Vienna, Austria: sights of the city.

Vienna, Austria: sights of the city.

Vienna (Austria) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Vienna with descriptions, travel guides and maps.

City of Vienna (Austria).

Vienna is the capital and largest city of Austria, located in the northeastern part of the country. This megalopolis with a unique charm, energy and atmosphere, the historical center of which is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Vienna is the cultural capital of Europe, a remarkably romantic and open city that has preserved its enormous historical heritage. Here among the vast imperial squares and luxurious palaces lurk amazing sights, monuments and masterpieces of art.

Vienna is one of the most popular cities in Europe. Austrian capital attracts gastronomic aesthetes with its culinary delights and restaurants, fashionable people with its stores, bohemians with its theaters, operas, exhibitions and museums. Vienna is the city of music and art. Great composers lived and worked here: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert and Strauss, as well as many famous artists who turned the city into a European treasure trove.

Panorama of Vienna

Vienna Panorama

Things to do (Vienna):

Vienna city tour with a professional photographer

€250 per tour.

Vienna city tour with a professional photographer

Enjoy discovering Vienna’s history and sights, and getting a beautiful portfolio of photos.

Bike trip along the Danube to the Leopoldsberg

€182 per tour

Bike tour along the Danube to the summit of the Leopoldsberg

Pedaling, feeling like a modern European and enjoying life and nature

Geography and climate

Vienna is located in the northeastern part of Austria at the foot of the Alps on the banks of the Danube. It is also home to the River Vienna, which gave its name to the city. The capital of Austria lies on a hilly plain called the Danube Plain. The surrounding area is covered with forests, and on the slopes of the hills grow vineyards.

The climate is temperate with warm summers and mild winters. The annual precipitation is just over 600 mm. Vienna’s climate is fairly dry. The average temperature in summer is about 20 degrees, in winter – about zero. When invading the cold eastern fronts, frosts to -10 degrees are possible.

Panorama of Vienna

Panorama of Vienna

Tourist information

  1. Population – 1 857.6 thousand people.
  2. Area – 414.8 square kilometers.
  3. Language: German. Although Austrian German differs from traditional German in terms of pronunciation and morphology.
  4. Currency – the euro.
  5. Time is Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
  6. There are 23 parks in Vienna.
  7. The main religion is Roman Catholic.
  8. Vienna is one of the safest cities in the world. There are no slums and areas to avoid. You can walk around the Austrian capital whenever and wherever you want.
  9. Special mention should be made of the high quality drinking water, which is as good as, and sometimes better than, the bottled water.
  10. Vienna has an excellent public transport system: subway and suburban trains, streetcars and buses. A single ticket is valid and must be stamped at the entrance to the subway platform, streetcar or bus. Tickets can be purchased from special vending machines at subway stations and tobacco kiosks.
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History

The history of Vienna as a settlement began around the 1st century AD. At that time a Roman fort was built here. This small fortress was called Vindobona. In the 5th century, the Romans left the fortress and it was inhabited by Avar and Slavic tribes.

The first written mention of Vienna dates back to the Carolingian period (9th century). At that time there was a small castle, a dozen houses and the church. In the 12th century the importance of Vienna increases. It became the residence of Austrian dukes Babenberg.

Panorama of Vienna

Vienna Panorama

By the end of the 13th century the city became the main residence of the Habsburgs. In the second half of the 15th century the bishopric was established here. In 1529 the Turks tried to capture Vienna and were defeated despite their overwhelming superiority.

In the 16th century, Vienna became the center of the Habsburg Empire. The city becomes one of the cultural, economic and political centers of Europe. In 18-19 centuries the capital of Austria is one of the centers of world culture and music. At the beginning of the 19th century, the city was invaded several times by the armies of Napoleon Bonaparte. At the beginning of the 20th century, Vienna was one of the largest cities in the world. As a result of the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I, the Habsburg Empire collapsed and Vienna lost its influence.

Vienna in the evening

Vienna in the evening

In 1938, German troops entered the city. The capital of Austria was liberated by Soviet troops in April 1945. Modern Vienna is a major cultural, tourist and economic center of Europe and the headquarters of many international organizations.

How to get there

The international airport is located in the suburb of Schwechat. Most European airlines and a significant number of intercontinental airlines have direct flights to Vienna. From the airport to the city you can take the S-Bahn (S7) and buses. The most convenient way to get to the center is a natural train (Floridsdorf) to Wien-Mitte station, and then you need to take the subway line U3 to the center.

