called an open-air museum, and the Egyptian city of Luxor is certainly one of them. The number of preserved monuments in the Luxor area is unparalleled anywhere in the world, so a visit to Egypt would not be complete without a tour of the capital of the pharaohs. Spend a day in the Valley of the Kings and Queens, where more than 60 underground tombs are concentrated. Make sure to set aside time to visit the impressive temples of Luxor and Karnak.

Nile – Egypt’s main river

The best way to explore one of the most famous rivers in the world is on a cruise that lasts more than a few days. The Nile is rich in interesting flora and fauna, and a trip along the famous river will give you an interesting insight into the countryside. You will also be able to stop and walk among the many famous temples and other ancient sites in Egypt. Don’t miss the chance to stop among the banks of Aswan to watch the sunset on one of the most beautiful stretches of the Nile.

Dahab – a diver’s paradise

Dahab is a laid-back resort town located on the southeastern coast of the Sinai Peninsula. This beautiful town attracts hippies and travelers alike who want a quiet place to stay that isn’t filled with tourists year-round. People love Dahab because of the incredible natural beauty of one of the most picturesque resorts in the country. You will enjoy Egypt’s golden sandy beaches with incredible sea views that stretch across the bay to the Hijaz Mountains in Saudi Arabia. There’s also plenty of beauty waiting for you underwater with coral and marine life, which is why Dahab is considered one of the best scuba diving and snorkeling spots on the peninsula. The famous Blue Hole is also located near Dahab – a gaping funnel carved by sea waves right into the reef. Dahab’s perfectly blue water is not the only attraction in Egypt in this region. You can also go to the Bedouin desert to the west of Dahab. It is a tranquil place with many places to explore.

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Mount Sinai – Egypt’s holy mountain

Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula is definitely worth the trip to experience the rest of the country differently. Mount Sinai is a popular attraction in Egypt. It has great religious significance, being mentioned many times in the Book of Exodus, the Bible, and the Quran. In Christianity, it is the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments. Hiking on this holy mountain is extremely popular with tourists. Many people prefer to make a night hike with an early rise at 2 or 3 in the morning to watch the sunrise of biblical proportions.

St. Catherine Monastery

St. Catherine’s Monastery is located just below Mount Sinai. It is a very old and very important tourist site in Egypt with UNESCO World Heritage status. It is also the oldest active monastery in the world. It is an unusual and strangely beautiful building in the middle of hundreds of kilometers of arid landscape. There are many sacred artifacts that will be of interest to the faithful here, including relics of St. Catherine.

Oasis of Siwa

The oasis of Siwa is often mentioned as one of the most stunning places to visit in Egypt. Located by the Egyptian sandy sea (in the Libyan desert), it has its own Sivan culture, which is different from the traditional Arab culture. The Sivans speak their own language, and the area is known for its hot springs, beautiful decorations, delicious food and olives. Stay here for a few days and forget about time – swim in the springs, or just admire the desert scenery.

The White Desert – Egypt’s unique place

The fairytale White Desert is a very interesting area in Egypt, which is located 50 kilometers north of the city of Farafrah. Travelers are attracted by the otherworldly beauty of the desert with bizarre, ghostly white rock formations sprouting from the desert sands. The strange structures are actually huge chalk formations created by sandstorms in the area. Jeep safaris through the desert are especially popular.

Hurghada – a popular beach resort

Hurghada is a stunning resort town located on the northeast coast of Egypt, just below the Gulf of Suez. The Hurghada Riviera stretches for 60 kilometers along the Red Sea coast and is home to many luxury resorts. Originally a fishing town, Hurghada has grown rapidly over the past few decades to become a tourist attraction in Egypt. The region has many great restaurants, entertainment and accommodation options. Hurghada’s most luxurious resorts are Makadi Bay, Sahl Hasheesh and El Gouna. However, it is the stunning natural beauty of Hurghada that is the highlight of this place. There are many pristine beaches with bright white sand and crystal clear water. The coastline is also dotted with coral reefs that offer some of the best diving and snorkeling in Egypt. You can also swim with dolphins off the coast of Aden Beach Resort. Don’t forget to explore the sea creatures at the Grand Aquarium of Hurghada and be sure to visit the East Arabian Desert. There are many tours, including ATV tours with visits to historic sites.

