What countries in Europe are worth visiting

What countries in Europe are worth visiting

Europe is infinitely attractive to all types of travelers. On the one hand – it is a concentration of a huge number of cultural monuments, history, picturesque landscapes, and on the other – an endless waste of money. Of course, you can travel with almost any budget, but if you want “cheap but comfortable”, then this list is for you.

Photo: Albania

1. the Albanian coast

Albania is a country, washed by two seas – the Adriatic and the Ionian. The coast has a mild Mediterranean climate, dry and hot in summer and humid and cool in winter.

Tourists often choose popular coastal resorts – Durres, Fier, Saranda, Vlora, Shkodra.

Lovers of cultural tourism also have something to do, such as visiting the archaeological site Butrinti and the historical centers of Berat and Gjirokastra, included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

Several Albanian towns have preserved medieval castles, such as Petrella Castle in the suburbs of Tirana and Skanderbeg Castle in Kruja.

Approximate prices: Drinks: a bottle of red wine – 6€. Food: minced meat patties €2, seafood €5. Hostel/hotel 3*: 10€/30€.

Photo: Bosnia and Herzegovina

2. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a population of about 400,000. On the one hand it is a modern western city, on the other hand it is an austere eastern city, almost half of the city’s population is Muslim.

The main historical sites are concentrated in the old town: the caravanserai in Morica-Khan, the Imperial Mosque, the mosque Gazi Khosrevbei (16th c.),

Barcarshia tower, Kurshumli madrassah with a collection of medieval manuscripts and books, the house-museum of the Ottoman Svrjo family.

During the day it is interesting to walk in the central district of Bascarsija, to see and explore the bazaar that has existed since Ottoman times, to taste Bosnian coffee, and in the evening to go to the clubs.

Approximate prices: Drinks: coffee – 0,5 €. Food: sevapsisi (meat sausages) – 2-4€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 5€/25€.

Photo: Bansko

3. Bansko, Bulgaria

It is not a cheap pleasure to go skiing in Europe, not least because the main ski resorts are located in the most expensive European countries. Fortunately in Eastern Europe there are a few ski areas, such as Bansko in Bulgaria, located on the slopes of Pirin.

To get to the main ski resort in the country, rich in excellent slopes for beginners and advanced skiers, you can take the picturesque, but very slow, narrow-gauge railway. However, even besides the tourist attractions in the city there is something to do, for example, go for a hike in the traditional old pubs, nestled in the cobbled streets.

Approximate prices: Drinks: Beer (0,5) – 1€. Food: Shop’s salad 3€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 10€/20€.

Photo: Czech Republic

4. Czech Republic

Czech Republic is still one of the most popular European destinations among Russian tourists. The country, besides the amazing architecture, both ancient and modern, is famous for its brewing traditions.

In Prague itself, the choice of drinking establishments is wide – from various pubs and monastic taverns to modern microbreweries. More than 100 kinds of beer are brewed in the city.

After tasting some of them, you can continue the tour around the Czech Republic and go to the birthplace of Pilsner Urquell, to the city of Pilsen, and then to less famous places like Olomouc, which is more like a big open-air museum, thanks to the dense concentration of castles, fortresses, ancient churches and cathedrals, churches and gardens.

Approximate prices: Drinks: Pilsner Urquell – 1,5 €. Food: Dumplings with pork – 5€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 6€/40€.

Photo: Estonia

5. Baltic coast of Estonia

When visiting Estonia for the first time tourists usually stay in Tallinn and spend most of their time there. Although Estonia has many places of interest other than the capital city. The whole country as one large resort, with many lakes, mineral springs, wide beaches and a high level of service.

An hour from Tallinn is Lahemaa National Park, one of the largest in the country. Much of it is covered by swamps, in some parts of which you can find small lakes. You can walk through the park by bicycle or on foot – the walking path is made of wooden planking.

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And if you go a little further west, you’ll find yourself in the resort town of Pärnu, with its gorgeous beaches, or on Saaremaa Island, where there are many pine forests and very democratic spas.

Approximate prices: Drinks: Le Coq beer – 2,5 €. Food: blood sausages and sauerkraut – 5€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 10€/45€.

