Venice, Italy – the city washed by the Adriatic Sea

Venice

If you were asked: what city is built on the water? The answer is – Venice. Venice is a city on the water, in a lagoon closed from the sea islands Lido and Pellestrina, which create a barrier to sea waves. The city on the islands was created as a port and commercial center. The city was originally built on wooden piles driven into the ground, and the material was a species of larch. When soaked by salty sea water, the structure of this wood becomes almost very hard, like metal, and is not subject to almost rotting. The city has more than 270 thousand inhabitants. Here the canals instead of the streets, and gondolas instead of cars, the sea splashes against the walls of the palaces, and in the morning wakes up the cries of seagulls, it is rich in museums and historic buildings of great artistic and cultural value. Venice is built on 118 small islands, cut by 150 big and small canals. Between the islets there are 446 bridges. In the Middle Ages, the city was the mighty center of Europe, where great artists created and famous explorers set sail. Once a year, Venice is the setting for a grand carnival. Costumes, masks and a sea of fun, that’s what awaits you at the carnival in Venice. Airport “Marco Polo” is located on the shore of the Venice lagoon, right at the exit there is a port with the Venetian cabs which are spacious motor boats, the trip on such cab costs a decent sum of 110 euros, the distance of travel is 8 km, by bus you can get for 6 euros. There are rail connections to Treviso airport, which is about 30km to the north of Venice. Tourists get to Venice by cab, by the vaporetto, which means “little steamer” (running from 6 a.m.), or by bus or train. Waterways sail along certain special routes, which are marked as roads, and traffic is right-handed like on the roads. Buses only reach the outskirts of the city.

Venice Italy

We enter the city by road.

Italy, view from the plane Venice road Venice Bridge Parking lot in Venice

View from an airplane as you approach Venice. At the entrance is a multi-level parking lot (when entering on the right). From the roof of the parking opens the panorama of Venice,

Parking lot in Venice Cruise liners in Venice Venice Panorama Venice Bus Station

The photo shows the road to Venice and the signs, the view from the car window. On the road-railway bridge Ponte della Libertà we enter the city, which was opened in the last century in 1932. At the entrance there is a parking lot for cars and buses, where cars arrive and wait for their passengers as they travel through the city, which is undoubtedly very convenient. Traffic on foot or by boat, boat, and water bus on the canals is allowed through the city, even bicycles are forbidden.. There are two access ways to the town: by water or by bridge, either by train or road, and the bridge is about 4 km long. The city is built on the water, known throughout the world as a city of carnivals, gondolas, film festivals and the famous seducer of women’s hearts, Giacomo Casanova, who was a mystery to rich women, wives of officials.

Venice

The basilica opposite the Santa Lucia train station is the grandiose temple of San Simeone Piccolo.

The railroad in Venice On the roof of a parking lot View of a bridge in Venice Canal in Venice

The city has six historic districts . The train station in Venice (Santa Croce district) is named “Santa Lucia” after the church that was on the site of the train station, and there is a bus station nearby. Neighborhoods:

  • Cannaregio (Cannaregio)
  • Castello
  • Dorsoduro
  • San Marco
  • San Polo
  • Santa Croce.

A photo of Venice. The Grand Canal, the Grand Canal, on its banks was built more than 300 palaces. In these houses lived celebrities: here was back from an expedition of traveler Marco Polo, here was playing music by Antonio Vivaldi, here were born the masterpieces of the artist Giovanni Belinni, famous Lord Byron, Giordano Bruni and many others. Attraction of the canal is the Rialto Bridge, built on 12,000 piles.

The Venice railway station promenade

Canals in Venice Grand Canal Water bus Station in Venice

Directly from the railway station in Venice runs a water bus – vaporetto. On the opposite side of the canal, opposite the station square, a church with a disproportionate green dome, the so-called “church in a bonnet,” meets us. It is the remarkable cathedral of San Simeon Piccoloa. The cathedral was built less than 300 years ago, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome; previously there was a somewhat simpler church in its place.

