A question for philosophers only: what are the Himalayas famous for and why?
The Himalayas are a mystical place. On the subtle plane of being there are places, unrevealed on the physical plane, where rishis, yogis, sages live. One such place is Shambhala. The ancient scriptures say that at the end of Kali – yuga from this place will come Kalki – avatar – the incarnation of the Lord, in order to destroy the demons residing on this planet. From that moment a new era will begin – Satya-Yuga – the Golden Age, which will last for 1 million 800 thousand years. Now is Kali Yuga on Earth. It has only been 5,000 years since it began. In 427,000 years, it will end in accordance with the cosmic cycle of the four eras. From Shambhala, after the destruction of the demonic population, great kings, sages and yogis will emerge. The cosmic cycle will begin again with the coming of the Golden Age. In the Himalayas there are also some places inaccessible to mere mortals, such as Badarikashram, the place where Vyasadev, the great sage who compiled the Vedic scriptures for the benefit of all living beings, has lived for several thousand years. From the Himalayas comes Mount Meru, which, with its height, penetrates several planetary systems. The mountain is not visible to the ordinary eye. And of course, Kailasa is the dwelling place of Lord Shiva. This has already been written about.
The Himalayas means “stronghold of snow” in Sanskrit. It is the highest mountain system on earth. “These places are so majestic and so pure that only Gods can reside here,” wrote Rudyard Kipling of the Himalayas, associated with the great mystic and artist Nicholas Roerich’s family, Buddhist shrines and monasteries, and the residences of the Great Lamas of Tibet.
It is impossible to exaggerate the magic, grandeur and romance of the Himalayas as the highest mountain system in the world. The Indian epic tale of the Mahabharata describes the journey of the Pandav brothers through the Himalayas in order to reach the promised land, paradise, alive. “And in the hundreds of years of the gods I shall not be able to tell you fully of all the wonders of the Himalayas,” says the ancient Vedic text. The Himalayas have occupied a special place in the Indian spiritual consciousness since ancient times.
Shimla is a mountain resort in the foothills of the Himalayas, at an altitude of about 2000 meters. Millions of tourists come there every year to take a break from the heat. They go skiing, rafting, fishing, mountain views, and swimming in waterfalls.
Under British rule, Shimla was the “summer capital” of India. The government fled here from red-hot Delhi for the whole summer. In 1903 a railroad was laid to Shimla, connecting it with the central parts of the country, and the city became the official summer residence of the colonial government. After 1947, when India gained independence, travelers from all over the world flocked to Shimla, appreciating the salubrious mountain climate of the place.
The main celebrity in this town is Lake Revalsar, located in the mountains 24 kilometers southeast of Mandi. The lake is a pilgrimage site for Hindus, Buddhists, and Sikhs. It is especially revered by Tibetan Buddhists and several Tibetan monasteries are erected on its shores. The reason the lake is so important is based on the legend that the great teacher Padmasambhava (in Tibetan – Guru Rinpoche) started his way to Tibet from here in the eighth century AD. His coming to the roof of the world influenced the whole subsequent history of Tibet. Thanks to his mythical exploits, the spirits and deities that had hindered the development of Buddhism in Tibet were subdued and Buddhism subsequently became the dominant religion.
There are four weather seasons in the Himalayas – in the summer months from April to June, wild flowers cover all the slopes, the air is cool, fresh and filled with pine scents. The rainy season from July through August is manifested by hazy slopes full of greenery and the stunning colors of sunsets. From September to November the weather is warm and pleasant, then comes winter with frost, snow, and bright sunny weather.
The Himalayas are situated between the Tibetan Plateau (in the north) and the Indo-Gangetic Plain (in the south); a pronounced climatic and natural boundary between the mountainous deserts of Central Asia and the tropical landscapes of South Asia. Located on the territory of India, Nepal, China, Pakistan, and Bhutan.
The state of Himachal Pradesh is bordered in the north by Tibet and Kashmir and in the south by Punjab, this mountainous state is located in the Western Himalayas, stretching for 500 kilometers, with 16 mountain ranges separated by the Sutlej River. The area contains some of the largest mountain terraces in the world, including the highland region of the Ice Desert and the Spiti and Lahaul Valleys, with their rugged, simple beauty.
In Schimla you can go skiing, there is the Kufri Ski Resort, which has short and wide slopes for beginners and amateurs. There is an original attraction for children – yak riding. Also popular are rafting, horseback riding, rock climbing.
The festival Tso Pema, dedicated to the Precious Teacher, is held here. The importance of this festival is especially increased in the year of the monkey once every twelve years when the Dalai Lama himself arrives here to perform a special puja (type of service) to go through the bark, a ritual detour around the lake, and climb to the mountain cave, where, according to legend Padmasambhava was in solitude before traveling to Tibet. Around the lake are also built
The Himalayas are famous for their places of power. Mount Kailas is located there. Many myths and legends are associated with Kailas. Four world religions consider Kailas a sacred place:
– Hindus believe that Kailas is the cosmic center of creation, and that the powerful god Shiva lives there, and the nearby sacred lake of Manasarovar, created by God Brahma. In the Hindu tradition, there is the mythical Mount Meru, corresponding to Kailas. In the Mahabharata it is described as “kissing the heavens at their very height, shining like the morning sun, like fire unclouded by smoke, immeasurable, and beyond the reach of sin-bearing men.