Photo: Leipzig

6. Leipzig, Germany

Leipzig is the largest city in Saxony. Bach, Wagner, Mendelssohn and Goethe once lived here. In addition to its talented residents, the city is famous for its fairs. A total of about 25 fairs a year.

There are also a lot of cultural and historical sites in town: the Old Town Hall, built in the 16th century in just 9 months, the Royal House, where on a trip to Europe, stopped Peter I. In St. Thomas Church the great composer Johann Sebastian Bach is buried, and next to the cathedral there is a museum named after him.

Approximate prices: Drinks: Gose (a type of top-fermented beer) – 2,9 €. Food: Schnitzel – 8€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 13€/35€.

Photo: London

7. London, England

“London” and “cheap” are words rarely found side by side. However, London is full of free attractions, more than any other European city. The British Museum, which has treasures for the most demanding tastes, the Tate Gallery with its stunning views and panoramas and ever-changing collections; the Natural History Museum with its dinosaur skeletons. And it’s all free.

And don’t forget the outdoors: you can spend a whole day walking through Hampstead Heath and another through South Bank or the East End and its markets: getting a taste of the city this way is much easier than languishing in line for some overpriced attraction.

Estimated prices: Drinks: lager – 5€. Food: Fish and chips – 11€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 12€/80-100€.

Photo: Peloponnese

8. The Peloponnese, Greece

The Peloponnese is not the most popular destination in Greece, so it is budget-friendly. There are many beaches, clean sea and beautiful nature.

The Peloponnese, apart from natural attractions, has historical places of interest, such as the Statue of Zeus in Olympia – one of the 7 wonders of the world from antiquity, the remains of the temples of Hera and Zeus. Another interesting place is the ghost town Mystras, which was built from the ruins of ancient Sparta, which is located nearby.

Few people know, but in Peloponnese you can go skiing and snowboarding. The season lasts from December to first half of April. You can choose all kinds of trails: from green to black.

Photo: Budapest

9. Budapest, Hungary

Despite the fact that Budapest is a beautiful and modern city, the prices for tourists are very pleasant. For example, a day in the famous baroque baths Szechenyi costs about 16 euros, and these baths are considered one of the most expensive in the city. To avoid the queues and the large number of vacationers, it is better to go there on weekdays or on weekends early in the morning. Thermal baths start working at 6 am.

Another wonderful place for the traveler not burdened with a lot of money – places with the sign borozó – a wine eatery, where you can drink wine for pennies. You should not fear for your health – locals come here before or after work to chat and relax. Naturally, they serve Hungarian: red, white or pink. If you see a sign with the word Söröző on it, feel free to come in: this place is similar to the previous one, only they serve beer instead of wine.

Approximate prices: Drinks: A bottle of wine – from 1€. Food: Goulash – 3 – 4 €. 3* hostel/hotel: 5€/30€.

Photo: Palermo

10. Palermo, Sicily, Italy

Few European tours do without visiting charming Italian cities – sophisticated Florence, ancient Rome and amazing Venice. There is no doubt in their attractiveness, but the fact is that they are at the crossroads of all tourist routes, which greatly increases the prices, especially during the hot season.

Relaxing holiday in the midst of crowded area

If you leave the continent for Sicily, its capital, Palermo, you will discover a city that resembles Italy of years gone by and, according to the locals, a completely different country. The city is full of old churches with elaborate mosaics or chaotic little markets where you can eat street food such as rice balls arancini or paneerelle.

Approximate prices: Drinks: a bottle of wine – 2,5 €. Food: Pasta €5-8, slice of pizza €2. Hostel/hotel 3*: 15-30€/45-60€.

Photo: Macedonia

Lake Ohrid, Macedonia

Wide and deep lake Ohrid is a jewel of Macedonia. The quiet streets of the town of the same name hide medieval, frescoed churches, a Roman amphitheater and a fortress, which is a sin not to visit. But your walks through the town will lead you again and again to the water, on which locals and tourists row with great pleasure.

If you are more accustomed to the hard ground, go for a walk in the national park Galicica. Rooms to rent here are cheap and places to stay are plentiful, so this is a great place for travelers on a tight budget who want to relax.

Approximate prices: Drinks: wine – from 2,5 € a bottle. Food: Tavche gravche (beans on a griddle) – 1,5€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 6€/25€.

