Venice – Italy’s city that has conquered the world.
Venice – a fabulous city located on the territory of the state of Italy, specifically in the north-eastern part of the country. In this major tourist center tourists come from all over the world. This resort is the most suitable place for romantic dates. The unique, unlike anything else culture, which gives a sense of freedom and lightness, architecture and breathing labyrinths of narrow streets create a unique collage of impressions. Venice should be seen not only with your eyes, but also be tasted and experienced in a way that fills the heart and envelops the mind of even the most seasoned traveler.
Vacation in Venice
Venice holds a lot of mysteries . The city combines architecture, painting, the art of winemaking, and the artwork of truly talented sculptors. If you decide to visit Venice, you must also visit the islands of Burano and Torcello.
Vacation in Venice
Venice is endowed with amazing architecture . Visitors to the city will be able to walk through the narrow streets, where once walked the charming lover Giacomo Casanova, explore the picturesque corners and canals of the city on an unusual form of transport called “gondola”, visit the shores of Venice lagoon and enjoy there the sunset. Everywhere tourists are surrounded by Renaissance architecture, which can not fail to please the eye. Every tourist can start their vacation in the social center of the city, St. Mark’s Square, where visitors wander the patterned floor looking at the holy Cathedral of St. Mark. After sunset, when moonlight illuminates the mosaics on the front of the building, there is an incredible view of the architectural artwork. Evening walks through the square are accompanied by live string quartets that perform traditional serenades. In the streets of the square you can also find small shops, on the stalls of which you can always find the famous Murano glass . All this abundance visitors to Venice near the Doge’s Palace in the Gothic style. At one time this palace was the center, governing the whole Venetian Republic. The majestic halls of the palace hold paintings by Venetian masters, such as those of the great Tintoretto. This unforgettable place should be on the list of must-see places to visit if you’re looking to explore Venice.
Some of the buildings in this corner of the world are lions, clutching the book of Gospels. Visitors to the city may notice that some of the books are open and some are not. When the book is open it indicates that at the time of the building there was peace in the city. If the book is closed, however, it means that the building was built during the war.
It is important for every tourist to remember that the authorities of Venice have decided to prohibit traveling on bicycles in the streets. The narrow streets increase the risk of bicycles colliding with pedestrians, which can cause physical injury. The authorities have envisaged a penalty for violating the decision in the amount of not much, not a few hundred euros.
Tourists planning their vacation in February, should pay attention to Venice. If you are there in this winter month, you can witness one of the most grandiose festivals of the city called “Venice Carnival”.
Venice Carnival takes its origin in the 15th century . In one of the piazzas, namely Piazza Piazza, during the festival the residents in costumes and masks of that era walk around. Local animators and residents are happy to take pictures with tourists, giving them a memento of the extraordinary and colorful photos. The festival somewhat resembles a huge Halloween party. The difference is the extravagance of costumes and the precession itself. If you wish, anyone attending this event can change locations to watch the passing festival along a large canal of boats and gondolas carrying passengers. The most famous attraction for tourists arriving in Venice is the gondola ride . Locals consider the job of a gondolier a predominantly male occupation, as operating a gondola requires great skill. The profession of gondolier is considered a family craft. Fathers pass on all experience and knowledge to their sons. A gondolier is a profession that requires a person to be in good physical shape. After all, he is obliged to steer his transport with one oar while standing on his feet. The gondola has a narrow shape, so it is not stable under any fluctuation of the water. The number of gondoliers in Venice is strictly limited.
Hearing the phrase “city on water”, almost everyone remembers the name of the most mysterious and, at the same time, such a romantic place on earth, as Venice. This city is actually a lagoon, with more than a hundred islands. The islands are connected to each other by a great number of bridges and canals.
Water plays an important role in the life of the city, and this fact has contributed to the appearance of the most famous festival on the water. The Storica Regatta is the name of one of the most colorful water-related events taking place on the Grand Canal. The regatta is an unusual parade of boats decorated in the 17th century style. Of course, it’s not just the boats that are decorated. The spirit of the time is also present in the costumes of the crews driving these works of art. The races start in the Castello area. In the Ca’Foscari area is the finish line for the four types of races that take place at the festival. Once there, tourists are in for a colorful experience.
Venice is a very special city by nature. And the climate is very special because of the geography of the city. Winter is fairly mild, and to see a snowfall or experience frost in Venice is almost impossible. The average temperature in winter is less than five degrees above zero, and summer is very hot. Summer temperatures warm up to 30 degrees. High humidity and frequent precipitation, that’s what you should be prepared for tourists who decided to visit the city. The best time to visit Venice – late spring and early summer. During this period, the air has had time to warm up, but the temperature has not yet had time to heat up. During this period is very comfortable to enjoy the views passing through the streets of Venice.