– The Jains venerate Kailas as the place where their first saint attained liberation.
– In the history of the Bon religion, the first master Tongpa Shenrab descended from heaven on Mount Kailas.
– In Buddhism, Demchok, the angry form of Shakyamuni Buddha (analogous to Shiva), is believed to live on Kailas.
Kailas is not the highest mountain in its region – “only” 6,714 meters. However, what makes it stand out is its pyramidal shape with a snow cap and faces oriented almost exactly to the sides of the world. On the south side there is a vertical crack, which is crossed approximately in the middle by a horizontal one. It resembles a swastika. In the Bon religion, Kailas is sometimes so called “The Swastika Mountain.”
The bark (ritual circumambulation) around Kailas Most pilgrims and pilgrims reach Kailas precisely for the purpose of making the bark (ritual circumambulation). It is believed that even a single circumambulation around Kailas removes all the sins of life. And 108 times, provides transition to Nirvana in this life. Three and thirteen circumambulations are also considered favorable. Completed on a full moon, the bark counts for two! Kailas is surrounded by valleys, so the bark requires no special preparation or equipment. The distance of 53km that makes up the “Path around Kailas” many pilgrims from India, Nepal and Tibet cover in one day, from early morning to late evening. Our (and Western) tourists’ desire for Nirvana is usually not as high, so one detour is usually done at a more measured pace, in 2-4 days. There are many local attractions and beautiful views around the mountain, so a leisurely and thoughtful progression is justified. The highest point in the circumambulation around Kailas, is Dromla La Pass (Dremla La Pass) at 5630m. Before beginning the trek, make a wish. It will come true. Verified by many pilgrims and pilgrims who received an invitation to the mystical Kailas!
Many mystics say that Kailas manifests itself in a person’s life even before he is there.
The powerful and pure energy of Kailas strips away many illusions, tears away the masks and dissolves the protective layer, one becomes sensitive to all kinds of energy and changes, so that you can draw a line between the “before” and “after”.
Mount Kailas is the most powerful Place of Power on Earth.
You don’t have to be religious to be influenced by Kailas. You can be committed to only one path – self-discovery and the comprehension of wisdom.
Trekking in the Himalayas. Why do people go to the mountains?
My roads brought me to Nepal. The first impression of Kathmandu (apart from a slight aesthetic shock from the dust and noise after some places in India) is the anticipation of some kind of holiday, adventure and adventure. This background is created by numerous trekkers – handsome athletic men and women, with huge backpacks behind their backs, with a demonstration of complete disdain for appearance. There is a noisy buzz of activity everywhere. Someone buys all kinds of equipment for mountain hiking in numerous stores, someone sells it with talent, the word TRAKI, HIMALAI, EVEREST, RAFTING is running across everywhere. Pictures of snow-covered mountain peaks, pictures, scraps of someone’s emotional impressions … My head is spinning… I did not think that so many people are attracted to the small kingdom of Nepal by the majestic Himalayas and the opportunity to conquer them (?), to learn, to comprehend. And I certainly did not think that the magic of the Himalayas would work on me, and after 3 months in Nepal I feel an unbearable desire to put on a backpack and move forward and upward, to meet completely unknown for me sensations. Why do people go to the mountains? I guess trekking seems like just another rich white man’s fad to inhabitants of tiny villages in the mountains, who have to traverse difficult descents and ascents in order to buy the essentials for their humble lives. Friends told me that the people of Russia’s Altai are convinced that the mountains are the abode of spirits and that it is very dangerous to walk in the mountains. You should only go if you have a special need or if the mountains have called you. In Kathmandu I stayed in a hotel in a rooftop room, i.e. with an access to an open equipped roof overlooking the Himalayas. From this point, the Himalayas seemed low, welcoming, and very green. The lifeless snow-covered peaks with which the city is surrounded are rarely seen, in very clear, cloudless weather. The “King of the World” Everest is hidden behind the clouds almost always. There is a special mystique about it – you live in a ring of snow-capped peaks, you know and feel it, but you almost never see them, only occasionally the veil is lifted and you rediscover these mountains as a mystery and a miracle with delight. In this beautiful office of mine, I have watched many films about the conquest of Everest, including the famous film “Dying for Everest.” All these films, full of literally chilling details about the dead climbers who remained forever on the summits they had not conquered (an Everest expedition costs about $40,000, and there is no one willing to organize and pay for it for the sake of transporting a corpse). They are forever in the history of Everest, but not as conquerors, but as markers on the map for new conquerors. “Green boots”, “Johnson’s cave” – these are the signs, guided by corpses, as beacons, in the conditions of oxygen shortage, struggling with mountain sickness, disabling the work of some organs of the body, consciousness, or morals, people move to their summit. The body of one famous mountaineer was found several kilometers away from the coveted summit. His posture indicated that dying on broken limbs he had crawled to his summit and died with his face turned toward it. What was calling these people to Everest? Could it have been some particularly powerful spirits who needed them? Or was it human pride that needed to be conquered, curbed… I have no answer to these questions. A very different Himalaya called me – green, brightly colorful, and multitudinous.
This will be MY Himalayan story!
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