Corinth is one of the most interesting cities in Greece. It is situated in the Isthmus of Corinth, which connects the mainland to the Peloponnese. It is known for its rich history, the ruins of ancient cities, amazing architecture and many different attractions. In order to see them, tourists come here from all corners of the globe.
What is the highlight of the city?
On a map of Greece, you can see that the city of Corinth is washed on the west side by the waters of the bay of the same name, and on the east – by Saronikos. On its territory is the Corinth Canal, which allows water transport from the Mediterranean Sea to the Aegean Sea. The settlement is part of the Peloponnese periphery and is the administrative center of the Dima (community).
Its area is 17.652 square kilometers and its center lies 10 m above sea level. The last census was conducted in 2011, according to which the city has 30176 inhabitants. Most of them are Orthodox Christians. Corinth is a large industrial center with the largest oil refinery in Europe, where copper cables, gypsum, marble, medical equipment, etc. are produced. There is a port in the northern part of the city through which goods are exported.
The first settlement in the area appeared around 6000 BC. Local myths say that it was founded by the descendant of the sun god Corinth – or daughter of the titan of the Ocean – Aether. In the Bronze Age there was a city of Mycenaean civilization which was similar to Pylos. It is believed that the legendary founder of the lineage of ancient kings was Sisyphus. Here Jason, the former leader of the Argonauts, abandoned Medea, and the locals from here went to war in Troy.
In 146 BC, the Roman commander Lucius Mummius of Achaea destroyed Corinth, killing the adults and selling the children as slaves. After that event, there was a small village on the area until in 44 BC, when Julius Caesar founded a city that was distinguished by its wealth and the love of the locals for luxury and fine architecture. It was home not only to Greeks, but also to Romans and Jews.
From the early Christian period to the present
In 50 A.D. the apostle Paul arrived here, stayed 18 months, and founded the Christian community. He dedicated two letters to it, which were included in the New Testament. A few years later, the disciple of Jesus again came to Corinth and wrote his famous letter to the Romans. In 375 the city was destroyed by an earthquake and Alaric the First seized power. There came the Byzantine period, which was replaced by the Achaean principality.
In the twelfth century, the locals became rich again, trading silk with other European states. Their good and measured life beckoned conquerors, who wished to conquer the settlement. In 1458 it was conquered by the Ottomans, who reigned until the beginning of the 19th century. The modern town was built in 1858 and is now, as it was several centuries ago, called Corinth. Because of its favorable location it even claimed to be the capital.
The city has a temperate climate with an average annual temperature of +18 °C. The warmest month is July, when the mercury exceeds +30 °C. In January it does not drop below +7 ° C, so you can enjoy your holidays in Corinth practically all year round. The average rainfall is only 560 mm. The most frequent rainfall is in December (about 100 mm) and the driest is August (6 mm).
What to see in Corinth?
Because of its rich history, there are many ruins in and around the city. These sights glorify not only Corinth, but the whole of Greece, and their photos can be seen on many souvenir products of the country. While walking through the settlement, tourists will visit museums, galleries, ancient temples, etc.
From Corinth one can go on excursions to nearby settlements and ancient ruins, as well as visit the famous canal. A must-see is:
- Acrocorinth is a fortified hilltop with fortress walls and observation towers on its slopes. They combine Byzantine, Roman and Turkish styles. At the very top of the hill are the ruins of the temple of Aphrodite, for which tourists who come to Corinth make a tiring climb. If it is difficult to climb on foot, you can take a cab.
- The remains of ancient Corinth are an open-air museum where you can feel the spirit of the old times.
- The Temple of Apollo – it was built in 600 BC and is considered to be Corinth’s landmark. The structure is the best preserved of its kind and consists of a rostrum, where Paul preached, and stately columns.
- Historical and Folklore Museum – It was founded to preserve the agricultural tools, household utensils and national costumes worn by the people of Greece in different eras. Silver jewelry, embroidery, metal and woodwork, etc. are also on display.
- The canal is a stunning engineering structure that made Corinth famous throughout Greece. It is 6 km long, 24 m wide, 8 m deep and its walls are 75 m high. Over it there are three road and one railway bridge.
The beaches of Corinth
There are no good places for bathing in the sea in the city, so tourists dreaming of a beach holiday will need to drive away from the nearest beaches (such as Paralia Leheu or Pevkakia). They have a clean shore covered with pebbles, clear water and infrastructure and offer tourists all kinds of entertainment.
Hotels in Corinth, Greece
Staying overnight in Corinth tourists will be offered in comfortable hotels, hostels and campsites. Many accommodations allow pets, have private parking, internet and playground. Loutrakiou, Vasilios Marinos Rooms and Acropolis Hotel are some of the hotels in Corinth.
Dining in Corinth
There are taverns, cafes, and fast food in Corinth. Local restaurants offer great seafood, grilled meats, and desserts. You will be able to try them in the following catering establishments:
There are no big shopping centers in Corinth. For souvenirs, you should go to Roxana Souvenir or Kilix Ceramic Crafts.
How to get to Corinth from Athens?
You can get to the city by bus, which leaves from Leoforia Peloponnisou station, or by car via Olimpia Odos/A8/E94, a distance of about 80 km. From the airport in Corinth there is a train which leaves every 60 minutes and travels 1,5 hours.
Places to visit in Corinth
Corinthian Gulf Temple of Apollo at Corinth Ancient city of Nemea Temple of Octavia at Corinth Museum of Archeology at Corinth Fortress of Akrokorinthos Lake Stymphalia
This site contains Corinthian sights – photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you’ll find answers to what to see in Corinth, where to go and where the popular and interesting places of Corinth are.
