Unesco Heritage in Egypt

UNESCO Heritage in Egypt













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Ancient Thebes with its necropolises

Ancient Thebes with its necropolises



A unique open-air museum depicting the former greatness of Ancient Egyptian civilization and especially its rulers, the pharaohs.

Early Christian monuments in Abu Menah

Early Christian monuments in Abu Menah



Evidence of early Christianity in ancient Egypt and a center of ancient pilgrimage from which few testimonies remain.

St. Catherine Monastery and its surroundings

St. Catherine’s Monastery with surroundings



The oldest monastery with the richest collection of Christian treasures, located on the sacred Mount Sinai, a site of enormous significance to Christians, Jews and Muslims.

Memphis and its necropolises-the pyramid district from Giza to Dahshur

Memphis and its necropolises – pyramid district from Giza to Dahshur



A place where the ancient Egyptian civilization left traces of its magnificent past. Here are the famous necropolises and pyramids.

Wadi el-Hitan, “The Valley of the Whales.”



The sands of the Wadi el-Hitan valley cherish the remains of huge ancient animals of great interest in terms of reconstructing the evolutionary process.

Monuments of Nubia from Abu Simbel to Philae

Monuments of Nubia from Abu Simbel to Philae



The ancient Egyptian civilization created the greatest creations, two of which are represented by the temples at Abu Simbel and the island of Philae.

Islamic Cairo

Islamic Cairo



The Islamic medieval center of the capital is Cairo relatively undiscovered, enclosed within the modern city and it is a completely separate world.

Egyptian Pyramids

Egyptian Pyramids



One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the famous Egyptian pyramids are a unique architectural monument.

UNESCO Heritage in Egypt

When talking about World Heritage in this country, one must definitely start with the world famous pyramids. These unique architectural monuments are of great historical and cultural value. They are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The sights are located in the outskirts of Cairo. The pyramids stand in its suburbs, called Giza. The largest of them is the Cheops pyramid.

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The UNESCO heritage in Egypt is also represented by the city of Memphis. In ancient Egypt and throughout subsequent history, it was a trading center. Where Asian and African merchants flocked. To this day it survives in ruins. After the erection of neighboring Alexandria Memphis fell into decline and was abandoned. But some cultural and architectural monuments have survived. In particular the necropolises of Dakhshur and Sakkara can be seen here. Archaeologists have excavated the area and have found interesting artifacts from different eras.

One of the most famous architectural landmarks of the country is the Monastery of St. Catherine. It is located at the foot of Mount Sinai near the resort of Sharm El Sheikh. According to the legend, it was here that Moses received the Ten Commandments. The monastery is considered to be one of the oldest in the Christian world. It is still functioning. The monastery received its name in XI century. Its unique architecture includes not only the Corinthian capitals on the columns and other monumental elements, but also paintings. In the monastery you can see the famous mosaic of the Transfiguration. Fortunately, this site was not damaged in any of the wars, and today it is protected by UNESCO in Egypt.

Another interesting city is Thebes. In ancient times, it was the capital of the Middle and New Kingdoms. Today, the remains of this city can be seen in modern Luxor. Especially popular among tourists are the ancient temples located on the west bank of the Nile, in the “city of the dead.

Unesco Heritage in Egypt

There are several hundred sites around the world under UNESCO protection, some of them located in Egypt. Egyptian monuments first came under the protection of the international organization in 1979.

Early Christian monuments in Abu Menah

Abu Mena is an ancient town that was founded near the burial site of one of the Christian martyrs. The complex is in ruins with only the foundations of the buildings remaining.

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Historical records indicate that numerous baths, a basilica and a Christian church were discovered during excavations. In addition, in 1998, historians discovered rooms designed for the separation of poor pilgrims

The site has been protected since 1979.

Unesco Heritage of Egypt - Photo 2

Early Christian Monuments at Abu Menah

Ancient Thebes with its necropolises

Thebes (Luxor) is an ancient city that was located on one of the banks of the Nile River. On its territory there are a large number of memorial temples, as well as tombs of pharaohs and their families. The Valley of the Kings attracts the most attention, on the territory of which there are about 60 tombs, some of which were carved directly into the rock. It is noteworthy that the pharaohs were preparing for his death in advance, work on the creation of the tombs began before the death of the rulers. A large number of tourists visit the tomb where Tutankhamun and Ramses II were buried.

Next to the Valley of the Kings is a complex where the wives and mothers of the pharaohs are buried. The tombs in the Valley of the Kings are a bit smaller than those of the pharaohs, but also attract a lot of attention. Experienced tourists are advised to visit the tomb of Nefertati, the wife of Ramses II. Nefertati’s tomb is decorated with numerous illustrations from the Book of the Dead, and the vault looks like a starry sky. The cultural monument has been under protection since 1979.

Unesco Heritage in Egypt - Photo 3

Ancient Thebes with its necropolises

Islamic Cairo

In 1979 the complex of Islamic urbanism has also been under the protection of UNESCO. The historic quarter of Cairo includes several mosques.

In addition, Al-Azhar University – the oldest university in Egypt – deserves attention. Classes at the university are still held today, but many historians have criticized the educational system practiced at the university. Now, as several centuries ago, the staff of the institution prefer not to use modern technology in the learning process and are supported by conservative views.

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Unesco Heritage in Egypt - Photo 4

Islamic Cairo.

Memphis and its necropolises

The area in question begins at the Giza pyramids and ends at the Dahshur necropolis. This area was taken under protection in 1979.

The pyramids of Giza are visited by tens of thousands of tourists every year. The complex includes 3 pyramids, which were built in honor of the pharaohs Mikerin, Chephren and Cheops, as well as a sculpture of the Sphinx, who was considered the guardian of the pyramids.

Prior to the construction of the pyramids of Giza, other structures were built in the Dahshur area. It is believed that the first pyramids were built in Dahshur. The construction was initiated by Pharaoh Snefer, who decided to build tombs in the form of pyramids.

To visit the tombs should be part of the organized tours, because part of the territory of Dahshur is under the control of the military.

Unesco Heritage in Egypt - Photo 5

Memphis and its necropolises

Monuments of Nubia

The temple complex of Abu Simbel is under UNESCO protection. Pharaoh Ramses II decided not to build the temple of stone, and carve it directly into the rock, which is located just 7 kilometers from the border with Sudan. But later the country decided to build the Aswan Dam, which could flood the complex. For this reason, the Egyptian authorities decided to move the temple complex. The cultural monument was divided into 1000 parts and moved 200 meters from its previous location. In addition to the complex Abu Simbel, the monuments of Nubia include the sacred island of Philae or Philae.

The UNESCO Heritage of Egypt - Photo 6

Monuments of Nubia

Saint Catherine Monastery

This monastery for men, built on Mount Sinai, was placed under UNESCO protection in 2002. It is known that the monastery was built in the 6th century AD and now keeps within its walls a gallery of icons, which counts 150 pieces.

The temple itself is built of granite and looks like a basilica, which is supported by columns. There is a chapel of Neopalimaya Kupina, which pilgrims can enter only barefoot. The chapel was named after the bush that grows near its entrance. It is noteworthy that the thorn bush tried to replant several times, but it did not take root in the new place.

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Unesco Heritage of Egypt - Photo 7

Saint Catherine Monastery

Wadi al-Hitan

The monument is known among tourists as the Valley of the Whale . The Valley contains a large number of fossilized bones of whales that went extinct long ago. Historians have determined that the remains are more than 50 million years old.

In the late 20th century, looters began to appear in the valley and most of the bones were stolen. It was then decided to include Wadi al-Hitan in the UNESCO heritage list, and the most valuable specimens were fenced off.

The UNESCO Heritage of Egypt - Photo 8

Wadi al-Hitan

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