Photo: Montenegro

12. Kotor, Montenegro

Beautiful, situated in a fjord-like bay, Kotor charms tourists from the first minutes. The center of the town – Stari Grad is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979, one of the best preserved medieval towns on the Adriatic coast.

Apart from cultural and historical monuments of architecture, many festivals and carnivals are held here, as well as gastronomic pleasures. There are many restaurants and cafes offering the freshest seafood.

Approximate prices : Drinks: Nikšičko Tamno beer – 1 €. Food: sarma – 2,5-4 €. Hostel/hotel 3*: 10€/50€.

Photo: Gdansk

13. Gdansk, Poland

According to historical records it was in Gdansk where World War II began. When Hitler planned to start the war, he first of all demanded the return of Danzig (now Gdansk) to Germany,

Poland refused, and this was the pretext for the attack. As a result of shelling and bombing, almost 90% of the city’s buildings were destroyed. After the Soviet troops liberated the city in March 1945, a large-scale reconstruction of the city began, the results of which can be seen now.

One of the main attractions of the city, the old port crane on the waterfront built in the 15th century, somehow miraculously survived, and now you can see it as people saw it a few centuries ago.

Approximate prices: Drinks: vodka – 1€ per shot. Food: Jurek soup – 2-3€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 7€/35€.

Photo: Porto

14. Porto, Portugal

Portugal’s second largest city stands on the banks of the River Douoro. Ribeira, a district of the city stretching along the river, is attractive with delicious food in local restaurants.

Other popular attractions include the giant Serralves Park and its chic art museum. But the most famous part of the city is the port itself. Vinologoa is a great place to start discovering the variety of fortified wines or to explore the stores in Vila Nova di Gaia across the river.

Approximate prices: Drinks: a bottle of vinho verde in the store is 3,5 €. Food: Fried fish – 8€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 8€/45€.

Photo: Romania

15. Transylvania, Romania

When you say “Transylvania” your first association is Count Dracula and his castle. And you can certainly go in search of traces of Vlad the Impaler. Most likely, Vlad was born in the cozy town of Sigishoara, which even has a suitable fortress.

However, this place is not just castles and vampire fangs. Wander into the forests of the Carpathian Mountains, where Transylvanian wolves, bears, deer and lynx live in natural conditions in the Piatra Krajului National Park.

Approximate prices: Drinks: a bottle of beer – 1,8 €, a bottle of Romanian wine – 5 €. Food: Tochitura (meat stew) – 2€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 12€/30€.

Photo: High Tatras

16. The High Tatras, Slovakia

The pride of Slovakia, the mountain range of the Tatras is the majestic ridge topped by Gerlachovský Štit, which is 2655 meters high. You can start in a small village like Nový Smokovec or Ždiar, and from there head into the mountains, where you can take a break from the hustle and bustle in inexpensive chalets.

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The terrain is mountainous and challenging, so prepare accordingly. It’s also a favorite place for mountain climbers and amateur speleologists, plus you can go biking, rafting, and in winter a full range of skiing and skiing activities are available.

Approximate prices: Drinks: 1,7€ beer. Food: Nocchi with bacon – 4€. Hostel/hotel 3*: 9€/30€.

Photo: Slovenia

17. Slovenia

Bordering Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary, small Slovenia is a great stop for any European trip. For adventurers as well as for those who just want to relax on the Adriatic Sea.

At the foot of Julian Alps are twin lakes: the picturesque Bled and glacial Lake Bohinj. From here it’s a short drive to the Soca River valley, right on the Italian border, and there you can go hiking, rafting, and boating.

Photo: Andalusia

18. Andalusia, Spain

The southernmost province of Spain, Andalusia, is known for its charming cities, especially Seville, Granada and Cordoba, decorated with sophisticated heritage of Moorish past. Only the prices here are more interesting if you compare with Madrid or Barcelona.

The main attractions are located in the cities, and the best thing you can do is to rent a car and go sightseeing in the cities one by one.

* Lodging prices are given at the time of writing. The price indicated in the material and the final price may vary, depending on the season and the time when the tickets are purchased.

Ten European cities worth visiting – appreciate the architectural grandeur of the Old World

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Many European cities deserve your attention, dear readers. In order to make your choice of vacation destination easier, we offer you a list of the continent’s most beautiful cities.

