Ukraine. Korsun Park.

Ukraine. Korsun Park.

Summer. It is the time of romance and romantic stories. At this time so want to go somewhere with your loved one for a walk, a break from the fuss. Many spend a lot of money to fly somewhere to distant islands, but there is a place much closer, a visit which will bring you no less pleasure.

This is Korsun Park.

And a little bit about it actually. Korsun Park was laid out by order of Polish prince Stanislaw Poniatowski in 1782 by Swiss architect Jean Henry – Muntz in the manner of English landscape parks. Later, greenhouses, vineyards, mulberry plantations, and a palace were planted. In 1799, the park and the palace were bought by Tsar Paul the First, who presented it to Prince Lopukhin. The park became even more beautiful: rare species of trees were planted, the park was decorated with marble statues and bridges. In the mid-19th century, the palace was considered one of the richest and most beautiful palaces in Europe. And although after the October Revolution, many of the park’s sculptures and greenhouses were ransacked and destroyed, the park still looks beautiful today.

Ukraine. Korsun Park - Photo 2

This is the Korsun Park.

It covers an area of several hectares, spreading out its attractions on several islands and the right side of the river Ros. On one of them, on Zelenyi Island, by the river, on a gray cliff lies a white stone. On this stone is a bronze bogatyr with his left hand raised up and a spear in his right. This is a monument to the legendary inhabitant of Korsun – Rosich – built in 1982. The official name of the monument is the Monument to Cities – outposts of Kievan Rus. Since the park is located on the islands, these islands are connected by many bridges. The park grows centuries-old trees such as: oak, linden, maple, Crimean pine, Japanese sophora, and others. And also you can sit under the 200-year-old 15-meter and in the girth of a four-meter chestnut, under which, according to legend, in 1859, liked to rest and create Taras Shevchenko, whose monument is set at the entrance to the park.

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Chestnut Chevchenko

And how beautiful the park is in the spring, when the lilacs and chestnuts are in bloom. After you walk across the stream through the bridge and the birch grove you can quench your thirst at Mermaid Spring. Here from the granite rock flows fresh, crystal clear and according to local residents very useful spring water. It is very popular among locals who come to get it by bicycle. I can add that the water really is great thirst quencher during a walk in the park, which to get around all the beauty, you need at least a couple of days.

Ukraine. Korsun Park - Photo 3

The park also includes the Historical and Cultural National Reserve, Museum of History, Museum of Korsun-Shevchenko battle, Art Gallery and the palace of Lopukhin-Demidov princes. In the palace, which by the way is still in good condition, although it has been standing for over 2 centuries, there is a museum of Korsun-Shevchenko battle and administration of the park.

The exposition of the halls of the Historical Museum tells about the battle of Hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky’s troops which took place on May 26, 1648 at Korsun against the Polish nobility for the liberation of Ukraine. Every year in May there is held a reconstruction of this battle – the Battle of Korsun, in the result of which the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth suffered the most crushing defeat in its history. There is also an exhibition devoted to Korsun-Shevchenko battle in the winter of 1944, one of the largest battles of World War II, which went down in history as “Stalingrad on the Dnieper”. Next to the museum there is an exhibition of military equipment.

Ukraine. Korsun Park - Photo 4

The art gallery on Kotsyubynsky Island, which has been operating since 1977, has over 10 exhibition halls, and there are over 500 works of modern Ukrainian art on display.

If you want to spend an unforgettable romantic weekend with your loved one, the Korsun Park is the right place for you. The combination of the atmosphere of the castle, lots of works of art and the natural beauty of nature will not leave you indifferent.

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Korsun-Shevchenko: the Pearl Lagoon in the center of Ukraine

Local guides like to call the city “little Switzerland” because of the high and steep stone banks of the river Ros. But in general, Korsun has a face of its own, which needs no comparison.

Korsun-Shevchenko is a city in Cherkassy region, on the Ros River, not far from Kiev. The city was founded back in 1032 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise to defend the principality of Kiev from nomads. Two hundred years later, it was destroyed by Batyi, but was rebuilt by the Vyshnevetsky Princes, and received the Magdeburg Rights in the 16th century. In general, this small town has a pretty rich history, including contemporary – here in February 1944 there was one of the most important battles of World War II, which is comparable in importance to the Battle of Stalingrad.

Korsun-Shevchenko Park

The main local attraction is the famous park of 100 hectares, with a palace ensemble, laid out on the banks of the picturesque river Ros. The park began in 1782 by French architect Jean Henry Munz, commissioned by Prince Stanislaw Poniatowski.

The charming English-style park, without a rigid layout, occupies three islands and one bank of the Ros. The architects made a good use of the natural beauty of the place: huge boulders, granite rocks, and especially the river itself with its alternation of turbulent rifts and quiet backwaters.

Korsun-Shevchenko Park

The Historical and Cultural Reserve, in addition to its own park, includes 4 more museums, located in the buildings of the estate: the Museum of History of Korsun-Shevchenko Battle, History and Local Lore, two memorial museums – of composer Kirill Stetsenko and writer Ivan Nechuy-Levitsky, as well as an art gallery that hosts exhibitions of local artists.

