St. Peter’s Cathedral (Italy, Vatican City) – reviews
Not so long ago I wrote a review about a wonderful historical place – St. Peter’s Square , only pity that my review of St. Peter’s Square did not make it to the Main Page, but I told it from the heart and.
The size and interior decoration is impressive.
If I am asked to list the most famous sights of Rome, which appear in all travel guides, and which simply can not be avoided, then among them will certainly be the St. Peter’s Cathedral (or Basilica) – the largest Christian temple.
It looks much smaller from the outside! WOW effect in one building.
Hello dear friends! Of course, one of the main symbols of the Vatican is St. Peter’s Cathedral, and I could not avoid it in my reviews – especially since I have already told you about the ascent to its dome.
The majestic structure outside, inside reminded me of the station because of the large influx of visitors.
Greetings to all readers of Otzovik! In 2015 I managed to visit Rome and of course I wanted to see St. Peter’s Cathedral. On the first day after arrival we went for a walk, to get acquainted with the city. The very first attraction, which is very.
Significant place for the faithful.
When planning your tour of the Vatican Museums, be sure to check out St. Peter’s Cathedral. It is simply unforgivable to miss such a significant place for all Christians in the world. At the beginning of your journey, you get to the square of the same name.
The face of the Renaissance in the eternal city. The majesty and power of a billion Catholics.
✓Impressions of a lifetime ✓Aura of the square and the Cathedral ✓Sculptures and domes ✓Mysterious stories and great creators ✓Swiss Guards ✓Free admission
We went to Rome this spring and we couldn’t miss the Vatican, of course. We stood in a huge line with a tour group to the holy of holies, but we had no time to visit St. Peter’s because it was already closed.
Very impressed by the cathedral!
Good day to all the readers of my review! Today I decided to remember my summer vacation and as an episode of it, the visit to St. Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican. As it happens, we lived just 500 meters from it.
Stunning in its magnificence.
St. Peter’s Square and St. Peter’s Cathedral are located in Rome in the city-state of Vatican City . Almost every visitor to the Vatican would not leave without visiting St. Peter’s Square and the Cathedral. The square can rightly be considered one.
Under the vaults of the grandiose edifice you feel like a tiny speck of dust in the universe.
The Christian cathedral was first built on this site in the 4th century AD during the reign of the first Christian emperor Constantine on the site of Nero’s circus gardens. According to legend, the altar of that ancient temple was on the site of the tomb of the Saint.
The heart of the Vatican, which should be seen with your own eyes (photo).
If all roads lead to Rome, then all roads in Rome lead to the Vatican to St. Peter’s Basilica. One of the largest churches of the Catholic Church. After visiting the Vatican Museums, we went to St. Peter’s Cathedral, though if.
For masterpieces of art by the best Italian masters, this is the place to go!
Beautiful, informative, large-scale, there is an opportunity to see the great works of art and architecture, observation deck under the dome, you can buy tickets online and avoid the queues
Hello all! At the end of my trip to Rome I decided to write a review about visiting St. Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican (Basilica di San Pietro), the iconic place for many who know a little something about the Vatican and yearn for it.
My impressions of the cathedral and my visit to the dome
The majestic cathedral, the opportunity to visit the papal tombs and the observation deck with fantastic views
When you arrive in Rome, it is impossible not to visit one of its main attractions – St. Peter’s Cathedral, located on the square of the same name. This cathedral is one of the largest Christian churches, concentrating the works of great masters inside.
Greed and strength in a grand structure frozen in time
St. Peter’s Cathedral can safely be called a symbol not only of the Catholic Church, but of the Vatican (state within a state) itself. It is stunning in its architecture, grandeur, and the influence of the church. A place that, I would return to more than once.
It is something delightful!
Hello! In June 2017, my family and I visited the city of Rome on our own. The very first sightseeing trip started with this particular cathedral in the Vatican. To say we loved it is not to say anything. The inside is simply delightful. The beauty underneath as well.
An example of human vanity.
Nothing to do with faith in God, the afterlife and the justice of Christ, the building certainly has nothing to do. It is an example of the ambition of the craftsmen who were able to build such a beautiful structure. It is not a monument to the god Christ. It is a monument.
It is hard to imagine it being made by human hands.
We are in the Vatican. For more than three hours, this small state almost in the center of Rome amazes us with the greatness of the works of human hands, which it has accumulated and preserved for posterity from age to age. Influenced by impressions and.
A visit that will last a lifetime
During my trip to Rome I had the pleasure of visiting many churches and being enchanted by the beauty of the paintings and moldings, the splendor of the decorations, and the solemn atmosphere that reigns in them. St. Peter’s Basilica is certainly the most representative.