Venice is the only city in the world built on water. Numerous canals and gondolas, churches, palaces, bridges – all this is the unforgettable beauty of the magnificent Venice, home of Carnival and Casanova.

Museums and galleries: The Academic Gallery is an important part of the museums of Venice. It features paintings by great Italian painters such as Bellini, Titian, Giorgione and others. The Archaeological Museum is located in Piazza San Marco in its central part. The Art Gallery of Art is located in the Dorsoduso area. Correr Museum is one of the famous museums collecting the treasures of Venetian art and history, conveniently located in Piazza San Marco in the central tourist area of Venice. The Peggy Guggenheim, an art collection featuring paintings by Picasso, Salvador Dali, Chagall and Calder, is located near the Accademia Museum. Naval Museum of the History of Venice, it can be found next to the Venetian Arsenal in the Castello district. San Marco (Museo di San Marco) is located in the Basilica of San Marco, in the center of Venice.

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Carnival in Venice

Carnival in Venice is the oldest and perhaps the most beautiful carnival on the planet. All the streets, bridges and squares are transformed into theatrical stages, the canals are paraded with decorated gondolas, all Venice is filled with thousands of people in carnival costumes and masks. Jugglers, magicians, clowns and acrobats are found everywhere on the streets. Carnival takes place at different times, for these days the city increases many times, up to three million people – it is impossible to say exactly.

Carnival in Venice

Carnival takes place over 11 days, usually ending before the 40-day Lent before Easter. In 2014, the carnival was held from February 15 to March 4, in 2015 it was held from January 31 to February 17, with the largest number of events taking place in the main square – San Marco. In 2016, the carnival is dedicated to food; in 2019, it is held from February 16 to March 5. Those who wish can rent a costume, i.e. rent, the prices of costumes vary from 350 and 600 euros, etc., for example on the website www.venice-carnival-italy.com/carnival-costume-hire.php, carnival website www.carnevale.venezia.it Carnival “La Festa Veneziana” takes place in Canaregio, St. Mark’s Square, announced in the program, ends with “The Flight of the Lion”, a flag with the image of the symbol of Venice. During the Festival there is the Grand Opening, the Water Parade, carnival contests for the best costume and the best mask, the “Flight of the Angel” flying over the square of the winner of the last festival, the second stage of the costume and mask contest, the procession with the figure of the “Black Bull”, the “Flight of the Donkey”, “Flight of the Eagle”, “Flight of the Lion”, the awards ceremony for the winners of the competitions. Tips for tourists: During the carnival, wearing a mask or a carnival costume you can not talk and can only speak in gestures.

Stroll along the canals

What sea washes Venice? Venice is washed by the Adriatic Sea, which flows into the Mediterranean basin. The city has 180 canals, 450 bridges and a splendid palaces, buildings and monuments. If you add to this atmosphere of constant motion, soaking up the sea air with the smell of Italian pizza and the quiet flow of life in some areas, away from the crowds of tourists – this beauty is not described in words, but you must feel and experience it for yourself.

Gondolier

Canals in Venice Through the canals of Venice Venice Canal Walking

Venetian gondolier can be immediately identified by his striped shirt and straw hat – cantonier with stripes of ribbon. There are different types of gondola rides: you can choose the more expensive romantic ride for two, where you will be serenaded, or you can take a classic tour with a Russian-speaking guide, where you will be told about the history of beautiful historic buildings. There are also tours where you can get lessons on how to drive a gondola, but that’s up to the amateur, all at your service for your money.

Venice

Canals by Gondola Venice sightseeing Views of Venice The Bridges of Venice

Walking through the canals you can see that there are often no waterfronts. The Grand Canal is the largest canal in the city, its length is almost 4 km, in some places it reaches 90 meters in width, with an average depth of 5 meters. Public transport is available in the form of vaporettos, gondolas and water cabs. A large number of cultural, historical and architectural buildings are located on both sides, it is crossed by three bridges. How much does it cost to take a gondola ride in Venice? To see Venice and take a walk along the canal, you can take a: – gondola (120 euros), – water cab (100 euros), – sea streetcar (7.5 euros) (vaporetto). If you are going to walk, it is better to take a pass for 30 euros (two days). Gondola rides through the canals in Venice cost 80 euros during the day and 100 euros at night. The duration of the walk is 30 minutes. The most popular route in the San Marco area. Gondoliers in Venice is exactly 425, a figure that has not changed over the years. The price of the ride depends on the length, number of people in the gondola, music, design, etc.

