What sights to see in Brno in one day
Brno is the second largest (after Prague) city in the Czech Republic, located in the historical region of Moravia. This is one of the most beautiful and distinctive cities in Central Europe, with an interesting history, unique architectural monuments and its own traditions. At the same time, there are fewer tourists here than in Prague, which allows you to easily see the sights in Brno, and they are indeed very interesting.
Given that Brno is not too big, even in one day you can see a lot. For independent tourists who want to see the sights of Brno, we decided to compile a list of the most interesting places in this city.
Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul
Perhaps the first place in the list of sights of Brno, marked on the map of the city, belongs to the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul. There is an old story connected to this religious building, thanks to which Brno citizens meet noon at 11:00 sharp.
As the legend says, in 1645 Brno withstood the siege of the Swedes for a long time. One day the commanders of the troops made a pact that the Swedes would retreat if they could not capture the city before noon. During the decisive assault, the Swedes did not realize that the bell ringer had rung an hour earlier. The Swedish troops retreated, and the tradition of ringing the bell 12 times at 11 am has survived to this day in Brno.
Peter and Paul Cathedral, built in the XIII century, is a luxurious light building, whose slender spires of towers rise to the sky and are visible from almost anywhere in the city.
The walls inside the cathedral are decorated with rich paintings and mosaics, very beautiful stained glass windows. There is a unique landmark – the statue of “Virgin and Child”, created in the XIV century.
But the most interesting thing that awaits tourists here is the opportunity to climb the tower. observation deck – a small balcony, which can accommodate only 2 or 3 people, but to look at Brno and take pictures of its attractions from a height is quite possible.
The cathedral is open at these times:
- Monday – Saturday – 8:15 a.m. to 6:30 p.m;
- Sunday – from 7:00 to 18:30.
The only time when visitors can use the services of a guide is Sunday from 12:00.
Admission is free. But since the temple is active, during the service tourists are forbidden to go over the fence. To climb the tower and see the panoramic views of Brno, you have to pay:
- adult ticket – 40 CZK;
- for children and students 30 CZK;
- family ticket – 80 CZK.
Access to the tower is open at these times:
- May – September: Monday – Saturday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., and Sunday from 12 p.m. to 6:30 p.m;
- October-April: Monday-Saturday from 11:00 to 17:00, and Sunday from 12:00 to 17:00.
Address of the Cathedral of Peter and Paul: Petrov 268/9, Brno 602 00, Czech Republic.
If you look at a map of Brno with sights in Russian, it becomes clear that Namesti Svobody is the largest city square. For all time of Brno existence it has been the place where city life has been boiling. And nowadays it remains to be the heart of the city where locals and visitors love to stroll.
There are still numerous historic buildings here. It is worth mentioning a spectacular but controversial local landmark – the house “At the Four Caryatids”, better known among the townspeople as the house “At the Four Dummies”. There are four human-sized statues at the front of the building – they should be majestic, but do not give that impression at all. The sculptures’ faces have an expression that usually evokes laughter – this is why the townspeople called them “mamlas” (“morons”). As in many Czech cities, Brno has a Plague Column: on top of the column is a statue of the Virgin Mary, and at the foot of it are statues of saints.
A rather strange landmark of the city of Brno in the Czech Republic is located in the eastern part of the central square. It’s about the Astronomical Clock (Orloj), created in 3 years and 12,000,000 crowns in black marble, and installed here in 2010. The clock is a sculpture in the form of a casing 6 meters high with four cylindrical holes. It is not possible to see the time on this clock, because it does not show it, but through one of its openings it “shoots” glass balls every day at the time that is significant for Brno: 11 o’clock in the morning. It is considered a good omen to catch such a bullet, so by 11:00 a.m. a real pandemonium forms on the square.
In the list of the most ancient sites in Brno is Spilberk Castle, standing on the top of the hill of the same name. Spilberk Castle was built in the XIII century as a fortified royal residence and managed to withstand not many sieges, and by the end of the XVIII century it turned into a gloomy prison for enemies of the monarchy, known in Europe as the “Prison of Nations”.
In 1962 Špilberk Castle was awarded the status of a national monument of the Czech Republic.
There are 3 main locations on the territory of Špilberk: a tower with an observation deck, casemates and the Brno City Museum.
In the museum, which occupies the western wing, you can see expositions and exhibitions on the history of the fortress and the city, as well as get acquainted with the fine arts and architecture of Brno. Thanks to the size and value of its collections the Brno City Museum is recognized as one of the most outstanding museums in the Czech Republic.