A masterpiece of Italian art, beneath which is indeed the tomb of the apostle!
I fell in love with St. Peter’s Cathedral absentmindedly, while still reading Dan Brown’s Angels and Demons. And after a couple of years, during a trip to Italy, I finally managed to get there. Today, it’s majestic.
It’s impossible to describe all the sensations of visiting St. Peter’s Cathedral. My girlfriend and I were very lucky to get into the cathedral during the service (16.00). When you walk into this majestic structure and the organ is playing, you can hear the singing, it is immediate.
Impressive! It’s a must-see.
The magnificence is amazing. The main shrine of the Catholics. Inside are masterpieces by Renaissance artists and sculptors.
St. Peter’s Cathedral is the main Catholic cathedral, the largest in the world. There holds a service and communicates with the people the Pope. And everything is very democratic. Anyone (often a delegation) can sign up and the Pope receives everyone.
St. Peter’s Cathedral
St. Peter’s Cathedral is one of the most famous temples in the world, the most important Catholic cathedral on the planet, as well as the main and largest structure of the Vatican, the religious center of this state. It is one of the 4 patriarchal basilicas of Rome. In addition, St. Peter’s Cathedral is the ceremonial center of the Roman Catholic Church.
Its width is 211.5 meters.
The total area is 22,067 square meters.
According to legend, the cathedral was built on the site where the Apostle Peter was once executed. Indeed, the probability is high that this is not a legend, but a historical fact – the remains of St. Peter are really buried under the cathedral’s altar.
The cathedral was built from 1506 to 1626.
Several generations of legendary masters such as Donato Bramante, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Giacomo della Porta, Raphael Santi, Giovanni Bernini, Domenico Fontana, Carlo Maderno and many others worked on the church.
It is one of the largest cathedrals in the world and the most spacious in existence. It is surpassed only by Notre Dame de la Paix Basilica in Yamoussoukro (the capital of Ivory Coast) – its height is 158 meters compared to the 136.6 meters of St. Peter’s Basilica. However, the Vatican basilica can accommodate about 60,000 worshippers (and another 400,000 in the square in front of the cathedral), while Notre Dame de la Paix has only 18,000.
Millions of Christians attend services conducted by the Pope himself each year.
Tickets and opening hours
Tickets to St. Peter’s Cathedral cost 8 euros if you choose to climb the top of the temple on foot (not everyone can do it, there are 551 steps ahead). Using the elevator, you will shorten the way to 320 steps, but you will have to pay 10 euros. Children under 12 years of age can enter the cathedral for free.
Visiting the tomb of St. Peter and the necropolis is possible only by appointment. It can be done by mail email@example.com or by calling +39 06 69873017.
You can also visit the cathedral as part of a guided tour.
The working hours in summer (from April 1 to September 30) are from 07:00 to 19:00, and in winter (from October 1 to March 31) from 07:00 to 18:30.
Visiting the dome in the summer period (from April 1 to September 30) – from 07:30 to 18:00, in the winter period (from October 1 to March 31) – from 07:30 to 17:00.
It is possible to go to St. Peter’s Cathedral without queuing through a separate entrance. You see the cathedral on your own with an audio guide, available in 11 languages. Click the button below for details.
History of St. Peter’s Cathedral
It is believed that the Apostle Peter was captured by order of the Emperor Nero and executed on the site of today’s St. Peter’s Cathedral in 64-67 AD. In 313, Christians erected the first altar of the very first basilica on this site, the Basilica of Constantine, which subsequently stood for centuries (not without reconstructions, of course).
By the early 16th century, the ancient temple needed serious reconstruction. Pope Julius II chose the architect Donato Bramante to restore the temple or, to be more precise, to build an entirely new, more grandiose cathedral. Bramante’s original idea was for a cathedral in the shape of a cross, topped with a dome. Unfortunately, Bramante died in 1514, without having had time to complete it. Other architects later continued to work on the reconstruction.
A curious and grim fact – during 6 years of work on the cathedral three famous masters died.
Subsequently, the shape and idea of the temple changed from time to time on paper. In 1546, Michelangelo began to supervise the construction – he decided to return to Bramante’s original idea of strengthening the structure. However, the master also did not live to see the end of construction. He died in 1564, and the work on the cathedral continued Giacomo de la Porta.
In 1590, Pope Sixtus V celebrated Mass in the new cathedral, although construction and decoration were still going on.
In 1605, Pope Paul V decided to slightly modify the cathedral, changing the original form of the Greek cross to the Latin cross. It was possible to do this by lengthening the longitudinal part. The architect Carlo Moderno took on the work. Under him the side aisles were added, St. Peter’s Cathedral was transformed into a three-aisled basilica.