Taba Bay

Taba is one of the most impressive places to visit in Egypt. It is a colorful little town located on the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Despite its small size, it is often crowded because it is used as a border crossing to Israel. Numerous attractions in Egypt are concentrated in the Taba area, including Taba Heights Water World, Zaman Castle, Canyon Motorsports, and the stunning Salah El Din Castle. Taba’s scenery is absolutely gorgeous, and you will constantly be amazed at how picturesque these places are. Fjord Bay is a short drive from Taba. It is a natural bay that has become a popular spot for swimming, diving, hiking, boating, and many other outdoor activities. The bay is surrounded by hills that gently descend to the stunning blue water.

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Aswan is an important city on the Nile

Aswan is a historic city on the Nile River. One of the most visited cities in Egypt, this magnificent metropolis is located in an idyllic place with unspoiled nature and picturesque views. In addition, the city itself is filled with many amazing ancient buildings that give it a delightful atmosphere. Aswan is one of the oldest cities in Egypt and has a rich history that goes back thousands of years. There are many beautiful sights to visit including the Aswan Botanical Gardens, the ruins of Abu, the tombs and Elephantine Island. This is the perfect place to learn more about Egypt’s rich culture and extensive history.

The Temples of Abu Simbel

The temples of Abu Simbel are one of Egypt’s most recognizable historical sites. They are massive rock temples built by ancient Egyptians between 1264 BC and 1244 BC. The Temple of Ramses is one of six magnificent structures built in Nubia during the reign of Ramses II. The scale of the Temples of Abu Simbel is incredible. Their beauty still attracts millions of visitors each year.

Nuweiba – An Attractive Coastal City

Nuweiba is a coastal town located on the east coast of the Sinai Peninsula. The attractive vacation town is surrounded by the pristine blue waters of the Gulf of Aqaba and the bright red sands of the Sinai. Nuweiba has many of Egypt’s beautiful sights, including the Color Canyon, a narrow trail surrounded by beautiful cliffs. You will be amazed at the variations in shades of stone, from dark purple to bright yellow. Bedouin guides will guide you through the canyons and explain the importance of the canyon in their culture.

Another important place around Nuweiba is Ain Hudra, a natural oasis not far from the city. It is often used as a place for hiking and meditation, with beautiful palm trees and pools. There are also many incredible natural stone sculptures in the area. The many diving spots off the coast of Nuweiba leave no one indifferent, including the Danube Reef and Coral Island with a variety of marine life.

Rosetta and the Rosetta Stone

Rosetta (also called Ar Rachid) is a town on the west bank of the Nile River, 65 km northeast of Alexandria. Founded in the 9th century, Rosetta has an interesting history, incredible architecture and a vibrant culture. Rosetta is mainly known as the birthplace of the Rosetta Stone, which was used to translate ancient Egyptian into ancient Greek. It is a beautiful metropolis with amazing Islamic architecture and many beautiful sights. You’ll love wandering through the winding streets and admiring the ancient Rosetta mansions with beautiful rustic brickwork.

Al-Badari

Al-Badari is located on the eastern bank of the Nile River in Upper Egypt. It is an important attraction in Egypt, known worldwide for the ancient cemeteries discovered by the British in the 1920s. The cemeteries are home to incredible ancient Egyptian sculptures and architecture. Archaeologists find graves from the period 5500 – 4000 B.C. These beautiful sites will give you a real insight into the history of Egypt.

Berenice

The ancient city of Berenice is another popular destination for tourists interested in exploring the most beautiful parts of Egypt. Located on the shores of the Red Sea, the city was founded as a trading port in 275 B.C. and quickly became an important economic center in the region. One of the most interesting places to visit near Berenice is the Temple of Semiramis, built by Trajan and Tiberius. This large Roman temple is in excellent condition and is one of Egypt’s most impressive sights in the region. The exterior walls of the temple are decorated with various works of art, including images of Emperor Tiberius.