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Piazza San Marco

Piazza San Marco, aka Marco is the largest and most famous square in Venice, surrounded on three sides by buildings. If you really want to imagine the past of the Venetian Empire this is the place to visit. The square is full of historically impressive sights. Climbing the San Marco bell tower (it’s the tallest place in the city), you get a great view of Venice. Two columns, St. Mark’s and St. Theodore’s, with sculptures on top, adorn the square. The Cathedral of San Marco is one of the most beautiful buildings, which sometimes you have to stand in line to get in. The Doge’s Palace, home of the rulers of Venice, is located next to Piazza San Marco.

The population of these places in the V-VI centuries, fleeing from the barbarians ravaging northern Italy, fled to inaccessible places on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. For several centuries, the educated communities worked to improve their economic growth by expanding ties with their neighbors. Over time it became a prominent trading port on the Mediterranean. At its peak, Venice had 3,000 merchant ships and 300 naval vessels. After the fall of Napoleon Venice was under Austrian rule, but after the rebellion of 1848 the city regained its independence, soon afterwards, in 1866, Venice became part of Italy. Tourist routes necessarily include a visit to St. Mark’s Square and Rialto Bridge, walking through the labyrinth of small neighborhoods. The most interesting areas and islands are Cannaregio, SanPolo/Santa Croce, Dorsoduro, San Marco and Castello.

How to reach Venice

The easiest way to get to Venice is by plane, the airport of Marco Polo or Treviso is 20 km from Venice. The best way to get to Venice is by car, by bus, by rail or by boat. TransportationPublic transport – buses (bus station); Santa Lucia railway station on the island, Venice-Mestre railway station on the mainland; Vaporetto – sea cab, of course, water limousines are available up to 120 euros per hour; Cruise ship terminal; Gondolas; Car rental.

Map of Venice

Map of Venice

The map of Venice shows the SS11 yellow-painted road approaching the island on the left, which is used for arrivals by car and by train. The map shows the gray areas.

Venice

Venice is the most romantic place in Europe, located on the northern coast of the Adriatic Sea in Italy. Majestic architecture, a unique atmosphere of freedom and lightness, lively maze of streets – all this creates a unique ensemble, which must be seen, heard, felt. Most of the “city on the water” is located on islands in the Venice lagoon, which are connected to each other by a huge number of bridges. The entire historic center of Venice is included in the UNESCO list of cultural heritage, which is not surprising, because here are preserved examples of architecture XIV-XVI centuries.

Save money on a trip to Venice!

Video: Venice

Highlights

Venice gets its name from the group of tribes that inhabited the area in ancient times. The Venetians assimilated over time, and now their descendants can be seen in the local streets.

The first mention of the Venetian carnival dates back to 1094. Until XIII-XIV centuries masks were not being worn at the carnivals In 1162 in honor of the victory over the patriarch of Aquileia the popular revelry in Piazza San Marco began

The peculiarities of the city’s location have led to the peculiarities of its climate. The mild winter rarely spoils with snowfalls and frosts, and the average temperature is about +5 C°. In summer it is quite hot: the air heats up to +25 – 27 ° C. When visiting Venice, be prepared for high humidity and heavy rainfall. Recommended time to visit the “city on water” are in May and June. During these months it’s not too hot and at the same time the air is warm enough to walk comfortably.

From novels, stories and anecdotes, photographs, pictures and movies we already have an idea of Venice: it’s a star among other cities in the world, sparkling with incomparable brilliance. It seems to have been photographed and described a thousand times over, and yet the city still shocks us: despite the crowds of tourists, Venice is as beautiful as we imagined it to be.