There are torture chambers and many cells for prisoners (stone “sacks” and cages) in the casemates. It is interesting to see the kitchen, in which food was prepared for the prisoners – all the utensils have been preserved.
The view from the observation tower offers a panorama of Brno, the picturesque castle park can be seen spreading out from the ancient walls. The park is well maintained with fountains, ponds and waterfalls, with comfortable benches and even a free toilet.
In the summer, concerts, theater performances, festivals, and fencing competitions are organized in the Spilberk Castle courtyard. You can check the schedules for such cultural events on the Brno website and book a trip to Brno so you can see the sights and enjoy the festivities all in one day.
From October to late April the Spilberk Castle is open from 09:00 to 17:00 every day except Monday. In the warmer months the castle welcomes visitors every day at these times:
- May – June: from 09:00 to 17:00;
- July – September: from 09:00 to 18:00.
In Spilberk Castle you can selectively visit any location, but if you want to see everything, you must buy a combined ticket with a discount. The cost of admission tickets in crowns:
|casemates||southwest bastion||observation tower||Combination ticket|
Before entering the casemates you can take a guide in Russian.
Ticket prices, as well as opening hours, can be found on the official website of the attraction: www.spilberk.cz/?pg=oteviraci-doba
Address of the Spilberk Fortress: Spilberk 210/1, Brno 60224, Czech Republic.
Old Town Hall
Not far from Freedom Square stands Old Town Hall, a landmark of Brno (Czech Republic) that housed the city authorities since XIII.
An arch, hanging from the ceiling of which is a stuffed crocodile, and near the wall is a wheel, leads to the hall. The scarecrow and the wheel are both Brno’s mascots, dating back to the 17th century.
In 1935 the authorities took over another building, and the Old Town Hall became a venue for concerts, exhibitions, and performances. There is also a tourist information center, where you can get very useful free brochures such as “What to do in Brno on Monday”, “Brno sights: photos with descriptions”, “Beer in Brno”.
On the 63-view tower of the Old Town Hall there is an observation platform from which you can see a spectacular panorama of Brno. Admission is charged, price in crowns:
- for adults – 70;
- children age 6-15, students and pensioners – 40;
- family ticket – 150;
- camera permit – 40.
The tower is open daily from early June through the end of September from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
The address where the attraction is located: Radnicka 8, Brno 602 0, Czech Republic.
St. Jakub’s Church
This building, outwardly almost unchanged since its construction (late 16th century), is the most valuable attraction of the Late Gothic period in Bohemia.
An important element of Sv. Jakuba church is a tower rising 92 meters high. It marked the end of the whole construction. And on the south window of the tower there is a small figure of a man showing his naked ass in the direction of the Old Town Hall. It is said that in this way one of the builders, A. Pilgram, showed his attitude to the town authorities, who did not pay him extra for his work. But it turned out that the guy was not alone! Restoration works were carried out in the nineteenth century, and when the scandalous decoration was looked at from above, they realized: they were figurines of a man and a woman. When you look at the blissful face of the female figure, it immediately becomes clear what they are doing.
And inside the church Sv. Jakuba there is an atmosphere of reverence and grandeur: high Gothic columns, oblong stained glass around the perimeter of the building, the pulpit of the preacher with images of scenes from the Bible.
St. Jakub’s Church is active. It is open daily, with services beginning
- Monday through Saturday: 8:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m;
- on Sunday: 8:00 am, 9:30 am, 11:00 am, 7:00 pm.
Admission is free and all are welcome to come and see the interior decoration. But during memorial services, weddings and baptisms no outsiders are allowed.
In 2001, under St. James Church, across the full width of the nave (25 meters), was found a large-scale ossuary – the second largest in Europe (after Paris). The number of buried people exceeds 50,000!
For almost 500 years the biggest cemetery in Brno, almost surrounding the church, was situated on what is now Jacob Square. After 10-12 years, the bones from the old grave were lifted to make room for the new one. The raised bones were placed in the ossuary.
The ossuary can be visited in groups of up to 20 people every day except Monday. Opening hours – from 9:30 to 18:00. The ticket costs 140 CZK.
Church of St. Jakub and ossuary are located in the city center, Jakubske namesti 2, Brno 602 00, Czech Republic.
In 1930 the great architect Mies van der Rohe built a villa for the wealthy Tugendhat family that was quite unusual for its time. Villa Tugendhat is the first residential building in the world to be built with steel substructures. It is recognized as a point of reference in functional design and is included in the UNESCO list of protected sites.