The coast of Berenice has many unspoiled natural bays and coves. You can also explore the stunning island of Zabargad, which was formerly mined for a semi-precious stone called olivine. There are many breathtaking views and plenty of sea life in the area. Berenice is also a great place to go snorkeling, diving, or just relax on one of Egypt’s many beaches.

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Marsa Alam

Marsa Alam is another great resort town in Egypt. Located on the Red Sea, the resort is famous for its pristine beaches and numerous coral reefs. Abu Dabab Bay is one of the most popular destinations for visitors to the city. This U-shaped natural bay with crystal clear water is famous for its many wildlife including turtles, dugongs, and dolphins. Wadi el-Gemal National Park stretches south of the city. It is a large park with a diverse landscape that includes islands, desert, waterfalls, and coral reefs. You can spend many days exploring this place and marvel at its spectacular beauty. If you like the sights of Egypt on this list, why not take a trip right now?

Egypt

Egypt is a small state in northeast Africa. It is from here, from the banks of the great Nile, the history of the wise pharaohs, the mysterious pyramids and ancient civilizations. Steeped in a special oriental flavor, the country offers tourists luxurious resorts, sandy beaches with a colorful underwater world, historical sites and unforgettable natural complexes, stunning imagination.

They come here for new impressions, inspiration and relaxation, and numerous excursion programs will help the traveler to join the ancient culture and try to solve the unsolved mysteries on their own.

Egypt

Egyptian pyramids

The pyramids are the oldest monuments of history that survived to this day. They hold many mysteries, one of which is the builders. Until now, it is not known precisely how and who built these objects.

Now in Egypt there are about 118 pyramids, the largest of which were built around the time of the Ancient Kingdom period. Any tourist can take a look at this architectural creation, and a visit to the pyramids is included in the tour of every tour group.

Egypt-Egypt's Pyramids.

Pyramid of Cheops.

Not far from the suburbs of Cairo, on a plateau rises a real composition – the Great Pyramids of Giza. At the very center is the Pyramid of Cheops, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Approximately 140 meters high, it was built in 2550 BC. Now this place is more like a historical museum: tourists are allowed inside, and the most enthusiastic can take part in the celebration of the day the Cheops pyramid was built in August.

Egypt-the Pyramid of Cheops.

The Great Sphinx

Just before the Great Pyramid on the Giza Plateau, you can see another architectural marvel carved from solid limestone rock, the Sphinx. Approximately twenty meters in height, the ancient statue faces the Nile, symbolizing the guardian of the eternal rest of the Pharaoh and his entourage.

Egypt-the Sphinx.

Egyptian Museum in Cairo

On Tahrir Square in Cairo stands a long red brick building, the Egyptian Museum. In some 107 halls there are more than a hundred thousand exhibits, the oldest of which are several thousand years B.C.

There is also the Tutankhamun Gallery, where you can see the surviving treasures from the tombs and the golden mask of death, and a little further away is the hall with the mummies of the pharaohs.

Egypt-Egypt's Cairo Museum.

Karnak Temple

Also known as the “Temple of the Chronicles,” it is located near Luxor, on the east bank of the Nile. The sanctuary is a whole historical complex, which stretches for almost two kilometers. It includes more than thirty temples, creating a kind of city.

On the walls of one of them is the text of the treaty of Ramses II with the Hittite king Hattusili III, signed after the battle of Kadesh.

Egypt-The Temple of Karnak

Luxor temple

Once connected to the Temple of Karnak by the Corridor of Light, it is located on the right bank of the Nile in the City of the Living. The sanctuary was originally dedicated to the cult of the Theban triad of gods, Amon-Ra, Honsu and Mut.

The complex consists of a temple whose entrance is decorated with two statues of Ramses ||, pylons with inscribed writing, an obelisk of pink marble and a spacious courtyard decorated with columns around its perimeter.

Egypt-Luksor Temple.

The Suez Canal

It is the conventional boundary between Asia and Africa, a man-made route connecting not only the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, but also the two parts of the world.

Created around the end of the seventh century BC, the canal has gone through several reincarnations: it was buried and torn again, the banks were widened and embankments were reinforced. All so that now any tourist can take a ride on the famous canal on a high-speed motor boat or on a real ship, the tour program includes a guided visit to the ports of Said and Suez.

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Egypt-Suetz Canal.

Aswan Dam

The Aswan Dam is the largest and most important hydraulic structure in Egyptian history. About 110 meters high, it provides the nearest cities with electricity, controls the water level of the Nile River and saves the local area from flooding.

For Russian tourists the dam will be interesting because it was built by Soviet engineers. There is even a monument symbolizing the Arab-Soviet friendship.

Egypt-Na Hydroelectric Complex (Dam).

Valley of the Kings

Not far from Luxor, on the left bank of the Nile, in the City of the Dead is located the most grandiose necropolis of Egyptian rulers.

The first tombs date from the 16th century BC. The tombs were carved directly into the rock, long wells led to the tombs, the entrance was protected by a secret falling door and in Ancient times the vaults were guarded by armed squads to avoid being looted.

Egypt-Valley of the Kings

The Temples at Abu Simbel

Two grandiose temples carved right into the rock were built over three thousand years ago. One is dedicated to Ramses ||, the other, built in honor of the sky goddess Hathor, is his wife Nefertara.

The entrance to the large temple is guarded by four seated figures, it is turned toward the east. It is noteworthy that on March 21 and September 21, at about six in the morning, the sunlight penetrates the temple and shines a steady light into all the rooms, leaving in the shadow only the niche where the statue of Ptah is located.

Egypt-Temples of Abu Simbel.

Phile Island Temples

A small island in the middle of the Nile is literally built up with temple buildings. The oldest of them was built in 350 BC. On a land of four hundred meters there is a temple complex of Isis, encircled by columns, a small temple of Hathor and Nektaneb |, the pavilion of Trajan.

For tourists on the Philae, they put on an LED show that tells the story of the creation of the Temples and local legends in color.

Egypt-Temples of the Isle of Philae

The Colossi of Memnon.

“Singing statues” are another engineering marvel of the ancient Egyptians. The Colossi, once protecting the entrance to the Pharaoh’s temple, depict the ruler Amenhotep ||||, turned toward the rising sun. At his feet are the figures of two women – a mother and a wife. The grandiose structure, a height of over 18 meters, is created from a solid block of limestone.

According to local guides, at dawn, when the sun hits the statues, they begin to “sing” and these sounds like the strings of a harp.

Egypt-Colosses of Memnon

St. Catherine Monastery

The entire complex was built about two thousand years ago and includes a large Basilica of Transfiguration, twelve small chapels, a beautiful park and the ancient library of manuscripts, in its value is on par with the Vatican.

Now every tourist can study the filling of the temple and even get a small silver ring. It was his prototype once received as a gift St. Catherine, whose name was given to the monastery.

Egypt-Na Catherine Monastery

Kite Bay Fortress

Once built on the site of the legendary Alexandria Lighthouse, the fortress sits on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It once played an important strategic role, protecting the city from both the sea and the land.

Now, right within the walls of the structure, the Egyptian Maritime Museum is open, able to attract history buffs with models of old cannons and the pristine view of the fortress that has survived to the present day.

Egypt-Citadel of Kite Bay

The Palace and Park of Montaza

The complex on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea is truly unique. It consists of the Salamlik small palace, whose architecture resembles the Austrian style, the Al-Haramlik large palace and the royal gardens.

At the moment in the small palace is a luxury hotel, near the park opened the sandy beaches, and in the picturesque park everyone can relax.

Egypt-Palace and Park of Montaza

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

The once ancient shrine has been rebuilt after a hundred years. This time the library building is modern: the design is somewhat futuristic, and the roof and walls are lined with glass panels.

The Library of Alexandria was not completed until 2002. Today there are more than eight million books brought from different corners of the world, and in addition to the reading room and storage on eleven levels there are three museums, a planetarium, several art galleries and a laboratory for the restoration of manuscripts.

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Egypt-Library of Alexandrin.

Nile River

The Nile is one of the largest rivers on the planet. Its length is more than six thousand kilometers, it flows on the territory of Egypt and flows into the Mediterranean Sea. On the banks of the water artery are central landmarks: temples, monuments and obelisks.

Tourists can paddle the entire river, from beginning to end, or enjoy the scenic part near Luxor, where the guides will give a detailed tour.

Egypt-Nile River.

Color Canyon

Once formed by a massive earthquake, this canyon is unique because of the unusual coloring of its rocks. Reminiscent of the wave pattern, the rock has been colored in bizarre purple, violet, orange, and yellow, and the wind and rain have washed away the unusual crevices that resemble man-made halls with columns.

Visiting the colored canyon is recommended only when accompanied by a guide. Some places can be dangerous.

Egypt-Colored Canyon.

Blue Hole in Dahab

Steep cave in the middle of the Red Sea, going down more than fifty meters, is still an unexplored phenomenon. Because of its depth, its color contrasts sharply with the greenish color of the rest of the water. From above, this depression is a perfect circle of blue.

Today, any traveler can try to explore the phenomenon on their own, using the services of an experienced diver and diving into the hole.

Egypt-Blue Hole in Dahab

Tyrann Island

It is located at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, near the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh. Remaining uninhabited, it is included in the Ras Mohammed National Park.

The island attracts fans of scuba diving. Here, in the completely transparent water of the bay, there are rare species of fish and underwater animals, at the bottom rest coral reefs and a few sunken ships, and nearby you can even see the dolphins – they are not uncommon guests in this place.

Egypt-Tiran Island

White Desert

This is a small area in the western part of the desert. Completely white sand and fantastic scenery formed here thanks to the ocean that once covered these lands. Unofficial symbols of the white desert – mushroom and chicken, rocks that have taken the bizarre shape of these objects.

During the tour, the tourist will be able to enjoy the snow-white landscapes, changing their palette to shades of pink and orange closer to sunset, visit the famous oasis of Farfa, famous for its springs and baths.

Egypt-White Desert

Ras Mohammed National Park

The most popular among tourists spearfishing spot is located in the south coast of the Sinai Peninsula. Here, in the waters of the Red Sea, are preserved unique forms of life: ancient coral reefs, which may be billions of years old, hundreds of species of fish, some of the rarest species of urchins, mollusks and crustaceans, green sea turtles, families of dolphins and even white storks.

Egypt-National Park Ras Muhammad.

Mount Sinai

It is also known as Moses Mountain. According to legends, it was on this mountain that the prophet took the Ten Commandments and passed them on to his followers. Interestingly, these commandments apply to several other religions and in honor of each of them on Mount Sinai built a temple.

Here is the chapel of the Holy Trinity, near the mosque, and the Jewish preachers can point the way to the cave, which, according to legend, served as a refuge for Moses.

Egypt-Mountain Sinai

Sharm el Sheikh Resort City

The most luxurious resort is located on the Sinai Peninsula, right on the shores of the Red Sea. This is a real paradise for any tourist, which offers entertainment for every taste.

Sandy beaches, azure waters, diving, upscale hotels with swimming pools and tennis courts, historical sites – this is what awaits the tourist in the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

Egypt-Charm el-Sheikh City Resort.

Khan el-Khalili Market

The largest and most famous market in the country is located in the heart of Cairo. Noisy, filled with a special oriental flavor, it offers the tourist riches for every taste and color at an affordable price. Scarves, traditional clothing, jewelry, perfume, incense, oils, dishes and souvenirs – all this opens a mysterious veil of history and immerses the traveler in the very atmosphere of “oriental bazaars”.

And tired tourists can find peace in small cozy establishments and restaurants, providing masterpieces of local cuisine and culinary delights.

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