The “pearl of the Adriatic”, the city on the lagoon, is more than a thousand years old. The sandbanks have always saved it from the fury of the Adriatic Sea, which, however, has repeatedly managed to break through to the city. It has inspired many generations of artists, painters and poets. About one hundred and sixty churches and numerous palaces testify to the special place Venice occupies in the world: as a maritime power, a commercial city and a capital of the arts.

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Church of San Barnaba Theatre La Fenice in Venice

Today the city is an open-air architectural museum. International contemporary art biennials, film and music festivals, drama and opera theaters, including the newly opened La Fenice Theater, constantly keep Venice’s outstanding cultural achievements high.

An indispensable component of the urban myth has been the city’s threatened flooding. The houses here are built on stilts that sink deeper and deeper into the waterlogged ground each year, and the stonework of the houses is damaged by exhaust fumes. Rising ocean levels and more frequent flooding threaten even more.

History

  • 421: Approximate date of the founding of the city by refugees from Padua fleeing the Goths.
  • 828/829: Relics of an evangelist, St. Mark, from Alexandria to Venice. San Marco Basilica was built between 830 and 1094.
  • 1309-1442: The Doge’s Palace, the most magnificent public building in the city, is built.
  • 1453 г.: Venice occupies a prime position among Italian city-states. It controls virtually all trade with the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.
  • May 12, 1797: Napoleon conquers Venice. The last Doge, Lodovico Manin, is deposed.
  • 1902: The church of San Marco collapses. It was rebuilt in 1903-1912.
  • 1987 г.: Venice is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Old City of Venice

The old city bears the imprint of centuries past. The old architecture, the tranquility of the canals, the crowds of people that are always present in commercial cities – all this transports vacationers back a few centuries. That outdoors is the XXI century, reminiscent only of modern signs and gadgets in the hands of passersby.

In the historical center of Venice are concentrated major attractions, which must see the rest. Start looking around the city with St. Mark’s Square. It is famous primarily for its pigeons, which feel it a real master.

Piazza San Marco Doge’s Palace in Venice

Around the perimeter of the square are objects that are also worth seeing.

The Doge’s Palace is a beautiful Gothic building that has changed its purpose several times in the course of history. It was the residence of the local rulers, later the seat of the senate and the hearings of the Supreme Court of the Republic. From its balconies, where you can now take a walk on a tour, the powerful Doge once greeted their subordinates.

Openwork galleries Arched entrance Bas-relief of the Doge’s Palace St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice

One of the most recognizable bridges in Venice, the Bridge of Sighs (Ponte dei Sospiri), connects the palace to the adjoining building, where a prison once stood. Its name has nothing to do with romantic stories – it was used by prisoners who were no longer destined to see this beautiful city. The convict Casanova once looked out over the Grand Canal here as well.

St. Mark’s Cathedral – the heart of Venice, the temple, which is rightly considered its calling card. Built in the IX century, it still summons the faithful to mass. It attracts attention not only with amazing frescos and art objects, dating back to the IX – XV centuries AD, but also with the fact that here are the relics of St. Mark, the Saint Martyr Isidore, as well as the icon of Our Lady of Nicopeia.

The Dome of the Creation of the World Byzantine-style mosaics In the cathedral there are the relics of the Apostle Mark

The Columns of St. Mark and Theodore are some of the most recognizable symbols of the square. They are decorated with majestic statues. On the column of St. Mark stands a bronze winged lion. It was created in V century B.C. and brought to Venice by the participants of the Crusades. On the St. Theodore’s Column there is a sculptural group: the patron saint of Venice with a tame crocodile stretched out at his feet.

The panorama of Saint Mark’s Square

Canal Streets

Because of the location of the city, there are no roads. Narrow stone-paved streets wind between houses, but waterways are used for long-distance travel. The most famous of these is the Grand Canal, which divides Venice into two parts. Along it are the most beautiful buildings of the city, so water walk will not leave anyone indifferent. The best time to set sail is at sunset, when the soft lights enhance the architecture.