The villa, which is considered a masterpiece of modernism, is located among the chic, but traditional mansions, and against their background looks rather modest. All its splendor is in the internal layout and arrangement. The room of 237 m² in size doesn’t have any clear cut zones and even the photos of the landmark in Brno (Czech Republic) convey the special spirit of free planning. Rare wood, marble and other natural stones are used for interior decoration. Especially impressive is the 3-meter high onyx wall, which seems to come to life and starts to “play” in the rays of the setting sun.
Interest in this site is so great that the booking of tours should be taken very early (3-4 months in advance).
From March to the end of December, Villa Tugendhat open all days of the week except Monday, from 10:00 to 18:00. In January and February from 9:00 to 17:00 on Wednesday to Sunday and Monday and Tuesday are days off.
There are different types of tours available to visitors:
- BASIC – basic living area, kitchen, garden (1 hour duration).
- Extended tour – living area, large reception hall, kitchen, technical rooms, garden (duration: 90 minutes).
- ZAHRADA – a guided garden tour is only possible if the weather is good.
Tickets can be purchased at the ticket office, but it is best to do so in advance, via the official website: http://www.tugendhat.eu/.Стоимость tickets in kronor:
|for children from 6 years old and students up to 26 years old, for seniors up to 60 years old,||180||210||50|
|family package (2 adults and 1-2 children under 15)||690||802||—|
|For children from 2 to 6 years old||20||20||20|
Photography in the interior of the museum (without flash and tripod) is possible only with a ticket for 300 CZK, bought at the booking office.
Address: Cernopolni 45, Brno 613 00, Czech Republic.
Brno Technical Museum
The exhibits of the Technical Museum of Brno are located on the 4 floors of the modern building and in the open area in front of it. You can see a lot of interesting things: a dental surgery of the early twentieth century and workshops of craftsmen of different epochs with fully reconstructed furnishings, light bulb electronic computers and first computers, vintage cars, airplanes and streetcars of different times, railway cars and whole locomotives, steam and water engines.
There is no audio guide in Russian in the Technical Museum, and all descriptions are made only in Czech. However, it is definitely worth visiting, not only for those who are interested in machinery.
A peculiar attraction of the technical museum is the experimentarium, where visitors have the opportunity to conduct all sorts of experiments.
The museum works all year round under the following schedule:
- Monday – day off;
- Tuesday – Friday – from 09:00 to 17:00;
- Saturday and Sunday – from 10:00 to 18:00.
The cost of admission to the Technical Museum with a visit to all exhibitions (including the exhibition “Panorama”):
- for adults – 130 CZK;
- with benefits (for children over 6 and pensioners over 60): 70 CZK;
- family ticket (2 adults and 1-3 children aged 6-15): 320 CZK;
- children up to 6 years of age are admitted for free.
If you want you can see only the historical stereo exhibition “Panorama”. A full admission ticket costs 30 crowns, with a discount – 15 crowns.
The Technical Museum is located outside the historical center of the city, in its northern part. Address: Purkynova 2950/105, Brno 612 00 – Královo Pole, Czech Republic.
VIDA Science Centre!
VIDA Science Park! – here is something to see in Brno interesting both for adults and children!
The grounds of the City Exhibition Centre, on an area of 5,000 m², house more than 170 interactive exhibits. The permanent exhibition is divided into 5 thematic groups: “Planet”, “Civilization”, “Man”, “Microcosm” and “Science Center for Children” for ages 2 to 6.
The accompanying program includes guided tours and a variety of scientific experiments for schoolchildren.
The Science Park VIDA! awaits guests at these times:
- Monday – Friday – 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m;
- Saturday and Sunday – from 10:00 to 18:00.
Children up to 3 years old are admitted into the park VIDA! free of charge, other visitors must pay the entrance fee:
- full ticket – 230 crowns;
- children from 3 to 15, students up to 26, seniors over 65 years old – 130 CZK;
- family ticket (1 adult and 2 or 3 children up to 15 years of age) – 430 CZK;
- family ticket (2 adults and 2 or 3 children up to 15 years) – 570 CZK;
- there is an afternoon ticket for all visitors from Monday to Friday, 16:00 to 18:00, price 90 CZK.
Park VIDA! with scientific attractions is located in the former pavilion D of the Brno Exhibition Centre. The exact address of the attraction is Krizkovskeho 554/12, Brno 603 00, Czech Republic.
All prices and schedules on the page are for August 2019.
Of course, you can’t see all its cities in one trip to the Czech Republic. But one day to see the sights in Brno may be enough. The main thing is to organize everything correctly. We hope that our article will help you to do it.
All attractions in Brno, described on this page, are marked on the map in Russian.