Each of them has unique attractions that you must see with your own eyes.

1. Florence

An architectural structure in Florence

Florence is the capital of Tuscany and is also the most populated city in the region.

The city is known for being the European center of trade and finance in the Middle Ages, so it was often referred to as the Athens of the time. The city has a lot to offer, especially the historic center.

A beautiful bridge in Florence

The center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1982. Of particular interest are the monuments of architecture and art, such as statues, museums and galleries.

Also, Florence is one of the capitals of world fashion, which also attracts tourists. Here is a successful combination of history and modernity.

Not to be missed: Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore

Duomo Cathedral in Florence

The city’s main church, also known as the Duomo Cathedral, was built over a century, from 1296 to 1436. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. Barcelona

Streets of Barcelona

It is the second largest city in Spain and the capital of Catalonia and the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea.

The city was founded by the Romans and made it the capital of the Catalan region, and then it joined the Kingdom of Aragon, where it also became the most important city.

The Ras Lambras Monument in Barcelona

Barcelona is one of the most important cultural centers because of its huge architectural heritage. Antoni Gaudi and Luis Domenech y Montaner built their houses here.

Barcelona gained its enormous popularity and status as a leading city in the areas of economy, culture and sports after the 1992 Summer Olympics. It’s also Europe’s main port.

Not to be missed: Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família

Sagrada Familia in Barcelona

Sagrada Familia

The world famous temple was designed by Antoni Gaudi. It was inscribed on the UNESCO list in 2010 although it is still unfinished.

3. Rome

Trevi Fountain in Rome

You can’t go to Europe and not check out Rome. It is not only the capital of Italy, but also the fourth most populous city in the European Union.

The rich history of this place goes back two and a half thousand years! Founded in 753 BC, Rome is one of the oldest cities in Europe.

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At one time it was the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Holy Roman Empire.

Beautiful architecture in Rome

Moreover, since the I century A.D. the Pope used to sit here, and since the VIII century it is considered the Papal capital.

Bramante, Bernini, Raphael and Michelangelo all had a hand in the architecture of the city. Places like the Vatican Museum and the Colosseum have long been World Heritage sites.

Not to be missed: the Colosseum

Colosseum in Rome

Also known as the Flavius Amphitheater, the Colosseum is located in the heart of the city. It is the largest amphitheater in the world. It was built in A.D. 80 entirely of concrete and stones.

4. Paris

Arc de Triomphe in Paris

The capital of France is also called the city of lights. Located on the banks of the Seine, this city has long been recognized as a center of science and art.

Now it is also a world center of business and culture, politics and education, entertainment and research.

The Seine River in Paris

The city has four UNESCO-listed sites and many other beautiful sights.

Paris got its name after the Parisi tribe, whose members were among the first settlers. The city is striking for its architecture.

An abundance of old churches and cathedrals, among which the famous Notre Dame, feed its special spirit.

Not to be missed: The Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower in Paris

Of course, it’s the city’s calling card. Built in 1889 by architect Gustave Eiffel, the tower is the most recognizable structure in the world.

5. Vienna

Historic Streets of Vienna

Vienna is not only the capital but also the economic, political and cultural center of Austria. It is also home to the offices of major international organizations, such as the UN and OPEC.

Until the beginning of the last century, Vienna had the largest German-speaking population in the world.

Christmas market in Vienna

Located near the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, Vienna became the center of central Europe. The city is also often called the City of Music and the City of Dreams.

The latter epithet is used because Sigmund Freud lived and worked here. Baroque castles, gardens, monuments, parks – this is just a little of what is rich in Vienna.

Not to be missed: Schoenbrunn Palace

Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna

This is the former summer residence of the monarchs and also one of Austria’s most important cultural monuments. The palace only opened its doors to tourists in the 1960s.

6. Venice

A beautiful restaurant in Venice

Venice is one of the most magnificent cities in Italy. It is located in the northeast of the country and is a union of more than 100 islands, which are separated by canals and connected by many bridges.

The city owes its name to the ancient tribe Veneti, who inhabited the region before the 10th century BC.

Water Taxi in Venice

Cab in Venice

This city has many names – the City of water, masks, bridges, the Floating City and the City of Canals.