What dishes are worth trying in Venice? Very often tourists associate Italian cuisine only with pizza and pasta . However, other dishes should not be neglected. The cuisine of Venice is a cocktail of different seafood, which will be appreciated by any spoiled gourmet. Venetian dishes are varied and exquisite.
If visitors get hungry during their visit to Venice, there is always the chance to eat in small local bars (bacari) serving Cicchetti (tapas-like dishes) and drinking the local Italian wine.
Venice: City on the water
Venice is considered one of the most unusual and beautiful cities in the world. Built on islands, washed by the waters of the lagoon and canals, Venice attracts millions of tourists every year. The fact that the city slowly disappears under the water adds to its charm, and so everyone wishes to capture the fragile beauty of Venice, its luxurious palazzo’s, rich churches, romantic gondolas and canals.
History of Venice
It’s hard to tell the exact date of Venice’s founding. It is assumed that in the days of ancient Rome, people already lived on the islands. After the fall of the Roman Empire and the invasion of the barbarians from the north, many inhabitants of the modern Veneto region sought refuge in the lagoon and settled on the inaccessible islands of Torcello, Murano and Lido.
In 697 the first Doge was chosen under the patronage of the Eastern Roman Empire. His residence was on the Lido and he was looking for a way to try on and unite the inhabitants of all the islands. When Pepino, son of Charlemagne, seized the lagoon and destroyed the Lido, all the inhabitants united and founded a new city located on the central islands, this served as the beginning of Venice as we know it.
They built their houses, taking their example from the water birds, and intermingled by boats. The main occupations of the natives were fishing and salt-mining.
In 812 Venice became a Byzantine province. The city quietly developed and grew. In 828 Venetian merchants stole the relics of the Evangelist Mark of Alexandria. Thus the city acquired a patron saint and a symbol in the form of a winged lion.
The Venetians lived on the water, so naturally they were remarkable navigators and merchants. As part of the Byzantine Empire, all the city ports developed rapidly, bringing wealth and prosperity to Venice. The commercial talent of the local merchants made the city the largest financial center in Europe.
With a powerful and developed navy, Venice took over the territories step by step. Its borders spanned Friuli, Istria and Dalmatia. Moreover, in 1202 Venice used the Fourth Crusade to attack its protector of the Eastern Roman Empire and take Constantinople in 1204. With the capture of Byzantium, Venice became mistress of the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. Ships laden with untold riches, including the horses that now adorn St. Mark’s Basilica, arrived in the lagoon.
In 1381 Venice defeated its main enemy, Genoa. From then on, the Republic of Venice established its dominance over the eastern lands of the Mediterranean. Venice grew rapidly, with a population of 150,000. It became the third most populous city in Europe after Paris and Naples. Venice came to be called the queen of the Adriatic. It played a dominant role in the commercial relations of the Mediterranean. Her fleet numbered 3,900 ships and 15,000 sailors.
The Republic of Venice built up its military power. Gradually it began to conquer the mainland territories. Padua, Vicenza and Verona became part of the maritime state. The culmination of Venice’s conquest policy was the capture of Cyprus.
In 1453 the world situation changed. The Ottomans conquered Constantinople, and Venice was drawn into a war with Turkey that lasted three centuries.
In the same period America was discovered, and commercial activity shifted to the Atlantic.
The Cambrai League, Austria, France, and Spain formed an alliance against the Republic of Venice. Despite the success of the battle against the Turkish army at Lepanto, the “star” of Venice began its downfall. Two terrible plague epidemics in 1575 and in 1630, wars with the Ottomans, reduced the population.
By the end of the 18th century the cultural life of the Republic of Venice was at a high level, but the politics limped. When Napoleon’s troops approached the lagoon in 1797, the city surrendered without resistance. Venice was sacked and handed over to the Austrians, under whose rule the city was until 1866. Venice then became part of the united Italy. Poverty and decay became the companions of the following years. Only after the First World War began to build industrial enterprises. And at the end of XX century began to develop tourism.
Venice consists of two parts – Venice in the lagoon and Mestre on the mainland.
The current problems of Venice are more related to the environment of the lagoon, with the maintenance of the eco-system and limiting the flow of tourists.
Venice in numbers
There are 260 thousand people living in Venice, of which 70 thousand live in the historic center. Venice is located on 118 islands connected by 355 bridges. Spanning the Grand Canal are four bridges – the Costituzione (2008), Scalza (1934), Rialto (1591) and Accademia (1933). The city combines two elements – water and land.