The beautiful baroque facade is also designed by Carlo Moderno. It is 118 meters wide and 48 meters high. Classical columns support an attic with 13 statues – the front is decorated with an impressive statue of Jesus Christ, 5 meters high, around which are the statues of John the Baptist and the 11 apostles. In the 18th century, Giuseppe Valadier creates a clock, which is installed on the facade of the temple.
Immediately behind the columns of the portico are five gates that lead inside the cathedral – they were created at different times. For example, the Gate of Death was created in the 20th century by Giacomo Manzù. Through them the Vatican sends the deceased Popes to their last journey. Other gates are the Gates of Good and Evil, the Gates of Filaret, the Gates of the Sacraments, and the Holy Gates.
The central portal of the temple is decorated by two large equestrian statues – the statue of Charlemagne (by Augustino Cornaccini, 18th century) and the statue of Emperor Constantine (by Giovanni Bernini, 17th century). You can also see the 13th-century fresco “Naviciella” by Giotto di Bondone.
St. Peter’s Cathedral interior
The arched vaults inside the cathedral are 23 meters high and 13 meters wide and separate the central nave from the two side ones. In one of the arches of the central nave is a miraculous bronze statue of St. Peter (attracts tens of thousands of worshippers every year). The inner gallery, leading from the entrance to the altar, is 90 meters long.
The marble floors of St. Peter’s Basilica are partially preserved from the first church, the Basilica of Constantine. The Egyptian porphyry disc, on which Charlemagne knelt during his coronation in 800, can also be seen here. Subsequently, his example was followed by most European rulers until the 15th century.
It is impossible to imagine the interior of the temple without the work of Giovanni Bernini – he spent about 50 years decorating the main Vatican temple. For example, here you can find a statue of centurion Longinus by his authorship. By the way, the tip of the spear, with which Longinus pierced Christ, is kept here, in St. Peter’s Basilica. The incredibly luxurious canopy with many decorative elements over the temple’s altar was also created by Bernini, as was the pulpit in honor of St. Peter.
In the central part of the cathedral you can see 4 pillars holding up the dome – Michelangelo’s idea. In the heart of the church are many mosaic paintings based on sketches by Domenichino.
The central nave is also decorated with statues of numerous saints. The right aisle is decorated with the sculptural group “The Mourning of Christ”, created by Michelangelo himself in 1499. It is protected from dust and dirt, as well as from vandals (for a reason – in 1972, the masterpiece was attacked by a madman with a hammer) with a special glass cover.
Google Panoramas of St. Peter’s Cathedral
Inside St. Peter’s is the tomb of Countess Matilda of Canossa by the same Bernini. It is noteworthy that Matilda of Canossa was the first woman to be buried in the cathedral.
The left aisle is interesting because it contains the tomb of Pope Alexander VII with numerous decorative elements – the last of Bernini’s significant works. Also in the left aisle is the Chapel of Baptism by Charles Fontana, the tomb of Maria Clementina Sobieschi, the memorial to the Stuarts and the tomb of Pope Innocent VIII.
St. Peter’s Dome
The dome of St. Peter’s Basilica has a height of 136.57 meters from the floor of the temple to the very end outside, crowned by a cross. The height inside the church is 117.57 meters. The weight of the dome is 14,000 tons! The dome was designed by Michelangelo, who was inspired by the dome of the Pantheon in Rome and the dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence.
In the 18th century the dome began to crumble under its own great weight and the effects of the winds. Because of this, additional work had to be done to reinforce the structure with four strong chains that held the vault together.
How to get to St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome
St. Peter’s Basilica can be reached either on foot or by public transportation. St. Peter’s Cathedral is the tallest building in historic Rome (it is simply forbidden to build any taller). The building is visible from the heights and some squares of the Eternal City.
If you decide to take the metro, you need the red line MEA. The nearest station is Ottaviano. Walk should not be more than 500 meters.
You can take buses 23, 34, 40, 46, 62, 64, 98, 115 and 280.
You can also call a cab. The car can be ordered through the application Uber or Gett on your smartphone or use the services of a local company (for example, Radio Taxi by phone 06-3570 or Pronto Taxi by phone 06-6645). Cabs in Rome are expensive – it’s better to use public transport.
Finally, you can walk. Below are the walking routes from such popular attractions in Rome as the Colosseum, Trevi Fountain, and Piazza di Spagna.
The walking route from the Colosseum to St. Peter’s Basilica:
A walking route from the Trevi Fountain to St. Peter’s Cathedral:
Walking route from Piazza Española to St. Peter’s Cathedral: