Trogir – UNESCO heritage in Croatia

Trogir

Trogir has earned the fame of the city-museum of Croatia. It stuns even those tourists who are not new to the amazing beauty of the world. Public buildings, temples, palaces and churches surrounded by streets make Trogir a heritage of the Adriatic coast. Since 1997 the old part of the city has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Video: Trogir

General Information

Trogir is the epitome of Croatian coziness and hospitality. There are no noisy crowds of travelers and lively car traffic. People come to Trogir not only for its historical value but also for the tranquility, the landscape and the pleasant aroma of the olive grove.

Trogir owes its name to the Greek colonists. When they landed on the Balkan coast, the first thing they noticed were hills “dotted” with numerous herds of goats. The area seemed to be literally teeming with these animals, so it did not take long before they got a name for the new settlement. The ancient toponym “Tragurion” came from the Greek word tragos – “goat”.

The history of Trogir

The history of Trogir goes back to III century B.C. when the inhabitants of the island of Vis founded a new colony on the mainland. Its development began long before the era of ancient Rome. At that time the settlement turned into an important transport hub and port where merchant ships from different countries met. A fierce “rival” of the city remained neighboring Salona (now Split). During the Roman period, it occupied a pedestal, depriving Tragurion of its enormous importance. The wealth and prosperity of Salona did not go unnoticed: raids by enemy tribes destroyed the city to the ground. Its inhabitants were forced to migrate to Tragurion, which was in the shadow of its “neighbor”.

In time, the former colony of the islanders became one of the city-states of Dalmatia, the area in the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. In the VII-VIII cc. Tragurion came under the dominion of the Croatian rulers and the Byzantine Empire. In the 11th century a diocese was founded and in 1107 the Hungarian-Croatian King Kalman I Kniznik granted the town partial autonomy. Tragurion began to prosper again – largely due to trade relations with the Italian peninsula.

In 1123 the Saracens almost completely destroyed the city in a raid. Tragurion was rebuilt in record time, and by the end of XII it had regained its former glory and wealth. More and more often representatives of the noble Shubich family were elected duke of the city. One of the distinguished rulers was the “Croatian shield” Mladen III.

In 1420. The Balkan Peninsula came under the rule of the Venetian Republic for almost four centuries. Tragurion, then known as Trau, became one of the great cities with a developed economy and a skilful Renaissance architectural appearance. After the fall of Venice at the end of the 18th century, the city became part of the Habsburg Empire, where it remained until 1918. In 1806-1814 Trogir was temporarily under the dominion of the Habsburg Empire. Trogir was temporarily under the French occupation of Napoleon Bonaparte.

After World War I Croatia became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, and later of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1940, Trogir was annexed by Italy. Trogir was annexed by Italy, but 4 years later it was liberated by the efforts of Tito’s partisans. After that, the city became part of the second Yugoslavia, and since 1991 it returned under the wings of Croatia.

Weather and climate

Trogir’s Mediterranean climate is characterized by moderate temperature variations and abundant rainfall that occurs almost all year round.

Winter in Trogir

For tourists from northern countries Trogir winter seems surprisingly warm. The air temperature during the day ranges from +8-10 °C, while at night the air cools down to +4-6 °C. Cold time “pleases” with precipitations rather seldom: no more than 2-2.5 weeks.

Spring in Trogir

The temperature rises gradually, without sharp amplitudes which are characteristic of continental climate. In March, the air warms up to +14 °C, in April – up to +17 °C, and in May – up to +22 °C. At night, the temperature ranges from +8-14 ° C. Most precipitation in early spring. Beach recreation is possible only in May, but for “swimmers”: the water gets warm up to +18 °C.

Summer in Trogir

The most favorable time for summer holidays in Trogir is June. The mercury rises to 26-27 °C during the day and falls to 17-18 °C after sunset. The water temperature reaches +22-23 ° C. Less suitable for excursions are July and August, when in Trogir there is a scorching heat (+30-32 ° C). Tourists feel comfortable only in the evening. The water gets up to 25 °C: a more than optimum temperature!