Museum of Korsun-Shevchenko battle will be interesting for both adults and children – there is a large diorama, and a rich collection of photographs, documents and, most importantly, military equipment, both Soviet and German, exposed both under the roof of the museum and outside on the ground.

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Admission to the territory of the reserve for adults is 30 UAH, for schoolchildren and students – 15 UAH. Group excursion costs 200 UAH per group.

In the park you can spend a day with your family and there is a good restaurant nearby. There are bathing places and the water in the river is relatively clear.

How to get there?

To get from Kiev to Korsun-Shevchenko you can either take a car (about 2 hours of driving, not bad road) or a bus (from bus station Vydubychi, tickets for 170 UAH).

Park layout in Korsun-Shevchenko

Park in Korsun is probably the only park in Ukraine, where the river and rocky banks are the main thing in the formation of the ideological composition of the park. And the trees and bushes became the spectacular framing of the water surface. The alleys of the park are specially laid along the river, to maximize the disclosure of the banks’ panorama. There are many large boulders, which form rapids, mini waterfalls and natural swimming pools. It was nature that created this park, and man only added to all this beauty.

Korsun-Shevchenko Park

A walk through the park will bring solid pleasure, especially in May, when the lilacs are in bloom. Most of it is given over to wild vegetation, but the central alleys are well-groomed and pleasing to the eye. There are lots of paths and alleys, you can wander through them for hours.

The main bridge leads to an alley of princes, where a fountain is a monument to lovers. It is called “Jantalka” (boy – Jan and girl – Natalka). There is a legend that a Pole, who came to stay in the local area Yan fell in love with a beautiful Ukrainian girl. But the girl was a serf, so their meetings were secret. When the young man asked the princess for the hand of Natalka, she categorically refused. The lovers decided to die together by jumping from a rock into the river.

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Photo: www.chitalnya.com

The beauty of the park was immortalized in the pictures of Taras Shevchenko, when in 1859 he visited his second cousin here. In the alley under the chestnut tree, where Shevchenko liked to rest, there is a memorial plaque in honor of Kobzar.

Photo: www.accbud.ua

Park history and modern do not differ much, except for how well-groomed it was in the XIX century and a little wildness today. But it has not lost its authenticity and mystique.

Korsun-Shevchenko Park

The park was laid out in 1782 for Prince Stanislaw Poniatowski, headman of Korsun, by architect Jean-Henri Muntz in the style of English landscape parks. One half of it is situated on several islands of the Ros River, the other half on the “mainland”. The dense groves on the banks were the basis for the creation of park spaces.

The garden around the palace was created using the principles peculiar to French and Italian parks – more well-ordered, geometrically verified.

After 1799 Korsun came into possession of Princes Lopukhin. The philosophy of the park became different – it acquired features of Russian romanticism. Here appeared a thick linden alley (central), oaks, birches, as well as small architectural forms associated with the history of Russia and the Lopukhin family. Pavilions with peacocks and pheasants appeared in the park.

The care and attention to the park made it one of the most beautiful and richest garden complexes not only in Ukraine, but also in Europe. But the idyll ended at the beginning of the turbulent XX century, and for a hundred years the park has been living with the nostalgia for the past days, delighting the visitors with the heritage of nature and the results of care of previous owners.

Korsun-Shevchenko Park

The park’s palace ensemble

The palace ensemble of the park was created over 100 years. The construction of the summer country residence started in 1782 by Poniatowski. The same Jean Muntz was the author of the concept, and the final design was by Jan Lindsey, the court architect of the family. By 1789 the two-storey stone palace, the orderly gallery, three brick annexes, and two stables had been erected.

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Korsun-Shevchenko Park

In 1799, the Russian treasury bought the Korsun estate and Prince Peter Lopukhin became its owner. The estate’s finest hour came when Peter Lopukhin’s son Pavel moved here. The prince and the princess began to equip a new house. The palace was crowned with four towers, a winter garden was created on the roof of its south-western part, and a Lutheran church was built in a secluded spot over the cliff. The palace was strikingly opulent. On the walls of the rooms could be seen family portraits of the brushes of K. Bryullov and V. Borovikovsky. There were also sculptures by Canova, Thorvaldsen and Jorini (Jorini). By the fifties of the 19th century the manor of the Prince Lopukhin was one of the richest in Europe.

Photo: www.page60r.livejournal.com

In 1918 it was nationalized and partially looted. In 1927 the Palace was a Railwaymen’s Rest House. The beautiful paintings on the walls were smeared with paint. During the Second World War the palace was used as a Soviet and German hospital. In 1945, a museum of Korsun-Shevchenko battle was opened in the palace. In 1994, the park and museum became a historical and cultural reserve.

Nowadays, over 300 species of plants grow in the park, of which about 250 are medicinal plants. These are Japanese Sophora, prickly spruce, boxwood, Hungarian Lilac, Catalpa, Robinia sticky, white fir, thuja, and ginkgo. By the way, the ginkgo tree is also called the “love tree” because of its heart-shaped leaves. It was planted in 1916 by Empress Maria Feodorovna.

The palace and park complex, which keeps its secrets of history and nature, today is not only a hallmark of the city, but also a national landmark. It is a sin to miss it, especially since the summer of 2020 is just pushing us to explore all the tourist attractions of our native country.

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