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Vienna is one of the largest railway junctions. High-speed trains run from Munich, Budapest, Zurich and Prague. Other destinations include Dusseldorf, Cologne, Frankfurt, Nuremberg, Brno, Bratislava. The Austrian capital also has excellent automobile accessibility.

Shopping

Stores are usually open from 9.00 / 10.00 to 18.00 / 20.00 and are closed on Sundays. Major shopping malls and supermarkets are open until 10 p.m. Many stores (including brand names) can be found in Kärntner Strasse, Graben, Kohlmarkt and Mariahilfer Strasse. Tuchlauben 3-7A / Bognergasse / Seitzergasse is the so called “golden quarter” with the most luxurious boutiques including: Prada, Saint Laurent, Bottega Veneta, Emporio Armani, Louis Vuitton, Valentino, Miu Miu, Alexander McQueen, Brioni, Mulberry, Etro, Pomellato, Brunello Cucinelli.

Vienna boasts one of the most famous culinary traditions in the world. The varied but truly harmonious assortment of dishes reflects the combination of national and cultural traditions in the former multinational empire. First of all the Austrian capital is famous for coffee, desserts – the famous zacher cake, strudel, salzburger nockerln.

View of Vienna

View of Vienna

The traditional Viennese fast food is hot dogs and hot sausages, which you can buy in the numerous Würstlstands. Various Balkan and Turkish fast food outlets are also common. Traditional dishes include schnitzel with potato salad and pieces of boiled beef with side dishes.

Attractions

Vienna is a city with a rich history, the capital of the once mighty empire. Here you can find magnificent sights, historical buildings and cultural monuments. But Vienna is especially famous for its museums, theaters and art galleries.

Hofburg

Hofburg

The Hofburg is one of the symbols of Vienna’s imperial past. A huge luxurious palace that was the winter residence of the Habsburgs. In the Middle Ages there was a castle here, of which a small chapel has survived. The Hofburg was expanded into a magnificent residence when Vienna became the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Nowadays you can find almost every architectural style – from Gothic to Art Nouveau – here. And in its halls are the national library, treasury, museum of musical instruments, weapons and ethnography, and the famous “Spanish Riding School”.

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The enormous palace square – Heldenplatz (Heroes’ Square) – is also impressive. The equestrian statues of Archduke Charles, who won the Battle of Aspern against Napoleon’s forces (1809) and Prince Eugene of Savoy, who defeated the Turks, bear witness to Austria’s glorious past. Heroes’ Square is not just a huge square in the center of the Austrian capital, it is one of the symbols of glorious history.

St Stefan Cathedral

St. Stephen’s Cathedral

The Cathedral of St. Stephen (Stephansdom) is one of Vienna’s most famous landmarks and one of the most significant masterpieces of European Gothic. Construction of the first church dates back to 1147. For a long time Stephansdom was the tallest building in Europe – 137 meters. The old church was rebuilt in Gothic style at the order of Duke Rudolph IV. In 1359 he laid the cornerstone of the nave, and in 1433 the South Tower was completed.

St. Stephen’s Cathedral is especially notable for its large, beautiful roof and tall, slender tower (136.7 meters). Interestingly, the number of medieval towers of this height in the world can be easily counted on the fingers. Inside the cathedral are many art treasures, such as the tomb of Prince Eugene of Savoy, one of the greatest commanders of Europe (1754), the altar of Wiener Neustadt, the pulpit of Anton Pilgram (1514-15), the tomb of Emperor Frederick III by Niclas Gerhart (1467-1513) and the Gothic altar.

St. Stephen’s Cathedral is the centerpiece of Viennese legends and stories. On the left side of the main entrance is a strange indent, which was used to measure the size of a loaf of bread if a customer was unhappy with its size. The unfinished north spire is attributed to a young architect who was in love with the daughter of the builder of the south spire. Although the most likely reasons are financial problems due to the constant threat of a Turkish siege and Gothic going out of fashion. And dozens more such romantic, funny and mystical stories.

St. Charles Church

Church of St. Charles

The Church of St. Charles is a masterpiece of Baroque architecture and the largest Baroque church north of the Alps. It was built in 1715 by the famous Austrian architect Johann Fischer von Erlach. It was erected to honor Emperor Charles VI’s vow of gratitude for deliverance from a severe plague epidemic and was dedicated to St. Charles Borromeo.