Venice is also considered one of the most romantic places in Europe, so it is often chosen for the wedding journey. There is a great variety of attractions: St. Mark’s Basilica, Gran Canal and Piazza San Marco.

Not to be missed: Piazza San Marco

St. Mark's Square in Venice

Here it is simply called the Piazza. It is the main gathering place of Venetians and its historical, political and religious center.

7. Budapest

Széchenyi Baths in Budapest

Budapest is the capital of Hungary and its largest city as well as its political, cultural, economic and industrial center. Budapest was founded by the Celts, then it became one of the capitals of the Roman Empire.

But the ancestors of the current Hungarians came here much later, in the IX century. The city was badly damaged by the Mongol invasions, but was rebuilt.

Winter View of Budapest

There are many cultural monuments included in the UNESCO list: the Danube River, the Buda Palace, Andrassy Street and the Heroes’ Square.

Budapest also boasts thermal springs, Europe’s second largest synagogue, and the world’s third largest Parliament.

The headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology is also located here. The name of the city is made up of the names of the two neighboring cities of Buda and Pest, which united in 1873.

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Not to be missed: Buda Palace

A beautiful palace in Budapest

The palace attracts not only with its beauty, but also with the unparalleled view of the entire historic center of the city from its observation deck.

8. Krakow

A Street in Krakow

This is the second largest and the oldest city in Poland. Its history is very interesting: it was founded in VII century and was considered the center of Polish cultural and academic life. It even managed to be the capital from 1038 to 1596.

Wawel in Krakow

The bishop of Krakow, John Paul I, became one of the most famous popes of Rome and the first non-Italian pope in more than 4 centuries when he was elected in 1978. That same year, the entire historic center of the city was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Not to be missed: the Cloth Row

Cloth Hall in Krakow

These rows are a symbol of the city and are part of the composition of the Main Market Square of the city.

9. Prague

Old Town Square in Prague

Prague Castle and Old Town Square

Prague is the capital of Bohemia and the Czech Republic, and the cultural, political and economic center of the country. The city was founded back in the days of the Roman Empire and two Roman emperors sat here.

Prague's beautiful garden

Prague Castle Gardens

This city was an important part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After World War II Prague became the capital of Czechoslovakia.

Among the cultural history monuments here are the famous Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square, Jewish Quarter, Lennon Wall, and Petrin Hill.

Prague is home to dozens of museums, theaters, galleries and cinemas. The historical center of the city was added to the UNESCO list in 1992.

Not to be missed: Prague Castle

Prague Castle at night

Kings of Bohemia, the Holy Roman Empire, and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have lived here. The secret chambers of the castle still hold the treasures of the Bohemian Crown.

10. Salzburg

Salzburg at Night

Another Austrian city that deserves special attention is Salzburg. In translation, the name of the city means “salt fortress”.

The center of the city, famous for its Baroque architecture, it was included in the UNESCO list in 1997.

View of Salzburg

It is also where the famous Mozart was born, and it was in Salzburg where the musical “The Sound of Music” was filmed, which has long been considered a cinematic classic.

The Gothic castles and monasteries also attract visitors, as does the Archbishop Conrad Wittelsbach Cathedral, the largest cathedral in the northern Alps.

Not to be missed: Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral

This cathedral was founded in 774 and rebuilt after a fire in 1181. Five centuries later, it was completely rebuilt in the Baroque style. The cathedral has remained untouched ever since.

Here are all the cities I dream of visiting. After all, each of them has its own unique history, architecture, atmosphere. There is no doubt that the most romantic city is considered Vienna, because it is so beautiful, but Rome is not inferior to it. Each city is a find for the tourist who wants to make the vacations unforgettable.

Europe is beautiful in its diversity … In every city, big or small, you can find a heritage of history. I would love to travel, if I had the opportunity. I’ll definitely save this page in my bookmarks – maybe in the near future we’ll go on a tour around cities. Of course, for one trip to overpower everything is simply impossible, but there will be a goal.

I agree with the authors, it is really the cities that must be visited, if possible. That’s just first of all. All the cities I dream to visit here listed. The cities are beautiful, there is something to see, architecture, nature, museums, theaters, great people have lived and created in many of them.

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