There are three types of transport by which you can travel through the canals. The most famous are the river streetcars, which in Venice are called “vaporettos”. Tourists are advised to buy a pass that is valid for all trips. River cabs are a little more expensive, but then you do not have to put up with a crowd of tourists, and the speed will be much faster. The last, most luxurious option is the gondola. They are rented for a certain time, an hour ride will cost about 80-100 euros depending on the time of day.

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Gondola ride to the Rialto Bridge Canal San Barnaba Grand Canal of Venice

The night glamour of the city.

After sunset, when the heat dies down and most tourists go to their hotels, Venice seems to be reborn. The lights that shine in the waters of the canals create a festive atmosphere. This impression is only heightened by the music that can be heard from everywhere: from the open doors of cafes and restaurants and clubs. For those who are looking for a place where you can dance till morning to the inflammatory rhythms, the city offers not many options, most of which are far from the center. First and foremost is Piccolo Mondo, located on the other side of the Grand Canal from Piazza San Marco. Jazz lovers will appreciate the cozy atmosphere of the Bacaro Jazz Club. The institution is open until 2 a.m. Here you can comfortably relax and dance to live music.

Lovers of romantic walks should definitely go on a trip to the city at night. All the sights that could be seen during the day, will appear in a new light. Until late at night, orchestras play classical and contemporary music in restaurants near the Palazzo Ducale.

Piazza San Marco at night. Dinner by the Rialto Bridge Gondoliers greet the sunrise.

Financial nuances

Italy, having joined the EU, has switched to a single European currency. You can change money in exchange offices, which are almost at every step. Venice is well-developed tourism business, so no problems with buying euros for any other European currency.

Arriving here it is advisable to stock up on some cash. The fact that most souvenir shops, stores with sweets, hostels do not accept credit cards. Pay with VISA and MasterCard is possible in large institutions and organizations, including the purchase of tickets for the train.

To make purchases in Venice were profitable, do not forget to bargain. Thus you can reduce the price of any item by almost a third. Of course, this is appropriate only in small shops.

From Venice with gifts

Masks were also used in everyday life to hide the face, which served different purposes, from romantic dates to crime. This led to a ban on the wearing of masks outside of carnival shortly before the end of the Venetian Republic.

Once in Venice, it’s hard to resist buying a variety of souvenirs and memorabilia depicting major attractions. Stores and stores with such goods are almost at every step, and a huge range of products will confuse even the most experienced tourists.

Decorating a Venetian mask is painstaking work with paint, foil, beads, rhinestones and enamel

One of the must-have items on your shopping list is a Venetian mask. It is a constant attribute of carnival, for which the city is famous all over the world. These accessories are made by local craftsmen from leather, papier-mache, ceramics, porcelain and even glass. In addition to traditional painting, colorful feathers, rhinestones and sequins can be used as decorations. Here you can find images of the legendary Venetian Lady or the frightening Doctor Plague. There are also masks of Harlequin, Pierrot and many other theatrical characters.

Murano glass cello

The price of products directly depends on their size and the materials from which they are made. For example, a small papier-mâché mask can be bought for 10 euros, but the handmade leather items can be estimated in tens of thousands.

Murano glass is the calling card of Venice. It is used to make jewelry, souvenirs, dishes, furnishings and much more. The products amaze with the richness of colors and fanciful patterns created by glassblowers. Purchase such souvenirs is best combined with a trip to the island of Murano. Here you can see the process of creating these fragile masterpieces with your own eyes. After a fascinating tour you can visit one of the many stores in the private workshops. Here, the prices are lower than in the historic city center, and the range is richer. Girls will love the jewelry sets of colorful glass beads, exquisite chandeliers and vases, and men can buy ashtrays or watches.

Murano glass fish Candy Murano glass Burano lace

Another popular option for a gift from Venice is Burano lace. It is best to buy it in specialized stores, because only then you can be sure of high quality products, and the risk of buying a fake is reduced to zero. Those who are interested in the process of making lace should go to the island of Burano and visit the workshop. There you can see the fine openwork, amazing with its beautiful patterns.

Pasta with cuttlefish ink

Lovers of gastronomic discoveries should definitely buy black pasta. The pasta is dyed in a distinctive color with cuttlefish ink.

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As a supplement you can buy a bottle or two of white sparkling wine “Prosecco”, which was also invented in Venice. That said, if the return trip is planned by plane, it is worth taking care of the secure packaging of the drink so that the bottle is not damaged.

Holidays

  • February 6: Regatta delle Befans and the Lido races.
  • February-March: Carnival.
  • April 25: Festa di San Marco, a gondolier regatta on the Canal Grande.
  • Sunday after Ascension Day (celebrated on the 40th day after Easter): Festa della Sensa, a celebration of the Doge’s betrothal to the sea.

Venice Biennale of Contemporary Art

If you are interested in contemporary art, you should plan a trip to Venice between June and October. Every two odd-numbered years, the city on the lagoon is transformed into an “art space.” The festival’s official website is www.labiennale.org.

Single Ticket

Single ticket (from €21.50, www.venicecard.it) can be purchased for one, three or seven days. It gives you access to public transport and free access to state museums and important churches.

Sunset over Venice

Where to Stay

Even with the large influx of tourists, finding an overnight stay in Venice is easy. It’s easy to find hotels of any star rating, as well as budget options – hostels.

View from Hotel Palazzetto Pisani

In order to spend as little time as possible on the way to the sights, it is advisable to choose institutions located in the center. For example, the Hotel A La Commedia, which is a ten minute walk from Piazza San Marco, offers cozy rooms equipped with everything you need for a comfortable stay. The price for a room ranges from 400 euros per night. In the immediate vicinity of the Doge’s Palace is the popular four-star hotel Palazzetto Pisani. It offers rooms with views of the Grand Canal and some apartments have a balcony.

The mid-range Domina Home Giudecca on Giudecca has also earned positive feedback from guests. Here guests are offered rooms with windows overlooking the canal, and the buffet included in the room price will save you money on food. There are regular public transportation services to Piazza San Marco.

Hotel Principe on the Grand Canal Hotel Villa Laguna on the Lido overlooking the Venice Lagoon Hostel A Venice Fish

Travelers who travel to Italy with a small amount of money can stay in hostels. There are many of these hotels in Venice, and in most cases they are located in ordinary apartments, equipped with appropriate technology. If you choose this option, tourists can count on interesting new acquaintances and fun company of people from different parts of the world. For example, A Venice Fish is located in the heart of the city in the Cannaregio district. Spacious rooms with bunk beds, shared bathrooms and toilets, free kitchen – all this, as well as evening feasts with pasta and wine to the sound of the guitar, you can get for only 20 euros per night.

Come to Venice!

A selection of hotels from hotellook

The way to Venice

Since the city is located on islands, to get to the historic center tourists will have to make several transfers, whichever mode of transport is chosen. The most convenient option is by air. From Moscow, there are direct flights from Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo to Tessera (Marco Polo airport) on Fridays and Saturdays respectively. The trip takes only three hours, and the early departure allows you to be in Italy by noon.

You can also choose a flight to Milan (from Vnukovo to Malpensa on Fridays and Saturdays or from Sheremetyevo on Fridays) or Rome (from Domodedo to Fiumicino on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays). You can reach Venice itself by train or train. Transport runs regularly and almost without delay. Given that the cars in most cases are equipped with seats, it is better not to choose night flights. The arrival station is called “Santa Lucia”.

Piazza San Marco, top view Taxi in Venetian style The Venetian gondolas are the most beautiful boats in the world

There are regular bus services from Marco Polo Airport to Venice. In just half an hour, the ATVO and ACTV routes take vacationers to Piazzale Roma (Piazzale Roma). You can take bus number 15 to the train station. Ticket costs on average 5-6 euros.

There are also river streetcars and cabs from the airport. The fare is more expensive than the bus, but on the way you can enjoy views of canals and key tourist sites of the city. This mode of transport is suitable for those who are not tired on the way and are willing to spend more than an hour on the road.

Travelers who do not want to wait for public transportation can order a cab, but this option will be the most expensive.

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