Travelling to Berlin: The main sights of the city.

Travelling to Berlin: The main sights of the city.

A concrete fence more than three meters high, surrounded by barbed wire, a hundred and sixty kilometers long, was not just a border between the two parts of the German state, it divided thousands of families overnight for almost thirty years.

Berlin TV Tower

986 steps, 40 seconds in a high-speed elevator and more than 200 meters from the observation deck of Germany’s tallest building and a breathtaking view of Berlin. Of course, we are talking about the Berlin TV Tower, the symbol of the German capital.

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral – this attraction is in the picture of almost every tourist who visited the German capital. Contrary to Protestant teachings, the Berlin Cathedral turned out to be very rich and colorful, more like a Catholic church.

Brandenburg Gate

Like the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Colosseum in Rome, or the Tower of London, the Brandenburg Gate is the symbol and trademark of Berlin. It is Berlin’s most recognizable landmark and began construction in what is known as the Berlin Classical style.

Museum Island

Many people dream of being on an island, and most imagine sun, palm trees, ocean and sand. But there are many different islands, and one of the most unusual is the Museum Island in Berlin, where Robinson Crusoe could only dream of getting stuck.

Reichstag

Without a doubt, a parliament building in any country should look very presentable and solemn – and that is exactly what the Reichstag in Berlin is, which, in addition, has its own without exaggeration heroic history.

Charlottenburg

The Charlottenburg is one of the greatest Baroque architectural monuments in Berlin. Originally it was originally a sumptuous gift of King Friedrich I to his wife Sophie Charlotte of Hanover, and was later converted into a favorite summer royal residence with a lush park.

AquaDom

Guests at the five-star Radisson Blu Hotel in Berlin, whose windows overlook the courtyard, can enjoy the incredible spectacle of sharks, fish and octopuses swimming in a huge clear glass, illuminated by blue lights.

Tropical Island Waterpark

In Berlin, you can wake up on any coldest day and in an hour and a half find yourself in the tropics. And you don’t need a plane to get there. The largest water park on the planet is Tropical Island, located only 70 km from the German capital.

Alexanderplatz

On the site of the former market square Alexanderplatz was formed, which was the center of socialist Berlin. The architectural ensemble of the square combines pre-war buildings and modern buildings, among which is a high-rise (123 meters) hotel with panoramic rooftop areas and a TV tower.

Berlin Art Gallery

The Berlin Art Gallery is one of the most important museums in the world, the basis of the collection dedicated to European painting of 13-18 centuries. Its collection includes classics of traditional Italian and Flemish art: Botticelli and Rembrandt, Titian and Caravaggio, Bruegel, Bosch and many other geniuses.

Berlin Opera House

The Berlin Opera is not only one of the oldest buildings in Berlin, it is also one of the largest musical theaters in Germany. Many famous people have conducted performances there.

Berlin Zoo

At the entrance to the Berlin Zoo you will be greeted by beautiful elephants, but not real ones, but made of stone. The 27-tonne animals decorate the oldest zoo in Germany on both sides of the gate. Not far from the gate, you’ll find the ticket office and a diagram of the zoo.

Berlin’s Royal Porcelain Factory

It’s hard to find a more refined, sophisticated and bohemian souvenir from Berlin than one from the Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin. As fragile as thin spring ice, as transparent as an egg shell, as delicate to the touch as a baby’s velvet skin, this porcelain is world-famous.

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Humboldt University Berlin

Widely known not only in Germany, but all over the world, is the Humboldt University of Berlin. Humboldt University Berlin, or Humboldt University. Among its graduates are Otto von Bismarck, Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx.

Bisdorf

Bisdorf Palace is a landmark of Berlin, alluring not only for its historical and cultural significance, but also as an embodiment of the connection of times. At first glance one might think it dates back to the Renaissance, but the design by architect Martin Gropius dates back to the 19th century.

Flea market in the Tiergarten

Where else can you buy such a souvenir that will be older than you, can boast a turbulent and fascinating history and will tell better than any eloquent lecturer about an unforgettable trip? Only at a flea market.

Berlin Botanical Garden

The Botanical Garden of Berlin, famous in Germany since the 17th century, is one of the three most important botanical gardens in the world. It invites you to discover thousands of different plants and interesting facts about them.

Bunker in Berlin

The big grey concrete cube in the center of Berlin is the Reichsbunker, a bomb shelter for railroad workers which was built in 1943. During GDR times it was used to store fruit and vegetables; old Berliners still call the structure “banana bunker”.

Balloon Die Welt

Every city has its own symbols. The vast majority are architectural structures: cathedrals, castles, town halls, etc. Berlin wouldn’t be Berlin if it didn’t add something completely unexpected to this trivial list.

Berlin is a city with a dramatic, contradictory fate. For several decades it has lived torn alive by two opposing political systems. The scar left by the Berlin Wall will never heal on its body. In the memory of mankind, Berlin will always be associated with the two bloodiest wars of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, many of the city’s landmarks are associated with Germany’s turbulent history.

Perhaps the most famous landmark in Berlin is the Reichstag building. It symbolizes Germany: the quadrangular base represents the four regions of the country and the dome represents the unity of imperial power.

The Reichstag is not only the seat of the German parliament, it also houses the Museum of Modern Art, one of the most important art collections in the country.

The Brandenburg Gate, built in classicist style in the late 18th century, stands at the end of Unter den Linden street and is not only about the most recognizable symbol of Berlin, but also the symbol of the split of the German state. Another symbol of the city is of course the Berlin Wall.

Today there is not much left of it, the two parts of the city are slowly merging, but there is a 160 km long hiking and biking trail along the line of the wall.

It is a special pleasure to walk through the parks of Berlin. Most people of the older generation are familiar with Treptow Park because there is a memorial to the Soviet soldiers who fell during the capture of Berlin in World War II. The center of the memorial is a bronze sculpture of a soldier with a rescued girl in his arms. Around it is a memorial field with graves of unknown soldiers. The author of the memorial is the famous Soviet sculptor Evgeny Vuchetich. Monuments to Soviet soldiers are also installed in the Tiergarten Park and in the park “Schoenholzer Heide”. The status of these monuments is assigned to them in perpetuity, and the maintenance is financed by the German government.

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Berlin is rich in sights. It is a particular pleasure to see them if you share the bus number 100 with the city’s business-minded citizens, whose route takes you to most of the city’s most interesting sights.

Berlin

Berlin (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city and its main attractions with photos and a map in the guide for holidays and travel.

City of Berlin (Germany)

Berlin is the capital of Germany, as well as the largest city of the Federal Republic of Germany with a population of over 3 million people. It is located in the eastern part of the country, 70 km from the border with Poland. Berlin is a major metropolis, a city of diverse architecture, museums and palaces, interesting sights and vibrant nightlife. Despite the devastation of World War II and the post-war division by the Berlin Wall, Berlin has not only regained its look and status, but has become a symbol city of modern Germany.

Berlin is a bit like a patchwork quilt. You can see landmarks from different historical periods: from a few preserved medieval buildings near Alexanderplatz to ultra-modern metal structures in Potsdamer Platz. It is a city of stunning architectural and cultural diversity that will appeal to many tourists.

Geography and Climate

Berlin is located in eastern Germany on the banks of the river Spree, near the border with Poland. The city is located in a valley formed by glaciers between moraine hills.

Berlin has a temperate climate, combining some features of the sea and continental climate. The average annual temperature is 9-10 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall is about 600 mm. The warmest months are July and August with an average temperature of 18-20 degrees. The coldest month is January with temperatures around zero. Snow cover is not constant, winter is quite mild. Winds from the west predominate.

Berlin at sunset

Berlin at sunset

History

Berlin has always been multicultural. Even in pre-Christian times its territory was inhabited by Germanic, Frankish and Slavic tribes. Berlin is a fairly young city by European standards. It emerged in the early 14th century as a result of the association of the town of Cologne, located on the island of the river Spree, and the town of Berlin, on its eastern bank. These settlements are already mentioned in the first half of the 13th century. It is interesting that before the 17th century Berlin was a small town with a population of about 10,000 people.

According to the most common version, the name of the city comes from the West Slavic word “berl”, which means bear. The bear has also been a symbol of Berlin almost since its foundation.

Berlin Panorama

Panorama of Berlin

At the beginning of the 15th century Friedrich I established the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Berlin became the main residence of the Hohenzollern dynasty until the early 20th century.

As a result of the Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century, Berlin lost about half of its population. In 1701, after the coronation of Frederick I, Berlin became the capital of Prussia. In 1760 the city was taken by the Russian troops, in 1806 by Napoleon’s army and in 1813 Russian troops again entered Berlin. In 1871 the city was proclaimed the capital of the formed German Empire.

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In 1919, after World War I, Berlin became the capital of the Weimar Republic, and in 1933 – the capital of Nazi Germany. During World War II the city was heavily destroyed. In the spring of 1945, Berlin was taken by the Red Army. After the war, the city was divided into four sectors: sectors of the Western Allies (United States, Britain, and later France) and the eastern sector (USSR). The confrontation of the powers divided Berlin into two parts, and in the 60s the leadership of the GDR (East Germany) built the famous Berlin Wall. In 1989, the Berlin Wall was destroyed, and in 1991, Berlin again became the capital of a newly united Germany.

Berlin Panorama

Berlin Panorama

How to get there

Berlin has excellent transport accessibility and infrastructure. The German capital has two active airports. Tegel International Airport is the largest of them. It is the center of international and domestic air traffic. Buses connect this airport with the main station and Alexanderplatz. Note: Tegel Airport does not have an S-Bahn or U-Bahn station. Tegel station refers to the village of the same name. The other airport, Schönefeld, is primarily a center for budget airlines. Berlin’s new Berlin-Brandenburg airport, named after Willi Brandt, is currently under construction and will open in 2018.

Bus routes connect Berlin with 350 cities in Europe. Long-distance buses arrive at the central bus station in West Berlin. It is also convenient to get to Berlin by train. The capital of Germany has a railway connection to many major European cities: Amsterdam, Vienna, Budapest, Warsaw, Minsk, Moscow, St. Petersburg. Long-distance trains arrive at the central railway station.

Berlin is surrounded by the highway A 10. The A 12 freeway connects the city to Frankfurt/Oder and Warsaw, the A 13 to Dresden and Prague, the A 9 to Leipzig and Munich, the A 2 to Hannover and Dortmund, the A 24 to Hamburg.

Streets of Berlin

Streets of Berlin

Getting around the city

Berlin is a huge city. To get around you should use excellent public transport: buses, streetcars, trains and subways. Cab services are also slightly cheaper than in many other major Central European cities.

Berlin uses a zonal system, but you are unlikely to need to go beyond zones A and B, except for trips to Potsdam or the airport. On public transport a general ticket is used. A standard ticket is valid for 2 hours after validation. There is a cheap ticket that is valid for three U-Bahn or S-Bahn stops. Each ticket must be stamped on a special device (to mark the date and time). Streetcars run mostly in East Berlin.

Berlin Panorama

Berlin Panorama

Gastronomy

Berlin is a major gastronomic center: expensive restaurants, cozy cafes and bars, noisy and fun clubs, catering outlets. The food worth trying is pfannkuchen (doughnuts), currywurst (curried sausage), döner (bread with salad and meat). Food in Berlin is incredibly cheap compared to any other Western European capital or other German cities. Cuisine from different cultures is represented here, although it is often modified to suit German tastes.

One of the main tourist areas for food is Hackescher Markt / Oranienburger Straße, Kastanienallee. It is customary to leave a tip of 5-10% of the bill.

Shopping and Shopping

Berlin is one of the shopping centers in Europe. The main shopping areas are:

  • Ku’Damm and Tauentzienstraße – many brand stores
  • KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des Westens) on Wittenbergplatz
  • Schlossstrasse (Steglitz), Wilmersdorfer Strasse (Charlottenburg), Schönhauser Allee (Prenzlauer Berg), Carl-Schurz-Strasse (Spandau) and Karl-Marx-Strasse (Neukölln) are shopping streets.
  • Friedrichstraße is a major shopping street in East Berlin.
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Large shopping malls:

  • Alexa (Alexanderplatz/Mitte).
  • PotsdamerPlatz Arkaden (Potsdamer Platz/Mitte).
  • Mallof Berlin (Leipziger Platz/Mitte)
  • Gesundbrunnen-Center (Gesundbrunnen Station/Wedding)
  • Gropius-Passagen(Britz)
  • Linden-Center(Hohenschönhausen, Spandau-Arkaden(Spandau)
  • Schloss(Schlossstrasse/Steglitz)
  • ForumSteglitz (Schloss-Straße/Steglitz)
  • RingCenter (Friedrichshain)

Berlin districts

  • Mitte – Berlin’s historic center, the nucleus of the former East Berlin and the new city center. Cafes, restaurants, museums, galleries and clubs abound throughout the area, as well as many attractions of cultural interest.
  • West Berlin (Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf, Schöneberg, Tiergarten) – restaurants, hotels, stores, palaces.
  • East Berlin-Center (Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg) – bustling youth neighborhood: cafes, bars, clubs. It’s a neighborhood of artists and other creative intellectuals, and also home to a large Turkish diaspora.
  • North Berlin (Spandau and Reinickendorf) – interesting architecture and luxurious villas of former GDR leaders.
  • East Berlin (Lichtenberg, Hohenschonghausen, Marzahn, Hellersdorf) – authentic GDR atmosphere: high-rise buildings, several parks.
  • South Berlin (Steglitz, Seelendorf, Tempelhof) – areas of contrasts: green and rich Seelendorf and poor Neukeln (New Cologne).

Museums

Berlin is the city of museums. There are over fifty different museums and galleries. Most of them are paid. If you plan to devote a lot of time to the museums, we recommend buying a special museum card for three days for 24 euros. It allows you to visit almost all of Berlin’s museums for three days. Note: museums are usually closed on Monday.

The most interesting museums in Berlin:

Museum Island is one of the largest and most famous museum complexes in Europe. As part of the museum island ensemble stand out:

  • Pergamon Museum – one of the largest museums in Berlin, which has extensive collections of ancient Greek, ancient Oriental and Islamic art and history.
  • Old Museum – Egyptian collection and ancient antiques.
  • Old National Gallery – German paintings from the 19th century.
  • Bode Museum – A rich collection of sculpture and Byzantine art.
  • Neuss Museum – Egyptian collection, archaeological finds.

Bode Museum on Museum Island

Bode Museum on Museum Island

Cultural Forum – another museum complex located near Postdam Square. Among its museums we recommend:

  • Picture Gallery – thousands of paintings from the 13th-18th centuries, including masterpieces by Dürer, Raphael, Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt.
  • New National Gallery – 20th century art.
  • Museum of musical instruments.
  • Charlottenburg Museum – palace and museum complex
  • Dalem Museum – collections of European culture, Asian art, and ethnography.
  • German Historical Museum.
  • Jewish Museum.
  • Berlin Gallery – city museum of modern art, design and architecture.
  • Berlin Wall Memorial Complex.
  • Brandenburg Museum – Berlin’s history and culture museum

Berlin sights

Berlin is a city rich in sights and beautiful architecture, despite the fact that there are not many old buildings and historical monuments.

Sacral architecture: Churches and temples

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral is the largest and one of the most beautiful churches in Berlin. The cathedral is located near Museum Island. Built in the 19th century and is a symbol of the grandeur of the German Empire. For 7 euros you can climb the dome and enjoy a wonderful view of Berlin.

Kaiser Wilhelm Church

Kaiser Wilhelm Church

The Kaiser Wilhelm Church is the ruins of a church built in the late 19th century. The remains of the tall bell tower are located between two modern buildings and are a reminder of World War II.

St. Mary's Church

Church of St. Mary in Berlin

St. Mary’s Church is one of Berlin’s oldest churches and is located in the historic center near Alexanderplatz. The tower is 90 meters high and is the highest among the religious buildings in the city. Entrance to the church is free. Inside contains many ancient objects of art.

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St. Nicholas Church

Church of St. Nicholas

St. Nicholas Church is a 13th-century Gothic brick church, the oldest religious building in Berlin. The towers are 84 meters high. It is interesting that now the building is not a religious building. It is one of the branches of the Brandenburg Museum.

St. Jadwiga Cathedral is an 18th-century Catholic church in the neoclassical style, significantly rebuilt in the 50s of the 20th century after the destruction during World War II.

New Synagogue

New Synagogue

The New Synagogue is a beautiful Moorish-style structure built in the 19th century. The central religious building of Berlin’s Jewish community.

In the eastern part of the historical center can be found the ruins of the Gothic Franciscan abbey, destroyed in 1945.

Berlin’s main sights

Berlin TV Tower

Berlin TV Tower

The Berlin TV Tower is the tallest structure in Berlin and throughout Germany. The height of the TV Tower is 386 meters. It is located in the historic center of Alexanderplatz. At a height of 204 meters there is an observation deck with a stunning panorama of Berlin.

Reichstag

Reichstag

The Reichstag building (Bundestag) is the building of the German Parliament. A massive building from the end of the 19th century with a beautiful glass dome that offers a spectacular view of Berlin. In 1945 our troops hoisted the Victory Banner on it, which became one of the symbols of the feat of our people in the Great Patriotic War.

Victory Column

Victory Column

Victory Column is 60 meters high monument, built in the second half of the 19th century. On top there is a panoramic observation deck. To get there you need to climb 285 steps.

A very popular viewing platform is a 100-meter tower Kollhoff on Postdamer Platz. It installed the fastest elevator in Europe.

Brandenburg Gate

Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg Gate is the symbol of Berlin and one of its main attractions. It was built in the late 18th century in the style of classicism. It is the only city gate in Berlin that survived to this day. Located on Paris Square.

Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall is one of the symbols of the Cold War. 155-kilometer-long fence, which divided Berlin into two parts: east and west. It was built in the 60s of the 20th century at the initiative of the GDR. The Berlin Wall was dismantled in 1989. A large section of the wall survived in the eastern part of the city along the Spree River.

Berlin Opera House

Berlin Opera House

The Berlin Opera is one of the oldest and largest musical theaters in Germany, founded in the mid-18th century.

Olympic Stadium

Olympic Stadium (Olympiastadion)

Olympic Stadium (Olympiastadion) is a sports facility, a soccer stadium with a capacity of over 70,000 spectators, which is also capable of holding athletics competitions. It is the home arena of Hertha soccer club.

Berlin's public transport

Public transport in Berlin

On Alexanderplatz is one of the most beautiful and oldest fountains in Berlin – the Neptune Fountain. It is a large granite fountain with an interesting sculptural composition.

Nearby is the building of the Red City Hall. This historic red brick building was built in the second half of the 19th century in an interesting mix of Gothic and Renaissance. The town hall tower is 74 meters high.

Interesting tours

Discover Berlin's secrets on a bike ride

€195 per excursion

Discover the secrets of Berlin on a cycling tour

Quirky facts of life in the city, nontouristy locations, a dozen bridges and the heritage of the Berlin Wall

Berlin squares

From €105 per tour

Berlin Yards

Explore one of Berlin’s oldest neighborhoods with a revolutionary past and a hipster present

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