Strange and interesting places in Brno:
Author: Irina Kovaleva
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What to see in Brno, Czech Republic and how to get there?
Brno (Czech Republic) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Brno with descriptions, guides and maps.
City of Brno (Czech Republic)
Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic and the capital of the Moravian region. Although it is one of the most beautiful cities in Central Europe, it has fewer tourists than Prague. This allows you to see the sights and the city itself in a relaxed atmosphere, without the crowds and queues. The name of the city is translated as “armor”. Once Brno was a powerful fortress that for centuries successfully warded off the attacks of enemy armies.
Brno has a temperate continental climate with mild winters and warm summers, so you can come here all year round. It is said that the city is especially beautiful in spring when the first leaves bloom. But in the summertime there is more entertainment.
View of Brno
Information about the city
- Population – more than 378 thousand people.
- Area – 230 km².
- Time – UTC+1, in summer UTC+2.
- Language is Czech.
- Currency – Czech Crone.
How to get to Brno?
There is an international airport 10 km from the city center. It takes flights from Russia, European countries and Prague. But it is much cheaper to get to Prague by plane.
There is also a railway station, where regularly arrive trains from different parts of the Czech Republic and some European cities, for example from Vienna. In the city itself there is a well-developed public transport. There is the largest trolleybus network in the Czech Republic, there is no lack of streetcars, buses and cabs.
Streets of Brno
Tips for tourists
- In restaurants and hotels is customary to leave a tip of 5-10%. Cab drivers will also be happy if you round up the fare.
- The city of Brno is very clean. You should not litter in the streets, for that there is a large fine. Smoking in public places is also forbidden. There are special places in restaurants and bars.
- If you like nightlife, choose clubs and discos that run until morning. Bars and cafes usually close by 11 p.m.
- If you plan to visit Brno to see the sights, choose a hotel in the central area. Almost all interesting places are concentrated there, and transport is not everywhere. In the center there are many hotels for all tastes and wallets.
Freedom Square. It is the heart of the city and a great place for walks. Traffic is prohibited here. On the square there is a 17th century baroque column. It was erected to commemorate the deliverance of the city from the plague. On the facade of one of the buildings you can see the famous atlantes holding a balcony.
Freedom Square in Brno
Also on the square is a rather strange landmark – the Chimes (Orloj). It is a black stone sculpture in the shape of a shell with a clock machine, located in the eastern part of the square. It was created by sculptors Oldřich Rujbr and Petr Kameník in 2010. Sometimes Orloj is called the astronomical clock. This sculpture because of its shape has earned many playful nicknames from the locals.
Orloj on the Freedom square
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul of XIV century. This Gothic building was built on the site of an even older monastery. Its towers are visible from various points of the city. They have an observation deck that offers a panorama of Brno. The bell tower of the cathedral traditionally strikes 12 bells at 11 am. It has to do with an old legend. Once upon a time the city of Brno was under a long siege by the Swedes. The leader decided to end the siege if the city did not fall before noon, and sent an army on a decisive assault. But the bell ringer struck noon an hour earlier, and the city was saved.
St. Peter and Paul’s Cathedral in Brno
Špilberk Fortress . This impregnable castle of the 13th century withstood many a siege and withstood the Swedish and Russian armies. At the end of XVIII century the enemies of the monarchy were detained there. Gradually the fortress acquired fame in Europe, and the nickname “Prison of Nations”. Until the XX century revolutionaries, uprisers and political prisoners were imprisoned in its casemates. Today it is a cultural monument and a museum with exhibitions and concerts.
Villa Tugendhat in Brno, Czech Republic . This building, built in 1930, is considered a masterpiece of Art Nouveau. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The villa is interesting with its elegant interiors and the beautiful view from the window. From here you can see the castle Spilberg and other sights, which is rich in Brno.
Church of the Holy Cross (Kostel Nalezení svatého Kříže) . Chapel of the Capuchin order.
Church of the Holy Cross
It is located on the Capuchin Square. The church belonged to the Capuchin monastery and was built in 1651. In the basement of the church is the tomb of the Capuchins (Crypta Capuccinorum). The remains of members of the order have been preserved here for several hundred years. There is a fee to enter the crypt.
Church of St. Jakub (Kostel sv. Jakuba) . Gothic church, located in the city center. Its history begins in the 13th century. The first Romanesque building stood from the 13th to the 15th century. Later it was replaced by a Gothic church. The tower was built at the end of the 16th century. The tower is 92 meters high. The building of the church was significantly reconstructed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During World War II, the church miraculously survived. It is a cultural monument of the Czech Republic.
Church of St. Jakub.
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