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Autumn in Trogir

The velvet season is how you can characterize Trogir autumn. Even in October the temperature does not fall below 18-20 ° C, but the swimming in the coastal waters must be forgotten until next summer. November is the rainiest month: only in its share of about 8 days with heavy rainfall.

Attractions of Trogir

For fascinating excursions, it’s worth going to the historical part of Trogir. It has absorbed the main sights of the city, located within walking distance of each other.

Museums

There are not many museums in Trogir (only two) but their interesting expositions more than compensate for this deficiency. For example, the City Museum is situated in several palaces erected in the 18th century. Its exhibits are mainly devoted to the history of unification of the two noble families – the Croats Fanfonja and the Venetians Garanjin. The collection of artefacts is complemented by Roman and Greek finds, items of clothing, old documents and books, illustrations, manuscripts, etc. In separate rooms are exhibits of artistic, cultural and political topics. There is a library in the central hall.

The City Museum is located at ul. Gradska vrata, 4. Opening hours vary depending on the season. From October to May the museum is open Monday to Friday from 09:00 to 14:00, in June and September from Monday to Saturday from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 17:00 to 20:00, in July and August – all week from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 18:00 to 21:00. Tickets cost 3 EUR, for groups of 10 people or more – 2 EUR. Visit temporary exhibitions free of charge.

Museum of church art has a small and unique collection of sacred objects. One of the most valuable is considered to be the crucifixion of Jesus Christ from the 14th century, which used to crown the triumphal arch on the island of Ciovo. In one of the rooms, silver and gold items for liturgies are on display. Complementing the exhibition are religious paintings, parchment manuscripts and documents about Trogir’s ecclesiastical past.

The museum is located in the main square of the city – John Paul II. Its doors are open from May to October, at other times tours are possible only by prior arrangement. Opening hours: Monday to Saturday from 08:00 to 20:00, Sunday from 11:30 to 19:00. A visit to the Museum of Ecclesiastical Art costs 1 EUR.

Churches, cathedrals and basilicas

The first place to start a religious visit to Trogir is the church of St. Sebastian. It is easily recognized by the famous clock tower. The reason for building the church in the second half of the 15th century was to get rid of epidemic plague. The building now houses exhibits that tell the story of the victims of the 1991-1995 war.

The Church of St. Sebastian adorns John Paul II Square and is open to visitors around the clock. Admission is free. Don’t forget about the dress code: explicit clothing is not allowed.

Among Trogir’s cathedrals, the St. Lawrence Cathedral stands out. Since its construction took more than one century (XIII-XVI centuries), the facade of the building combines several architectural styles. The cathedral is notable for its 47-meter-high bell tower and its Romanesque portal. The latter is decorated with biblical scenes and images of episodes of Trogir history. On either side of the main entrance are sculptures of lions that serve as footstools for statues of the first people – Adam and Eve. In the building there is a sarcophagus where Blessed John of Trogir is buried.

The cathedral rises where its “predecessor” did: on the main square. Entrance is free from 09:00 to 20:00. To visit the clock tower one has to pay 0,6 EUR. You can get there from 09:00 to 12:00 and from 16:00 to 19:00.

During a walk around Trogir you can not ignore the Benedictine monastery of St. Nicholas. Now it has lost its religious significance and “shelter” under its roof a collection of art objects. Its crowning glory is the statue of Our Lady with the Child, a Gothic crucifix and a bas-relief depicting Kairos – the Greek god of happy moments.

The monastery of St. Nicholas is located at Obala Bana Berislavića, 10. It can be visited from June to September from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 16:15 to 17:45, at other times – by appointment. Entrance to the monastery of St. Nicholas costs about 1 EUR.

No less interesting for tourists are the churches of Our Lady of Carmel, St. Peter, All Saints, the church of St. John the Baptist and the Dominican monastery. The premises of the latter are almost always closed, so you will have to rely only on the Gothic facade of the monastery.

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Palaces

In the historical part of Trogir there was a place for the palaces of Cipico, the Big and Small. Before they were connected by antique passageway which did not remain up to now. The largest part of the palace was erected in 1476 when the representative of the noble family Coriolanus Cipiko was victorious in a sea battle. The facade retains the famous reliefs of Ivan Dukhovich and bas-relief decorations above the windows – images of humanists and poets. In the courtyard Chipico preserved staircase with an ancient gallery. They give an idea of the layout of the palaces of the time.

Cipico is located on Radovan Square. It is open to the public 24 hours a day, and there is no entrance fee. Isn’t it a good reason to visit the main palace of Trogir?

Fortresses

The embankment of the island part of the city is decorated with the Camerlengo fortress. Before the beginning of the 15th century, the Tower of Chains stood in its place. It was built after 1420 in honor of the unification of Trogir with the Republic of Venice. The northern and eastern facades of Kamerlengo were fortified by an embankment and the fortress was surrounded by a moat. Today, nothing remains of its military past: Kamerlengo serves as an open-air museum. The coats of arms of influential Trogir families can still be seen on its walls.

Kamerlengo can be found at: Obala Bana Berislavića. Entrance to the territory of the fortress is free. Do not miss the chance to climb the tower of Kamerlengo and admire the picturesque sea panorama! For a true medieval atmosphere you should go down to the fortress courtyard.

Public Buildings

The construction of the Trogir Town Hall was in the 15th century, but it received its final architectural shape only 4 centuries later. Nowadays the facade is decorated with balustrades, open arches and stone carved coats of arms. Tourists can visit the town hall courtyard (but there is little left of its original appearance) and have a coffee at a nearby restaurant.

Trogir Town Hall stands on John Paul II Square. The tower of St. Sebastian church serves as a landmark, so you won’t get lost in the narrow streets of the city. The town hall is not far from the shrine.

On this square you can also see another remarkable building, the City Loggia. It was built in the 14th century as a place for public meetings, court hearings, etc. The space above the main entrance was decorated with sculptures, reliefs and inscriptions in Latin. The southern part of the facade was painted with the image of Peter Berislavic – a fighter against the Turks, an opponent of the Venetian regime, and a hero of Trogir folk songs. The city loggia also “keeps” the masterpieces of Nicholas of Florence.

Squares

The main square of Trogir is named after St. John Paul II. On its territory the key sights of the city are situated. Among the locals the square is known by the unofficial name “Piazza”. What’s funny: no matter how you walk through the old town, all the roads will certainly lead you here. St. John Paul II Square is a favorite destination for locals and tourists alike. You can not only enjoy the architecture of Trogir here, but also taste traditional Croatian cuisine in one of the nearby establishments.

Gates

The excursion to the historical area of Trogin begins with the North City Gate. They are located near the bridge which connects the mainland and the island parts of Trogir. The Northern Gate is topped by a sculpture of St. John Ursini, the patron saint of the city. Just below, above the arch, stands out a relief depicting the lion of St. Mark – the symbol of the Venetian Republic. After passing through the gate, tourists get to John Paul II Square – the center of Trogir’s significant architectural monuments.

The southern city gate opens onto the embankment from the side of the island of Ciovo. Previously, they were part of the wall that was destroyed by Napoleon Bonaparte’s army. Thus the soldiers sought to make way for the sea wind and to rid the city of a malaria epidemic. Through the South Gate was the route by which foreign goods came from the port to Trogir. Ancient doors with Renaissance decorations and columns on the sides have survived. Research of historians suggest that in ancient times the South Gate was painted brown and bluish-gray.

Beaches and neighborhoods

Trogir is a suitable place for a pleasant vacation on the beaches. However, it is not possible to find them within the city, so you have to go to the green resort area of Trogir – Ciovo Island. Local beaches are equipped with all kinds of water attractions and areas for sports activities. Among the main resorts of the island are Mavarštica, Okrug Gornji, Mastrinka, Arbanija, Slatine and Okrug Donji.

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About living in areas of Trogir

The territory of the city combines the mainland and the island part. The latter is separated from the coast by a strait 20 meters wide. On a small island stretches historical district of Trogir. The city is partly touched by the island of Ciovo, where in addition to this there are Croatian villages and resorts. The historical center is the most popular among tourists. In second place is nearby area Donji Seget.

Prices for vacations

A trip to Trogir is quite budget-friendly. The price for a hotel accommodation starts from 35 EUR per night, while the price for an apartment starts from 20 EUR and up. Three-star hotels offer rates ranging from 100 to 130 EUR, depending on the infrastructure. Elite accommodation costs at least EUR 160 per day. There are also more expensive offers: 260-270 EUR. For a dinner at a local restaurant you’ll pay about 6-8 EUR. If you want to have a romantic dinner be ready to pay about 25 EUR for dinner with your partner.

If you travel by one of the local routes (Trogir-Arbanja-Slatin or Trogir-Split), be ready to pay for the ticket about 1-2,5 EUR. An intercity bus ride is a bit more expensive: from 2 to 4 EUR. Boat trip around Trogir water area costs about 2 EUR. Popular service for renting a bicycle:

  • up to 6 hours – 11 EUR;
  • Up to 24 hours – 16 EUR
  • For 3 days – 34 EUR;
  • For 7 days – 70 EUR.

Ordering a cab to visit neighboring towns will cost 25-30 EUR, a trip “on the spot” – 2-3 times cheaper.

Trogir cuisine

Culinary masterpieces of Trogir are partly borrowed from Italian culture. The original dishes are rather simple in performance and belong to the classic Mediterranean cuisine. The menus of restaurants and cafes are dominated by seafood in all kinds of variations. As a first course, they serve light soups with noodles, rice or dumplings. They are based on chicken or beef broth. Maneshtra or chorba are more calorie-dense variants: you don’t want to continue eating them afterwards! It is hard to imagine a traditional menu in Trogir without ukha (fish soup).

Apart from seafood, the main course is prsut – smoked and dried pork ham at the same time. It is served with onions, olives and paget cheese. No less favorite delicacy of the inhabitants of Trogir is the meat of young lamb, which is accompanied by a glass of sour sheep milk. Visiting gourmets don’t mind tasting beef stewed in wine, the more so because each restaurant cooks it in its own way!

Trogir desserts are a dream for the tourists who cannot imagine their life without sweets, but at the same time take care of their figure. These desserts are made without using greasy cream. Mostly they use fruit and nuts. The most famous dessert of Trogir is Midžmurska gibanica (puff pastry with poppy seeds, apples, cottage cheese and nuts). It is closely followed by its “rival” – the so-called Slave Cake, whose recipe is still kept in the strictest secret.

Trogir, like the rest of Croatia, is famous for its own red and white wines. The national drinks are no less tangy in taste: travarica and plumovica. They are often served as aperitifs.

Transportation

The first thing tourists notice is the almost total absence of public transportation. The most important area of Trogir, the historical center, can be crossed on foot in less than 10 minutes. The rest is helped by rented bicycles or cars, sometimes there are cabs. Locals are content with compact scooters, which deftly maneuver in traffic jams on the bridge or narrow street of Trogir.

Ferries and boats (“botlins”) run along the coast of the city and around the islands. For travel to the nearest settlements there are intercity buses.

How to get there

The nearest city to Trogir with an international airport is Split. The following airlines fly in this direction:

  • Austrian Airlines – 250 EUR (economy) and 490 EUR (business);
  • Lufthansa – 290 EUR (economy) and 540 EUR (business);
  • Finnair – 320 EUR (economy) and 900 EUR (business);
  • AirBaltic – 400 EUR (economy) and 1500 EUR (business).

In the direction of Split-Trogir, there is an intercity bus No. 37. It departs every 20-30 min from the suburban station. Buses from other directions often pass through Trogir: Split-Zadar and Split-Sibenik. Before buying a ticket, it is worth checking this: sometimes the transport bypasses the settlement.

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During the period from May to September in the direction of Split there are often motor boats. After disembarking at the pier of the city, tourists can catch a shuttle bus to Trogir.

Trogir

Trogir (Croatia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Trogir with descriptions, travel guides and maps.

City of Trogir (Croatia)

Trogir is a city in southern Croatia in the region of Dalmatia. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Kastelan in the Central Adriatic between Split and Sibenik. Trogir is a small ancient town, whose medieval historic center is one of the best preserved in Europe and is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The old town of Trogir, rich in cultural and historical monuments, authentic architecture and a labyrinth of charming streets, is located on a small island and is called “Little Venice”. This is a great place for a day trip from Split, which is unlike other cities in southern Croatia.

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Geography and Climate

Trogir is located in southern Croatia on the shore of the Kaštela Bay. The city is 27 km northwest of Split and 61 km south of Sibenik. The climate is Mediterranean subtropical. Summers in Trogir are hot and dry. Winter is soft and humid.

Panorama of the old town

Panorama of the old town

Information for tourists

  1. The population is more than 13 thousand people.
  2. Area – 35 square kilometers.
  3. The language is Croatian.
  4. Currency – kuna.
  5. Visa – Schengen.
  6. Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.

The best time to visit

For a beach vacation the best time is June to September. Although the bathing season begins in May and lasts until September. The sea warms up to 24-26 ° C in the summer.

View of old Trogir

View of old Trogir

History

Trogir is an ancient city. It was founded by the Greeks in the 3rd century BC. The settlement was called Tragurion. With the arrival of the Romans Trogir was in the shadow of the wealthy Split (Salona). In the 7th century the city became part of the Croatian kingdom.

In the 12th century Trogir was almost completely destroyed by the Saracens. The city quickly enough went from the wounds and in the 13th century was one of the most prosperous cities in Dalmatia. Subsequently, the fate of Trogir repeated the fate of this part of the Croatian land.

Evening Trogir

Evening Trogir

In 1420 the city became a part of the Venetian Republic and in 1797 the Habsburg Empire. After World War I, Trogir was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (the future Yugoslavia). During World War II, the city was occupied by Italy. After the war, Trogir returned to Croatia, which was part of Yugoslavia until 1991.

How to get there

Trogir is located in the immediate vicinity of Split airport (about 3-5 km). From the airport you can get to the city by bus 37 or by cab. The bus station is located on the outskirts of the historical center and has regular connections to Dubrovnik, Zagreb and Zadar.

View of Trogir old town

View of the old town

Traditional dishes of Trogir, like most of Dalmatian cuisine, include various seafood: fried fish, mussels, scampi, risotto, salted sardines, as well as roast lamb, beef in tomato sauce, and pasta. Other important ingredients are prsut (ham), olive oil, sheep cheese, and wine.

Trogir

Trogir

Attractions

Trogir is the pearl of Dalmatia, the main attraction is the charming old town. The historical center is very small and is located on an island between the mainland and another island, Ciovo. The medieval core of Trogir is connected to the mainland by a stone bridge and to Ciovo by a drawbridge. Despite the fact that the area of the old town is very small, there are many historical and cultural monuments: ancient churches, medieval city fortifications, ancient buildings.

Old Town

Old Town

Trogir’s historic center is a unique combination of Romanesque, Baroque and Renaissance architecture with a labyrinth of atmospheric streets that intersect in the most unexpected places. All this makes it so different from other Dalmatian cities. The city is surrounded by lush vegetation, islands, rocky and sandy beaches, of which the most famous are Pantan and Slatina beaches.

Central Dalmatia is a picturesque coast with stunning beaches, spectacular islands with lavender-covered hills, small medieval and Renaissance cities and ancient Roman ruins. Trogir is one of the most picturesque cities in the region. On both sides of it there are excellent beaches with clean and warm sea.

Old streets of Trogir

The streets of Trogir

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In the 12th century Trogir was destroyed by Saracens and rebuilt. In the 13th-15th century the historical core was surrounded by walls and towers. Two 13th century towers and fragments of powerful medieval fortifications have survived to this day (on the north and west sides). The central entrance to the old town was the North Gate built in 1665 in Baroque style. It bears a Gothic sculpture from the 15th century dedicated to St. John of Trogir (Giovanni Orsini), patron saint of Trogir.

Northern Gate

Northern Gate

Camerlengo Fortress is a 15th century medieval fort located in the western part of the historic center, practically on the waterfront. The fortress was built to protect the Kaštelan Bay.

Camerlengo Fortress

Camerlengo Fortress

The main square is the center of the medieval nucleus of Trogir. The square has a surprising concentration of interesting sights: the princes’ palace (13th century), the town hall (15th century), St. Lawrence Cathedral (13th-15th century), the clock tower (part of St. Sebastian church of the 15th century), the Romanesque church of St. John the Baptist (13th century), St. Mary Church and St. Barbara Church.

Main Square

Main Square

Church of St. Lawrence – cathedral, one of the most beautiful religious buildings in Croatia and the largest building in Trogir. The Church was built on the site of an older sacral building destroyed by the Saracens in the 12th century. Its construction lasted for 3 centuries. Therefore, the temple combines Romanesque, Baroque and Renaissance architecture. Interesting features: the ancient Romanesque door of the 13th century surrounded by stone lions, the tall 47-meter high Venetian Gothic and Mannerist (Campanile) bell tower, the 15th century baptistery, the carved wooden choir, the beautiful sacristy, the Chapel of St. John with beautiful paintings.

St. Lawrence Cathedral

Cathedral of St. Lawrence

The clock tower is one of the symbols of Trogir, an ancient tower with a striking clock mechanism. It was once part of the 15th century church of St. Sebastian. Nearby is the city loggia with beautiful columns and reliefs. The stone statue on the tower is called Justice and dates from 1471.

Clock Tower

The tower with the clock

St. Peter’s Church is a small Gothic church that was once part of a Benedictine monastery. The building is believed to have been built in the 14th century. The church has a simple facade and a rich interior with works by Molinari and Lazzarini and sculptures from the 17th century.

Church of St. Peter

Church of St. Peter

The Dominican monastery was founded in the 13th century. The church was built in the 14th century. Here are stored numerous important works of art and religious relics. Of interest are the triumphal arch and wooden altar, as well as a number of ancient tombs.

Dominican Monastery

Dominican Monastery

The Church of St. John the Baptist is a simple, single-nave Romanesque building, built in the 13th century by Master Radovan on the site of an earlier Christian religious structure destroyed by the Saracens. This medieval church belonged to the Benedictine monastery.

Church of St. John the Baptist

Church of St. John the Baptist

The Cipico Palace is an ancient Gothic building that was built in the 15th century for an aristocratic family of the same name on the foundations of several Romanesque houses. One of the most interesting features of the building is the Venetian-style carved window by Alesi. At the main entrance is a wooden statue of a rooster which was taken from a Turkish ship by a member of the Cipico family during a naval battle in the mid-15th century.

Cipico Palace

Cipico Palace

Benedictine monastery of St. Nicholas was founded in the 11th century and is located on the waterfront of Trogir. The bell tower was added in the 16th century. The monastery has a magnificent interior, which was completely altered in Baroque style in the 18th century. Of the many works of art that are preserved here, the most notable are works by Antonio Zanci, Paolo Veneziano and Nicola Grassi, as well as a 13th century Madonna and Child.

Benedictine Monastery of St. Nikola

Benedictine Monastery

Trogir has magnificent promenades with magnificent views of the bay and the old town. It is a great place for evening walks with many restaurants and cafes.

Trogir Waterfront

Trogir promenade

Interesting excursions

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