Venice can be called one of the most unusual cities in the world, so its toponymy is also special and different from other Italian cities.
Venice is divided into 6 districts, called sestieri (from the word sei – six). They are located three on each side of the Grand Canal (Canal Grande): Cannaregio, S. Marco and Castello, Dorsoduro, S. Polo and Santa Croce.
The house numbers are not in a logical order, but in a progressive, labyrinthine style. The numbering begins with the main element of the neighborhood. For example, in San Marco it would be the basilica of the same name, and in Castello it would be the castle. And continues throughout the area. Sometimes it happens that the last house is next to the first! The largest and most populous neighborhood in Venice is Castello. In it, there is a house number 6828!
Also a street with the same name can be in different sestieri. So you should pay attention to this detail, too.
So, what toponymic elements can be found in Venice?
Ca’ (ka) – means house or palazzo. Calle (calle) – a long narrow street. The name comes from the Latin word callis and means “path”. In Venice there are more than three thousand calli. Campo (campo) – a square. Campiello – a small square. Canale (canal) – waterways that can be navigated by watercraft. Corte – A courtyard or small square, surrounded by houses and with only one entrance/exit. Crosera (crozera) – The main street with which the side calli intersect. Fondamenta (fondamenta) – A sidewalk along canals. The name comes from the word “fondamenta” because they start from the foundations of houses. Lista (lista) – Streets near foreign embassies. Piazza (piazza) – A square. There is only one square in Venice, the piazza di San Marco. Ramo (ramo) – The street that separates the main street. Rio (rio) – Canals that cross Venice lengthwise. There are more than 400 of them. Rio Terà – canal filled with earth. In the XIX century many canals were filled with earth to expand the pedestrian area. Riva (riva) – a wider promenade (fondamenta). Ruga (ruga) – a wide street with sidewalks. Derived from the French rue. Salizzada (salizzada) – Cobblestone street. Sotoportego (sotoportego) – portico, covered street. The names of the streets are written in black script on a white background and are called “little sheets” (nizioleti).
Toponymy of Venice
The way to/from San Marco airport is by water: Alilaguna (see www.venicelink.com for info) or by bus (www.atvo.it).
You can travel in the Venice lagoon by vaporetto, the water bus (www.actv). A single ticket costs 6.5 euros. – €18 – ticket for 12 hours – €20 – ticket for 24 hours – €25 – ticket for 36 hours – €30 – ticket for 48 hours – €35 – ticket for 72 hours – €50.00 – ticket for 7 days Ticket prices can be found here – www.actv.it/muoversiavenezia/muoversiavenezia
By gondola – www.gondolavenezia.it. Or by water cab www.veneziataxi.it.
There are more than 100 islands in Venice lagoon, the most famous among them are Burano, Murano, San Michele cemetery island, Torcello and others.
Burano is famous for its lace and colorful houses. Murano is considered the island of glass. The Lido di Venezia hosts the Venice Film Festival and the thermal springs. Igor Stravinsky and Joseph Brodsky are buried on San Michele cemetery island.
Many islands can be reached by vaporetto: LINEA 12 – Burano, Murano and San Michele as well as Torricello and Treporti. The stop is at Fondamente Nove. LINEA 4 – Murano, as well as San Zaccaria and Giudecca. The stop is next to the railway station. LINEA 5 – Venice Lido. The stop is the square of the railway station. LINEA 2 – Rialto Bridge and Piazza San Marco. LINEA 14 – Murano and Piazza San Marco.
Transportation runs from 6 am until 10:30 pm (sometimes until 11 pm).
You can buy tickets on the spot.
Learn more about the districts and islands of Venice
San Marco. This neighborhood is where Venice’s key and iconic landmarks are concentrated. San Marco is the central square of Venice, here is the eponymous basilica, the Doge’s Palace, the Bridge of Kisses, and the picturesque lagoon. The island of San Giorgio Maggiore is also part of the San Marco area.
Dorsoduro. The Dorsoduro area is home to the San Trovaso shipyard, where gondolas are made, as well as numerous churches with works by world-renowned masters.
Cannaregio. The Cannaregio neighborhood is considered one of the quietest in Venice. It is home to Tintoretto’s house, is a ghetto and numerous churches.
San Polo and Santa Croce. In the Santa Croce neighborhood you can enjoy Venice without the tourist crowds. And in the district of San Paolo, admire the Rialto Bridge and the famous view of the Grand Canal.
Castello. The Castello district is the largest and most densely populated, with a fortress and an arsenal.
Murano. The island where Murano glass is produced.
San Michele. An island cemetery where famous people, including Russians, are buried.