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The church is located in one of Vienna’s central squares, “Karlsplatz”. The square in front of the cathedral was rebuilt in the 1970s by one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century, Henry Moore.

The unusually wide pediment of the church of St. Charles is composed of several contrasting elements that wonderfully complement the unique and harmonious overall image. Two bells with allegorical representations of the life of St. Borromeo recall the Italian Renaissance. They form the main portal, reminiscent of a Greek temple. The oval nave of the church has a beautiful dome (72 m high), spectacularly decorated inside.

Anchor clock

Anchor clock

The Anchor Clock on Vienna’s oldest Hoher Markt square is in the Art Nouveau style. The clock was built in the early 20th century by von Matz and forms a bridge between the two parts of the Anker Insurance Company building. For 12 hours, twelve historical figures move across this peculiar “bridge”. Among them are the medieval lyricist Walter von der Vogelweide, Empress Maria Theresa and Prince Eugene of Savoy. Every day at noon, the clock strikes back with a short show accompanied by music from different eras.

Belvedere

Belvedere

Belvedere is one of the most beautiful palace complexes of the Austrian capital. It consists of two magnificent palaces in the middle of a magnificent park. Belvedere was built for Prince Eugene of Savoy by the famous Baroque master von Hildebrandt. Interestingly enough, the palace complex was originally located outside the city walls, but today it is part of Vienna’s third district, which is close to the historic center. The architecture and design of the Belvedere halls is in the Rococo style. Both palaces now house museums with Austrian paintings from the 18th and 20th centuries. The park is a collection of more than 4,000 plants of the alpine ecosystem. It is especially beautiful in spring and summer.

Ring Boulevard

Ring Boulevard

The Ring Boulevard is the ceremonial avenue of Vienna. It is a boulevard ring, 4 km long, which encircles the center of the Austrian capital. The Ring Boulevard was laid out in 1857 by Franz Joseph I. It was built on the site of the old walls and fortifications. Walking here you can look at a large number of monumental historical buildings of different architectural styles.

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National Theater

National Theater

The National Theater (Burgtheater) is located in Vienna’s first district, across from City Hall on the famous circular avenue. It is a monumental building from the late 19th century with a white marble facade. It is one of the most famous theaters in Europe.

Vienna Opera

Vienna Opera

The Vienna Opera is located in the heart of Vienna, at the southern end of Kärntner Straße. It is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. The opera building was built in the second half of the 19th century in the Italian Renaissance style.

Prater

Prater

The Prater is Vienna’s most popular entertainment fair. Its most significant part is the huge Ferris wheel. It was installed at the end of the 19th century to commemorate the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph. The Ferris wheel is 60 meters high.

Blutgasse

Blutgasse

Blutgasse is an area of narrow winding streets, medieval and baroque buildings. The area is close to St. Stephen’s Cathedral.

Maria am Gestade Church

Maria am Gestade

Maria am Gestade is one of the oldest buildings in the Austrian capital, a Gothic Catholic church from the 14th century. It is located in the northern part of the historic center.

Scottish Monastery

Scottish Monastery

Abbey of Scotland is a Benedictine monastery founded in the 12th century. Located in the central part of Vienna on the Freyung Square.

Plague Column

Plague Column

The Plague Column is a monumental Baroque sculpture built in the late 17th century in marble. Interestingly, the column is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, not the Virgin Mary.

Church of St. Augustine

Church of St. Augustine

The Church of St. Augustine is the court church of the Habsburgs. It was founded in the 14th century by Augustinian monks. This Gothic religious building is located on Josefplatz square in the center of Vienna.

Church of St. Peter

Church of St. Peter

St. Peter’s Church is an early 18th-century Roman Catholic Baroque church on Graben Street. The church was built on the site of an old medieval religious structure by Gabriel Montana under Emperor Leopold I.

Mariahilfer

Mariahilfer

The Mariahilfer is a 17th-century Roman Catholic Baroque church located in Vienna’s sixth district.

Vienna City Hall

Vienna City Hall

Vienna City Hall is a grand late 19th-century neo-Gothic building located in the historic center of Vienna. It was designed by Friedrich Schmidt.

Parliament

Parliament

Parliament is a late 19th-century marble-clad monumental building. It is the seat of the national parliament.

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