The Gulf of Corinth separates mainland Greece from the Peloponnese peninsula. It is a deep narrow bay of the Ionian Sea, bounded on the east by the Isthmian isthmus and on the west by the capes Rion and Antirion, connected by the Rio-Antirio bridge. It is one of the most seismically dangerous areas in Europe.
The bay is connected to the Aegean Sea by the famous Corinth Canal and is visible in all its beauty from the tiny seaside towns. For example, from Nafpaktos. By the way, nearby Nafpaktos is where the biggest sea battle took place in the 16th century in the Gulf, which largely determined the end of Turkish power in the Mediterranean basin. Other famous cities of Greece – Delphi, Corinth, Loutraki, etc. are also located in close proximity to the gulf.
The Peloponnese suspension bridge, the longest in the world, connecting the mainland with the peninsula of the same name, is also extremely interesting. It was opened for the Olympic Games in Greece, although the idea itself appeared earlier. The gigantic bridge is 2.252 meters long and 65 meters high and is supported by four pylons, each 230 meters high, to which it is connected by suspended steel cables. The construction is extremely complex and takes into account the seismicity and the heavy shipping traffic in the bay.
Coordinates : 38.19070400,22.64790300
The Temple of Apollo at Corinth
The Ancient Greek period is represented by the temple of Apollo, the patron god of Corinth. Built in the mid-6th century BC on the site of his predecessor, who was destroyed in the 7th century, the temple was Doric in style and originally had six columns at each end and fifteen along each side. That it was a temple of Apollo is known from Pausanias’ description of Corinth and from a small tablet with a dedication to Apollo that was found in the temple grounds.
The temple is one of the central and significant structures of Corinth. Its surviving ruins are among the most photogenic buildings in the whole complex. Its seven monolithic limestone columns were not destroyed by the Roman general Lucius Mummius, who in 146 B.C. burned and destroyed the city, putting the men to death and selling the women and children into slavery, nor by time.
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The ancient city of Nemea
The ancient city of Nemea is known as the center of the famous Nemean games. It was in this city, according to Greek mythology, the goddess Hera defeated the Lion of Nemea. Later, the Nemean Games were held here in 235 BC. In Greek mythology, Nemea was ruled by the king Lycurgus and the queen Eurydice. Earlier this city was the sanctuary of Zeus, the god of thunder and lightning.
The tomb of Ophelt, the son of Lycurgus and Eurydice, was found in the territory of the city during the excavations. An altar enclosed in a stone wall was also found. Another important discovery is the Temple of Zeus, which dates from 330 BC. It is surrounded on all sides by a grove of cypress trees. The roof of the temple has long fallen off, but the walls keep the image of Zeus to this day. Some of the ruins were partially restored in 2007.
In photo mode you can view places of interest in Corinth only by photo.
Octavia Temple in Corinth
The Temple of Octavia is located in Antique Corinth and dates back to the Roman period of the development of this city. It was built on an elevated foundation and is dedicated to the sister of Emperor Augustus, who ruled the Romans after Caesar, who founded Corinth again as a Roman colony in 44 BC.
Only three columns of the Octavian temple remain, in the Corinthian style, which developed and was most prominent in this ancient city.
Archaeological Museum of Corinth
The Archaeological Museum, located in the excavated layers of ancient Corinth, is considered one of the most interesting in the Greek province. It was opened at the turn of 1931-1932. Its impressive collection is a quintessence of local culture over the centuries.
There is a rich collection of very diverse exhibits, the sight of which paints in the imagination pictures of the former way of life of the ancient city. Also, the exhibition, located in four halls, gives an opportunity to trace the development of Greek art, which had its heyday and decline.
The oldest pieces in the collection, some of the mosaics, date back to the fourth century B.C. The historical period is fully and thoroughly represented – the statues are expressive, the small everyday objects arouse curiosity. The exhibits, changing and changing shape and design, as if clearly illustrate the movement of time.
Coordinates : 37.90550400,22.88421800
Acrocorinthos is the name of the acropolis of ancient Corinth. It is located on the top of the monolithic rock of the same name, above the ancient city. The fortress served as a military fortification until practically the 19th century, as the topography of the site and the access to drinking water optimally contributed to the defense.
The top of the 575-meter hill, accessible only from the west, is surrounded by strong fortress walls with a length of 2 kilometers. The main entrance of the acropolis is protected by a three-tier wall and three gates standing on different levels. In the center of the hill once towered the temple of Aphrodite built about 5-4 centuries BC, on which place then appeared a small Christian basilica, later – the tower, and later – a mosque and then – the Venetian terrace. At the wall of the southern part of the fortress there is a legendary spring Pirene, described even by ancient Greek geographer Pausanius.
The ancient acropolis was expanded and supplemented over the centuries by the various conquerors of the city. Since 1929, archaeological excavations have been done here. Today, Acrocorinth is a unique architectural monument that incorporates the culture of different nations and historical eras.
The largest lake of the Peloponnese (3.5 kilometers in area) can be called a mountain lake. It is located at an altitude of more than 600 meters above sea level.
The surface of Stymphalia is covered with large patches of reeds, but this does not detract from the scenic beauty of the landscape at all. And the knowledge that Heracles shot the evil Stymphalian birds with his bow here makes you feel complicated. And the lake got its name in honor of the character of ancient Greek mythology, the son of Elath Stymphalus.
On the lake itself there are a lot of birds nesting. And there is a lot to see in its vicinity. On the shore there are impressive ruins of the Gothic basilica of the Crusaders monastery, in the village of Feneos there is a small archeological museum, and a little further there is the monastery of St. George – a scaled down copy of the famous Athos monasteries.
The most popular attractions in Corinth with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Corinth on our website.
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